The last few years the undisputed leader among gastritis diagnosed diseases in both adults and children. Telltale signs are bouts of severe abdominal pain, constipation, heartburn, nausea. In this situation, you must not only identify the disease and to eliminate its causes, but also pay special attention to child nutrition. From now on, it must meet all the strict rules and regulations. And do not forget to follow the prescriptions made by your doctor.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of gastritis
Gastritis, as any other serious disease goes through several stages, from acute to chronic. In any case, it is dangerous to health. Acute gastritis is called severe inflammation of the gastric mucosa. As a rule, the disease always begins abruptly: there is a sharp pain in the upper abdomen (just above the navel), or in the right upper quadrant, accompanied by nausea and even vomiting. Possible increase in body temperature (up to 39 ° C), a disorder of the chair.
If your child has all of the above symptoms, it's time to analyze what he could eat. After all, most acute form of gastritis manifests itself in the use of any products (missing or unhealthy).
Today, there are a few reasons why your child has manifested gastritis. It may be:
Food poisoning (check the expiration date of all that baby ate the day before);
Eating foods that irritate the stomach;
Reactions to medications and allergies.
When the first symptoms of acute gastritis immediately call a doctor. In this case, without a diagnosis, which is carried out by experienced professionals can not do. Incompetent person is very easy to make a mistake and did not notice the more serious surgical diseases (appendicitis, bowel obstruction, etc.).
Some diseases are life-threatening little patient, so a correct diagnosis is to help a doctor. Call an ambulance, not a pediatrician, because the first will arrive much faster. And do not give up hospitalization is better to leave quietly admissions, knowing that no surgical pathology, worry and tremble at the slightest pretext.
Please note, after the normalization of the child will want to eat. But the first three days, and it takes so much inflammation of acute gastritis, food must be limited to light diet dishes. For example, from cereals, you can offer a daze oat, rice, buckwheat. All they need to be cooked in the water rather than milk. Well suited the mashed potatoes. It should also be devoid of fat (ie without butter, gravy). A great nutritious meal, in this case considered to be soup vegetable broth. By the way, do not buy the products of fast food, as it can only worsen the condition of the child.
Diet for gastritis in children has its limitations. In no event should not be given sausages, chips, crisps, chocolate, fizzy drinks. Prefer dishes, steamed, weak tea and juice, dry biscuits, and dried bread. Well, if you got the steamer to the food was nutritious and harmless. So, for example, you do not have to use a lot of sunflower oil and salt.
Thinking baby menu, consider the fact that the food must be fractional and frequent - 5-6 times a day. Serve warm, not hot and not cold. Do not overfeed the child and try these days strictly observe the regime: the little patient must sleep well, a walk in the fresh air and eat only healthy food. With all the restrictions, diet is extremely effective and it is often the body heals kids.
If acute process overcome and treated quickly enough, the chronic form can last for years. Chronic gastritis appears regularly in the right upper quadrant pain, upper abdominal and umbilical area. This child is often sick, his torment regurgitation and heartburn, constipation and diarrhea, often diagnosed with anorexia. It is also a sure sign of not only chronic gastritis and other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, are patches on the tongue and halitosis.
However, the diagnosis of "chronic gastritis" children rarely placed. There are several reasons. The first - the doctor has the right to make such judgments solely on the basis of several studies, including and after endoscopic examination of the stomach (or gastroscopy). The procedure is unpleasant and not even all adults suffer, not to mention the small and sensitive to any stimuli children. That is why such a step are solved only if none of the previously selected courses of treatment has not brought its positive results.
Another important in diagnosis is that the abdominal pain is usually very rarely associated with the stomach. World medical practice proved long ago that in this case the children are diagnosed with functional disorders of several gastrointestinal tract: liver and biliary tract, intestinal (primarily of intestinal microflora) of the esophagus. Improper operation of the above is bad for the state of the stomach, which is signaled and frequent pain in this area.
Why is the child appeared gastritis
Naturally, chronic gastritis does not arise out of thin air. This is facilitated by a number of factors. Among them:
Nedolechennaya at one time or incorrectly treat acute gastritis, which becomes chronic;
Foci of chronic infection in the body;
Functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
Excessive physical and mental stress, constant stress.
Once you go to the clinic, the doctor will carefully examine a young patient, conduct tests and make analyzes. Only after that it will develop a personalized treatment that will help it in your particular case. In addition to medicines, it includes a strict diet. After all, proper nutrition is always the basis of health, and in our case also the source of recovery.
Remember once and for all: the menu a little man is very different from ours. Dietary table №1 is one of the fifteen tables that developed the Soviet dietitian Michael Pevzner. With this diet reduces the inflammatory process, it is better to heal ulcers, normalizes secretory and gastric motility. Despite the limitations, which includes a diet, it is still balanced and contain the necessary amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
Proper nutrition for gastritis
What not to eat during exacerbation
First of all, we should remember clearly what products should be excluded from the diet of children. So, are considered to be harmful:
Any products and butter puff pastry (cakes, muffins), any fresh bread;
Steep and fat broths, vegetable broths strong (including the stew), soup to pork or mutton meat, hash, and soup;
Fatty meats and fish;
Canned and smoked meats, all kinds of sauces;
Dairy products (yogurt, yogurt, fermented baked milk), salted cheese, sour cream (available in only limited quantities);
Fried and hard-boiled eggs;
Beans, corn and millet porridge;
White cabbage, sorrel, onions, cucumbers, home preservation;
Acidic and high-fiber fruits;
Chocolate, ice cream;
Carbonated drinks, strong tea and coffee.
What is in the patient menu
Despite this long list of forbidden products at your disposal many useful:
Dried bread, biscuits and biscuit;
Boiled in water and pureed vegetables;
Soups of vegetables, milk porridge, soups;
Meat boiled, baked or steam;
Low-fat fish cooked and steamed or boiled;
Steam omelet or scrambled eggs (in this case, you have to be sure as eggs);
Milk, yogurt, sour curd;
Sweet berries and fruits (boiled and baked), jellies, jelly;
Semolina, oats, buckwheat, pasta, rice;
As for drinks, it is best to give your baby a weak tea, juices, fruit drinks, teas and water (purified of impurities and without gas).
Forming the menu, do not forget that the food must be fractional and frequent, as mentioned above. Make sure that your child did not eat cold food. Sandwiches made in haste, can cause serious aggravation. Food, ready to use, should be at room temperature.
In no case do not overfeed children. Strictly follow the mode of the day and be sure to walk with the child at least two hours a day. Do not forget that, despite his illness, a child needs to develop. To do this, perfectly suited amateur dance classes and fitness facilities. You can learn on their own, and with him a bicycle and rollers in the summer, ice skating and skiing in winter. The main thing - do not neglect exercise. After all, a sedentary lifestyle leads to a slowing of metabolic processes in the body and poor digestion. And this is - is not the goal you are pursuing.
Sample menu (as recommended by the dietary table №1) for one day might look like this:
1st breakfast: steam omelet with vegetables, tea with milk.
2nd breakfast: baked apple with sugar.
Lunch: vegetable soup pureed, steam meatballs with boiled beets, fruit jelly.
Snack: broth hips with crackers.
Dinner: boiled or baked lean fish (without skin), mashed potatoes, a glass of juice or compote.
At night: a glass of warm milk.
If your child is diagnosed with gastritis (and it does not matter, acute or chronic), do not panic and do not think that this is healthy, full life of your loved one is over. Maybe just time to review the issues of nutrition and physical activity into your family.
Diet can serve as an excellent basis for a daily ration. This is especially important if your child has a chronic gastritis. Indeed, in this case, unfortunately, a couple of days the body can not recover. And treatment can last for years. But always look for the positive side.
So, your child will form the concept of a healthy and wholesome food, learns what is and what is not. Surely it would be useful in adult life. After deliberate approach to nutrition and menu creation for himself and his family can not do everything. Arm yourself with patience, understanding and a desire to overcome the illness. After all, the only way to restore youthful body and to ensure the child a healthy and fulfilling life.
We strongly recommend to read: How to boost immunity in children