- Types of anorexia and its manifestations
- Symptoms of anorexia: diagnosis of the disease
- Treatment for anorexia nervosa: is it possible to independently handle
- The effects of anorexia: the fraught starvation
Being thin, like a chip, do not eat, to get into a size zero - in this endeavor, many of the fair sex. They do not have enough to be happy just guide, "How to bring yourself to anorexia" for twenty days. However, some benefits for weight loss look like such literature.
You consider all this ridiculous and stupid? In fact, this trend is depressing. Unfortunately, with each passing day anorexia is gaining popularity among young nymphets, and female its age. Modern women believe that the protruding ribs and drawn into the belly - it is fashionable. Every second exhausting itself different diets and exercise, than bring the body to exhaustion.
Someone wants to change his appearance to be like your favorite model, while others decided on a desperate step because of their complexes. However, striving for excellence, do not forget about your own body and its needs. Those who regularly sit on diets, often can not stop to return to normal activities and diet. For such a short period of time the body loses not only the extra kilos, but also nutrients. It is therefore important to know what anorexia is and what it is dangerous.
Types of anorexia and its manifestations
Anorexic called syndrome, which is characterized by a lack of appetite or refusal of food conscious. At the same time if you continue to lose weight in the future simply can not stomach to digest the food. Even a spoonful of soup will not be absorbed by the body.
So, there are several varieties of anorexia:
The disease begins with the fact that she simply ceases to feel hunger. The reasons for this condition can be covered, and hormonal disorders, and neurological disorders and cancers. Therefore, if you have no appetite for a long time, should urgently pass a medical examination.
In this case there is complete loss of the sense of hunger or deliberate refusal of food. This happens due to a sharp suppression of appetite due to mental disorders: depressive, catatonic states and so on. Unfortunately, this is rarely time to pay attention. Women are simply unable to understand what she wants to eat.
Stress, problems at work and in the family, a strong emotional load - all of the above can lead to anorexia. This requires the intervention of a qualified psychologist to help deal with the situation.
In some cases this can cause a variety of anorectic substances that suppress hunger. Often, loss of appetite girls abusing antidepressants. This type of anorexia is considered the most common and can lead to serious consequences.
Symptoms of anorexia: diagnosis of the disease
The most obvious symptom of anorexia is severe weight loss, which becomes apparent when the body of the patient is very close to exhaustion. To detect this pathology in the early stages can be, but this is unfortunately not always possible. You should be alerted if a person is frequently refuse to eat on the grounds that he had recently eaten or had a stomach ache. At the same time he can talk a lot about different diets, calorie foods. Women often after a hearty dinner special cause vomiting, do an enema to cleanse your body.
When the disease progresses, people with anorexia are constantly experiencing malaise, gets tired quickly, and sometimes even lose consciousness. Dull, brittle hair, bluish skin on the hands and feet, sunken eyes - they are also symptoms of the disease.
The patient was constantly cold, because the body does not have enough energy to keep warm. Arms, back, abdomen covered with a layer of fine hair, by which the body tries to keep warm. Besides, very often develop osteoporosis, impaired digestion, may experience failures in the central nervous system.
As a rule, patients with anorexia are constantly experiencing feelings of fear associated with weight gain. He completely covers all the feelings and emotions, and does not release the person even when he is on the verge of death due to exhaustion. Mostly, the causes of anorexia are as low self-esteem, which also acts as one of the main symptoms of this severe disease. The victim of anorexia believes her body weight and shape parameters have a close relationship with the self-awareness and personal status. Patients often deny the danger of their own state and can not be realistic about your weight.
Treatment for anorexia nervosa: is it possible to cope with it on their own?
In the treatment of advanced forms of anorexia sometimes it takes more than one year. The average recovery period takes 5 years. At the same time the patient must want to and strive to get rid of this disease. Otherwise, after leaving the hospital she again begins to starve. Approximately 60% of patients starting therapy for anorexia, back to the previous full life. More than 20% recover almost completely. However, in order to avoid possible complications they need to be screened regularly and additional treatment.
The first stage of treatment is to restore the physical health of the patient. In some cases, patients are hospitalized in very serious condition. And they need not only parenteral nutrition, which involves the installation of the system (drip), but the effects and treatment of anorexia are often very dangerous. Once the patient is stabilized, it helps to go back to a normal weight, gradually accustomed to eating.
Then begins psychotherapy, in which the patient and experienced professionals looking for the causes of the disease and ways of its solution. It is used cognitive-behavioral therapy to rid the patient of a distorted representation of their body. So, for example, in one polyclinic girls were forced to constantly look in the mirror, so that they can get used to her figure. At the same time all the fashion magazines in the institution were banned.
Sometimes it can be assigned to antidepressants that help overcome fear and some other problems. However, prolonged use of undesirable. This is done in extreme cases, when a woman refuses to acknowledge that she has a problem.
The effects of anorexia: the fraught starvation
Today, anorexia has become something of an epidemic. Usually this affects young girls aged 14 to 18 years. They are deliberately resorting to such torture, to look just like their idols. And many of the fair sex is not considered a disease anorexia. For them, the refusal of food - one of the ways to lose weight. But not so easy as it seems at first glance.
What is dangerous to prolonged starvation? When a person has anorexia marked lowering of blood pressure and slow pulse. In addition, there is a weakening of the myocardium - the heart muscle, which leads to the development of cardiovascular disease. Very often, the disease is accompanied by a decrease in the level of potassium, sodium and magnesium - minerals that are necessary for normal functioning of our body.
Eventually comes a persistent and severe dehydration, and anemia. In women, the menstrual cycle disorder occurs and a decrease in the level of hormones in the blood. If time does not detect this anomaly and do not hold the appropriate treatment, then the person with anorexia can reach extreme exhaustion - cachexia, which often leads to death.
How do you know if you have problems with body weight? Find out your ideal weight, you can use a simple formula.
Your normal weight = your height - 100 cm.
Your ideal weight = your normal weight - 10%.
For example, you increase of 175 cm.
Your normal weight = 175 cm - 100 cm = 75 kg.
Your ideal weight = 75 kg - 10% = 67.5 kg.