Soap - is not just another fad housewife who does not know what to do. That's real creativity, the ability to express themselves and a great chance to please friends and relatives original and exclusive gift. Soap can also be a good additional income, if you approach the process with seriousness and professionalism.
When home soap-making only began to develop in our country, to acquire all the necessary ingredients were problematic. Today, nothing will prevent you to be creative. All you can buy without leaving home by ordering the online store. So let's look at the basics to help you understand all the nuances of domestic manufacture of soap.
Prepare the ingredients
Soap making requires careful preparation. So before you begin the process, you need to prepare all the necessary:
Basis - in stores, it is called - "soap." Basics There are two types: transparent and white;
Oil base - specific means of enhancing lathering effect. It is of almond, olive, apricot.
Essential oil. This component is added for a pleasant smell.
Bright and saturated colors. Optionally, you can use natural colors: cocoa, chocolate, fruit or vegetable juice.
Useful additives. If you are going to make soap scrub, then cook the oatmeal, a large sea salt, freshly ground coffee. You can add glycerin, dried flowers, honey and herbal infusions.
Special dishes and alcohol (rubbing molds). Do not forget to take care of themselves tins - it can be and silicone baking, and children, and any ceramic.
Go to the creative process
First, let's look at some tricks, without which you can not achieve the desired result:
Never use to melt the soap base metal utensils - only ceramic! Otherwise, it may happen bundle soap. Stir the mass must also either ceramic or silicone spatula;
Learn to mix
If you prefer to add water or herbal decoction of the foundation, do it very carefully. Pour the liquid literally drop by drop. This is necessary in order to avoid separation basis.
Having prepared everything necessary, you can start to create. Remember, you must strictly adhere to every step. Soap - a rather tedious work, which does not tolerate haste and bustle. Let's get started ...
First, we work with soap base: chop it into cubes. If you are using as the basis of baby soap, you can grate it on a coarse grater - so it melts faster;
Prepare a water bath melt the chopped basis. Do not forget to stir it;
While the process of melting, you need to add a little milk or water (as an option - herbal decoction). As a result, it should get a creamy mass;
Now add the base oil: the rate of three teaspoons per 100 grams of the substrate;
We attach based on "taste and smell": adds a teaspoon of glycerine and five drops of essential oil;
All good mix, and optionally add the desired colors and flavors;
Iridescent soap into a mold and sprinkled with alcohol (use a spray gun) - it will take away from the substrate surface bubbles.
Soap into molds remains to complete hardening, it can be put in a cool place or in the refrigerator. Terms complete solidification fluctuate within 2-3 days. Yes - for a long time, but the result is worth it!
That's all - to get the soap out of the molds and boldly boast with the result! Believe me, this manual work is very expensive. And not because that requires some financial costs, allocation of time and effort. Just things made with a soul, a person can bring only benefits, regardless of the applied additives.
Make Soap on a particular recipe
There are some recipes for homemade soap. Clear instructions to help you quickly learn the process.
You will need: 100 grams of soap base white, lanolin - 2 tablespoons teaspoon of essential oil (all but perfect apricot), oatmeal - a tablespoon. This handmade soap will not only moisturizing and cleansing effect, but also restores the elasticity and softness of the skin;
Needed: baby soap as a basis - 100 grams, 1 teaspoon olive oil, 1 teaspoon glycerin, 1 tablespoon green tea broth, 1 teaspoon of white clay, crushed 1 tablespoon of oatmeal. Use this tool during water treatment. Soap scrub to cleanse the skin from blackheads, will provide increased blood flow, which will contribute to speeding up the metabolism. As a result - a smooth, clean, velvety skin;
Ingredients: 100 grams of a transparent framework, 5 drops of ylang-ylang, 1 tablespoon milk, 1 tablespoon glycerin, 1 tablespoon of ground coffee, 1 teaspoon of honey. This soap is not only beautiful to look, but also very beneficial for the skin. Soap with coffee is the perfect gift girlfriend, mother, neighbor or colleague. They will love it!
Coffee, oatmeal and sea salt it is necessary to pre-grind in a blender or coffee grinder. And adding these components, do not forget to thoroughly stirring the base. Everything has to melt evenly.
We are learning all the tricks soapmaking
Of course, time will pass, you gain experience and be able to "eyeball" to add all the ingredients. But with some controversial moments better acquainted once:
The less water you add, the faster the freezing;
The ideal option for diluting the soap base are considered to be the cream or milk;
For better melting the basics, you can add a piece of refined sugar;
You can use a microwave instead of a water bath, but make sure that the mixture does not boil;
Quite interesting and original soap is obtained, for which the forms were used as the children's "sandbox";
To the soap easier to get out of the molds, put it in the freezer for 10 minutes. Or, conversely, heat by holding over steam for 30-40 seconds;
Dry soap should be wrapped it in plastic wrap - so you avoid the appearance of cracks on the surface;
If you decide to make a multi-layer (striped) soap, then pour it into the mold slowly. Only after the first base layer hardens;
If the soap does not set, it is likely, too much added base oils. There is a solution: melt it again and warm up thoroughly for about 10 minutes;
Soap is falling to pieces? So - forgot to add butter. The output is the same: to melt in a water bath, and add the missing components;
When cutting soaps found in large holes in the cheese? So the soap has not passed gelizatsii stage, ie during the melting mass of badly hindered bases.
If you want to make a truly useful and medicinal soap, you should pay attention to the properties that have certain essential oils:
Antiseptics: bergamot, lemon, eucalyptus, juniper and rosemary;
Plants, reducing pressure: ylang-ylang, lemon balm and lavender;
It increases pressure rosemary;
Against Depression: jasmine, bergamot, lavender and chamomile;
With a cold (eg, cough): cedar, sandalwood, eucalyptus.
Based on the therapeutic qualities of the above plants, you can create not just a soap, and a kind of medicine that will help in the prevention of many diseases. It turns out that the soap-making brings not only fun, but also tangible benefits to health.
Holiday packages soap
We decided to pack a nice piece of soap, and teach it to your friends? Learn some formatting tips:
The finished soap can be put in a small box, pre-bed to a piece of satin and putting a card with wishes;
If you want to make a really stylish gift, without waiting for full solidification of soap, thread it tesemochku golden or silver, bow tie;
Liquid soap can be poured into the colorful design of a small bottle out of shampoo. However, in order to get it, it is necessary to cut the bubble blade or knife stationery;
A piece of soap can be wrapped in colorful wrapping paper, putting back a leaflet describing the ingredients and tie ribbon.
How to turn a hobby into additional income?
During the preparation of the soap with your hands, take photos and step by step you will be able to sell your master class interested people. What is not an option income favorite hobby ?! Only here there are some nuances:
All photos must be clear, without streaks and stains;
Be sure to think over lighting;
The frame does not need to get any foreign objects;
The resulting picture is better to make a multi-angle, thus, try to arrange beautiful surroundings.
Soap, like any creative process, brings calm, gives a good mood and energizes. Create your own hands is something special - it's nice. If you have a desire to try his hand in soap, do not hesitate - move on to the process! Especially that huge financial investment craze is not required. Flight of fantasy, desire and quite a bit of patience - all this will help you in creating small masterpieces. Who knows, maybe it's innocent fascination with time grow into the business of your life ...