If you have got yourself a reliable and loyal friend - a dog, then you just need to know all the details of her breast. It affects not only the health of the animal, and the duration of its life. We will help you answer many questions concerning the content of the pet. What to feed a dog, how many times a day to feed her, beneficial or harmful dry food - all this and much more you will find in this article.
Feeding pregnant dog
If your dog should appear puppies, the question arises - how many times a day she needed to eat. From 4 to 6 weeks, the number of feedings should be increased up to 3 times. Be sure to give the cottage cheese, cheese, fish, meat, dairy, cereal, boiled egg. Pregnant dog food should include a variety of minerals, especially calcium. The rate of its daily consumption - 65-70 mg per 1 kg of body weight, and phosphorus - 50-55 mg.
What to feed a dog when it's the second half of pregnancy? At this time should be reduced in the diet of carbohydrate foods and add grated raw vegetables and fruits. It is also useful to add bone meal in the food: in the amount of two tablespoons a day. If pregnancy came in the winter, be sure to let the animal vitamins A and D. But since 8 weeks, put the dog on a daily meals. It is desirable to exclude from her diet bone and other products that make it difficult bowel movements.
To prevent post-partum eclampsia (toxemia) is better to replace the meat boiled fish, certainly of marine origin. 150 g of fish meat is replaced 100 g. Do not give pasta, potatoes, beans, pearl barley, because this food overloads the digestive tract of the animal.
In the last days before delivery excluded from the diet all the foods that can cause allergic reactions in dogs, and reduce the amount of food to ¼. With the loss of appetite, try to bring the animal to her dainty pieces. When will labor, increase diet and go to cheryrehrazovoe food.
Power feeding dog
How to feed the dog after giving birth? During the first day it is recommended to give semi-liquid sour-milk diet. Water should always stand by and be fresh. It is not necessary in the first week after giving birth to feed the dog meat as such food can cause eclampsia - toxicosis. Power feeding the dog should be of high quality and nutritious, include vegetables, cereals, dairy products. After a week in the diet, you can enter a small amount of meat. Feeding lactating dogs carried out at least 3 times a day, including in and calcium supplements.
Feed your dog raw meat is undesirable, since it could be worms, which will give the puppies. Therefore, you should boil the meat at least a couple of minutes, or at worst - with boiling water. Nutrition feeding the dog should be given special attention, because it loses more calories and nutrients, giving them their puppies with milk.
How much food is required to puppies when they cease to suck the mother's breast? This issue is also very important for dog owners.
1, 5 to 2 months cook small portions of food, and feed the puppies every 3 hours (6 times per day);
After 2 months, the number of feedings cut up to 5 times, increasing the amount of food;
In 4-5 months puppy is fed 4 times a day, 6-7 months - 3 times per day;
After a year of the dog is transferred to two-single feed.
About how much time you need to feed your dog to a year, you know, and now let's see, the better to feed the dog as a puppy. After all this time it has formed bones, teeth and hair grow. And from a lack of essential substances can develop rickets and other diseases.
The diet of a puppy must be present: a low-fat cottage cheese, egg yolk, lean meat. For a shiny coat should be given vitamin D (in the form of food supplements) and vegetable oil. With 2 months puppies useful to give a small amount of cartilage, and 4-5 already, you can add soft beef bones. And be sure to be present in the diet of vegetables. They can be given as cooked and raw, previously rubbed on a grater. Once a week, the puppies should be added to the diet of marine fish, boned.
It is necessary to mention the dry feed. They are divided into three categories:
Food Budget - are of poor quality;
Medium-product - the average quality;
Premium product - top quality.
The question naturally arises, what food is best and how many times a day to feed their animals. Naturally, the best use of food with the highest quality, but not all of them contain animal proteins. When choosing a look for the annotation, which specifies the composition of the feed.
When deciding how to feed your dog dry food, do not forget that adding other products it should not be. Often the choice depends on our financial capabilities. But in any case, try to choose a well-balanced product that contains sufficient amounts of protein, amino acids, fats and other nutrients.
Feeding an adult dog
The digestive system of the dog is arranged, like beasts of prey. She does not chew and swallow tears and cuts of meat. Developed jaw in need of such work, they do not fit Mashed food and semolina. Living in the wild predator eats the prey whole. The best treat for dogs - a soft cartilage and bone. The bones have to be large, it is better beef. In no case can not give a dog pipe and bird bones. Small fragments may injure the esophagus and stomach. Gnawing a bone, the animal not only strengthens teeth, but also replenishes the body with mineral salts.
And what meat to feed an adult dog? And how it is possible to eat meat? Once a week, feed your pet raw beef. Just make sure that the product is fresh. Pork give a dog is not recommended because veterinarians claim that pigs can get sick disease is not transmitted to humans but dangerous for pets. If the animal is not allergic to chicken protein, can sometimes give him and cooked the chicken, mix it with vegetables and porridge: buckwheat, millet, oats, rice.
Hercules can be given as a puppy and an adult dog, soaking it in broth, yogurt or milk. The liver in small quantities (5-15g) was added to the diet of the animal to replenish the vitamins A, E, D. offal (kidneys, liver, and the heart of the udder) contain a variety of nutrients, but they should boil thoroughly.
Nutrition for the elderly dogs
Since one of the main problems of older dogs is obesity, then feed their pets more often, but small portions. The daily ration best divided in 2-4 times. It is desirable to heat the food to the animal's body temperature - 38 degrees Celsius. Food should be balanced and not oppress the heart and kidneys. The amount of protein foods is desirable to reduce. If you give an animal a fish from an early age, then keep doing it now, but not more than 1-2 times a week.
How to feed the dog dry food in advanced years? Dietary rations composed veterinarian considering age-related changes in the animals. In older dogs often have ear infections, cataracts, periodontitis, arthritis, pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases, urinary incontinence. In this period the owner should carefully monitor the health of your pet in time to recognize the disease and start treatment.
Feeding a sick dog
Naturally, during the illness food must be easily digestible and nutritious. But for some diseases it requires a special diet. Feed the pet should be more frequent, but portions should be small. For example, in allergic dermatitis meat should be lean, not be given meat broths and other fatty foods. In no case do not pet treats sweets. Just dieting is the key to successful treatment.
The propensity of the dog allergies often from malnutrition. And in the course of treatment prescribed a low-calorie experts hypoallergenic food. After all symptoms disappear, is introduced into the diet of an animal for one product. Thus it is possible to identify an allergen. When detected dangerous for the animal product, it should be permanently excluded from the diet. The most common allergy in dogs occurs in the dairy products and pork.
As a result of malnutrition in an animal diabetes may occur as a complication of pancreatitis or pancreatic tumor. Pets, who discovered diabetes, should eat foods containing a small amount of fats and carbohydrates, but rich in vitamins, proteins and minerals. To breed dogs prone to this disease include: Australian Terrier, Pug, Keeshond, miniature poodle, beagle, miniature schnauzer.
For these dogs is better to use only natural ingredients. The diet involves eating animals lean meat, fish. You can add fresh vegetables, fruit and feed dogs raw meat, but everything should be in moderation. Permitted buckwheat and oats. And here is refined rice is better to exclude.
If your dog is poisoned, during the first days after the retreat of the disease it is better not to feed but to give excessive drinking. Then you can try the congee. Once your pet's appetite, give him some boiled rice porridge with chicken broth. Gradually add in the diet is well-cooked and finely sliced meat: chicken or veal. A little later, the fish should be added. Naturally, it should be low-fat varieties of marine and ocean fish - cod, pollock, salmon, hake.
The diet for hunting dogs
Hunting dogs are: large breeds - hounds; medium breeds - hounds, huskies and cops. Small breeds - spaniels, dachshunds, fox terriers.
How much food should contain carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals for the animal to develop properly? Let's try to answer this question. The daily requirement of an adult is a hunting dog: protein 4-5 g per 1 kg of body weight, fat 2-3 g per 1 kg of weight, 12-15 g carbohydrates for these species should be high-calorie food, the needs of each animal depends on the physical load and temperature environment.
If the animal is kept in the open air, it is necessary to increase the fat content if the dog performs a lengthy physical work, do focus on proteins and carbohydrates. Hunting dogs diet must be varied. Particularly valuable for their meat and meat products, fresh fish. For puppies and lactating animals good nutritious food is cottage cheese, milk, buttermilk. Vegetables and herbs are essential foods in the diet of hunting dogs.
How many times do you need to feed these dogs? Adult animals should be given food 2-3 times a day: early in the morning, at lunchtime and at about 6 pm. Do not forget to add mineral supplements: bone meal, fish oil, ground chalk, egg shells.
The diet for fighting dogs
For dogs with fighting qualities include: Alabai, pit bull terriers, Rottweilers, Staffordshire terriers, boxers. The feeding of fighting dogs, so that it was strong and hardy? Suitable as natural products and dry food. It's best to buy high quality food. Protein foods should be present in the diet of puppies and adult dogs daily. It is necessary for building bones and muscle fibers, as well as for animal activity.
Any difference in the diet of large and medium-sized dogs do not. Sometimes, small breeds to maintain the vitality needed more high calorie foods. The main thing to remember - are the main meat in the diet of a dog. They should be given as raw and boiled.
Subject feeding dogs extensive. The main thing here is not to make mistakes, because it depends on proper nutrition health and longevity of your pet. Well, if you watch the dog from infancy to the same vet. With it, you can always consult on any issue.
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