Lovers of aquarium fish - special people. Not everyone can feel the love of these representatives is alien to human underwater world. But personally observe their lives like, perhaps, everything. Anyway, the man turned his attention to the aquarium, will not remain indifferent to the soaring, as if in weightlessness, fish behind glass. They say that such contemplation is useful for mental and physical health, and the aquarium with fish, and serves as the mascot of feng shui, and as fashionable and stylish interior.
So if you, for whatever reasons, decided to put the home aquarium and breed fish, then you will need the instruction, according to which will have to take care of the fish. The thing is, we note troublesome, but it's worth it. Unfortunately, the instructions for the care of fish is not attached to the aquarium and to the very fish. Therefore, learn to take care of the fish is necessary, based on the experience of seasoned hobbyists and special benefits. We offer you a set of rules that will ease your care and aquarium fish.
Choosing an aquarium and fish
You have to take care not only for fish, but also for the aquarium itself. Therefore, carefully consider whether you want to buy just too big aquarium or to start is to do a little. In general, the size of the aquarium and the device is directly depends on how much and what exactly you are going to fish it contained. In contrast, if you already have a tank of a certain size, you need to acquire and the corresponding size of the fish. In addition, it should be remembered that the content of some types of fish aquarium needs, equipped with all sorts of caves and shelters. This is especially important for the fish, leading demersal lifestyle.
And if you already have an aquarium, it is necessary to choose the fish, primarily on the basis of its size. If the aquarium is small, then the fish it must dwell not large. But a large and spacious aquarium can settle far from the small aquarium fish, or a large number of small fishes.
Buying aquarium fish, talk to them about the necessary conditions of water temperature, its hardness and acidity, the need aeration, filtration, and the frequency of water changes in the aquarium, as well as about what and how often to feed the fish. Less important information will be including details on how peace can coexist in your tank you liked fish. Find out if there is risk of predatory attacks of one fish species to another, and whether for some fish special care.
At the aquarium and fish you will need to purchase algae and accessories, which will help keep the aquarium fishes a necessary microclimate and ease your care and an aquarium.
What is the care of the fish?
By and large, any instructions for the care of aquarium fish would contain the list of necessary measures and actions on your part, as follows:
creation of comfortable living conditions;
support the microclimate in the aquarium;
cleaning the aquarium.
Additional measures include the treatment of fish. Such care, of course, is a forced measure, but it is possible: aquarium fish (as well as all living beings) are subject to various diseases. Therefore, your fish are not excluded, such as all kinds of ailments infection, infestation (infestation), ulcers, tuberculosis, and specific diseases of aquarium fish. Treatment is usually reduced to isolate the patient specimen in water and adding drugs. However, with good care and proper maintenance, most aquarium fish stays healthy all his life. And what exactly should be caring, consider a little more.
Your Aquarium - closed ecological system, the habitat of fish. If the support needed to fish the parameters of the environment, they will feel comfortable, will be able to avoid many diseases and will give you the extra hassle. How to care for fish, from this point of view? What you need to do to maintain comfortable conditions of existence of your aquarium fish?
Every day you need to check the water temperature, and maintain the exact temperature that is required for a particular type of fish.
Water is necessary to aerate and filter. For this purpose there is a special equipment.
The state of the water affects not only its purity, and composition, which is largely dependent on live aquarium plants. For the full growth and photosynthesis of aquatic plants need light, which, however, is needed and the Fish. Therefore, from time to time and depending on the duration of daylight is necessary to include backlight aquarium.
The "bad" low-quality water can make accessories for aquarium made of plastic and cigarette smoke. So do not skimp on the cheap decorations and do not smoke (do not let it to others) near the aquarium.
Periodically poured into the tank with fresh water and periodically clean the aquarium itself.
As advised by experienced aquarists, completely replace the water in the aquarium should not be. If necessary, water changes need only remove the dirt and debris from the bottom of the tank, drain two-thirds of the old water and pour fresh water which must be the same temperature, acidity and stiffness, as the former.
This is the second important aspect of the general rules determining the daily care of the fish. Typically, adult aquarium fish are fed once or twice a day, and fry - four to six times. Which food - dry, alive or frozen - fits your fish depends on the species. But as a rule, the food different fish feeds and choose the one that they are more willing to eat.
It is important to determine the volume of feed, as you can not overfeed the fish, but do not need to keep the starving. The exact amount of fish feed depends on the size and number of inhabitants of your aquarium, so it will have to define your own. To calculate the optimal amount of feed for the fish at first you need to watch.
A suitable "portion" is that amount of food that the fish can eat in five to ten minutes. If after this time the fish stopped eating, and the food still remained, then you poured too much. These surpluses have to be removed from the aquarium. If the fish ate all the food in five minutes and continue to look for, what else to make money, then you pour the portion was too small.
Oddly enough, but to take care of fish in the aquarium is necessary and usual method of observation. In addition to monitoring the condition of the water, you need every day to inspect the fish and plants. Decaying aquatic plants and it is necessary to immediately remove and fish showing signs of disease certainly isolated. Here's what you should be alerted in appearance and behavior of the fish:
wounds, ulcers and growths on the body;
embarked on end scales;
patina and visible spots on the fins and tail;
excessively bulging eyes;
cysts (white translucent grains) on the scales;
depression and depleted fish species.
Such fish it is necessary to transplant to another aquarium, to give them a quarantine. For information on how to treat the fish, you need to consult a specialist as their own diagnosis beginner aquarist hard enough. And the insulation needed to disease is not transferred to other fishes.
General cleaning of the aquarium (if you care for the fish and the aquarium itself the right) is performed infrequently. However, if such a need has ripened, the fish are transplanted into another tank, the water is drained, clean the walls and bottom of the water filter. Then pour into the aquarium clean water and start to fish.
Of course, different kinds of aquarium fish require different conditions. However, novice aquarists our handy quick tutorial with a set of common rules for the care of fish. Remember that fish - living creatures and need your attention and care, and let this be your care burdensome. Good luck!
We recommend that read: Caring for an aquarium and fish
Caring for the ears, eyes and teeth
Caring for the talons
Of course, their pets we love, regardless of their breed or pedigree, material or bad breeding value or obliging nature, size and appearance. But you must admit that there are breeds of cats and dogs, which require special care. And if you set out to ensure your pet show career and actively participate in the breeding breeding lines, the appearance and health of the animal must be flawless.
Among the many aristocratic cats that require greater attention from the owners. Among them is loved by many Brits. Caring for cats of this breed can not be called by some very very special, but some details are still there. So what is this cat, and how to care for them? Let's face it.
Wool - the first thing that will require you to attention, and what will need constant care. The British wool is a characteristic of the breed characteristics. The fact that the dense plush British cat covered with a two-tier hair. It is a dense downy undercoat makes them a padded coat and long guard hairs, which are much finer wool provide shine and silkiness.
By the way, one of the important conditions of grooming is the proper and balanced diet. If an animal gets food enough calcium, trace elements and vitamins, then coat it will look perfect. However, only the correct power is insufficient. We also need additional caring treatments.
Two or three times a week is necessary to comb the cat comb a special massage, called Slicer. It's not even a comb and a brush, allowing combed wool and dead at the same time to make the animal massage. First you need to comb back, leading Slicker for hair growth, then the cat combed against the grain. Then comb the sides and then move on to the neck and cheeks. There hair combed neatly short strokes toward the muzzle (the wrong way). By the way, the British cat - one of the few species, whose members gladly tolerate this procedure and did not mind when they scratched against the grain.
After combing the coat must be applied dry shampoo (sold in specialized stores) or powder Grooming. And shampoo, powder must be applied to dry hair, rubbed, and then comb the animal by removing a cosmetic together with dust and fat. After such dry combing and brushing hair becomes shiny and British volume.
British water treatments are only shown in the case of obvious necessity, that is, if the animal is really soiled. But even if such a need washing should be carried out twice a year, otherwise it is bad for the state of the coat. If you do decide to wash your Briton, use for this special shampoo. What it is important for purebred cats, so it's the correct type of shampoo coat color, which is usually indicated on the label. For British cat chinchilla coat color and hair color silver marble used shampoo for white fur.
During bathing, observe, not to get water in the ears and soap in the eyes of a cat. By the way, the ears for reliability can be plugged with cotton swabs (if the cat does not protest). Water for washing in any case should not be hot. The maximum allowable temperature - 40 degrees. After washing, wrap your cat in a towel, blot excess water and transfer the animals to the couch. Intensively wipe the wool is not necessary - the cat to cope with this on their own.
Caring for the ears, eyes and teeth
In fact, the cat quite cleanly. However, even with their pathological tendency to constant washing and cleansing, the result of hygienic procedures are not always satisfactory. Inaccessible areas of the cat's body, oddly enough, the cat remains a muzzle and ears that require more careful care. Therefore, at least a couple times a week is necessary to examine the ears of the animal and, if necessary, clean them.
First, slightly damp cotton pad wipe the inner surface of the ear, and then with a cotton swab remove dirt and sulfur in curls and folds. A healthy cat's ears should be clean and dirt accumulating in them does not have to publish an unpleasant smell. For prevention, it is desirable to use a special liquid to clean the ears, and if the ear comes the bad smell, you should immediately contact a veterinarian.
The need for a thorough eye care British cats there. As a rule, the cat alone ensures the purity of the eye. However, once a day to wipe his eyes moistened cotton pad can be. This is especially true of kittens and young animals, which have not yet experienced enough in personal hygiene and in the corners of their eyes after sleep appear dark isolation. Eyes wiped from the outer corner to the nose of the animal, moisten a cotton pad with boiled water or tea brewing.
Dental care is also necessary cats. This procedure is more preventive in nature, because with time on the cat's teeth formed tartar. This in turn can lead to disease and tooth decay. The fact that the coating of food residue and salts contained in the cat saliva is deposited on the teeth, and is accumulated gradually solidifies turning in the same plaque. By the way, this scourge affects only domestic cats - wild animals are natural "toothpicks".
Once or twice a month brushing your teeth your cat. First, you can use a special toothpaste and brush (sold in pet stores), or use the means at hand. For example, first clean the cat's teeth cotton swab dipped in red wine, and then put them mush from baking soda and clean off with a soft toothbrush. If your cat British stubbornly refuses to brush your teeth, hides or shows aggression, the use for this purpose a special dry food, or let the cat chew bone brain (they, like dogs, love it!)
Caring for the talons
Particular British cat claws can not be called, but, nevertheless, you want to care for them, and leave the claws can not be ignored. A cat that lives in a city apartment, deprived of the possibility of natural grinding claws, which, incidentally, is constantly growing. This explains the irrepressible desire cats sharpen claws on any convenient surface for them. They did not sharpen, making sharp and grind shortening.
Therefore, first, give the animal a chance to purchase or equipping a special scratching. If your cat British categorically refuses to use the device prepared for it, you have to cut her nails. This should be no more than twice a month, shortening the entire length of the half. It is advisable to use a special kogterezki or hire the services of a veterinarian since Tampering can easily damage the living part of the claw or split it, which will cause the appearance of the wound and further inflammation and festering.
Proper nutrition - it's also a kind of cat care, because it is from it largely depends on the overall condition of the animal and its appearance. For the full health, well-being and impeccable British cat species not only need a balanced diet, but also a certain mode. Do not forget that the British - is dense and massive predators, the main meal which should be protein foods. For your cat's diet, you can take advantage of the scheme, developed in one of the British Kennel. So, experts recommend the following schemes.
For kittens from two to four months
Breakfast - a bit of unsweetened yogurt with no additives fat content of not more than 5%
Lunch - boiled chicken or canned baby food
Lunch - dry food for kittens
Dinner - finely chopped, planed or entangled in a meat grinder raw meat (lean beef, veal)
For cats from four months of age and older
Breakfast - cottage cheese with no additives and sugar fat content of up to 5%, slightly boiled chicken
Lunch - dry food
Dinner - raw meat
Naturally, a bowl of clean water a cat should always be.
Of course, the proposed scheme - this is not a guide to action, and not the only possible diet. Cats, like people, have different taste preferences. Therefore, create a menu for your pet you can own to include dairy products, fruits and vegetables, whole grains and fish. But about what cats of any breed can not feed, it is necessary to know and remember the time. So, you can not include in the diet of cats following products and ready meals.
Ready dog food, as well as specialized varieties of fodder for other purposes. That is not to give the cat food for pregnant cats, and animal feed for adult cats.
Bones (except beef brain dentifrice). Bones from poultry or fish may injure the intestine stuck in the esophagus, and even cause choking.
River or raw fish. It is proved that the use of such a beloved cat fish disrupts their urinary system and contributes to the formation of kidney stones. If you give your cat a fish, then it should be done infrequently and give preference to low-fat sea fish boiled.
Sweet milk, butter, cheese. All this can cause bowel disorder with unpleasant consequences.
Smoked, fried, pickled, canned, sharp, sweet, fatty, spicy, salty foods. In short, all the things that we often use to cook for themselves. The food on our table for cats simply dangerous!
And most importantly - is guided by three basic principles of feeding your Briton: permanence, separateness and naturalness. Do not forget that only the right food and attentive care to help maintain the health of the cat. But only a healthy and well-groomed animal is able to make a show career or to become the successor of the progenitor or tribal lines. However, if your cat is not elite bloodlines and impeccable appearance, then take care of it still need. After all, we are responsible for those who tamed.
We strongly recommend to read: How to clean the dog's teeth