Azalea is famous for its amazing colors and very moody character. It is because it is very difficult to novice gardeners to care for this plant. But a glance at the flowering bush to see - amazing beauty of flowers worthy of any difficulties. Let's talk about what the azaleas need care at home, to plant only pleased with his presence.
We will not argue - azalea pretty demanding. Among the most important conditions conducive to good plant growth, you can immediately include:
Fresh air (drafts are not afraid of it);
Abundant watering with clean water and regular spraying to maintain moisture;
Indoor azalea needs sufficient sunlight, but do not be too zealous - plant does not tolerate heat and direct sunlight. The ideal place is the content of the sill of the window, overlooking the north.
The optimum temperature for azaleas content
The optimum temperature for azaleas - 17 degrees Celsius. It is clear that to achieve this in the summer temperature is very difficult, but at this moment there is a period of rest azaleas. Pot plant may be in the garden or on the shaded outdoor terrace.
To facilitate the care of plants in this period, azalea pot recommend prikopat previously having put on his nylon stocking. This will help to avoid falling into the soil of various pests. To bloom was lush in the laying of buds required temperature is low - in the range of 6-8 degrees. And by the time the buds are ready to bloom, it is necessary to raise the temperature to normal - 17 degrees.
Air humidity and watering
To care for azalea not disappointed with the result, it is important to remember one rule - azaleas require high humidity! At home, make the necessary settings and continuously support them is very difficult. However, there is one way to help you in this difficult matter.
Take a pan and put it on the bottom of pebbles;
If found pebbles problematic, it is possible to replace the moss pieces (for this purpose is ideal sphagnum);
Now pour the water into the tray so that it covered the filler;
On top put a pot with a plant;
Your task - to ensure that the water in the pan was continually.
But that's not all the tricks that contribute to the desired humidity. Caring for this plant includes regular spraying with an atomizer. During flowering, it is desirable to prevent the ingress of water on the buds and flowers, otherwise they can be covered with spots.
Try to choose a spray atomizer with small holes. If you find this does not work, it is better not to spray the plant, but simply wipe the leaves wet cloth.
Water the azalea need to soft water. This soil should be wet all the time, but did not turn into a swamp. Try to avoid sudden changes in soil moisture, or care will not succeed. If azalea dry up first, and then abruptly add water, you get a balding plants without flowers and buds.
If you can not hold water treatments melt water (or rain), it can be periodically added to the water a little bit of natural apple cider or wine vinegar. For these purposes, it is also suitable and lemon juice: it will be enough 10-15 drops per liter of water.
Care azalea flowering period and thereafter
Care azalea practically the same at any time, and in the flowering period, and after falling off the buds. Try to ensure the plant a lot of scattered sunlight. Before flowering pot or move, otherwise you may not get the desired result in the form of lush blossoms crown.
Find a suitable place in advance where the flower can show itself in all its glory. Perhaps it will be a window south-west or south-east. Make sure that the flower was as far as possible from the battery or other heating devices.
Flowers that have already faded, you must carefully remove from the plant. So it does not spend the extra force on the formation of seeds. Correctly will not break off the stems and gently loosen it, trying not to catch the neighboring buds.
In late spring, when the plant has bloomed, it can be replaced. Since the azalea has a shallow root system, it is better to give preference to a shallow and wide enough pots. Very young plants need a transplant each year, for a more adult and mature enough to carry out the procedure of color every 2-3 years.
After flowering is necessary to produce a crop plant to form a beautiful crown - remove all dried or excessively overgrown branches. This will help build a new azalea green mass and look at it carefully and lavishly. By following these simple rules, you will understand - care room azalea is not so complicated. And your friends and acquaintances will appreciate the beauty of this wonderful flower.
Pets kinds dieffenbachia
General conditions dieffenbachia
At first glance, the name "dieffenbachia" seems pretty convoluted. But underneath lies a popular indoor flower belonging to the family Araceae. This evergreen plant is common in tropical South America. Dieffenbach is very easy to distinguish from other plants. It has elongated oval-shaped leaves are variegated.
If you are interested in cultivation of this flower, remember - its juice is poisonous. So do not put a pot in the nursery and make sure that the plant is out of reach of pets. In general, dieffenbachia can be a great decoration of your apartment. In this article we will talk about how to propagate this plant, how to care for them, and what conditions it needs.
Dieffenbachia stem is like a tree trunk, and the top is magnificent crone of variegated leaves. Deciding on the content of this beauty is important to remember that adult dieffenbachia reaches two meters. Better, of course, to prevent such proliferation as special beauty plant will not differ: the stem will be almost bare, the leaves remain only at the very top.
Agree, there is not question about the appeal. And it was the appearance allows dieffenbachia serve any decor for the past 150 years. It can be seen in a private home, in the office and in public institutions. True nature of this plant is quite capricious, and see how the flowers dieffenbachia, brought not for everyone. To plant did not lose its presentation, it is recommended to update every three years.
Pets kinds dieffenbachia
Experts there are about 50 species of this plant. Of course, not all grades are used as pot plants. Decorative considered only 5-6 species, it can be found in apartments and offices. Let's take a closer look at the characteristics of these species.
Dieffenbachia maculata or Dieffenbachia picta
Type, which is also called spotty. Plant stem and leaf disks - large, reaching about half a meter in length and about 15 centimeters in width. Leaf shape tapers toward the top and tapers slightly, and on its surface are lateral veins. Typically, the number of about 15 pieces. Blossoms in the form of ear, after flowering appear red-orange berries.
Plant with yellow-green leaves. Their length is 35 centimeters. On the leaf surface can be seen marble pattern with white dots.
It is characterized by heart-shaped leaves with a pronounced midrib. This plant has a green leaf surface is covered with white spots.
Dieffenbachia seguina or Dieffenbachia amoena
Also known as dieffenbachia charming. This variety is somewhat similar to the kind of patchy, but the leaves of the first bit wider and longer. Leaf plant has about 12 veins.
General conditions dieffenbachia
Dieffenbachia - photophilous plant, but getting to it direct sunlight should be avoided, otherwise you may get burned. Caring for plants is spraying the leaves. When the temperature drops below 18 degrees from this procedure is abandoned in favor of wiping the leaves with a damp cloth.
The plant loves the fresh air, but it is not necessary to present him a surprise in the form of drafts. In the winter, the room temperature should not be below 17 degrees. In general, this plant is quite well tolerated temperature drops from 17 to 25 degrees Celsius.
As the soil is suitable for the dieffenbachia or already ready mix from the store or on their own soil is prepared, consisting of sod land, brick chips and charcoal. The optimum is considered to be a mixture of leaf soil, turf, peat and sand. Proportions should be the four turf land portion on one side of each of the other component of the mixture. Do not forget that for good growth needs complex fertilizers. Preferably use a nitrogen-containing organic matter.
So how does this room reproduces a flower? It's all very simple. To get the new plant is not necessary to apply a supernatural effort. To take the top breeding dieffenbachia stem cuttings, which root in the water, sand and sphagnum. It is also possible to use a mixture which consists of one part of sand and the same amount of peat. There are a number of conditions that are required for successful rooting dieffenbachia:
Frequent wiping with a damp cloth or spray;
The plant should not be exposed to direct sunlight;
The temperature of the soil in which grows flower should not be less than 21 degrees;
Desirably, the temperature to remain within 21-23 degrees;
Mandatory greenhouse conditions: cover glass or film shoots for the speedy establishment.
As soon as the roots are 2-3 cm long, the plant can be transplanted into a pot. In that case, if you decide to dieffenbachia rooting in sand or moss, it is preferable to feed it with fertilizer. If the roots of well-grown, the plant can be transplanted together with the substrate.
There is another way by which multiplies dieffenbachia - cuttings. In this case the stem is cut into cuttings. The length of each - 15-20 centimeters. In order to prevent putrefaction process sections need to be processed with charcoal or sulfur.
To continue breeding, cuttings placed horizontally and pressed one of the substrate so that it is almost covered with soil. Reproduction of this method can not be called rapid: to get the complete plant will need at least six months.
All this time, it is important to control the process, because the multiplication of the stem comes reluctantly - cuttings often rot. As soon as the buds and leaves, it is necessary to pour the land base of the shoots and transplanted into pots. This multiplication can be considered successful.
Repot the plant should be as gently as possible, following a number of conditions. Transplanting is best done in spring. The new pot should be selected in accordance with the size of the flower, ideally it should be 1-2 sizes larger than the previous. In order not to injure the roots of the plants, it must be transplanted by transshipment, without removing the old earthen room with the root system. In this case, dieffenbachia will get accustomed much faster.
Now you know how to multiply dieffenbachia. We hope that our article will help you to grow beautiful and healthy plant that will please their owners by lush greenery.