Ficus Melanie is one of the varieties of rubber (elastic) ficus, which, in turn, is considered the most popular and undemanding pot plants - such care ficus most elementary. Still it has long been known as rubber-trees, ensuring family well-being, happiness and love. Today elastica ficus represented by numerous cultivars that are compact and miniature. Perhaps for this reason they so often take for urban apartments or offices.
Let's look at some of the features of rubber figs before you move on to a discussion of ficus Melanie. For example, Ficus robusta has a bright wide leaves and foliage Ficus Belize painted in three different colors: in the center - the green around the edges - white and pink.
Tineke ficus leaves have a green heart, and the edges are located specks of white / beige and pistachio colors. It is something similar to Belize, but it is more capricious plant. Ficus Abidjan different bright burgundy, dark colored leaves; unpretentious. No less popular varieties of the Black Prince with leaves painted in rich dark color. And, of course, Melanie - Ficus, wherein small leaves (not more than twenty centimeters) deep green color.
Features ficus Melanie
Today, rubber-rubber plants, including Melanie, our market come the Netherlands, which specializes in the derivation of more and more new varieties. On sale there are plants of various colors, sizes (from a couple of centimeters to two meters). Note that in such a ficus contains a milky sap, poisonous in its composition, so acquiring such a plant, for example, child care is not necessary.
Melanie is considered the homeland of ficus north-eastern India and southern Indonesia. By the way, here ficus is revered by Buddhists as the sacred tree. In the early period of growth Melanie - unbranched plant with woody stems. Over time, begin to occur branching processes - the branches and stems are actively developing aerial roots that brought forth in a warm climate with a good humidity and reaching the soil to form new stems, which make up the so-called banyan.
By the way, by aerial roots this ficus is called "tree snake". Its leaves are large and leathery elliptical structure, slightly pointed at the tip. The foliage is dark green color are arranged alternately. Young leaves of different reddish-brown tint. The same color and he stipule, which eventually fall off, leaving a scar.
At home, Melanie does not bloom, but eventually forms a one centimeter fruit called sikoniumami. They are his views resemble small figs, but are not edible. On the leaves can sometimes observe small pores with latex. Once the varieties grown rubberwood with industrial purpose (for rubber), but today it is almost never practiced.
Milky juice of figs, as mentioned earlier, has a strong irritant, and even with a single contact can cause severe dermatitis or severe allergies. The composition includes a latex sap, enzymes and alkaloids - severe chemical components. This composition was "invented" by nature for the benefit of the plant - a milky juice heals the wounds on the leaves and ficus protects against pests.
Even if you are an amateur florist, Melanie did not take much trouble: such care ficus is quite simple. The only negative Melanie reacts to excessively strong light and dry air - the most comfortable of the variety Ficus feels in good humidity. Therefore, growing Melanie at home, it should always be sprayed.
It is equally important to choose the right pot. Having bought the original plastic packaging for ficus in a couple of weeks will need to make a change at higher quality and more appropriate size pot. The soil does not need to pour the liquid too - watering must be carried out only when necessary. Please note that this aspect - one of the most important. Otherwise, you can fester root system and leaves from an overabundance of moisture tied up and fall off.
Care ficus Melanie
Melanie - a ficus, need periodic dressing that spring and fall should be done about once every two weeks. In winter, the fertilizer should be added to the soil once a month. For this purpose we use universal fertilizer. In the spring, to the side shoots have developed rapidly, Ficus is necessary to cut off the top.
Melanie prefers a good fertile soil porous structure. You can add a little sod peat land soils in combination with leaf mold and sand. This will allow the plant to grow faster, and leaves of ficus will have a good rich color.
It is equally important to know how and when to replant rubber plants Melanie - without change is impossible proper care of any plant. This is best done in spring or in June. Transplant performed as filling the root system of the land coma. Rubber plants respond well to the handling of a smaller pot into a larger - their growth becomes faster and harder.
Growing Melanie homes, provide adequate lighting plant - light should be scattered, but bright. If direct rays undesirable because of this turn yellow and the leaves are falling. Can a little pritenit ficus, but in such conditions it will slow growth. If the tree for a long time will be in the dark, poorly lit area, the lower leaves dry up.
This heat-loving, heat-tolerant plant that requires periodic spraying. Make sure that in the summer the temperature in the room ranged from twenty-four to twenty-eight degrees. In winter, the temperature should be at least sixteen degrees, but not more than eighteen. The minimum threshold, which can make Melanie - thirteen degrees. If a short-term drop in temperature, the permissible rate of five degrees. At this time, you should reduce watering. In rooms with central heating plant type is necessary to provide frequent spraying. Ficus of this type can not tolerate drafts, especially in those moments when the earthen room potted ficus moistened. Because of this, its leaves are covered with brown spots, and sometimes even fall off.
Care ficus Melanie includes a neat watering. Immediately after drying the substrate layer pour ficus so that the land became moist to a depth of about a finger. If the soil is moistened, Ficus give you know about it plenty sudden fall of the leaves, to which, as a rule, leaves are covered with bright spots - watch out for the plant and to prevent similar.
Pay attention to cleanliness leaves by wiping them with a damp sponge or towels. This will allow them to be glossy and does not lose its coloring. Do not forget to clean the stomata, allowing Ficus breathe well and efficiently perform the process of photosynthesis. It is also an important step in the process of caring for plants.
Over time, as the plant ages, you may notice that the lower leaves die off, and the trunk laid bare. To preserve the beauty of the plant and brightness, it should be cut. This is typically done at the end of winter. If you spend a little pruning ficus relieved only from the top, in the future the plant will not fork, as will wake up only one kidney. In order to obtain a luxurious branched shrub, prune to six internodes above.
There is another way by which Melanie can give side shoots. Tilt as low as possible and fix the trunk ficus in this position. At this point, the dominance of the apical bud is transmitted from the side of the box above the other. The top of the growth will stop, and then wake up and begin to actively grow lateral buds.
Ficus providing proper care, you will grow resistant, durable plant that can live as long as fifty years! If you notice a decline in the growth of the tree, which can be manifested in leaf fall, they dry or yellowing, optimize care. Keep an eye on the plant, so that the growth process was not impressed by diseases and pests such as thrips, aphids or scale insects, which can cause severe health irreparable harm to the tree.
Ficus Melanie - the perfect houseplant, which, despite its simplicity and undemanding, and petite, perfectly decorate the interior of their delicious bright green leaves. Additionally, remarkably ficus purify the air, making it more fresh, which is especially important for residents of large polluted cities.
Flowering dieffenbachia: whether it is harmful to man?
Dieffenbachia in the house: The description of the plant
And yet it is poisonous
The appearance of the house dieffenbachia is always accompanied by a mass of not very pleasant to take. That just do not talk about poor plant: and the power of it male picks up and even survival of the house of representatives of the stronger sex, and in the bedroom to put it is impossible, because the heirs did not see (apparently for the reason that a man and dieffenbachia are not compatible). Say, where did so many prejudices, is quite difficult. So let's understand all the nuances and find out - whether harmful dieffenbachia and how it poisonous.
This flower has come to us from the humid tropics - the forests of Central and South America. It belongs to the genus of perennial herbs of the family Araceae. Most types of decorative and are very popular among fans of indoor plants. Flowering shrub that is quite rare, and its flowers are not very beautiful.
There are some kinds of dieffenbachia, which grow up to two meters in height, and sheet sizes can reach half a meter in length. True home is a plant often clears the lower leaves and turns into a rather unsightly tree. To avoid this, you must periodically update it.
Dieffenbachia has a rather rapid growth of new leaves and pleases almost every week. Usually, from the already expanded sheet can immediately see the top of the next. Leaf Color can be colorful or just green. The most popular are two types: Spotted dieffenbachia and raznopolosnaya. They were the ancestors of the plurality of hybrids with different leaf sizes and patterns on them.
The point of growth of the plant is always located at the top of the stem. There are varieties of dieffenbachia, which are dormant buds at the base of the stem, with the awakening of the kidneys begins to flower bushes. If time is not tall instance upgrade, it will grow as long as support allows, and then the trunk leans forward and rests horizontally. The top in this case will still strive up until the fall of its own weight.
In the tropics, in the supine position dieffenbachia contact with wet moss and takes root, giving life to new plants. Break the flower is not difficult - it is very fragile stem. But it is also easily possible to break off the tip of the root, or any other part of the plant.
Flowering dieffenbachia: whether it is harmful to man?
At home, witnessed the flowering dieffenbachia become virtually impossible. But this does not mean that this plant does not bloom: under favorable conditions, the release of buds occurs every summer. Externally, the flower looks pretty nondescript - cob with small yellow and white flowers and a veil of gray-green color.
Neither the fleshy spadix or ripening fruit after flowering do not represent absolutely no ornamental value. And considering that during the formation of ears and fruits weakens the plant, it may begin to drop leaves. Experienced gardeners recommend the removal of buds on the stage of the formation of inflorescences. The reasons to suspect that at this time a flower can harm a person, definitely not.
Dieffenbachia in the house: The description of the plant
As it turned out, the appearance of the apartments Dieffenbach caused not only by the desire to decorate the interior. These plants have a lot of advantages, but the people know about them a little. People often remember that dieffenbachia harmful and toxic than its beneficial properties. Let's look at the pros of the flower in detail.
Have dieffenbachia house improves the chemical composition of air. This is due to its ability to absorb and neutralize various toxic substances;
Dieffenbachia fitontsidnymi also have properties that can significantly reduce the number of pathogens in the air, for example stafillokokov;
Where grows dieffenbachia, created all conditions to increase the humidity, thereby reducing the amount of dust in the room. This not only improves the environment, but also brings relief to people suffering from allergies.
And yet it is poisonous
However, there is one factor that prevents the spread of the flower. Dieffenbachia The disadvantage is that the leaves and stems of the plant contain alkaloids, which are in contact with the skin can cause allergic reactions such as swelling and irritation. Tellingly, when in contact with the juice of the plant, the reaction does not take place immediately, but after some time.
There is even a version on which Brazil dieffenbachia used to punish slaves were forced to eat the offending piece of sheet plants. As a rule, after that accident occurred severe swelling of the larynx and oral mucosa, it is a time quite unable to speak. This method of punishment was called - "whip dumb." Yet categorically assert that the harm of dieffenbachia not allow it to grow at home is impossible.
Of course, if a family has young children who adore all taste, is to be careful and remove the plant as far as possible. Of course, kindergarten is better not to grow dieffenbachia, and give preference to safer plants. In other cases, the damage from this plant is too exaggerated, but the benefit of a flower can have considerable.
The most important thing - to observe basic safety rules for pruning and transplanting plants, and avoid contact with the mucous juice dieffenbachia. After the transplant, be sure to wash your hands with soap and water, and in the care of a plant it is desirable to use rubber gloves.
Thus, we conclude - dieffenbachia certainly underestimated the benefits and the harm is clearly exaggerated. This flower can be kept in apartments, homes, offices, manufacturing plants, where it perfectly complement and decorate the interior. Caring for the plant quite complicated, therefore become the owner of a luxury bush with beautiful leaves can be as soon as possible.
The plant will purify the indoor air of contaminants and pathogens. And it will agree, a serious advantage. Especially when you take into account the environmental conditions in our cities. So feel free to buy the plant and put in the most prominent place in the house. The main thing - try to take precautions for the transplant and keep the flower out of the reach of children. In this case, dieffenbachia not give you any trouble!