Surely, you have seen repeatedly beautiful large plant with dissected leaves that are arranged alternately on the stem. This plant is called monstera, it relates to the nature of tropical vines. Monstera most common in tropical forests of America, in the equatorial belt, grow almost all over Brazil and in most parts of Mexico. In Southeast Asia Monstera was introduced in the 19th century.
Today, this plant is quite common and good root in the home. In just 4 years monstera can grow up to half of the room. Due to its massiveness, this vine is often used for landscaping offices and spacious rooms. Flowers for rooms monstera care require not too complicated, but it should be noted that the plant is in need of support, and most often used for this purpose a tube with moss. For lianas characterized numerous aerial roots that need to be tied to a support, to send in the ground, but in any case not be cut off.
Grooming Monster, remember that she does not like drafts, leaves her out of it yellow or brown spots covered. If you place the plant somewhere near the pass, where the leaves are always hurts scurrying people, the leaves themselves are constantly injured or even tear.
Plant name "monstera" translated from Latin means bizarre, amazing. Sometimes it can be called a "crybaby" or philodendron. In damp areas in cloudy weather with monstera leaves will fall large drops of water. Monstera their behavior will predict rain advance -on the whole day ahead. At the edges of the leaves appear sticky juice, which will be after the drip from them, if the weather is rainy planned. Average leaf length in ambient conditions an average of 30 cm, there are leaves and larger.
If you decide to decorate your home this plant, you should know how to take care of the monster. As our climate for tropical plants is not native, it should comply with several requirements for care to the plant stuck in your house.
Caring for indoor plants monstera required to maintain temperature in the room in the area 16 - 18 degrees, although for some time monstera can withstand some temperature fluctuations. It will be appreciated that the higher the temperature during the year, the plants will grow faster, and leaves become more large and patterned.
Monstera - care which requires the creation of indoor climate, similar to rain - can not tolerate direct sunlight. Put it in a place lit by a bright diffused light or partial shade.
Monstera - home care for this plant whimsical. In winter, it should keep the soil moist, but only slightly, zealous in this matter is not necessary. In other seasons the ground for monstera care needs with abundant moisture and the possibility to dry slightly between waterings. In summer, watering should be plentiful, it must be ensured that the water does not stagnate in the pan. Watering should only be used to defend the warm water that does not contain lime.
For monstera care at home requires maintaining high humidity in the room: wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or sponge, polishing them as often as possible with water spray room. In winter, when a lack of heat hydration should be reduced. Spraying produce the same water as irrigation.
Caring for a potted plant monster, try to trim it to the perfect soil composition: Plot + garden peat humus + + sand. All components in the ratio of one to one, moreover, requires good drainage. You can use a mixture of a palm tree. It is mandatory to carry out feeding during the period from March to August.
Monstera - care and propagation of which depend on its owner - require seasonal dressing. Fertilize it is necessary in the period March-August fertilizers for indoor plants. Frequency -1 fertilizing every two weeks. For larger plants would be useful to add to the soil humus (1 time in the summer). It can be used for watering mullein infusion (instead of humus), but note that the room will smell.
Note that bloom monstera - infrequent event, but when it happens, everything is transformed. Flowers at the plant of the snow-white and cream-colored blossoms resemble the ears of a filmy veil. Ripe a year purple fruit tastes like a pineapple.
Monstera - care and propagation of which require some effort - refers to the type of Araceae, so it is best to use the cuttings for propagation from the middle and apical stem cuttings. Each stem should have a "peephole", or kidney. Scion rooted in the moss, sphagnum moss, sand or just water. For better and to further strengthen the cutting speedy growth, the plant must be covered with a glass jar, as an option, close the plastic wrap. Air temperature "under roof" can range from 24 to 30 degrees Celsius, in this framework, it must be constantly maintained.
How to transplant Monstera, her small pouch that he caught? Use substat rooting. As substata using river sand, coarse-grained and well-washed, or a mixture of peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 1. For the next 20-30 days will happen rooting. Monstera and can be propagated using shoots (Air strains). In this case, the stem which is intended for reproduction, obkladyvayut wet sphagnum then used to wrap a plastic film and all the wire is fixed. When the young plant produces its own root system, transplant young Monstera in a separate pot, after separating it from the mother plant.
If you have at home or in the office there is this kind of vines, then surely you interested in the question: how to transplant Monstera. Just keep in mind that this should be done annually. Young plants are transplanted each year. How to transplant a large Monstera? But monstera, which has more than 4 years, should change only once in 2-3 years. Remember that the top layer of soil in large plant varies annually.
A suitable composition of the soil for proper transplant monstera 1 part peat lands, 1 part humus, 1 part sand, part of the turf 2-3. Young plants can live together in the bucket, but it is necessary to transplant a large Monstera, which is already more than 3 years in large capacity - flower pots, which are commercially available all sizes. The best option is a wooden tub. Otherwise, small containers for planting will affect the beauty and health of your growing plants. It is also good for the growth of plants to use any additional support. To do this, right in the pot digged artificial trunk, height 75-105 cm. This support is wrapped sphagnum moss, as a preservative Moss used a wire or twine. Moss should always be wet, as aerial roots will get him extra food.
Diseases and pests
Flower Care monstera be expressed primarily in the maintenance of an appropriate temperature. If the room will be observed high temperatures and low humidity will inevitably settle on the plant trips.
Thrips - small insect (up to 1 mm). Thrips lays numerous colonies on the underside of leaves and on the upper side of the characteristic bright points appear. In the end, the leaf surface becomes grayish-brown with inherent to this type of damage to a silvery sheen. At temperatures no higher than 3 degrees Celsius thrips killed, most developed in hot and dry weather.
Caring for flowers Monstera in such a case should be as follows: to make spraying insecticides (possibly repeatedly). Possible insecticides: decis, fitoverm, Inta-sup, aktellik.
Scale insects - insects suborder coccid whose length does not exceed 2 mm. Adult females and larvae feed on plant juices. As a result, the leaves lose their color, dry and begin to fall.
How to care for the flower monstera in this situation: required mechanical cleaning leaves from pests. For this purpose, soaped sponge. After the "washing" aktellik plant sprayed with a solution (0, 15%) - 2 ml per 1 liter of water.
Spider mite - insect, damaging at a chur dry air. A typical ghost - the emergence of the web in the interstices. Gradually, the leaves lose their strength, become lethargic and after a fall.
Monstera flower - care in this period requires the following: wash plant warm shower and wipe with a sponge soaked in soapy water. It requires regular spraying. When you use the very loss of 15% solution aktellik.
Mealybugs: pretty mobile insects (2-5 mm long), is a relative scale insects sucking out plant juices, while stressing the poisons. He leaves behind honey dew, which settled sooty fungus. Usually settles on the root neck of plants.
Flowers room fitters care in this case require such: the plant rubbed soapy water, wash with warm showers, regular spraying is carried out, if necessary, a solution aktellik.
Monstera - care can cause disease if it is not in good faith. On his state flower tells appearance.
Wet leaf tips indicate moisture. It is dry ground, otherwise the stem will begin to rot and the leaves - wither. This will entail the adoption of emergency measures: cutting rot, transplant and reduce the amount of irrigation.
Caring for a flower monstera during the heating season, when the air is drier in the room should be carefully because the plant may become ill, and new leaves will grow dark and small, old leaves will get brown color, then fall off. Provide first aid flower - set aside him away from the battery, check up an increase in the frequency of watering and spraying, do not forget about the additional support humidity.
If a flower monstera care whom you are - the leaves turned yellow, and there are no signs of decay, then you plant signals a lack of nutrition. Regularly feed the growing plant. Summer mode -1 once a week, winter -1 once a month. To ensure the supply of aerial roots, they go deep into the soil, or using more hydrated support.
If the leaves have slits and small in size, it indicates a small amount of light of the same or very low temperatures. Under such conditions, plant growth ceases.
Possible problems in growing
Scale yellowing of leaves - an overabundance of moisture in the soil.
The gradual yellowing of the leaf tips - the lack of food.
Dry brown spots on leaves - insufficient watering.
Leaf color pale translucent, followed by yellowing - an overabundance of sunlight.
The bare bottom of the stem or trunk, the presence of poorly cut leaves - the lack of light.
Dry leaves brown - too much dry air.
Dry leaves with a slight yellowing - the lack of food, or close container planting.
As you can see, in fact, in the care of this wonderful plant is no big deal. A monstera certainly thank you beautiful appearance and will adorn your home.
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