The primary task of all parents - to ensure the welfare of their children. Long before the appearance of the baby's parents born almost by heart bison different rules that allow them to grow up happy and healthy. But, unfortunately, a very small number of parents think of the need to teach the child the most important rule - the rule of behavior on the roads. But this often depends not only on health, but even a child's life. In time I learned the rules of the road for the children saved more than a thousand children's lives.
But never too late to make up for that omission - and the sooner you do, the less likely that your pipsqueak suffer on the road. Parents of kids, do not rush to close this page, assuming that for your child, this information is still completely irrelevant and traffic rules for children to you to anything. Time flies outrageously fast - you blink do not have time as there will be a time when your child starts to go to school on their own. And the safety of children on the road will be for you as it is impossible to date.
Even before school knowledge of the rules of behavior on the road can often be useful to your baby. Here he is with his mother for the first handle to the playground, and then the car park or the store, located across the street. It would seem that almost all the time the child is under incessant watchful supervision of the adults. However, children - the most unpredictable creatures on the planet, and often predict what they will do in this or that moment, it is simply impossible. The child may vomit or run a hand at a time when you just for a split second weakened their attention.
According to statistics, about half of all accidents in road traffic accidents involving children occur precisely in the courtyards of houses or on nearby roads. The combination of "Children and road" - quite an explosive mixture, and requires the most vigilant control by adults.
Better sooner than later
Think about it! It is much wiser, so that by the age when the child is able to run, he already knew the basics of safe behavior on the roads. We do not encourage you to make the kid to memorize all the rules of the road, but to inculcate the basic skills of the rules of safe behavior on the roads under the power of any parent. And to begin to teach children about traffic rules is necessary as soon as possible, even at a time when the child is in a wheelchair.
And to start teaching a child is necessary, first of all, to work on yourself. At the time when the child is traveling on the street in a wheelchair or exclusively in the hands of the parents, they are responsible for compliance with the rules of the road. Do not think that your pipsqueak still so small that it does not pay absolutely no attention to the traffic light. Believe me, kids are extremely observant and notice around him several times more than adults, because of their sharpness of perception of the world is not blunted by any household and everyday chores and natural curiosity and desire to explore the world are at a very high level.
And the correct behavior of parents on the road certainly be postponed in the minds of children. And this knowledge can come to the surface of consciousness in the most unexpected, but necessary moment. And sometimes they may even save the life of your baby. Observance of traffic rules in every family should be brought to automaticity, then a child, they say, with their mother's milk absorbs disciplined behavior on the roads. Keep in mind that the road is the site of high-risk and does not forgive careless attitude. Alas, not all drivers adhere to the principle of "care, children on the road" even near schools, not to mention the rest of the sections of the road.
Top - top, stomping toddler
As already mentioned, first of all, the training should take place on a personal example. No matter how many times a day you will not repeat the child that cross the road is only necessary at a pedestrian crossing, and only on a green traffic light, your words will not be useful in the event that you are, like a mountain saiga, jump red lights, and even in the wrong place, at the same time holding the hand of crumbs.
Try to interest the kid rules of the road, turning the learning process into an exciting game. Usually, kids are always very interested in the traffic light - it attracts them with its bright colors are replaced. Of course, the child is required to take an interest in you, which calls for a traffic light. This is his natural curiosity will be an excellent opportunity to tell him how to cross the road, but at the same time learn some color.
Be sure to regularly during each outing, again and again, attach the acquired knowledge. Approaching the crosswalk, be sure to ask the kid, can you now to cross the road. If a pipsqueak answered incorrectly, in any case, do not abuse it, and once again calmly repeat the kid about what color the traffic light that indicates what to do and pedestrians. All babies are different - be prepared to repeat more than a dozen times before the baby is finally firmly grasp your lesson.
If your child has answered a question correctly, do not skimp on the praise - praise the child, let him know that it is very important the correct answer for you. But at the same time ask him a couple of questions about what to do in case the other lights traffic light. Approximately the same scheme is necessary to explain to the child what the raft, its mission and the rules for using them.
Be consistent in their demands and actions, in any case do not contradict themselves - your words should never disagree with the actions, especially in the eyes of a child. Very often, at pedestrian crossings can be seen quite sad picture: children of all forces is limited and yells, pointing parents hand on a red light, and the parents, regardless of the outrage of his child, pulling him across the street, saying something like: "Come quickly while machines do not close. "
So their behavior you will not only confuse the child, in his knowledge that allowed and is strictly forbidden, but also are contributing to the formation of his so-called "double standards". Parents often do so, absolutely not thinking about how it will be perceived behavior of children. And do not then, when the child grows up, surprised that his words are almost always at odds with the case. By and large the child or not guilty, and his behavior seemed to him the only true. And how could it be otherwise? For mom and dad to do the same.
Children see the road in a different way!
For our children the road often looks quite like us. The following are the most striking features of the psychological perception of a moving car young children.
- Children's eye estimation.
Kids who have reached about three years of age, already quite capable of standing on the ground to distinguish the car from moving. However, to give a realistic assessment of the danger of moving in the direction of the vehicle the child is not in force because of their age peculiarities of the psyche. Small children can not realistically assess any range of distance over which the vehicle or its approximate speed. Oh and about the fact that every car there is some braking distances, and even more so a child can not know. In the minds of almost every kid a real car is no different from a toy that can be stopped immediately.
The structure of the child's hearing instrument has its own characteristics. Because of this, kids up to about six very poorly defined, distributed from one or other sound. And the sound of a moving vehicle does not become a happy exception to this rule - a small child often can not determine the noise of the car driving up.
- Selective children's attention.
Age features of child psychology is such that the child's attention very selective. It is because of this little baby is not able to focus on multiple objects for more than two - three seconds. Then he grabs the child out of the picture, only one object on which concentrates all his attention. As a rule, the child pays attention to the object that it is interesting at the moment, for example, on a ball, rolled onto the roadway. The child of an approaching car is simple - simply will not notice, and unfortunately, can happen trouble.
- The process of deceleration of the nervous system.
The child first ten years of the life of the central nervous system is not fully developed, so it responds to a situation of danger does not like adults. Seeing the front of the car, 9 out of 10 children will freeze in terror, his eyes closed palm. Their brain works false stereotype inherent in all kiddies without exception: "If I do not see the danger, then it does not exist, and I'll be good! Tragically, in such a scenario takes place two-thirds of all road accidents involving children.
Until about 7 - 8 years of age at all, without exception, children have "tunnel vision." In this type of a child's brain perceives only the object, which is located directly in front of the child. Peripheral vision is simple - simply absent. And if the chance to see the car, which moves opposite to the kid, he can still notice the approaching vehicles on the side he just is not able to notice.
Incidentally, this is why the child should be the golden rule of the road, stating the need to cross the road to look around - first the left and then to the right. If the child is not aware of this need, it may be a real disaster. Rules of conduct of children on the road should take into account all the nuances.
- Inadequate assessment of risk.
Because of their age for the child all the great sounds very scary. The reaction of the child first and foremost cause dimensions of the machine, but its rate of crumb pays absolutely no attention. Slowly moving truck child regards as much more dangerous than racing at high speed passenger car. Be sure to pay attention to this feature of the child's mind and constantly pay attention to the crumbs on the correct criteria for assessing the risk.
Another opponent of the baby on the road is its small stature. From the height of its growth child often simply not physically able to assess the real situation on the road, especially on the side of the pedestrian crossing near parked cars. The road through the eyes of children is very different. And so the young driver to notice a pedestrian difficult, especially when it comes to trucks.
For children, the easiest way to learn about the world through play. So take advantage of this feature of child psychology and play with the baby all the possible situations that he may encounter on the road. To do this, teachers are advised to use visual aids that are very easy to do yourself. Take a sheet of drawing paper, draw it on the road markings. Transport simulated by models of toy cars, and pedestrians can fulfill the role of small figures of animals from sets or chocolate eggs with a surprise.
First, you have to show your child, and not once, how it should be done in a given situation. Be patient and detailed answers to all the questions your child, no matter how strange and silly they may seem. Then be sure that the crumb learned of the information you. Change roles with him - now let him explain to you the rules of safe behavior on the road. Ask your child specific questions, change the input data - the child should be theoretically prepared for every possible situation.
Impromptu - your best assistant in such games. Let your baby toy on your way pobudet not only pedestrian, but the driver - act out a situation where the roadway crashes a ball or a pedestrian crosses the street in the wrong place, at a red light, not looking around. Such a measure will help the child more objectively assess the seriousness of the situation. Also, ask your child to dream a little and ask him to tell you, that was the case, if the rules of the road did not exist, and cars and pedestrians moving as they please. For example, what would happen if the children cross the road in the wrong place.
The resulting theoretical information a child should fix practical exercises. And for that parents do not need to buy any - any expensive disks or other teaching aids. The best practical exercises will be walking on the busiest routes in your city. Choose the road, where there is a large number of pedestrian crossings and intersections as regulated and unregulated. Discuss what you have seen and together make decisions about crossing the street, and other nuances of the rules of the road.
Terms of carriage child in the car
Teaching children traffic rules is very important and vital. However, parents should not forget that a child is also a passenger requires special attention on the part of adults. In the car the little bully can trap a variety of dangers.
Most often, the first child in a hurry to take his place in the car and sit in it before adults. In the event that the car rides in the back seat for more than two adults, there is always a risk that they accidentally giving a child.
In the same case, if the child is in the backseat alone, it could trap another danger - lock doors, or rather, its absence in many models of cars, especially in the older models. They do not have an automatic door lock, and the baby can independently open the car door. Than it is fraught, easy to guess - the child can fall directly under the wheels of cars.
After stopping the vehicle child in the back seat and unlocked the door of the car, it may also be in danger to fall under the wheels of passing cars, if the first decides to leave the car.
But even if the car doors are locked automatically, there is always the risk of injury to a child in the car. Children's imagination is inexhaustible - they are capable of coming up with more and more fantasy - to open the window, put out in them, making faces in the mirror at the worst possible for this moment, for example, at the turning point, resulting in the fall between the two front becomes almost inevitable.
Baby car seat
In order to avoid all the above troubles inside the vehicle, the child should be transported in specially designed for this purpose children's car seats. Chairs are available in many sizes and models, depending on the age and weight. Many parents neglect the need to purchase child car seat, limited to mere crumbs fastening straps. However, most of the belts are not just useless in emergency situations, but even worsen the situation. Incidentally, most of the developed European countries passed a bill, according to which a child under the age of 14 is strictly forbidden to transport children in the car without a car means.
Secure children's behavior on the road is largely dependent on the personal example of parents, so let us not expose your child's life, and his own, in vain risks. Follow the rules of the road, teach your child to follow them, carry the baby in specially designed for his age and weight category of car seat - and you all must succeed! Safety and your child's life by 90% depends precisely on the surrounding adults, especially parents.