- First aid for injury
- The treatment of bruises drugs
- Traditional methods of treatment of bruises
Black eye - not the most glamorous decoration. However, unfortunately, it sometimes still occurs, regardless of our desires. Do not rush upset - try to find the positive even in this situation. What is positive, you ask? Well, for example, at least the fact that you were not born in the 19th century! It is not even in the absence of mobile phones, the Internet and other benefits of civilization. In order to get rid of bruises, while the doctor certainly would suggest you leech. Not the most attractive prospect, is not it?
Fortunately, today we know a lot of humanity ways to get rid of a bruise is more humane, but no less effective. Which is the way - we will tell you about a little lower. But first, let's find out what a black eye, and it really is safe, as is commonly believed? After all, few people seriously think about the bruise - well, maybe more, and will take place!
However, this is not so. What is essentially a bruise? This soft tissue injury as a result of exposure to strong mechanical action. There is damage to the cells of the blood vessels. Under the skin gets the blood - there is so-called subcutaneous hemorrhage. In the event that the impact was not very strong, there is only soft tissue damage. In the worst possible case, more extensive damage and serious problems.
Therefore, immediately after the impact carefully watch your health. And the appearance of the symptoms described below as soon as possible consult your ophthalmologist. Or, at least, to the trauma surgeon. So:
One of the very anxiety symptoms - a clouding of the eye. Man injured, complains of the appearance of haze or veil before the eyes. The image becomes blurry and fuzzy.
In that case, if the picture is before the eyes of doubles, a person is very seriously worried. This may be indicative of a very serious injury - particularly about the damage the retina.
- "Mote" and "divorce", colored spots
Often doctors hear complaints that the sight of a sick man glimpses the colored spots and stains. In this case, well worth bother - most likely the injury was serious.
- Nausea, dizziness, weakness
All of these symptoms is not related to the functioning of the eye. However, if such symptoms occurred shortly after the injury, they can say that there is a concussion. In this case, without consulting a doctor traumatologist definitely not enough - a concussion is a serious threat to overall health.
First aid for injury
In order to prevent the appearance, if not a bruise, or at least reduce its area, it is necessary to take urgent measures in the first minutes after the injury. And the first and most effective means - it is cold. The ideal is to use ice. But, unfortunately, not always exactly injuries occur near the refrigerator - as they say, would know where he fell, podstelil sticks to.
If you are lucky and a refrigerator - or even the grocery store - turned out to be handy, you can use any means available. The course will anything - the ice cream, dumplings bag, a piece of meat. Well, if anything like that could not be found, you can take advantage of any little bit cold object - a wet cloth, metal objects, even a simple coin.
Chill to be applied to the injured area and to leave at least 30 minutes. Further, during the first days need be applied to the traumatized tissues ice for 10 minutes each hour. Ice has an irreplaceable impact. Firstly, the ice prevents the development of edema, which always occurs at the site of soft tissue bruised. Secondly, the ice quickly and effectively constricts blood vessels. So, the skin gets less blood, and accordingly, and the area of the bruise will be much less. And thirdly, the cold reduces pain. And as a result of injury, they are strong enough.
If pain is severe, you can drink one tablet of ibuprofen. But in any case, do not take acetaminophen or acetylsalicylic acid - they contribute to the dilution of the blood. So, increase the area of the hematoma. And in general - try not to take any drugs without a prescription.
The treatment of bruises drugs
For the treatment of bruises, you can use drugs. They can be purchased at any pharmacy without a prescription. They have a local impact, so there is no danger to human health. And the side effects can be expected.
Heparin is not only reduces edema, but also stimulates the blood circulation. So, and resorption of bruising will occur much faster. To do this, apply a thin layer of heparin ointment to the place of injury, each hour on the first day after the injury, and in the following days - every two hours. As a rule, the use of heparin ointment can get rid of a bruise for two or three days.
Equally effective means - ointment "Troxevasin." It has a similar effect - improves the local blood circulation, helps to restore and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. This ointment is applied in the same way as heparin ointment - the first day after the injury, apply ointment on the affected area every hour, and then - once in three hours.
These drugs also contribute to the rapid resorption of the hematoma, it is recommended to take them in the first few days after the injury. Talk to your doctor - it will help you to choose the correct dosage.
Traditional methods of treatment of bruises
In addition to the medical treatment of a black eye can be eliminated with the help of traditional medicine. They often turn out to be less effective and can get rid of a black eye just three - four days.
The healing properties of both honey and aloe vera can be a very long time to praise. But it is better not to waste time on words and get down to business - to treat a bruise under his eye. In the first few hours of the injury will be the best the following recipe. Press five tablespoons of aloe juice, over low heat, melt every three tablespoons of honey. After the honey is slightly cooled, carefully mix it with aloe juice - you should get a homogeneous mass. Pour it into molds for ice and put in the freezer - the mass hardens very quickly. Apply ice to the resulting black eye every two hours, 10 minutes.
On the second day, and the next you need some other means. Preparing it simply - mince three large aloe leaf, the mass is mixed with three tablespoons of honey. Before using the weight you need to warm up a little and apply a thin layer to the affected area. Typically, when such treatment a black eye disappears in a few days.
In the event that the bruise is very extensive, try to resort to the help of red pepper. You will need one tablespoon of sour cream and red pepper - pinch. Preparing agent before applying it - fresh each time to pepper has not lost its properties. Simply mix the peppers and sour cream, then lubricate the entire area of the bruise.
Be prepared for the fact that the skin can pinch quite strongly - it makes itself known red pepper. He at times increases blood circulation in the injured area. A, respectively, and a bruise dissolves much faster. After 10 minutes the cream rinse under running water, then apply a nourishing cream to prevent skin irritation. This tool will help you remove a bruise in the shortest possible time - just a couple of days. However, remember that this tool can be used only if there are no open skin injuries - scrapes and scratches.
- Celandine and lotions from the pharmacy chamomile
On the second day after the injury will prove to be very effective lotions from broth pharmacy chamomile and celandine. Preparing the broth is very simple - put in an enamel pan with three tablespoons of dry inflorescences pharmacy chamomile and celandine herbs, pour one liter of water. On low heat, bring broth to a boil, reduce heat and simmer about 20 minutes.
After that, cover the pan with a lid, add three tablespoons of any of honey and leave until cool. Strain the broth using a gauze cloth and pour into a glass container. Keep the broth in the refrigerator only - otherwise it quickly loses its beneficial properties. Before use, gently heat the solution to moisten it in cotton wool or gauze and apply to the affected area for 20 minutes. These lotions should be done every two hours. Herbs stimulate the resorption of hematomas, and honey prevent the development of inflammation.
Not to mention that in the second and subsequent days after the injury, bruising under the eyes should be warm, unlike the first day, when you need only a cold. For heating, you can use any means available - hot lotions, packs, bottles of warm water. Warm black eyes is necessary as often as you will get. The positive effect of warming is due to bruising is very simple - heat improves blood circulation and promotes the resorption of the strongest hematomas. However, watch out for the temperature - it is unlikely you will want to boot to get another bruise and burn.
As you can see, getting rid of a black eye the power of everyone. And in a relatively short period of time - only three or four days. Although if you want to watch the fascinating process of "flowering bruise", which without treatment would last from 10 to 14 days, just forget all about what you learned from this article.