Stroke. The disease has long been a real scourge of modern mankind. The scientists note with concern the fact that stroke is rapidly "younger" - today it can overtake even quite young people between 3 and 40 years old. Severe headache, nausea, vomiting. Loss of consciousness - about as an effect of cerebral stroke. And to predict when, where and who he will overtake again, virtually impossible.
That is why all adults need to know the signs of stroke, causes of its development on the way in which it is necessary to provide first aid to the sick person. Quite often a person's life depends precisely on literacy and operational action of those people who were close to the time of a stroke.
Causes of stroke
Stroke is due to a sharp change in the normal process of blood circulation in the human brain. In that case the healthy brain vessels, the blood does not coagulate them. However, when a person suffers from a particular disease, e.g., atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, vessel walls are formed by specific plaques that lead to the fact that the walls of the vessels become brittle and receptacles themselves - narrower. As a rule, people with similar pathological changes of brain vessels and disrupts the normal process of brain blood circulation, resulting in a stroke.
In that case the stroke occurs on the background of the dynamic circulatory disorders in brain vessels, it is less dangerous. In this case, violations occur fairly quickly, but also quickly and disappear, and therefore are called dynamic. One striking example of such a violation is a short sharp narrowing of the blood vessels of the brain, caused by the significant rise in blood pressure. The second most common cause of dynamic cerebral circulatory disorders - a sharp drop in blood pressure, but the narrowing of blood vessels of the brain is not happening. This phenomenon frequently occurs when a human patient is weakened heart activity, resulting in reflux of blood from the brain to the internal organs.
Another frequent cause of stroke are violations such as embolism and thrombosis. For example, in the event that a clot occludes - a vessel, blood ceases to flow through it in the region of the brain, for blood circulation which corresponds precisely to the affected vessel. As a result, very quickly going extinction of the area of the brain. Thrombosis, as a rule, most often develop in people who suffer from pathological changes in the vascular walls of atherosclerosis, changes in the composition and consistency of blood, slowing blood flow, low blood pressure constantly.
Embolism is also a kind of blockage of blood vessels in the brain. The vessels can be clogged by thrombi which are formed not in the brain and in the distant organs of the body. Most often a blood clot in the brain gets from the surface modified with various diseases of the heart valves. In that case, if a stroke is caused by a blood clot, his symptoms do not occur instantaneously, but grows slowly, but steadily. First, a sick person may complain of numbness in one or another arm or leg, then his speech becomes slurred, the person becomes pale, loses the ability to orientation in time and space.
Especially careful when you notice such symptoms must be relatives of the sick people who are ill with such a disease as cerebral atherosclerosis. In no case, the likelihood of such symptoms can not be applied to the sick man's head cold, and even more to raise it. Wrap the sick person is admissible only in a horizontal position.
The symptoms of bleeding in stroke
Another factor disturbing the blood circulation in the brain is brain hemorrhage itself or its shell. The risk of bleeding in the brain especially great for those people who suffer from hypertension disease or atherosclerosis. This is due to the fact that due to illness the blood vessel wall becomes thin, very light. And any increase in blood pressure causes blood vessels that quite simply torn or leaking through the walls of blood vessels.
In that case, if the stroke was due to bleeding in the brain, symptoms of a stroke are as follows: a sick person suddenly loses consciousness and falls. A person becomes a crimson hue rather strongly swells, the lips are cyanotic. On the neck clearly show through the swollen veins pulsing and breathing becomes extremely difficult and noisy, clearly tapped wheezing.
In the case of individual work areas of the brain is broken, in a human patient may develop paralysis of the left or right hand of the body. Sometimes it is joined by a partial or complete loss of sensation in the skin, as well as partial or complete speech disorder. These processes can be either reversible or irreversible. Depending on the severity of the lesion.
In the first place the sick person is necessary to ensure complete peace and quiet. Try not to move the sick person - if possible, it should be left in the same room where he had a stroke and. All strangers. In addition to those who provide assistance. You must immediately leave the premises. Immediately unbutton his collar and belt of the sick person, release him from all tight clothing. Open doors and windows to maximize the flow of oxygen. Be sure to check whether he had dentures, and if there is - pull them out of the mouth. Try to visit the brigade "first aid" the most muted light - bright light creates a human patient discomfort.
The only case of a stroke, in which the need to raise the head of the sick person - a brain hemorrhage
. As already mentioned, it is very easy to recognize, even people without medical training - like face reddens and swells the patient
. In this case, you need to put a head on his shoulders and the pillow of the sick person, and in their absence - folded clothes
. If there is within the reach of the ice or cold water, it is necessary to attach them to the head, initially for 10 minutes to its left, then another 10 minutes to the right
. To the feet of the sick person, it is desirable to make a heating pad or hot water bottles
. In an extreme case, they must be continuously rub
. This measure will help to increase blood flow to the legs and, accordingly, reduce the tide to the brain
. However, be careful with heaters - the sensitivity of the skin, usually in the largely reduced, so to avoid burns
Be careful when providing first aid - as you have seen for yourself, the disease is caused by various factors, signs of a stroke is also different, so the first aid in all cases is different. Those measures, which are vital for a sick person to another can become deadly. And if you are very confused in a stressful situation, it is better to do nothing. Limit the general measures: call the brigade "first aid", carefully lay the sick person, unbutton clothes and wait for the arrival of an ambulance. During a call, the doctors clearly describe any signs of stroke a person has - so the dispatcher send it doctors - resuscitation.
The effects of stroke
Despite the high level of modern medicine, as well as the level of scrutiny, stroke never ceases to present physicians various surprises in the form of its consequences. It is impossible to predict the consequences, even those strokes, which are caused by the same reasons - different people, they will be different.
However, there are several common features in all patients with stroke. The most easy to get off those sick people who have suffered a stroke, which developed as a result of the dynamic circulatory disorders in the brain - a stroke takes place for them without any consequences. In the same case, if the stroke was the result of embolism or thrombosis, with very high probability of a human patient for a long time paralyzed arm and leg movements.
In that case, if the bleeding has occurred in the right hemisphere of the brain, paralyzed the work of the right hand and foot. If startled turned left hemisphere, in addition to the defeat of the right hand and foot much suffering it. This happens because it is in the left hemisphere of the brain speech centers are responsible for a person's ability to speak. And sometimes people just do not lose the ability to speak words and altogether ceases to perceive it, in particular the words addressed to him.
Recovering from a stroke
However, a stroke - is not a sentence. With the help of doctors and loved ones in a human patient, there are all chances to return to a full life. Lost because of the stroke function of the body, in most cases, you can restore almost full. The circulation of the brain is reduced, if not through the main vessels are damaged, and through a network of more lateral vessels. In that case, if a part of areas of the brain atrophied their function, usually assume the adjacent healthy parts of the brain. It is due to this, and there is a restoration of the body after a stroke.
However, relatives of the sick person must be patient - it takes time to recover. And definitely say how long it will take, it is impossible. The recovery process can take up a month or two, or even a year. It all depends on the degree of brain damage and the individual characteristics of the organism. And help native people able to largely accelerate the recovery of the sick person.
First of all you need to pay close attention to the power of the sick person. Proper nutrition plays a very important role in the recovery of human rights. Doctors - Nutritionists recommend a diet to include a person who has had a stroke, the following products:
- Dairy products: cheese, milk, yogurt, yogurt.
- Various cereals: buckwheat, oats, millet.
- Pureed fruits and hair.
- Boiled meat low-fat varieties.
- Lean fish.
It is useful to be and multivitamin complexes - consult with your doctor what to prefer. Pay attention to the amount of food - portion should not be too big - because people always spends lying down, his weight to anything. The same applies to liquid - day sick person should drink no more than 5 - 6 cups of fluid.
Make sure to have a sick man was a regular chair. If a sick person constipation, remember that the products, such as prunes, fruit, yogurt and yogurt have greatly increased peristalsis.
Do not forget also about the moral condition of the sick person. Talk to them, read the newspaper, let the TV. This will allow the sick person does not feel cut off from life. Yes, and if the sick person get enough of the day experiences, his dream will be strong.
Prevention of stroke
About half of all stroke cases, its development could be prevented if the necessary measures have been taken in a timely manner. For example, very often the cause of stroke is excessively thick blood. Virtually none of the ill people are not aware of the features of his. But if they had timely checkups by a doctor and a blood test, they would have known about this fact.
Prevent the development of stroke in patients with excessively thick blood is easy. Suffice it daily before going to bed to drink half a tablet of aspirin, which thins the blood very well. Tablets should drink milk to prevent irritation of the gastric mucosa.
In the event that a person is suffering from atherosclerosis of the brain, it must also receive the necessary treatment to help prevent stroke. In addition, a person must be under constant supervision of doctors.
Also, under no circumstances is unacceptable to ignore the increase in blood pressure. Of course, once the pressure increase is not dangerous. Yet hypertension is a fairly strong signal of danger.
And, of course, the most important stroke prevention, and not just a stroke - a healthy lifestyle. Liters of coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and lack of sleep - the right way to say goodbye to health.