- The symptoms of sun allergy
- The causes of sun allergy
- Emergency assistance for solar allergies
- Treatment and prevention of solar allergy
Wait! Finally, it has come summer. Summer - time of the long-awaited vacation, blue sky, warm sea and the bright sun. That's just about sun and will be discussed in this article. It's no secret that the prolonged exposure to the sun can lead not only to sunstroke, but also serious burns. But the fact that there is a problem such as an allergy to the sun, it is known only to those poor fellows, who happened to her face.
And these people, unfortunately, are not so little. Doctors say thousands of annual new cases of allergy to the sun or photodermatitis - so it is a disease called correctly. Therefore it is better to know in advance exactly what you'd expect from such an unpleasant phenomenon that, if necessary, react quickly and correctly.
The symptoms of sun allergy
One of weakly expressed signs of sun allergy is mild peeling of the skin that appears after an hour or two, spent in the sun - for example, on the beach. Most often affects the skin of the upper and lower extremities, face, neck area and other places, which fall sunlight. Unfortunately, most people do not notice these disorders, suggesting that it is just a result of excessive dryness of the skin.
However, if a sun allergy unnoticed and people are still exposed to sunlight, its condition starts to deteriorate significantly. The body red spots are pronounced, they are joined by blisters, very reminiscent in appearance ordinary burns. There is a strong itching and sometimes pain. These phenomena develop gradually and gain its maximum by the end of the first day.
In the same case, if the human body has appeared particularly sensitive to the sun, can develop the most severe form of sun allergy - bronchospasm. As a result, a strong start choking. In addition, it is possible sharp drop in blood pressure, until he lost consciousness.
The causes of sun allergy
Sometimes doctors hear objections related to the fact that the sun - it does not matter, and hence it does not cause allergies in state. This is partly true. But it was the sun's rays provoke a strong build-up in the body other allergens to which he had handled easily. It stands out even whole groups of risk, which get people who have a high chance to meet personally with sun allergies. These include:
- Disruption of the normal functioning of vital organs such as the liver, kidneys and adrenal glands.
- People with fair skin, blond or red hair, light eyes pigment.
- Pregnancy. The waiting period for a child in the mother's body is a serious burden. And it can be extremely sensitive to sunlight.
- Pharmacological preparations. There are a number of medications that can trigger allergic sunny - consult your physician.
- Weakened immune system and exhaustion. These factors are also often trigger the development of allergy to the sun.
Emergency assistance for solar allergies
In the case of an allergic reaction to the sun's rays revealed severe and the man began to choke, or lost consciousness, an urgent need to give him first aid. And the first thing to do - is to call the brigade "first aid". Prior to their arrival, you can alleviate the condition of the sick person:
Pay attention to the clothes - it must be free and do not irritate the skin. If you want to undo the collar and remove the belt. But the best option would be a cool wet towel wrapped around the body of the victim.
In that case, if the patient developed a fever - and it happens very often - it is necessary to attach to the forehead, groin, legs, knees and armpits cold compress. As it can be used that turned up under the arm - cold water, ice cream.
In that case, if the person is conscious, and you will be in possession of any anti-allergy medicine, can give him. If the person is unconscious, under no circumstances should one try to give him a pill or liquid - otherwise he might choke. If, due to a high temperature in a human patient vomits, it must be turned on its side.
Treatment and prevention of solar allergy
In order to eliminate the most unpleasant symptom of sun allergy - itching, you should use the ointment, in which structure is lanolin or zinc. If necessary, the doctor will burn patient designate a person or another hormonal preparations. In addition, the doctor may prescribe any anti-inflammatory drugs, which eliminate the inflammation of the skin.
Naturally, the question arises of how to get rid of the allergy to the sun, because every summer to live in this mode is extremely difficult. Is it possible to practice to win such diseases as allergic to the sun? Doctors answer this question in the affirmative. And the best way would be prevention.
So, you're allergic to the sun? Cope with it will help you ... the sun! Yes, yes, medical sun bath will be most effective. The first days in the sun can be no more than 5 minutes per day. After three days begin to increase this time by adding five minutes per day.
Scientists have proved that perfumes and deodorants at times increase the risk of sun allergies. So try not to abuse these means before going in the sun.
- Choosing the right clothes
In that case, if you know about your predisposition to allergies to the sun's rays, pick the right clothes. It should only be made from natural materials such as cotton or linen, and the maximum closing body from the sun.
Another very effective in the prevention of solar allergy is to use sunscreens. Moreover, you should choose the means of having the maximum degree of protection.
Of course, an allergy to the sun - a phenomenon very unpleasant and annoying. But if you do it right, you can proudly say: "I got rid of! ".