Giardia. This word we hear periodically, but do not pay much attention, believing that our child will not affect this disease. However, this view is fundamentally mistaken - according to statistics, sooner or later faced with infection giardiasis every third child. I agree that it is - not such a small figure, and at risk gets absolutely any child. And giardiasis symptoms have a very large number of children.
Hearing the words from the doctor that the child is infected with Giardia, parents are often not fully understand what it was they had to face. This article in detail told about what is giardia which way they enter the body of the child, which cause complications, what symptoms manifest themselves and, finally, how to save the child from them.
Giardiasis in essence is nothing else than the banal parasitic infection. The causative agent of the disease is the simplest microscopic one-celled parasite - lamblia. The body of the child giardia are found in the liver and small intestine, disrupting their normal functioning. Giardia are divided into two types:
- Vegetative (mobile) form.
Giardia this type have a pear shape, its front end is rounded, and the tail, on the contrary, is pointed. Its length is about half a millimeter. In giardia has four pairs of flagella and a disc by which it is firmly fixed to the intestinal mucosa.
In the case of Giardia intestinal fall into thick, they are modified, as conditions were highly unfavorable for them. Giardia transformed into cysts, having an oval shape, about a millimeter value. Cysts are deprived of any mobility.
However, cysts are very important for reproduction lamblia. The cysts of the colon fall into the stool and removed from the body. Getting into the environment, Giardia can be there for a long time, risking infection of others. At an ambient temperature of about 18 degrees viability of Giardia is maintained for 40 days under the burning sun - up to 7 days, and in the icy water - up to three days. Getting in the human body, Giardia cysts are again exempt from shells and gain mobility.
The most popular habitats giardia - a waste water, natural water reservoirs with waste water, dirty hands are infected with giardiasis children, unwashed fruits and vegetables, as well as the sand in children's sandboxes, especially if your yard has a cat, and a sandbox is not closed for the night cover . Doctors are three main routes of transmission of Giardia cysts:
When waterway infection Giardia cysts penetrate into the body of the child in the use of their contaminated tap water. Tragically, very often, and in many cities of the tap water does not pass the required thorough cleaning, and the risk that the child will catch giardia, easy - simply having had a drink of water from the tap is very, very large. The same thing could happen in the event that during the open water swimming in a child accidentally swallowing water. However, in fairness it should be noted that Giardia cysts are found only in freshwater and never - in the salty sea.
- Contact - household way of infection.
With this type of Giardia infection transmission from one child to another occurs through contaminated with cysts toys, dishes, towels, dishes. Particularly high risk of infection Giardia those children who have a habit of biting his toys, pens, pencils, nails. As a rule, almost a hundred percent of children in the survey revealed Giardia.
In that case, if the child eats unwashed fruits and vegetables, and even more so the meat does not have the necessary heat treatment, there is a fairly high risk of infection with Giardia.
The dangers of giardiasis for the child's body
It goes without saying that the presence of a child in the body of such "neighbors in captivity" can not affect negatively on the well-being and health of your baby. Next we will talk about what happens after the introduction of giardia in the body of the child.
After the fall of Giardia cysts in the gut of the child and there are freed from their shells, they begin to actively proliferate. However, note the following fact: for giardia were able to reproduce, they must have enough nutrients. And, of course, Giardia take their child out of the blood. Thus, he pipsqueak risks to remain without vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. As a result, there is a risk of the child beriberi.
Giardia, in spite of its tiny size, yet are totally independent living organisms. During their livelihoods Giardia isolated in the baby's blood a number of different toxic substances, which are capable of largely suppressing the normal immune system and provoke the development of a child's severe allergic reactions to the smallest allergens. Doctors say that babies infected with Giardia often suffer from diseases such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, atopic component, atopic dermatitis and frequent colds.
Giardiasis - quite insidious disease, which is very successfully masquerades as other ailments.
As a result, if not immediately survey to be conducted, aimed at identifying the presence of a child in the body of Giardia, the child will have to undergo a long and completely useless treatment in a wide variety of specialists - allergologist, pulmonologist and immunologist.
The acute form of the disease
In that case, if the child's body at the same time got a large number of cysts of Giardia, the disease develops rapidly and flows in an acute form. The child is sharply reduced appetite - it can eliminate virtually all food, he may feel nausea and even vomiting. In addition, often the baby is raised sufficiently high temperatures - up to 39 degrees. The child may appear pronounced bloating and the appearance of large eruptions, similar to rubella. The most common acute form of the disease occurs in children of young children who have not attained the age of three. This feature is connected with the fact that young children's immune system is not well developed.
Typically, at this stage of the doctors very rarely diagnose giardiasis. And the baby begin to heal from anything - often from acute intestinal infection - but not of giardiasis. As a result, the disease spills over into the chronic form. The child has a recurring diarrhea and abdominal pain pipsqueak begins to lose weight. Color changes of color of the skin - they become very pale shade. A tongue of a sick child, in contrast, often takes on a shade yellow.
Symptoms of giardiasis in children
As mentioned above, the symptoms of the disease giardiasis are a variety of often very similar to symptoms of other diseases. However, if parents notice their child had two or more of the following symptoms, they should see a doctor to ask for the necessary research. So, giardia symptoms in children are as follows:
- Violation of a child's normal process of digestion.
Chronic diarrhea or constipation in a child may indicate a child is infected with giardia. However, as we must not forget that this violation of the digestive system is very often triggered by ordinary intestinal dysbiosis. Therefore, if a child suffers from indigestion, and be sure to check whether he dysbiosis.
- Low-grade fever in children.
Doctors call low-grade temperature, not exceeding 37, 5 degrees. In the event that for at least two weeks of your baby in the evening, without any apparent reason, fever, be sure to see your doctor for screening for giardiasis.
- Drawing pain in the abdomen.
Typically, a small child can not pinpoint exactly where he is in pain. And only a very adult children indicate a more precise localization of the pain - usually around the navel and in the right upper quadrant.
Have you noticed that the first active child has lost its former "light"? If your child has increased fatigue, decreased ability to concentrate, perceive new information, try as quickly as possible to show the child the doctor - even if the reason for it will not giardiasis, the cause must be found as quickly as possible.
- The creak of the teeth during sleep.
Toxic substances that enter the baby's blood, may adversely affect the operation of the central nervous system. And, as a consequence of a violation of its work, it may squeak teeth at night.
- Enlarged liver and spleen.
- Swollen lymph nodes, without any - any apparent reason.
- Attacks of choking cough.
- The increased number of eosinophils in the blood of children.
Now it has become clear to you why diagnosing giardiasis is hard enough. He successfully masquerades as dozens of other diseases.
Diagnosis of the disease in children
Undetected timely giardiasis is able to deliver a wide variety of troubles. And, moreover, the greater the running condition, the harder it is to treat. That is why it is best to catch the disease at its very beginning. In order to detect the presence of a child in the body of Giardia using certain techniques. Sometimes it is just one of the studies, and sometimes necessary to resort to the whole complex. Thus, analysis of giardiasis:
For the meeting the child must pass a stool. The doctor - laboratory under a microscope to examine the contents of the feces to determine the presence of cysts. However, it should be borne in mind that is not always in the stool of a sick child can be found lamblia cysts.
If the diagnosis of giardiasis is conducted in a child older than ten years, a very effective method may be the study of bile, lamblia cysts in which there is almost always, of course, if the baby is infected with giardiasis. Toddlers also this method is almost never used because of the rather complicated procedure for the child bile sampling for analysis.
In recent years become increasingly popular serological blood tests to detect specific antibodies produced by the body in response to the child's infection with Giardia. However, this method has one drawback - a blood test for giardiasis is effective only in the first three - four weeks after entry into the organism Giardia.
Treatment of giardiasis in children
Giardiasis itself is hard enough curable disease. There is a huge number of various folk methods of treatment of giardiasis. But in any case unacceptable to refuse treatment of the disease by a doctor. For children older than ten years, if you really want, you can try to use some of them, without abandoning the basic treatment. Babies as young children no recipes of traditional medicine will not bring nothing but harm. Giardiasis treatment requires immediate and serious.
The scheme treatment of giardiasis in a child today, doctors worked well. As a rule, a child should take special anti-parasitic drugs, for example, or else metranidozol Makmiror. The dosage of the drug and the time of his admission must paint a doctor, taking into account the characteristics of the disease, age and weight of the child. To determine the dosage of the drug is not worth it, because it is quite toxic and can lead to an overdose of the hardest consequences, up to disrupt the normal functioning of the kidneys and liver.
Parents should keep in mind the following information. Approximately five days after the start of treatment anti parasitic drugs are often the child's condition may deteriorate significantly. Afraid that it is not necessary - the process of completely natural and normal. There is a deterioration of the baby because under the influence of drugs is a destruction and the collapse of a huge number of Giardia, which are in the bowels of the child. Toxic decomposition products are absorbed into the baby's blood and worsen his health. To facilitate the state kid, doctors prescribe antihistamines and laxatives. If giardiasis in children, treatment is almost always must be complex, to achieve a successful result.
However, despite all these difficulties, the child's condition significantly improved already in the ninth - the tenth day after the beginning of treatment. Significantly reduce the number of lesions on the skin disappears shortness of breath, cough, lymph nodes decreased in size. But do not forget - even if all the signs of giardiasis disappeared after the end of treatment should once again be tested for the presence of Giardia, in order to prevent relapse.
Traditional methods of treatment of giardiasis in children
As mentioned above, for the older children in addition to medical treatment, you can use traditional methods of treatment. Below are the most popular and effective means of traditional medicine, intended to deal with giardiasis. However, once again draw the attention of the parents - if your child has Giardia, treatment of folk remedies can be used as a supplement to the basic treatment, but not as a replacement!
In order to successfully get rid of giardiasis during treatment the child must comply with certain medical diet - otherwise the desired effect will be much harder to achieve. The researchers found that Giardia feel most comfortable is in a sweet environment, but in acid, on the contrary, very quickly die. Diet - an important part of how to treat giardia among children. As a rule, the diet in the treatment of giardiasis is also selected by the attending physician of the child.
In drawing up the nutrition your baby's parents must take into account this feature lamblia. Exclude from the menu of your child all the sweet foods, including soft drinks, such as tea or cocoa. But dairy products, by contrast, are very useful in the treatment of giardiasis - are several times increase the effectiveness of drugs. Diet Giardiasis children also helps significantly reduce the risk of typical complications of the disease.
It is an effective tool for the treatment if the child has giardiasis liver - a linden wood ash. Prepare ash easy at home. Break a few thin twigs, place them in the preheated oven for about half an hour, so they dried up. Then chop them and burn. Just be careful and do not forget about fire safety. The best way to burn linden sprigs in a metal container.
As a result, you should have at least one teaspoon of ash, which must be to avoid lumps, sift through a sieve. Divide the ashes into 7 equal parts - a necessary amount for a week. Every morning, give your child the ashes mixed with a teaspoon of honey. Encourage your child to drink a glass of this mixture of warm milk. Note that this recipe can be applied only to those kids who do not suffer from any food allergies.
As a rule, only one seven-day course of treatment to get rid of parasites and improve the well-being of the child. But do not forget that after any treatment must be retested in order to ensure that all parasites are expelled from the body without a trace.
A decoction of aspen is an excellent antiparasitic agent for centuries. And today broth Aspen more than a dozen children rescued from Giardia. To prepare the broth can be used as buds and leaves, and bark. Take one teaspoon of raw material, place it in a pan and pour one liter of water.
Bring to a boil and simmer for about half an hour aspen. Then give broth cool and strain it through a gauze cloth. The child should take a decoction twice a day, one cup. The course of treatment should last about two weeks, after which you need to be tested for the presence of Giardia in the body of the child.
- Infusion celandine herbs.
Celandine also quickly relieves the body from Giardia. To prepare grind one tablespoon of celandine herbs, put it in a thermos and pour two cups of boiling water. Close the thermos lid and allow to stand for several hours.