- What is missed abortion
- How is the diagnosis of missed abortion
- What to do when diagnosed as "missed abortion"
- How is the treatment and the recovery period after a missed abortion
- How to prevent the development of non-viable pregnancy in the future
- What are the health risks of missed abortion
Unfortunately, sometimes it happens that the long-awaited pregnancy ends up sinking the fetus. And to do anything in this case is impossible. Typically, the fair sex are faced with this in the early stages, but it can happen in the second trimester. Statistics as follows: approximately 176 cases, there is only one pregnancy with the unfortunate outcome. The rest of the girls manage to carry and give birth to a healthy baby.
But there is the risk of this disease. Therefore, expectant mothers is very important to know all about that, because of what might happen stop the development of the fetus, as it identify, diagnose, and prevent. Thanks to the methods of modern medicine today can prevent missed abortion, if the time to be registered and to be alert. To do this, it is important to comply strictly with the treating gynecologist and monitor their own health status is still in the early planning stages of the pregnancy.
What is missed abortion
Very often, expectant mothers are not aware of what a missed abortion and do not know how dangerous it can be. So, to begin to understand that it is - a serious pathology, as a result of which the fetus is no longer develop and grow, which naturally leads to his death.
Such an adverse outcome could result in the development of inflammation in the body of the fair sex. Earlier emerged missed abortion can adversely affect the subsequent conception. There are cases when the girls then could not be pregnant and give birth normally. Therefore, to avoid such problems, it should quickly identify abnormal fetal development and seek medical advice.
Unfortunately, missed abortion in the second trimester may not manifest itself for quite a long period of time. Then comes the deterioration appear spotting may start contractions followed by abortion. To sort happened, you need time to go to the hospital. Do not neglect the delivery of analyzes and visiting specialists who are not self-medicate.
What reasons can lead to missed abortion
Proper development and fetal growth is equally dependent on both the external and internal factors. In the first case, a negative impact on the health of the fair sex affects the environment. If you want your child to be born healthy and develop normally, a change of scenery. Find a place where no harmful production, and the air is not able to weigh.
The important role played by the state of the fair sex (both physical and psychological). If a woman is constantly nervous, going through, it breaks her nervous system fails. This, in turn, affects the fetus. Also, fading can cause health problems as follows:
- cardiovascular disease in pregnant women;
- various kidney disease;
- chromosomal disorder in the fetus;
- disruption of the endocrine system;
- some fetal abnormalities that lead to his death;
- hormonal disorders in the body of the pregnant woman;
- excessive exercise;
- Infectious diseases acute or chronic form.
Excessive use of alcohol, cigarettes and abuse of narcotic substances, as well as such common diseases as herpes, chlamydia, toxoplasmosis, etc. - all of this has a negative effect on the development of the fetus. Of course, if a woman knows what causes this pathology and madly wanted to have children, it will try by all means to eliminate factors contributing to the emergence of this problem is still in the early stages. It is therefore very important to pay attention to even the most, as it seems at first glance, a slight change in the body.
Please note often fade fetus occurs in women before an abortion is done, faced with a history of ectopic pregnancy, having problems with the reproductive organs. Often these problems are observed at women who are over 35, especially if it is their first pregnancy.
How to quickly identify missed abortion
Of course, every expectant mother extremely difficult to survive such a terrible outcome of pregnancy in the second trimester because the child is big. A woman can even feel the stirring of the baby. She gives him a name, buy things, draw up a nursery. Then she realizes that it's all over. Not all are solved immediately turn to the clinic because they hope that the doctors were wrong. But, as mentioned above, on the development of diseases influenced by factors that can not only lead to the death of the fetus, but also be a real threat to the life of the expectant mother. That is why it is so important to know the main symptoms indicating that the fruit has ceased to develop.
Please note, each missed abortion in the second trimester is shown in different ways. Therefore, it is not necessary to conclude on the basis of their feelings. In any case, you need to go through a pre-ultrasound, get tested, visit a gynecologist. But do not delay the visit to a specialist if you experience the following symptoms:
- The lack of movement (stirring) of the fetus
If a child must already have begun to move, or you feel movement earlier, and now - silence, not immediately to go to the survey.
- Termination of toxicity, which until that time very clearly manifests itself
The first three months you have been very bad, and you sick of smells, food, etc., and now you can easily eat a herring with jam? Perhaps it is - a strong stomach. But, most likely, the fetus stopped. The sudden appearance of a sense of nausea, in the absence of earlier toxicity - also a bad sign.
When the representative of the fairer sex becomes pregnant, she begins to grow and fill the chest. The first sign that something is wrong - the termination of the swelling, the emergence of cutting pain.
If stomach hurts and pulls at the beginning of pregnancy, it is - the first signs of future miscarriage. The child in this period can be saved, since the fading of the fetus in the first trimester, these symptoms are not typical. But if the pain occurred in the second trimester, the problem may lie in it.
- Change the basal temperature
It is not a major sign that you have - missed abortion. Yet on this symptom is worth paying attention.
- The presence of brown vaginal discharge
There may be a meager selection, if you started menstruating. However, they do not stop for a long time. Therefore, if you find the laundry even one drop of blood, immediately contact your doctor. This is a signal that your body tries to get rid of the fetus.
What if time does not establish a pathology? The fruit begins to decompose in the womb, causing severe inflammation. These decomposition products can fall directly into the blood of women, because of what will serious intoxication. And if in the near future to make cleaning, a pregnant woman may die. This operation should be performed in a hospital, then a representative of a couple of days in the hospital under the supervision of medical staff.
How is the diagnosis of missed abortion
So, diagnosing such pathology in the second trimester are three main ways: by analyzing hCG, ultrasound and by the examination of a gynecologist. Typically, doctors perform a bit of research to make sure that the girl missed abortion.
The size of the uterus must comply with the normal performance in the current pregnancy, so doctors at first conducts a regular inspection. Also measured basal temperature. If there is a discrepancy or a strong deviation, the woman sent for ultrasound (ultrasound examination). This will help determine whether the heart is beating a child or has not. By the way, the only way is revealed anembrioniya - a disorder in which the fertilized egg is empty and does not contain an embryo.
Due to hormonal blood test can also identify whether there was a fading of the fetus. At the fair sex pregnant indicators HCG is usually very high. If, however, it is much less than you need, then, a woman in serious trouble. Unfortunately, there are a couple of nuances. So, if the fetus has ceased to grow recently, hormone levels may be normal. The embryo is dead, but your body is still at it did not respond.
What to do when diagnosed as "missed abortion"
Unfortunately, in this case, the child has no way to save. If the fetus is stopped and deteriorated condition, you should immediately remove the fetus. Otherwise it may happen miscarriage, an inflammation and bleeding, which at home can not be stopped. Once an accurate diagnosis is delivered, can be chosen such way of treating missed abortion, such as:
The doctor may take a wait and see attitude until there is a spontaneous miscarriage. This is the natural course of this disease is due to lowering of the placental hormones. A woman's body will try to purify yourself from the foreign body.
The gynecologist may recommend special medicated drugs that cause spontaneous miscarriage. The only condition for the appointment of these funds is the gestational age - it should not exceed 8 weeks. Otherwise, it will not help.
The specialist can also prescribe treatment of missed abortion surgically. In this case, a scraping of the uterus. This procedure is a surgical procedure, so after the conference shall be required antibiotic therapy. Two weeks later, the woman is assigned an ultrasound examination to assess her condition. Post-operative recovery period lasts on average one month.
Many women who are faced with a similar problem, wonder how long you can walk to the deserted fruit? Gynecologists can not accurately answer it because the figure of each of the fair sex - different. Someone could go a week, and someone and a month, without noticing the problem. But do not delay the visit to the doctor, because this will depend on your health and the possibility in the future to have children.
How is the treatment and the recovery period after a missed abortion
First of all, a pregnancy after treatment begins with a full survey, and both mother and father in order to prevent a similar situation in the future. To do this, both spouses should be tested for determining the level of hormones. Also investigated the thyroid gland (a malfunction can lead to hormonal explosion).
After a full treatment of the fair sex again it passes inspection. If tests are normal, you can start planning for subsequent pregnancy. Prior to that, she has to use contraceptives. It is best suited in the case of condoms. OK can harm the body of women who have not yet fully recovered from a serious operation.
How to prevent the development of non-viable pregnancy in the future
About how to prevent missed abortion in the future, women who have had this disease, should consider the very first stages of planning the next pregnancy. Experts strongly recommend that surgery be sure to visit a doctor and undergo a special examination.
Diagnosis and treatment prescribed, taking into account the personal characteristics of the woman's body. However, the main methods of research that shows absolutely all the fair sex in the recovery period after a missed abortion, and during the planning of the next conception are:
- Ultrasound diagnosis of pelvic organs;
- strokes necessary to identify different urogenital diseases;
- a blood test for the autoantibodies and homocysteine;
- a blood test for levels of thyroid hormone and its examination by means of ultrasound;
- ToRHC-complex (detection of various infections that pose a real threat to the health of the pregnant woman).
Such measures are essential, since the prevention of developing pregnancy helps reduce the risk of recurrence of disease and increase the chances of becoming a happy mother. It is important to both spouses, who are planning to have a baby, what have manifestations missed abortion, how to treat it and how to prevent its development in the future. This will enable timely eliminate the consequences of this disease and to identify the possible causes of its development. Only such an approach to the problem can guarantee success in the future when planning for the next child.
What are the health risks of missed abortion
Most women survivors of such a shock, a reasonable question arises of what to do after developing pregnancy. Can I have children in the future? How long should wait before re-plan the birth of a child. What precautions should be taken to the problem is not repeated in the future. In fact, many cases of pregnancy fade early in its course remains a mystery even for health professionals.
To begin to understand that if you have in the past stopped the fruit in the future, you can still carry and give birth to a healthy baby. But, of course, it must first be to find out why there was this pathology. You should first undergo a full examination, cure disease or eliminate the cause.
So, first of pregnant the ladies take a smear, to determine if they have an infection. Diseases, sexually transmitted infections, can cause a variety of pathologies. And if a child is born, and then he had in any case there are any deviations. In such circumstances, missed abortion - is not the worst thing that could happen. If this reiterated in the survey should be sent to both partners.
Note undeveloped pregnancy seriously affects not only the physical health of the woman, but also her psychological state. Therefore, be sure to visit a psychologist or psychoanalyst. Even if the ladies think that she coped with the consequences, it will subconsciously afraid of repetition.
By the way, after proper treatment, a woman needs a certain period of time to recover. To think about planning for the next pregnancy is only after three months and better - after six. It is important to undergo a thorough diagnosis to identify possible disease and prevent recurrence of missed abortion.
During this period of time, both partners need to take care of their own health: do not drink alcohol, stop smoking and drugs. In some cases, a couple need to take vitamins and hormone injections. It is desirable that the husband and wife the day before went to rest at sea or in the mountains. Every night should walk at least half an hour in the open air.
And, of course, do not forget about good nutrition. It is necessary to exclude from the harmful products, fried, salted, smoked, jerked dishes. Fast food, fast food - all this has a negative impact on the female organism. As a result - the child simply nowhere to take nutrients and trace elements.
What to do if you become pregnant again? The answer is to get registered in the antenatal clinic.