Menopause - this is not the easiest period in the life of a woman coming to the age of each. At this time, the female body becomes the next "step" in its development, and, in spite of the temporary difficulties in the life of mature ladies will have many more pleasant and interesting. This transitional phase, which brings annoying problems, a woman may go, keeping good health, love of life and ability to work.
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What caused menopause
Today, when life expectancy for women is 80 years on average, we can assume that menopause occurs even in a fairly "young" age. Hormonal disruptions in a woman starts from 40 to 55 years and can last up to 60 years or longer. During this period, you need to eat rationally, sleep, moderately physically load the body, and use medical and folk remedies. Preparations in menopause are selected individually, based on the health status and genetic characteristics of the organism.
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Symptoms of menopause
During menopause women ovarian function gradually fade away, so estrogen and progesterone (female hormones) produced less. Then stop menstruation and no possibility of procreation. This happens not suddenly, but gradually, from one state to another, and passes (10-15 years) in 3 stages:
premenopausal - the regularity of the menstrual cycle is disrupted, but pregnancy can still occur;
menopause - 12 months from the date of the last menstrual period;
postmenopause - after menopause.
After 50 years of menopause was considered natural, from 40 years - early, up to 40 - premature. Climax has the features are the same for all women, but expressed in varying degrees:
having hot flashes, blood pressure jumps;
there is variability in mood, irritability;
changing the level of sexual desire;
It becomes more frequent urination by reducing the elasticity of the walls of the bladder;
weight increases, decreases the size and tone of the breasts;
the skin loses its elasticity and wrinkles;
due to violation of mineral metabolism increases bone fragility.
Menopause can not be prevented, its onset is genetically programmed, but it is possible to prepare for it, to reduce the unpleasant symptoms, help the woman to remain vibrant and attractive.
Today, medical advances are such that allow women to pass menopause, practically without changing their lifestyle.
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Why prescribe hormones
To relieve symptoms of menopause commonly used non-hormonal and hormonal replacement therapy.
When this female hormones in the body are not sufficiently produced by the ovaries are replaced produced synthetically or by combining estrogen with progesterone. The amount of hormones in such formulations is strictly metered. These tools are necessary, but not safe, because can cause unintended reactions (headache, edema, nausea, profuse uterine bleeding, etc.), so the use of such drugs in menopause physicians advise in the smallest possible dose and for a short time.
There are restrictions that do not allow the appointment of hormonal agents in certain thyroid diseases, cardiovascular and autoimmune, diabetes, tumors, liver and kidney pathologies and other very common diseases. Only an experienced doctor can choose a specific product for the woman and the dosage that will produce a therapeutic effect, but will not harm the body.
In hormone replacement therapy is widely used not only drugs in tablet form, but ointments, suppositories, patches, injections, and other forms. In today's market is great choice among similar funds, but some of them are used most frequently:
Formulations in tablets, such as "Klimov," "Divina" "klimonorma" "Tsikloproginova" scheme taking contraceptives, i.e. make a break for a week after 21 days.
Constantly, without interruption (used after the establishment of menopause) are taking drugs of the new generation, "Kliogest", "Trisekvens" "Livial" (28 tablets per pack).
Preparations in menopause "Hormopleks", "estrofem", "Proginova" "Premarin" is assigned if the uterus is removed.
"Estriol" (tablets) and "Ovestin" (suppositories, creams and pills) used in violation of the urinary tract.
In the treatment of synthetic drugs they periodically change and take breaks to avoid addiction. If you use hormones during menopause is not possible, they are replaced by non-hormonal (homeopathic, dietary supplements, folk remedies).
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To treat menopause can use homeopathy
Homeopathic remedies - natural medicines and have a number of advantages:
They have no side effects typical of synthetic drugs;
addiction to them does not happen;
reduced the body's ability to work out their sex hormones;
It is a lifesaver for those women who have not shown hormone replacement therapy.
In homeopathy drugs in menopause a wide range of quality products, and imported Russian:
Russian "Klimaksan" makes it easier to carry the tides (includes tsumifugu ratsimozu extract);
"Remens" Austrian drug production, mitigating the symptoms of menopause (has composed racemosa tsumifugu, snake venom, and others.);
French "Inoklym" improving sleep and emotional status (which contains in particular soy lecithin and soybean extract);
"Klimaktoplan" and "Climate Hel" (Germany), strengthens the body and prevents the development of osteoporosis.
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The use of herbal remedies
Frequently used during menopause phytohormone natural products (supplements) comprising plant hormones (bioflavonoids) that can replace the female hormones. As part of herbal remedies used plant extracts, minerals and vitamins. With their help replenish estrogen in the female body and maintain normal hormones. This eliminates excessive manifestation of unpleasant symptoms of menopause, the body becomes stronger, it increases its immunity.
Options are now plenty of herbal remedies and their releases in different countries a wide range of manufacturers, and almost all of them are interchangeable, though they have their own features.
"Femivell" (Finland) and "Lefem" (Poland) have in their complex composition of components derived from soya beans;
"Red Brush" (Russia) has, among other things, anti-cancer properties;
"Feminal" (Croatia), which contains an extract of red clover is effective for hot flashes and nervousness;
popular "Estrovel" and "Chi-Klim" (Russia), improving and supporting women's well-being during menopause.
To prevent osteoporosis, along with well-phyto hormones and use vitamin complexes (such as "Ladies Formula Menopause" in Canada or "Menopace" from the UK). And, of course, you need to start with a consultation with a doctor.
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What does the traditional medicine
Women can use the popular recipes that contain plant hormones, in addition to drugs bought from a pharmacy, or use them as a means to alleviate specific symptoms during menopause. Herbs are gentle, with almost no side effects, they are available and inexpensive. Because herbs and home-cooked fees infusions and decoctions. Nature and people's experience gave us a lot of plants, beneficial properties that can be used during menopause.
You can make these drugs are often used in folk medicine herbs, such as:
Borovoy of the uterus - causes the ovaries to produce the right amount of estrogen. The infusion is prepared by pouring 2 Tbsp Herbs (shredded) of 0, 5 liters of alcohol, insisting 2 weeks in the dark. You can drink a few months to 30 drops daily before meals. The broth is prepared and taking every day (1 tablespoon herbs in a glass of water kept on low heat for 10 minutes).
Red brush ("female" herb) reduces irritability, tidies sleep. The broth is prepared and accepted, as the previous one. Good to drink these herbs together, alternating between 2 weeks.
Sage helps with great tides, relieves stress, calms the nervous system. Infusion take every day.
Medical infusion of hop cones (25 g cones on 100 ml of vodka) calms and reduces headaches. Take it twice a day for 10 drops. Be sure to make a break for a few days after receipt of 1-2 months.
Of the various medicinal herbs make sophisticated fees that traditional healers are advised to drink during the entire period of menopause, occasionally taking breaks. We must not forget that herbs can have contraindications and medical advice will not be superfluous. To significantly improve the state of health, it can be used, for example, the following charges:
Mix equal amounts of ingredients (licorice root, calendula flowers, grass violet tricolor, anise fruit) and pour boiling water (1 tablespoon of mixture per cup). Take three times a day to 2 tablespoons After 3 weeks, take a break for a week.
Reduces hot flashes, it invigorates medicinal tea: mix hawthorn, lemon balm and grass cudweed (1 part), motherwort (2 parts), blackberry leaves (3 parts). Drink a glass of tincture (1 tablespoon per cup of boiling water collection) 3 admission.
Another collection, debilitating hot flashes: mixed hop cones, rose hips and lemon balm (1 part), herb lady's mantle (3 parts). Prepare the infusion of 2 hours. L. gathering at 0, 5 liters of boiling water.
Thus, it is realistic to create for themselves a lifestyle that will allow the maximum delay the onset of menopause, alleviate the symptoms and to fully live these years. Today, women can enjoy every moment of their "fall" period, staying healthy and attractive.