Most women are afraid, seeing at spotting and frantically begin to think that sick some terrible and incurable disease. Modern media and the daily television advertising only heat the guesswork. Of course, at best, many women have written to the doctor-gynecologist and pass the necessary tests.
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What are the selection of women
If the disease is confirmed arose, gynecologist promptly appoint a treatment or preventive measures, and the problem goes away soon. However, as a rule, most of the women, having read dubious literature begins to self-medicate: run to the drugstore and buys everything that can be bought from medications, it does not matter that it will be, or powders, or tablets, or suppositories - if only to get rid of this terrible affliction befell them. This approach is completely wrong.
Every woman of reproductive age should realize that vaginal discharge - a normal phenomenon.
This same physiological isolation, such as separation of the salivary glands, sebaceous glands, development of gastric juice, etc.
Selections women must necessarily be, their presence indicates normal operation of the vagina, on the development of the necessary secret in it. Another issue is that women should know what normal allocation, and which give rise to separation anxiety. Pay attention to the highlight color, their smell, consistency. If the woman is healthy, isolation colorless or whitish and are odorless. Of course, if you notice bleeding, changes in the structure and odor, it is a direct reason to visit a gynecologist as soon as possible.
The most common odor and abnormal color in secretions occurs when banal improper hygiene and poor nutrition. It is necessary to normalize these two factors, the problem persists, do not wait long. Trying to heal yourself and get rid of secretions - a dangerous occupation, and unreasonable. To some extent this touches and bleeding from the vagina. In any event, a reasonable thing to do with any concern to you secretions is a visit to the doctor, who diagnosed, if necessary, prescribe treatment or dispel your suspicions disturbing.
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Spotting the girls and adolescent girls
Vaginal discharge in girls from birth to 9 years -11 anomalous. During this period of physiological rest puberty had not yet arrived, the egg is not yet mature, the menstrual cycle (monthly) is absent, and the female sex hormones are found in small amounts and have no impact on the growing organism. The appearance of precipitates in girls 9-11 years - a clear sign of the problems and disturbances in the sexual sphere.
This applies particularly to the appearance of bleeding in the newborn girls. This could mean an infectious disease affecting organs located nearby, too early puberty, the transfer of arms child infection from the anus to the vagina. The infection develops quickly, as little girls in the vagina is not protected - lactic acid bacteria (up to 8 years). Inflammatory processes that occur in the vagina and labia - is vulvovaginitis. As they get older girl vulvovaginitis appears less subject to hygiene. The appearance of any discharge in girls under 11 years old - it is an occasion to address to the gynecologist for a consultation and diagnosis.
Discharge of blood among adolescent girls aged 11-18 are called juvenile or pubertal uterine bleeding, wearing dysfunctional nature, they involve a violation of the menstrual cycle and hormonal function of the ovaries. Such bleeding girls are considered to be the most complicated pathology of puberty. In recent years, such a breach has become a very common problem. In some situations, juvenile bleeding in women may coincide with the next menstruation, you can identify their presence by more lost blood.
In other cases, juvenile bleeding may occur before, after, or between periods. Often isolation in adolescent girls appear first 2-3 years after the first month. If vaginal bleeding in girls irregular, painful, very abundant, it is necessary to refer to the children's gynecologist, as often these are bleeding disorders of the reproductive system functions. Do not pay attention to them can not be treated Woman, that in the future these bleeding did not affect her reproductive health.
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The causes of bleeding in women
If women of any age are observed discharge, do not appear during the month, and before or after, it indicates the presence of possible diseases and disorders in the body. Since 2011, the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) developed and put in place detailed recommendations on the causes of bleeding after a month at any age. The unique result of the Federation is that the classification has been developed, which is a visual instruction and is used by physicians and gynecologists in the diagnosis and identification of possible causes of discharge between menstrual periods in women of any age.
The main causes of bleeding in women may be disorders and diseases in the female body.
Endometritis - inflammation of the lining of the uterus, there are spotting between periods, or later. Ectopic cervical - isolation due to contact with the cervix penis during intercourse, with a mirror during a gynecological examination the doctor, etc. Lack of a second phase of the menstrual cycle - malformation of the corpus luteum after ovulation. Cancer of the cervix and endometrium - allocation of varying intensity, regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding - excessive bleeding that occurs after a delay. Injury genitals - after allocation of violence in sex, leading to rupture of the vagina or the posterior commissure.
Mittelschmerz - isolation in the middle of the cycle in a small amount with sharp pains in the abdomen. Endometriosis - the appearance of smearing blood discharge after normal menses. Uterine fibroids with submucosal position of nodes - spotting during menstruation protracted nature with cutting pain in the ovaries. Hyperplasia and endometrial polyps - selection before or after menstruation, and during monthly allocation of clots.
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Additional causes of bleeding in women
If you start taking oral contraceptives (pills), then you may experience slight spotting between periods. This is due to the fact that the endometrium had not received such amount of hormones, which were ingested together with the pill. Such allocation normal, if they observed the first months of receipt of such contraceptives as the body gets used to a new source of hormones. After getting used to highlight stop. Spotting after menstruation can occur in women who use hormonal vaginal ring or patch operating on the principle of birth control pills that pretty soon cease.
Selections can be observed in women using hormonal implants, progestin-only; when establishing intrauterine devices, both conventional and hormonal. Spirals are introduced into the uterine cavity, tightly adhering to the mucous membrane, thus as if changing the character of the period. In medicine, brief and scanty allocation in the presence of the helix are considered normal.
Every woman at every age is bound to be attentive to yourself and pay attention to any changes and abnormalities. If you experience prolonged and heavy menstruation, lasting more than 7 days, you should consult a gynecologist for their reasons. You can not ride and do not pay attention, because it may be a sign of how a number of gynecological diseases (polyps, fibroids, uterine cancer, decrease in the number of platelets in the blood), and bleeding disorders.
If a situation arose when they began vaginal bleeding (abundant or scarce), in which the temperature rises, there abdominal pain, dizziness or severe weakness, then as soon as possible, call an ambulance or go immediately to the hospital for an urgent examination by specialists. Women older than 45 years must be remembered that upon the occurrence of that age significantly increases the risk of cancer. When you identify disturbing symptoms should see a doctor-gynecologist and pass the scheduled examination.
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What are the selection of pregnant women
Pregnancy - is one of the most important and significant periods in the life of every woman. Pregnancy requires each woman complying with the necessary requirements, rules and regulations, sensitive and careful attention to your body and the nascent new life inside. Any deviation in the condition of the pregnant woman, the appearance of blood discharge from the vagina or the unexpected pain of any nature and extent signal the unfavorable situation occurred inside her body, and timely access to a gynecologist will help to eliminate the cause of the trouble and restore balance.
And special attention should be focused on the occurrence of any spotting, and other unpleasant symptoms. The appearance of secretions in pregnant women may face the most terrible consequences: abortion, ectopic pregnancy, molar pregnancy, placenta previa, premature detachment of the placenta, etc. When the selections in any trimester of pregnancy is an urgent need to see a doctor to obtain the necessary or even emergency.
Causes of bleeding in pregnant women can be very simple (lifted excessive severity), often accompanied by implantation or easy bleeding. By the way, implantation bleeding may indicate the early stages of pregnancy, although the woman about it, and has no idea. If future mom not promptly contact a gynecologist, has passed the relevant tests and inspections, the situation can become a tragic end in tears, and for the future mother and the unborn child.
Gynecologists allocate another serious cause spotting of pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy, half - a lack of the hormone progesterone. In the following, the second trimester of pregnancy can cause discharge under the action of the hormone estrogen. In the third trimester of pregnancy if there are discharge with blood veins - a sure sign that soon depart mucous plug and begin the long-awaited birth. In any case, if the discharge is not delivered to pregnant inconveniences, such as a bad smell, pruritus and the like, they are considered to be the normal.
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Discharge after childbirth - is this normal?
Spotting immediately after birth are normal. This discharge is called lochia -otmershie endometrial cells are formed in the middle of placental abruption. In the first week after birth selection is very abundant, contain large clusters and have a bright red color. Lochia appear in all women after childbirth, regardless of whether a woman gave birth to herself or her to do a caesarean section. Gradually allocation change color from brown to become light brown and then become transparent and disappear. The first normal period begins in a few months, breast-feeding, or after it.
The first month, as a rule, proceed painfully, heavily and this is absolutely normal. With sex better to wait despite the fact that already acquired allocation brown color and not blood. If the discharge after birth are a bright red color within 10 days, have blood clots appear again between the second week after birth, a feeling of weakness, raising the temperature of discharge and odor, you should immediately consult your doctor and make a vaginal ultrasound probe.
Postpartum recovery is slowing down, if a woman's body inflammatory process occurs, there is reduced blood clotting in the uterus fibroids present assemblies, bending of the uterus, infantilism, and other pathologies. Sudden severe bleeding may begin, if not completely out and all the placenta remains inside some part of its shell. In this case, physicians make cleaning uterus. Copious after birth can occur if there was a rupture of the uterus and vagina.
To the queen will come back to normal, you need to breastfeed longer lie on your stomach, promptly go to the toilet (not tolerate) and carefully observe good personal hygiene. It often happens that an obstetrician for their negligence can forget the cotton swab into the vagina, and then appear as a selection. When spotting can not take a bath, and you can wash decoction of herbs. By the post-natal period should be treated with the utmost seriousness, as well as to the very maternity. If a woman does not understand the cause of the discharge of any kind, especially bleeding, you should consult your doctor immediately.
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Council on Women's Health
Dear women, it is important to listen to your body, if you notice that began to appear intermenstrual discharge, regular monthly pass very painful, more abundant than ever, become irregular or spotting appeared after a month, you should seek immediate medical attention. Gynecologist and endocrinologist will help to deal with the problem, will appoint an appropriate examination and timely treatment when necessary, thus helping you to eliminate the cause of the discharge at an early stage.
Every woman of any age should be more attentive to themselves, undergo mandatory annual visit and examination by a doctor. Only then will you know that you are OK, you will be quiet for a woman's body and be happy to look into a bright future.