Allergic asthma is a type of upper respiratory tract infection is the most common form of asthma.
Moreover, this form of the disease affects not only adults but also children population. Even can occur usual asthma in addition to allergies, which significantly aggravate the situation and increase the weight of the symptoms.
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General characteristics of the disease
By itself, asthma is manifested in the form of asthma attacks that interfere with normal life. Improvement occurs only if regular use of medication and constant supervision of specialists. Of course, the symptoms affect the form of the disease, prompt treatment can significantly improve the patient's condition.
Infectious-allergic form of asthma or bronchial begins to develop the penetration of allergens into the airway. Immune defense quite sensitive to various foreign substances, therefore causes muscle tissue tract sharply decline. This phenomenon got its name - bronchospasm. At this point it begins the inflammatory process and filling ways quite thick mucus. This leads to the fact that there are most frequent and common symptoms of sneezing, lacrimation, feeling of nasal congestion, slight discharge from the nasal passages.
There are several groups of allergens that cause unpleasant reactions. Noncommunicable allergens - it is pollen, dust, lint, various insects, food, chemical substances in the atmosphere. This group may include drugs, which occur when receiving unpleasant symptoms. Most often cause allergies iodinated preparations, analgin, acetyl salicylic acid, antibiotics, procaine, antiviral vaccines, spasmolytics, serum and other substances. Infectious allergens should include frequent infections and chronic inflammatory processes in the body.
Asthma (allergic or bronchial) is often aggravated by a hereditary factor. As a rule, the risk of a child's disease increases by 40% if at least one parent has allergies and asthma. And inherited by itself is not infectious and allergic asthma, and the vulnerability of the body and its immune defense to the emergence of various types of allergic reactions. It is advisable to carry out preventive measures and the time to begin treatment when the first symptoms.
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Major risk factors
To start proper treatment, it is necessary to determine not only the symptoms of asthma but also the shape, its characteristic features, reasons and other factors. As a rule, the major risk factors is considered to be chronic respiratory diseases, infectious diseases, adverse environmental conditions, bad habits (eg, smoking tobacco) hazardous occupations, long-term use of certain types of drugs. And often the cause can become passive smoking. Allergies and asthma are quite closely related.
It should be noted that the initial symptoms of the different forms of the disease quite different from each other, but a running process of developing a similar mechanism. When atopic asthma basic catalyst acts as a specific allergen or group of allergens. A single contact with the substance is sufficiently severe allergic reaction. Repeated exposure is further complicated by the difficulty of narrowing of the bronchial tubes and respiratory function. This is the most common and obvious symptoms that require immediate pick-quality and effective treatment.
Allergic asthma in further contact with the allergen appears almost immediately, and contact the human condition is stabilized. It is required at the time of breathlessness receiving special drugs (the main treatment for asthma), otherwise the attack can be fatal.
If time does not begin to treat asthma, which appears in the background of a weakened immune system, disease becomes more severe, often occurring pathogenic respiratory changes that disturb the work, join a wide variety of infectious diseases.
Infectious-allergic form of asthma is typical for older people, so practically does not occur in children. Chronic infection leads to the fact that the respiratory organs are sensitive to irritants. At the slightest touch disrupts the function of the bronchi, which leads to a rather severe condition of man. Only effective treatment helps to alleviate the symptoms and the gradual recovery of the body.
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Effective treatment of bronchial asthma
To properly treat asthma, should pre-define a group of allergens that cause these reactions.
As a rule, effective treatment is the use of medical methods, which must be aligned with the procedures for the recovery of the body and improve the immune defense. If there are allergic to the background of asthma, the first thing you need to remove these unpleasant consequences. For this use antihistamines, which have no sedative effect. In order to improve respiratory function, use special nasal sprays designed to expand the ways.
Of course, the treatment is selected only an experienced doctor-immunologist, who must carefully examine the patient, examine the nature of the disease, identify the main factors and characteristics of the organism. In no event should not take steroids or inhaler use, as some substances give rise to even more harsh reactions, which often leads to suffocation and death of the patient.
People who are predisposed to such diseases, it is advisable to protect yourself from contact with sick people and potential allergens. This will prevent the occurrence of attacks and the worsening of the condition. Undoubtedly, improving immunity positive effect on the course of the disease and the duration of treatment. Some clinics offer modern treatment developed in several stages. In the first stage of the identified allergen exposure is terminated, the second - the complex treatment which leads to the formation of blocking antibodies in the body to enhance protective function.
Asthma and allergy - close concepts. In the pocket of every person with respiratory diseases should be present specially selected drugs that may be needed at any time. This is because you can not always avoid contact with allergens and lead a normal life.
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If the pathogen, which occurs due to an allergy is dust, it is advisable to carry out frequent wet cleaning in the room, to eliminate the source of the reaction. The reaction to the pollen of plants requires the exclusion of any room in the house colors. The patient should be less likely to open windows during the flowering period, avoid public places with lots of different plants and plants, inhaled the aroma of which appears asthma. Allergies cause drastic changes and negative consequences.
Of course, effective treatment is possible only if all the requirements of the doctor. But wiser to prevent the occurrence of the disease than later to pick up medications to relieve symptoms. The main focus should be on improving immunity. For this, one must visit the open air, regular exercise, eat a balanced, taking vitamin complexes during the period of beriberi (spring, autumn), time to treat various diseases (infections, colds).
When seasonal exacerbations (for example, during the flowering plants), which is accompanied by asthma to allergies, it is advisable to regularly ventilate the room, use filters for air conditioners, to avoid a long stay with a source of allergies.
Typically, the room needed to remove objects that accumulate in the dust itself. It can be carpets, soft toys. Clothes and linen recommended to wash frequently, using hypoallergenic detergents.
Indoors should adhere to a certain level of humidity. Too dry and too wet air is not suitable for allergic people. To optimize the microclimate are installed air conditioners, humidifiers, ionizers, which remove harmful particles (dust, animal dander, pollen) and air enriched with nutrients.
The living room should be kept clean. This especially concerns the bathroom and kitchen, where high humidity and cleaning appears rare mold that causes an allergic reaction rather sharp and very dangerous to the human body.