- From the history of Japanese patchwork
- Features Japanese patchwork
- Stёzhka Sachiko
- Sewing yosegire
Quilting is considered an international view of needlework. Mosaic patchwork fabric piled in the Ancient East was incredibly popular patchwork and old Russia, used this technique in Europe. And although the official birthplace of patchwork called England, in the world of patchwork is also known Japanese quilt. What is this kind of patchwork so remarkable, and what is its history? Let's face it.
From the history of Japanese patchwork
Originally patchwork in its pure form is not used in Japan. However, in some Japanese monasteries for monks warm quilted jackets sewn from scraps square, symbolizing the rice fields. Mostly Japanese patchwork exist as stёzhki. By the way, this embroidery had special meaning: Special stitches (needle forward) combined several layers of fabric overlap. In the old cloth imposed new and thus achieve economies of material for clothing. As a result, a characteristic for Japanese sewing geometric patterns.
At the same time, the traditional Japanese pillows "futon" sewed just in patchwork technique. Again, everything was done in order to save. Futon was quite expensive bedding. Having such a pillow, mattress could afford only wealthy Japanese and used them for so long that the cloth to wipe. Then shabby place on the futon covered with new pieces of cloth and pillows themselves are starting to look like new.
The emergence of this patchwork in Japan is obliged by the same circumstances as the patchwork appearance in England. When the policy is limited (in some areas and banned) imports of Chinese textiles, textiles became a terrible deficit. But for Japan itself, of course, such a policy had beneficial effects: the country began producing its own tissues. However, the tradition of economical consumption of tissue already firmly established in the life of the Japanese. Patchwork made not only futons from scraps of old kimono sewed new clothes, called Caumont. And along with this, a new type of textile crafts kinusayga (patchwork without a needle).
The peculiarity of this craft was a unique combination of painting and work with cloth. With carefully selected scraps of silk and wooden planks painted picturesque real picture. For this drawing or plot the future of the web is transferred to a tree on a path cut through the pattern grooves and flaps as paints, covered some elements of drawing, tucking the edges of patches to cut through the furrow. However, this kind of needlework pursued not applied, but only creative goals.
Features Japanese patchwork
For the layman in patchwork quilting from Japan is no different from a traditional English embroidery. However, this outlandish technique has its own characteristics and its own distinctive features:
- Firstly, Japanese patchwork characterized by the simultaneous use of patchwork and stёzhki.
- Secondly, the figures in the Japanese patchwork abundance of different colors. A symbol of the craft began to open flowers. However, geometric ornaments, symbolizing the rice fields, are also characteristic of Japanese patchwork.
- Third, it is used in different crafts its tissues. Unlike traditional patchwork, which work mainly with cotton fabrics, Japanese quilting preferred silk.
- Fourth, the Japanese quilting using a special technique Sachiko - embroidery stitch "forward needle".
Thus, the characteristic features of Japanese patchwork can be called a combination stёzhki with patchwork embroidery, using mostly silk fabrics and patterns in the form of flowers and geometric patterns.
The traditional Japanese stёzhki patchwork has its historical roots. Initially stёzhku used for sewing multilayer warm blankets and clothing. Then suddenly it became clear that quilted clothing successfully plays the role of military armor. Well, quilted armor munitions have become an indispensable subject of Japanese warriors: such "body armor" protects against a glancing blow of the sword and arrows. In fairness it should be noted that quilted armor worn by not only Japanese soldiers, but the soldiers of China, Korea and India.
Stёzhka Japanese patchwork and different techniques. Traditionally, Japanese Sachiko quilts used machines with thin dotted lines stitch. And such stёzhka not necessarily have to be straight. Patterns are allowed any: geometric, curvilinear, floral and abstract. Stёzhka contrasting thread can be performed on a monochromatic fabric can complement or add relief applique patchwork canvas. The main condition - which is equal to the length of the stitches, exceptional accuracy and brevity of the work pattern.
Quilting in Japan was also endowed with special meaning. Extending the life of the old fabric it was considered an exercise of the spirit, and the patchwork robes were given as a sign of long life wishes. In addition, the history of Japanese patchwork closely linked to the Shinto religion, which gives the soul of all animate and inanimate things. Textiles and clothing in Japan has always been considered a special value, acted as a reward for good service and even in the role of money. And for Japanese women expensive silk meant the same thing as the jewelery to the residents of Europe.
In connection with the ban on the wearing of expensive fabrics representatives of the merchant class it was invented new fashion called "hidden elegance." In accordance with the laws of that fashion expensive clothes hidden under the other (more moderate), or used to sew it not the whole lengths of cloth and rags. This type of sewing and was named yosegire (stitching pieces).
This embroidery became fashionable not only as an opportunity to extend the life of the fabric, but also became a national arts and crafts. Flaps folded in patterns first accidentally and then deliberately. Then these patterns become complemented applique, then went to the art of porcelain painting, and then joined with embroidery Sachiko turned into a Japanese patchwork.
What is remarkable. Fashion Crazy-quilt - a European interpretation of Japanese patchwork: Japanese fabric woven so skillfully that seem decorated with rich embroidery. When in the late nineteenth century, the exhibition of Japanese culture in Philadelphia were presented screens made of brocade patches, many women have decided that pieces of silk fabric embroidered. This idea was borrowed for the manufacture of Crazy-quilt, which began to be decorated with embroidery.
A real unique feature of Japanese patchwork is handmade. Most Japanese women do not use the sewing machine, because it used to do everything "for real." And what could be more real than the manual work? That is why traditional Japanese Quilt gather and quilt sewn by hand.
Also in Japan retained the popularity of "recycling" - stirring by old things into new ones. And this is part of the Japanese reception of patchwork. Generally Japanese patchwork included in the category of Fine Arts: it is not easy English patchwork, quilting or the roughness of the US-turretless Crazy patchwork.
Elegant design, fine workmanship, lightweight fabrics and manual execution distinguish this kind of patchwork of all these techniques. Here, too, the Japanese were able to distinguish themselves by learning to create something absolutely sublime in the everyday and mundane. An amazing country and amazing culture!