When in the house appears kitten, everything in it is changing, everything is turned "upside down." Now, do not hang on the window beautiful curtains - they immediately turn into a swing for the pet. Do not leave on the table sandwich - that and look for little hands irresistibly delicious sausage. But all these little things will never be compared with the affection and love of fluffy lumps. And when he purrs loudly at your side, forgotten all his pranks. Well take a child?
Caring owners are prepared to advance the appearance of an animal: it is equipped toilet, choosing a place to sleep, buy a variety of toys. However, the main question always remains - what to feed the cat? What products it needs for full development and good health. This is what we will discuss in this article. And you will only listen to our advice and choose the most suitable pet diet.
Feeding ready forages: what should be afraid of?
First of all, we note that the kitten food (and an adult cat) can be both natural and "feed." Here, the choice needs to be done for you. To ready fodder resorted mainly busy people who simply have no time to prepare for a pet. And if you choose this particular method of feeding, remember - never skimp on the stern!
So fiercely advertised "Whiskas" and "kitiket" here in any case will not fit. For their manufacturing are used not natural products and a variety of waste: bones, feathers, skins, poor-quality meat products. Yes, and mineral content in these feeds is very large. All these ingredients can greatly undermine the health of your pet. Therefore, choose only professional products sold in specialized pet shops.
For cats needed food, appropriate to their age. Very small pet initially produce jelly or preserves, and as they grow older is transferred to the dry food. In order to have no doubts about the selected feed, consult your veterinarian. He will tell you what product is best that you can and can not be your pet. And for him to pick up the appropriate vitamin complex, if necessary.
Detailed feline menu
If you choose to breast-finished products, get ready for what will have to carefully select the menu for the cat. So, what can (and should) eat your pet?
First of all - meat
After all, the cat - this is also a predator, then without meat he can not do. It is best to give preference to beef or chicken without bones and skin. Before serving, be sure to boil the product, so as not to infect pet worms. Adult cat feed and raw meat, but it should be good is frozen. Beef is recommended to give every day, chicken - 3-4 times a week.
Vegetables - a source of vitamins
You can give in any way, but a little kitten better to boil. What vegetables are good? Cauliflower, carrots, asparagus, green beans - these products are both separately and in combination with cereals and meat. It is recommended to be added to the diet for at least 4 times a week;
Kefir, yogurt, fermented baked milk, low-fat cream - perfectly suited for feeding and adult cat and small pet. Giving can be daily. Curd is also useful, especially in combination with raw chicken egg. This dish is recommended to give 1-2 times a week. In addition, you can offer your pet a piece of cheese - once a week will be enough;
Only beef or chicken, pre-cooked and mixed with porridge. This may be the liver, heart, lungs or kidneys. Liver not much carried away (only once a week). The rest of the offal - 2-3 times a week;
You can: steamed oatmeal, rice, buckwheat, wheat. It is best to mix porridge with meat or fish. Give 3-4 times a week;
Green lettuce or spinach. They were previously well crushed and mixed with meat, cereal or vegetables. However, it would be better if you grow a special grass, which contains the necessary vitamins cat. This is especially important when a pet room, that is, the street did not go out;
Contrary to popular belief, fish for cats is not so important. It can give no more than once a week, be sure to boil thoroughly good. Choose only marine fish: low-fat, low content of bones. Before serving, it is desirable to select the bone.
Remember, food for cats can not add salt! Too hot or too cold food to give is not recommended - it must be at room temperature. Little kitten, aged from 1 to 4 months are fed 6 times a day, or leave free access to the food bowl. Upon reaching the age of six-month meals are cutting up to 3 times. It was possible to train a cat to 2 meals a day. Always make sure that your pet have always been clean water. And remember, milk or yogurt do not replace the water!
Do not feed the animal from the table - it is harmful. Cat should not eat pasta, soup or cabbage salad, as if you did not want. What is good for a man can be absolutely unacceptable for an animal.
Recipe for busy people
Let's look at a simple recipe, which is perfect for feeding your pet. Prepare it did not last long: after spending a time of 15-20 minutes of your time, you will provide the cat food for an entire week. So:
We take a kilogram of raw beef and make mincemeat out of it;
Adding back a couple of carrots, grated on a fine grater;
Also - 200 grams unsalted cheese and 2 chicken yolk (wet);
To replenish vitamins dish, add a tablespoon of brewer's yeast and a few tablets of calcium, pre-shredded;
All this is thoroughly knead - make uniform stuffing;
Roll out the layers of 5-6 mm thick;
Now take a foil, it put a layer of stuffing on top - again, foil, and so on;
We remove all the freezer.
The dish is ready. We came home from work - otschipnuli the right amount of meat, thawed a little, everything - you can feed the cat. Or make small meatballs and boil - so it will be even better.
What should not be given to a cat?
There are some foods that are absolutely impossible to use pet. And in order for you to avoid mistakes in feeding, and let's look at them.
Chicken or fish bones
Can clog or damage the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, the cat can choke on a bone, and then without a visit to the vet will not do;
Lamb, pork, and other fatty meats
That meat is not recommended to feed the pet, especially raw. It is not absorbed by the body of the animal. Sometimes it leads to the use of dangerous infectious diseases are not always treatable;
Roasted and salted food
As well as hot dogs, sausages and canned fish. All this can cause indigestion and upset metabolism. Animal starts much shedding, can develop chronic diseases;
Lead to tooth decay, metabolic disorders. The coat becomes dull shade cat looks unhealthy;
Potatoes and legumes
It is not suitable as food for cats. These products simply can not be digested, causing bloating and indigestion.
Here we reviewed the basic principles of feeding domestic cat. The main thing to remember not to mix natural products and ready food - this combination can lead to a glut of an organism with vitamins that will undoubtedly impact on the health of the pet.
Choose any one type of feeding and stick to it completely. We hope these tips will help you to grow up healthy and playful cat, which will be a real family favorite.
We strongly recommend to read: How to accustom the cat to the tray
Conditions of detention
Cats and to this day remains the most popular pets in the world. And one of the main reasons for this popularity - the belief that cats do not need some special care. They are, for example, unlike dogs do not need to walk. Cats, like a bird, or the same hamsters do not require a private dwelling.
And even feeding domestic cats do not cause any difficulties due to the huge range of prepared foods. This is partly true. However, caring for cats still needed. Of course, the cat is known to walk alone, and has unique abilities of adaptation and survival. But if the animal lives next to the man, that the man can not just take and take all responsibility for the one who tamed.
Domestic cat lives in the greenhouse conditions and deprived of many opportunities in contrast to their wild relatives. Therefore, it is necessary to create conditions for the implementation of certain natural instincts. In addition, as a result of breeding and lack of natural selection pedigreed cats significantly reduced immunity. So, the owners must monitor the health of their pets. The very existence of a man in the house requires owners of certain hygiene for cats. And what exactly should be caring for a cat, and we'll try to find out.
Conditions of detention
For a comfortable existence in the house of a man cats need three things: a tray and kittens bench or a specially equipped house. The first thing you need to buy - the tray. To accustom the cat to a personal toilet needed a very young age. Usually it is not difficult if the tray is picked up correctly and is located in a convenient place for a cat. The size of the tray should be large enough to fit the animal in him completely - a small tray cat can ignore. Positioning litter box should be in a secluded place, the cat did not feel uncomfortable at such a delicate process. And, of course, it should always have access to your tray.
It is also important that you use as a filler. It's best to buy special cat litter - they are well kept smell. Sand like cats, but it is considered unhygienic: the smell does not hold, and sticks to the legs. Some cat owners train their pets to defecate in a tray filled with scraps of newspaper, and some cats are content, even an empty tray.
Kittens also require domestic cats. Any cat at any age will necessarily sharpen claws, and to wean her from this impossible. Therefore, if you do not want the furniture and walls in your home were torn cat's claws, try to accustom the animal to the kittens. It can make your own or buy in the store the goods for animals.
Couches house cat or a special need, too. However, this is not such a necessary thing as a tray or kittens. In fact, many domestic cats persistently ignore the purchase or production for their houses, and couches. But most of the cats do not refuse the opportunity to retire, relax on a soft couch or hiding in the house.
Many cat owners do not burden themselves with preparing food for their pet's favorites and are limited to the purchase of finished feed. And that, in general, is quite acceptable. But the one who feeds the cats from his desk, puts the health of the animal to certain risks and shortens its life. Remember! What prepares a person for himself, absolutely not suitable for the power of cats! So if you want to feed the cat natural food be prepared for the need to prepare a special meal for her.
Cats diet should consist of meat (the main part), cereals and vegetables. Cats useful raw and boiled meat and poultry, porridge from cereals, as well as raw or boiled vegetables. You can give cats and fruits as well as dairy products. The most suitable meat for cats will be beef, chicken, rabbit. Do not feed cats pork, as well as raw fish and offal. As for the fish, it should not become the main source of protein, and give it to the cats can only be boiled or steamed form.
Almost all grains are well assimilated cat, so cook for her porridge of oatmeal, yachki or buckwheat, wheat or barley cereals. But legumes (peas, beans, lentils) cats are contraindicated. Vegetables are also needed to cats, and to include in her diet can almost everything except potatoes. The most common vegetables are added to cereal-based broth. But if your favorite is not averse crunch of fresh carrot and cucumber, then do not miss her so much pleasure.
All low-fat dairy products except cheese and sour cream are also useful for cats. Regarding the unleavened milk, it must necessarily enter into the diet of a small kitten, but in adult animals it can cause indigestion.
Complete dry and wet food also can be given to cats. Just purchase a high-quality products, food preimum class and let them in accordance with the instructions. Do not feed adult animals feed intended for kittens, and feed preimum super-class, which can be given to cats only during the preparation for the exhibition. Acceptable combination of prepared foods and natural foods.
Do not forget that very young kittens, pregnant cats and neutered cats need a special diet. Therefore, to draw up the menu in consultation with a veterinarian. For cats of all ages and regardless of the power supply must be provided continuous access to clean fresh water.
Caring for cats involves a number of hygiene. In need of care animal hair or skin from hairless cats. In addition, cats have to clean the ears and teeth and claws trimmed periodically. More care for kittens is caused by their inability to keep track of personal hygiene. Therefore, the kittens are often cleaned his eyes and nose, muzzle and wiped clean wool under the tail. In the future, the animal will learn to cope with it all by yourself, and in your care need not be.
But proper care and the little kittens and adult cats involves periodic combing wool. Firstly, cats shed, secondly, this procedure has a beneficial effect on the condition and appearance of the fur of an animal. Here you can also see some signs of internal diseases (dandruff, hair loss), infection of the animal parasites, or fungal infections. Hairless cats need to care for the skin. They must regularly bathe in warm water with a mild baby shampoo or tar soap. However, swimming should be done no more than once a week.
Cats need to periodically clean the ears using a cotton swab moistened with a special tool for cleaning ears and recesses and grooves to clean the ear with cotton sticks. Need domestic cats and brushing. But it is only in the absence of solid food. To clean the cat's teeth is quite suitable children's toothbrush and tooth powder fragrance free. However, in recent years it can be purchased and a special toothpaste for cats. The frequency of treatments depends on the cat's teeth, but weekly cleaning will be enough.
Trimming claws must be the cats, who are unable to walk in the street and grind claws on the hard surface. However, the claws are cut only when they become too long and cause discomfort to the animal. The shortening need claws longer than normal, and normal cat's claws should be in the form of the arc and do not bend to the very bottom. Clipped nails nail scissors or clippers, shortening them by no more than two to three millimeters.
Care of domestic cat - it's not just the creation of comfortable conditions for it, proper nutrition and hygienic procedures. It is important to monitor the health of the cat. Young animals are subject to all sorts of infections, and with age it is possible the development of diseases of internal organs.
Therefore, firstly, any domestic cat is required to be vaccinated. Vaccinations carried out in a specific pattern recommended by a veterinarian. In addition to scheduled preventive vaccination cat need to be vaccinated before moving to the country and if you take it on a journey.
Regularly cat need anthelmintic. Ideally, this procedure should be carried out every season, that is, four times a year. If your cat is walking on the street, it is possible that more often. And, of course, be sure to conduct regular check-ups in a veterinary clinic. And it must do this even if the animal looks perfectly healthy.
So do not amuse themselves with the hope that cats do not need care, so absolutely no trouble to their owners do not deliver. If you are not willing to spend time and money on a pet, it is better not to have it at all. And if you decide to settle in his house cat, always remember that you are responsible for those who tamed.