Perhaps knit Sledkov come up with a very eager and very cheap needlewoman. What? Time knitting Sledkov requires twice less yarn can save half and its purpose they do no worse than socks. Even more than that - Sledkov can become not only a simplified version of socks and soft slippers or alternative child pinetok. And there was the household's wardrobe is very relevant and popular. Because tie Sledkov spoke very simply, it can be done quickly, and the result is able to satisfy the most demanding expert in the person of the household. Try?
Sledkov five spokes
These Sledkov knitted circular knitting. Also commonly used in hosiery knitting five spokes can be used, and two spokes on the line. If you know how to knit socks, the tie Sledkov for you - "a trifling matter." If you are just mastering this needlework, it is only necessary to know how to tally the simple loop (right and wrong) and how to snatch additional air loop. After mastering the basics of knitting nosochnogo try to start to link small sledochki (for a child of seven years). To learn the principle of work on the model of the small size it is easier, and the time it takes much less.
Getting knit sledok a backdrop (or the heel - it is the way you like). To do this, measure the volume of the ankles and type the desired number of loops. This amount can be calculated according to contact the sample from the same yarn, the same needles. How many loops placed one centimeter (knitting width) how many rows placed one centimeter (height knitting).
For "training" recruited thirty-six spokes loops and knit hosiery knitting heel height. Knit it in the form of a direct web on the two needles - a sort pryamougolnichek. For children's feet heel height (from the ankles to the floor) will be approximately five centimeters. For them, you need to bind from fifteen to twenty rows, depending on the thickness of the yarn. Then we proceed to vyvyazyvaniyu directly heels. Her we were binding at two spokes.
Divide the number of loops into three: the middle of the heel and two "marginalia". In this case there are three blocks of twelve loops. Now knit so.
Provyazyvaem first block of twelve and eleven hinge loops of the second block.
Twelfth loop of the middle part (the second unit) provyazyvaem together with the first loop of the second marginalia (third unit).
Turn the knitting (on the left spoke remaining eleven loops) and Knit an edge, ten and two loops along the front.
Turn the knitting (on the left spoke remaining ten loops) and Knit an edge again, ten and two loops along the front.
Knit loop so alternately subtracting two extreme blocks as long as the spokes will not remain only twelve mid heel loops (ten and two edge).
The result is a ready-made heel future Sledkov (a kind of cap-cap heels). We continue knitting.
We collect twelve stitches edges of the side parts and provyazyvaem them face (the face of the knitting).
Turn crochet, knit all twenty four loops purl and recruit twelve stitches from the edge of the second side of the heel.
Provyazyvaem and the twelve loops and the result is the original number - thirty-six loops.
Remember that thirty-six loops - the number of heel that continues sole and marginalia Sledkov? But he is also the upper part! So we recruit twelve stitches to the top of the Sledkov and trailing knitting in the round. Here then we begin to knit in a circle on the five spokes or hooked on knitting needles and line two. To open Sledkov (up to a set of stitches, and the top of the circuit knitting circle), you can knit a few rows of stocking knitted fabric directly.
Knit central part Sledkov seamless "tube" for the length of the foot before the start of the little finger. Next vyvyazyvayut toe alternately subtracting the loop in any convenient way (for socks or mittens). The last four (one on each spoke) loop provyazyvaem all together and fasten the bundle. Hiding scrap thread on the wrong side Sledkov. Done! Second sledok knit exactly.
If a circular knitting on five needles seem complicated to you, you can use for knitting Sledkov only two spokes! Because Sledkov tie the two needles is also possible.
Sledkov two spokes
Gaining fifty six loops and knit first marginalia Operations with the upper part. For them to associate the fourteen rows, each taking the first loop and the last provyazyvaya wrong. All even rows provyazyvaem purl loops, and the odd - facial. In the center of each odd number (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) do increase: nakida, two face, nakida. Thus, in the first row knit twenty-seven facial, nakida, two face, nakida, twenty-seven facial. In the second row - for twenty-eight nakida, two face, nakida, twenty-eight face and so on.
Fifteenth series of facial knit without center addition. Next row - purl loops. Seventeenth series of facial provyazyvaem, seven short loops to the middle of fourteen central hinges on the sole reserve.
Knit sole. First row: the first loop (fourteen chentralnyh) remove, twelve face two together (one to grab the marginalia). Expand crochet and knit second row, one loop is removed, the twelve personal, as well as the two together in the first row. We continue knitting so slowly "getting involved" in the sole Sledkov side loop until the spokes will not remain only fourteen loops (total). Next vyvyazyvayut backdrop to the height of sixteen rows and sew it to the side portions Sledkov. Also, knit and second sledok.
Useful tips and secrets
To sledok firmly sat on the foot edge had not stretched, you can tie the hook.
Heel Sledkov will be more beautiful, if facial ranks decrease perekidy do.
To place a new dialed loops arose holes, they must be crossed provyazyvat facial.
Turn sledok from ordinary to extraordinary, you can use embroidery, applique crocheted flowers, pom-poms, tassels and beads.
Generally experiment. Think, for example, how to knit spokes Sledkov of yarns of different colors, and relief jacquard patterns. And you make sure that the site works is always and everywhere, even when knitting such prosaic (but these need!) Sledkov.
We recommend that read: how to tie spokes socks
Tatting - special technique of lace. It is also called nodular, shuttle or French lace. Why nodular? Because the products are performed in the art by tatting knots, knotted in different ways. Why is the shuttle? Because the main tatting tool - a special shuttle. Why French? Because the name of this technology has come to us from France.
It is believed that the tatting - this is the easiest method of making handmade lace, as it requires a minimum amount of tools and material costs. What is the technique of fine needlework? Where it can be difficult to use and whether to learn it? Let's learn more about all of this.
The history of French lace
This technique of lace is very, very old. So old that researchers still can not exactly call this home crafts. Only one had no disagreements - Tatting appeared in the East, and only then got to Europe. In the East, a lace called "Macuco" (shuttle), Italy - "OKKO" (eye) in England - "teting" (tatting), a literal translation from the German "shiffhen Spitze" also meant "weaving hook ', and in France, this type of lace called "tatting" (light-headed).
In our language, the art of weaving bobbin lace stuck it under this name. Relaxed and relaxed technique did not view folk art, such as bobbin lace, but has been a popular and widespread women's needlework. The peak of his popularity came in the eighteenth century, when a simple coarse threads first manufactured openwork trim for curtains and outerwear, and then handbags, hats, umbrellas, gloves and other items of clothing fashionable society ladies.
Very common was this kind of needlework, and in pre-revolutionary Russia. But after October seventeenth, the shuttle lace (and much more), it was announced last vestige of bourgeois pastime and was considered unworthy of the "liberation" of women. It was only after half a century revival tatting first in the Soviet Baltic countries (after all, they are closer to Europe!), And then in other parts of the Soviet Union.
Equipment shuttle lace
The basis of this technique is lace knot tied by a special shuttle. Finished products that are made in the technique of tatting - is a system of tightly tied knots. The technique is quite simple to use and is available as an experienced craftswomen and novice needle women.
To start training need only two chelnochka, and only then you can use a variety of shuttles for yarns of different thicknesses and textures. Sami shuttles for tatting may have different sizes and different designs. They are made of wood, plastic, bone, metal and plexiglass. Shuttles can be purchased in stores for needlework, or even make your own, for example, from scraps of plastic bottles, bobbins of sewing machine.
In addition to the shuttles for making French lace need the following tools:
crochet hooks, which the individual elements are interconnected;
needle to dissolve the "defective" nodules;
scissors to cut the thread;
Hardware in the form of beads, beads, rhinestones, sequins, and clasps for jewelry;
for yourself yarns from which the tat.
For the French lace suit various threads: cotton, linen, silk, synthetic. Top-quality yarns for this lace - is it a good torsion strength and high degree of slip. To make lacy napkins and items of clothing using cotton and linen thread, and for decoration - synthetic. For example, when the weave tatting with beads or beads, then take the nylon thread.
All the variety of patterns and elements of the shuttle lace is based only on one master node, which is called "host tatting" and consists of two symmetrical parts. This assembly may be direct or reversed. It is because of the direct and inverse node performs the basic elements of the shuttle lace: the ring arc, pico. Wherein the ring may also be a semicircle, a combined ring, in the ring. In this technique, use the most simple connection of individual elements: the direct coupling and a reverse coupling.
Features nodular lace
His skillful hands with a minimal set of tools masters tatting work wonders. Performed in this technique the product is so varied and elegant, that simply amazed. Also openwork napkins, collars, hats and gloves in the technique of nodular lace made jewelry and various motifs used in decorative panels and paintings. This is decorated with lace tablecloths and bedspreads, exclusive linens, wedding gowns and designer clothing. French lace combined with unexpected materials such as metal, leather and stone. On the art of lace-based shuttle and the new handmade technique "Ankars", where in addition to nodular lace beading techniques used and macrame.
Another nice thing about the possibilities of nodular lace is that tatting can weave not only via the shuttle. A great alternative to the shuttle tatting lace can be a hook, or on the fingers. To master all these techniques for making nodular lace is possible not only in special courses, but also independently. Master classes using the shuttle lace, see video tutorials or purchase special allowances. Find the diagrams and descriptions of work and forward - to conquer a forgotten and such exquisite handicrafts. It is well known that all new - it is well forgotten old. A tatting (almost forgotten art of weaving the French lace), revived in modern times, has once again confirmed this truism.