In recent years, it is gaining popularity "fashionable" hobby - soap-making at home. More and more people share their experiences of the soap at home, on the internet there are entire websites dedicated to this art: master classes on "how to make soap at home", available on-line soap making lessons, pro devote beginners in the secrets of soap making.
It is for those who want to find out how to make soap with their hands, we have prepared this material. We will tell you what materials are used for soap making, soap making some basic rules you need to remember how to pack it in an original and much - much more.
Soap - spanning not only a hobby, but also a very useful exercise. If you understand the basic principles of how to make soap at home, have mastered the technique of soap making, you will be gone for ever a problem with the choice for original, useful and beautiful gifts. Search cleanser that suits your skin to remain in the past. Because now you can create a fragrant slice, using the components for soap making, which will be right for you. You will be able to realize their creative abilities.
Accessories for soapmaking
Hand Soap - a space for creativity, exclusive skill which can be of practical use to turn into a business. But as any serious business with any serious hobby, soap-making at home requires a certain financial outlay. Buying ingredients for soap making - an expensive pleasure. It is difficult to manage the contents of your medicine cabinet and kitchen cabinets, soap-making with their hands requires specific expenditure.
In addition, the soap making process is so fascinating, that takes a lot of time. Be prepared for this.
So, what accessories you need to stock up on soap making?
Baby soap (do not have a strong odor and is not expensive).
Base oils for soap making (almond, olive, buckthorn, cedar ... Any oil without pungent smell).
Essential oils - for soap making you will select the most pleasant aroma to you: lemon, lavender, tea tree and others.
Dyes - for soap making, you can use regular food coloring that you can find in any store.
Cookware for steam bath (remember that the dishes in which you cooked the soap can not be used for food).
Molds for soap making (preferably glass).
As the forms for soap making molds recommend the use of silicone, rubber or plastic, for example, small baking dish or sand molds for children. It is better not to use glass forms for soap making, as one will be quite difficult to get the finished product. Also, we do not recommend the use of the form of metal, especially aluminum. In the process of soap making soap base its components may react with the metal and cause corrosion. And the color of the finished soap might not be what you expected.
Ingredients for soap making
So, let's talk ingredients for soap making. The list for each master his own, so in detail the key. So what do you need for soap making?
The factory baby soap for at least added flavorings and colorings, so for the development of technologies baby soap soap making is a good basis.
Ready for soap making foundation gives room for creativity. It has no odor, it dries quickly, perfectly mylitsya and does not dry the skin. Soap of soap base - the process easier and more enjoyable than the soap-making of children's soap.
Base Oil for soap making, or the base oil. Added during the melting soap mass. Depending on what kind of property you want to give soap, various embodiments of the base oil, often used in soap olive oil or almond oil from the seed.
Essential oils add a product of your favorite fragrance. In addition, they have the ability to influence the psyche and well-being. Depending on the goals you choose oil for soap making.
As dyes for soap making, you can use juices, herbal teas and ordinary food coloring. Sometimes, the dye acts as an oil-base.
Additives. In manual soap making in the course are any products. As products used for soap making milk, chocolate, herbal teas, oatmeal and ground coffee (excellent scrub components), coffee beans, rose petals, seeds, glitter indispensable for decorating the finished bars of soap, etc.
The process of soap making in the home need to take account several important nuances - it will help you not to bite the bullet.
Remember that essential oils have a very high concentration and if you put them too much, you can be faced with unpleasant consequences: from allergies to chemical burns. Once completed the process of soap making, test it on a small area of skin, wait half an hour, and if not followed a negative reaction, feel free to use your product to its destination. By following this rule, you will be sure that the soap that you have created with your own hands, will not harm your health ..
Dishes, in which the soap is cooked at home, can not be used for food storage and preparation. In order to make soap with his hands, it is necessary to allocate a separate bowl - only for the process of soap making.
It is important to remember that sometimes homemade soap-making can cause the development of allergic reactions, and for any component. Therefore, always keep in the medicine cabinet antiallergic agent. What exactly - it is better to consult your doctor.
Go to the point that excites our readers: soap-making at home. In order to make soap house, a so-called cold method of soap making. In general, the classical technique of soap making as follows:
Melt the butter and add the solid, liquid oil.
Pouring a prepared solution of alkali. Remember that oil and lye (caustic soda) must be the same temperature. Adding caustic soda into the water and not vice versa.
Monitor the temperature. It should be no higher than 70-80 ° C.
Stir with a wooden spoon or a sliver until "soap track."
Add a few drops of essential oils.
If you wish to add a chemical or natural dyes.
We spread into a form close, wrap up, leave for a day.
Divide by "a la carte" pieces.
Then, within two months of giving pieces to ripen in a ventilated area. Do not use soap before this term: Immature soap is not very good for the skin, eventually it will become softer and softer, reduce its acidity and consumed seasoned soap will be more economical.
More than a simple cold process soap making with a soap-making of children's soap. As the soap making art for beginners, we recommend this sposob.Tehnologiya also quite simple.
Rub soap on the smallest grater. Pre can hold soap in a hot radiator or in the sun, to the dust by rubbing the soap does not cause irritation!
Take two or three tablespoons of base oil for soap making, and one teaspoon of glycerin. The mixture should be put on a steam bath.
Heat the oil. For soap making need to fill rubbed baby soap in small portions. To melt the soap will, from time to time add hot water.
When the soap consistency becomes like batter, add a few drops of essential oil.
If you want to get soap scrub, then at this stage, add the filler (such as ground coffee or gruel of frayed fruit).
Pour into molds for soap making.
When priostynet, clean container with soap and water in the fridge.
Remove the soap from the molds.
Dries within one or two days.
Soap is ready to use!
We told you about the highlights of soap making their own hands. These basics you need to know to master soap-making - in the future you can come up with recipes for yourself, depending on your taste and needs. But we still venture to offer to your attention some of the most popular recipes.
This recipe for soap can be very useful to those people who have enough problem skin complexion. To make it, you need the following ingredients:
freshly ground black coffee
water (150-200 ml)
soap base (for the preparation of which would require two pieces of baby soap and warm water)
The base oil (almond, sea buckthorn, olive one tablespoon of each)
Essential oils (bergamot, ylang-ylang, rosemary, patchouli - depending on the skin condition and effect desired) three or four drops of oil
Molds for soap
Soap "Pink dream"
In that case, if the facial skin is very dry and sensitive, we offer you the following recipe. We will need:
100 grams of white soap base
one tablespoon pink clay
one teaspoon of essential oil of apricot
five drops of vanilla oil, molds in the form of a flower
Soap scrub "seabed"
This recipe is almost universal, but the most useful is the soap to those who suffer from boils. In addition, a prescription handy, and those people who have abundant acne
We will need:
100 grams of a transparent soap base
two drops of blue food coloring
half a teaspoon of olive oil and grape
one teaspoon chopped seaweed.
Soap "Strawberries and cream"
People with dry sensitive skin should add to your kopilochku this recipe. We will need:
100 grams of opaque bases
half a teaspoon of olive oil and seed oil Strawberry
red or pink dye
two tablespoons of cream
flavoring "Strawberry" and "cream".
Of course, all of these recipes, you can modify according to their preferences, because the soap-making at home and attractive, you can give vent to their imagination and creativity start. Yes, yes, homemade soap-making - this is the real creativity, because you do not just create soap - is in your hands is born, though small, but a miracle! And as you know, the miracle can not stuff in strict recipes.
Mistakes beginner soap-boiler
Since we decided to develop a theme of "homemade soap-making" full, it is worth mentioning about soap making basic mistakes, which you may encounter. There are errors that are associated with the aesthetic side of the issue - bad soap thickens, breaks down, falls apart when cutting. Such problems are easily avoided if used for soap making materials from the normal shelf life, and strictly adhere to the proportions.
Soap does not thickens
Make sure you have the correct amount thrashed NaOH. If the correct amount of alkali, it is possible that a high percentage in the soap "soft" oils (sunflower, safflower). In this case the help long (15-20 minutes) the mass mixing mixer.
If the unit is cut into pieces of soap breaks, crumbles and even burn your fingers, then it is likely that you have added too much caustic soda. This effect happens when a large amount of fat soap solidified at room temperature. This defect does not affect the quality of the soap, and is an external fault. By breaking soap can cause and use of certain essential oils. The next time you try any recipe.
It turns a mild soap when cutting to fall apart
Most likely, your soap failed to pass the gel phase. To solve this problem, it is necessary to leave the soap on the ripening of an additional two weeks, or cut the soap into pieces of guitar strings.
Soap box of fine white coating, which is also called "soda ash"? This is a visual defect, the quality of the soap is not affected. To avoid such an effect is possible, covering raw soap plastic bag immediately after being placed in the mold. Plaque can be washed off or cut with a knife. Attention! Do not confuse this defect with the crystallized alkali.
However, there are soap making mistakes that can affect health. Carefully remember a simple rule - it will avoid problems. Sometimes soap can see white specks. Caution These spots can be crystals of alkali! Often, the crystals of sodium hydroxide dissolved in the liquid completely. Test a few crystals of the test strip. Alkali? The worst of the possible defects, as in this case the soap would have to be discarded. Cause of defect - during the preparation of crystals of alkali in the alkaline solution are not sufficient.
Well, you can assume you have received an initial lesson soap. You own the information about what supplies to purchase soap making, soap making recipes learned some confidence and can experiment and fantasize. Choose whichever recipe and go for it! Unusual hobbies will allow you to attract more attention. It is now possible for you to say, "Oh, yes it is, she has mastered the science of soap making with their hands! "