Probably everyone who has ever watched a great movie "Snow Queen" based on the book, can remember the beautiful roses that bloomed on the window Gerda and Kai. What mistress would not want to grow these flowers on my windowsill? Fortunately, with the initial stage now everything is much easier - with the current diversity of the flower market to find the desired very easily.
But the rose bush is purchased, it is perfect and pleasing to the eye, but after a while, the question arises: how to care for roses, not to lose this beauty? With proper handling of these flowers they will not lose their exquisite decoration, and if desired, they can be easily duplicated.
Tips beginner gardeners
First, the desire of the person who had just bought a beautiful rose bush in a nondescript plastic pot or container, transplant flowers into something more decent - understandable, but misguided. They are not in any case be immediately transplanted. Place the pot on a dull window facing south or south-east, and leave it for two or three weeks. If the new occupant of the home garden does not show signs of disease and decay, it can be transplanted.
Transplanting a rose, remember that you should not take for these purposes too large pot. It should not be much larger than the former - plus five centimeters in height and the same amount increased diameter will be more than enough. Do not forget about the drainage, without all of your follow-up efforts will go down the drain. Drainage is placed on the bottom layer of a thickness of not less than one centimeter; If no pot drainer, the layer must be increased to three centimeters. Above the drainage poured specially prepared ground. It is best to use a special blend for the roses - unfortunately, in an urban environment is difficult to independently prepare a suitable ground.
Before transplanting flowers in the new pot should be the last process. If it is a ceramic, and it never did did not grow, soak it in warm water for a couple of hours. If it has already been used for the cultivation of flowers, enough to handle it without soap with a stiff brush.
Remember, roses are very, very sensitive to any damage to the roots, so to transfer them from the pot into the pot must be by transshipment, not scattered earthen room, minimizing the possibility of inadvertently damage the roots. Usually the top of the lump is removed a small amount of soil, gently loosen it. It is believed that the best way to carry out a transplant on the growing moon.
We must remember that roses love the south and southeast, fresh air, regular watering, fertilizing once a week during flowering, increase the pot grows, regular spraying, and they do not like warm winter, pests, cold watering overheating. At first glance it seems that the rules too much, but actually caring for roses is not so complicated.
At the end of the month after the transplant the flower should start to feed. We must understand that just transplanted or diseased plants can not be subjected to this procedure, moreover, is not worth it to spend a rainy, cold weather. Typically, such care is watering special liquid fertilizer solution mullein or evenings after watering.
Terms seasonal care rose
How should be taking care of a rose, depending on the season?
With the onset of heat it makes sense to make a flower on the balcony, roses love the fresh air and begin to more actively to bloom and grow. When the first buds are best cut, allowing the plant to grow strong, then later to bloom it will be more luxurious and long. Flowers, who began to fade, should be removed immediately with a sharp knife or shears, to the next of the flower buds. In general, the rose must be regularly cut to remove the dried branches, withered leaves and other debris that may be an indicator of the onset of illness.
Also do not forget to spray the leaves of the plant, and make sure that it does not overheat. Summer rose needs a very careful care, because it does not like extreme heat and lack of watering. While there is strong growth in plants need fertilizing. If the growth is so fast that the Rose-tree in a pot close, passes it into a larger, but only at the stage of the growing moon.
As soon as the night temperature drops to fifteen degrees, make a rose in the room and put on a south window, it is best to put it between the frames or to insulate a window on which it stands. If this is not possible, carefully make sure that next to the flower did not have any heating elements. It is easy to tolerate cold and even not strong cold, but overheating is fatal to the rose bush.
In order to prepare for winter rose, teach her a more economical irrigation, leaving dry land for a couple of days, and stop to feed. Note: if suddenly you have used nitrogen fertilizer, the end of summer they should be changed to any more. Nitrogen is good for winter rose is not needed. At the same time usually rose cut so that each branch remain five kidney. Such care will allow the plant to take up the next year bloom with renewed vigor.
The cut branches are often used for breeding. To do this, cut the stalks are about fifteen centimeters long (each should be three or four living kidney and a few leaves) and put in water at room temperature in the rooting. Note that the water in which cuttings are, in any case can not be changed, even if it turns green, you need to add new as necessary. In addition, take care of the cuttings do not need. The roots appear, usually a few weeks, but the sprouts to transplant into the ground is after the root system is at least a little forks. They should be planted in small pots, preferably in the growing phase of the moon.
At this time, the rose is not growing, but following the example of older brothers and drops leaves. It must be watered infrequently, leaving the ground dry for two or three days, and spray. If your apartment is very dry, put a pot with a plant on a dish with a wet gravel or pebbles and stones regularly moisten. Rose needs that you made such extra care as it does not tolerate too much dry air. In February, the flower has a meaning rearranged in a warm room, may be planted in the new land.
Rose begins to come to life and grows new branches and leaves, so it should be more often and abundantly watered, leaving dry land no more than a day. At this time, it's time again to start feeding. This can be a complete fertilizer solution mullein or bird droppings. Fertilizing must be done immediately after watering. That she blossomed magnificently, after the formation of the first buds of the rose is necessary to feed once a week. Make sure that at this stage of flower and enough light and moisture.
It may make sense to rearrange the pot on the brightest window. Once the weather turns warm stable, it was time to make a rose on the balcony. Do not expose the flower on the bright lights immediately, it is necessary first to teach the world. If your balcony area with no shade, use within two weeks of a sheet of paper with a slotted staggered holes to cover the plant from the sun.
The most common disease in the case of a rose powdery mildew - a disease that has a fungal in nature. The reason for it, as a rule, are poor sanitation and pests such as aphids, Jose scale, mealybug. Once these insects on the leaves of the rose is sweet secret which is an ideal basis for the development of the fungus. Powdery mildew appears as a whitish coating on leaves and flowers, with the development of the disease plaque will change color to a darker and creeps on the stems. Downy mildew is characterized in that the coating is distributed under the leaves and appears on the surface darker spots.
The first step is to cut off the affected leaves and flowers, disinfecting pruning shears or a knife after every action, you can then try to use one of the most common ways of dealing with the disease. If mildew is strong enough captured the plant - alas, better get rid of it until it has infected neighboring flowers.
To combat this disease, you can use a group of antifungal drugs called fungicides. In this case, you simply follow the instructions included with the product. If for some reason you do not want to use a ready-made chemicals, try a mixture of soap, and copper sulfate. To do this, take one liter of water, twenty-five grams of soap and two to three grams of copper sulfate. Each ingredient is diluted in water separately, then both the solution should be mixed. Spray diseased plants at intervals of three to seven days to recover. This method can also be applied if ill rose gray mold.
Gray mold - also fungal disease. There is moisture. It affects flowers and green shoots, enveloping them with gray fuzz. You can deal with it with the help of the above means, plus it is possible to prophylactically treat healthy plants. Unfortunately, it rose very susceptible to this disease, so check the condition of the plants carefully.
Spider mite. Alas, this insect is very fond of roses. Entangling web of the finest plant (twigs, flowers and even buds), it is able to kill him in a few days. To deal with the mite can be using hot water (about fifty degrees), soapy water, rinsing it leaves roses. The proportions of the solution following -litr water, 20 grams of liquid green soap. So you need to take care of the plant for several weeks. Instead, you can use the infusion of garlic or onions, which must be regularly spray the plant is a pest will not disappear. Instead of home remedies you can buy professional.
Decorative Rose pleases the eye, followed by the presence of a minimum of experience is easy to care for, and its fragrance and fragile beauty create a special atmosphere. Whether it is an occasion to reflect on how to make at this flower?