Orchid Room - this is one of the favorite by many potted flower, which is characterized by the variety of colors, a long flowering and unpretentious in the care and maintenance. This plant is impressive with its striking appearance - they want to constantly admire. Maybe that's why all those who once bought an orchid ever become fans of this plant.
Today, breeders continue to develop new varieties of orchids with a distinct color and unique shape is different and care of specific plant species. The color palette is extensive orchid. It can be snow-white coloring, blending smoothly into the pale yellow or orange, which gradually turns pink, passing through the range of terracotta. Flower affects not only unique colors, and amazing pictures: openwork and filigree stripes on the petals, thin veins, flowers in Krapina or dark colors look unique and mysterious.
Potted orchids are called Phalenopsis or orchids, butterflies. Its flowers resemble moths that live in the tropics. So, to decorate a small room may be suitable miniature varieties of plants that the duration of its flowering will not yield to the larger species. And the care of this orchid is quite simple, as we continue to talk more.
Terms of primary care
Despite the fact that the orchid - tropical flower, it is easy to maintain and care for it does not imply the purchase of ultra-expensive products. The plant is not very whimsicality. The most suitable temperature for the room Phalaenopsis - 20 degrees. The only thing is to make a special emphasis - is a quality soil and sufficient lighting. Orchid flowers should receive maximum light, but direct light on them at the same time should not fall - it is very important to care for the plant properly.
Watering is best done once a week, using water at room temperature. Many submerged pot of orchid in a special container filled with liquid. It should be noted that the roots of Phalaenopsis hypersensitive because they zagnaivanie happens very quickly. Accordingly, avoid waterlogged soil.
Proper care implies a good fertilizer. For the best fit orchid root feeding, as well as drugs that you need to moisten the soil. Add these fertilizers into the water to moisten the substrate, and is used in every third watering. To feed the best fit complex fertilizers, which are specially designed for epiphytes and Phalaenopsis. If the room where the flower, the air is dry, then spray the plant every morning from a spray - such care will ensure good hydration.
There comes a point when the plant fades. It is then necessary to carry out pruning. But remember that the cut flower stalks entirely under the root, in any case impossible. Suffice it to just shorten them above every other dormant buds, which is a small seal on the stem of the plant. Usually because of a kidney and a new flower appears. How long is the period before the opening of new buds and bloom? About three months. If you suddenly notice that the flower stalk dries up and becomes brown, carefully remove it. There is important additional care.
What should be the ground for the orchid room? It should be primarily hygroscopic and breathable. Typically, the mixture is ground for Phalaenopsis consists of pieces of bark, combined with charcoal and expanded clay, moss and earth mixed with sphagnum. It is worth noting that the moss, laid on the ground, not only looks very impressive, but also prevents the drying plant.
Now about fertilizers, which is not possible without good care of orchid. In this case, you must purchase a balanced fertilization, which is dominated by nitrogen. This will allow the plant to grow better and brighter bloom. Be sure to use all the dressing and fertilizer according to the instructions, or can only harm the plant. As soon as there is a period of rest plants, the fertilizer is better to reduce.
At the beginning we said that orchids like a very long and spectacular bloom. Flowers plants pretty tight and solid, pleasing because of their appearance, they can nearly a month, and sometimes two. Flower stalks themselves live longer. When flowering Phalaenopsis can happen? In completely different seasons. If you properly care for your plants, flower stalks branch out, develop, and the same spike can flower several times. If the orchid is grown, strengthened, it can and does produce in one year about three stems.
But do not believe that Phalaenopsis does not need special conditions for their development and flowering - Care should be thoughtful. If large-orchid, the flower stalks appear seasonally, but they bloom can be adjusted by changing the ambient temperature. So that kidney began to grow, try to ensure that the daily temperature for three weeks has not been above 18 degrees and the night - 12. Everything is explained tropical origin Phalaenopsis - this is a monsoon climate. Under the conditions of our climate phalaenopsis with large flowers and varieties of the flower stalks begin to form in the fall, and the process continues until the summer.
The greater the age of the plant, the denser it becomes and the more the flower stems formed. Each new stems longer, respectively, it appears even more flowers. Please note that during the summer orchids need to look a little different. At night the temperature regime should not be below 18 degrees, and a day - 26 and above. If Phalaenopsis grow in such conditions, the development of the stems will be a successful year.
It should be said about the so-called orchid accruing spike. The situation is the same - the older the plant, the more flowers will grow. So, if you do not make the cut stems in these orchids, after flowering, they will again grow and bloom again. Often, they formed the air "kids" for whom also need care. But more on that below.
At room conditions orchid perform multiplication vegetatively. This occurs in the following ways:
Air children, formed on the stalks. Wait until the process starts to release its roots, and after that you can start otsazhivanie the ground.
Sockets. Then, when the orchid is formed by several outlets with the roots, the plant can begin seating. Each outlet is located in a separate pot, which is primarily a temporary pour the soil. Once the plant has grown and strengthened, it is transplanted into a suitable substrate.
The division of the stem. In this case, the top part of the plant is cut and produce pereukorenenie. Sharing the plants are planted in special soil, and then covered with a transparent container. This provides good care and a special microclimate. "Stump", which was for a time also begin to develop shoots and actively bushes. Typically, this method is used to rejuvenate the plant.
The simplest method - division in a pot. Cut away the roots and the plant reserve capacity in about 5 weeks. During this time fresh cuts heal space, and then begin the formation of new shoots.
The last method - the most gentle and suitable for orchid room.
Formation of children from orchids
It has already been mentioned that for Phalaenopsis temperature is of great importance. It affects not only the flowers, but also to the formation of air children. If you continually improve as humidity and temperature, it does not contribute to the development of flowers, plants and subsidiaries. This is a characteristic of all orchids, however, it is most pronounced in some species, particularly in Shilleriana.
If you do not spend otsazhivanie children in plants of this type, then soon they will grow bright specimens differing stages branches dotted with flowers. Of course, there need special care: periodic watering, spraying themselves branches and flower petals on them. All of this will ensure a long period of living orchids.
Orchid: varieties, hybrids
Species of Phalaenopsis there are so many. Initially, it should be said about the kind of "mix", which many growers believe a special hybrid of the same name by trade marking that appears in the online stores. In reality, the plants on the package indicated that "mix" does not imply the possibility of selection of any class or color. Of course, all the sellers you will promise to take into account your needs and desires, but it in fact does not mean that the order you receive exactly what was in the picture. Because you know that the orchid "mix" - it is not a hybrid, and much less variety, it is a simple trade mark.
Generally, all kinds of Phalaenopsis are divided into two main types: hybrid and species. If we look at the collection room, here you'll find most types of medium size: Phalaenopsis Pleasant and Phalaenopsis Schiller and Stewart. From mini-categories is to provide a pink orchid. But phalaenopsis giant - a large species of orchids home. Hybrid varieties breeders receive in the course of intergeneric and interspecific selection, during which allocated the standard hybrids.
Previously, very much appreciated orchid having thick peduncles, and large white or pink flowers. In order to create such a hybrid, using pure natural species, whose flowers are quite large. Perhaps that is why there was such a stereotype that Phalaenopsis flowers are white, pink or pale purple, and its petals are rounded. A little later were withdrawn some species, the flowers of which more and reach about fifteen centimeters in diameter. Of course, they are even more impressive, and the imagination, but they are not inherent in the amazing elegance and tenderness of traditional orchids. And the care of such a flower is even more difficult.
Further, the hybridization were gradually involved species having a bright color and diversity. It is through such hybrid phalaenopsis and have got variety of colors, ranging from raspberry red, bright, down to the neutral shades of peach and golden colors.
It is said that among the cultivation of orchids has its trendsetters. So, today Taiwan is a country where Phalaenopsis is grown in the grand commercial scale. Taiwanese different types of terrain, patchy or simply monochrome petals - they have made a kind of revolution in the world of orchids. There is in Taiwan and the special types of hybrids, for example, Novelty, phalaenopsis, which themselves are clones selected by special features of hybrids.
Today, the most popular types of orchids are the following:
In general, this kind has about a hundred species. Growing up, as a rule, in the west of Ecuador, as well as in Colombia, Honduras, Costa Rica, Peru and Mexico at altitudes of about 2000 meters. This plant has received the name because its flowers shaped like a dragon's mouth - looks very impressive!
This type consists of about a thousand species that grow in the tropics. The genus is characterized by a bulb, which carry a pair of upper leaves, the shape of which can be completely different, but at the same time, soft leaves. Care bulbofillumom suggests good room lighting, feeding several times a month and the air humidity.
No less popular type of orchid, a huge diversity of its species - about 2000! It grows in South and East Asia as well as in Australia and on islands in the Indian and Pacific Ocean. This species is one of the most extensive. Dendrobium flowers have a bright purple color and broad leaves. How to take care of dendrobium? Provide plant abundant watering during the growth and get a good substrate. Do not forget to use the fertilizer complex, which is impossible without the proper care of this plant.
You can also indulge in orchid Vanda, having delicate violet color and beautiful flowers are incredibly special, a circular shape, or diafanantoy. You can not select a particular view of this magnificent plant - each beautiful in its own way.
It is thanks to the interest and enthusiasm of the breeders number of species of orchid growing rapidly, and in the near future and they will do an incredible amount. Among the variety you can choose as a medium, and a mini-orchids, as well as specimens with large flowers. It is truly a living miracle!
Proper care of the plant, good food and caring - a guarantee that you will enjoy the orchid more than one year!