Flowers in the garden is never too much! Until recently it seemed that create a charming flower bed, mixborders, flower garden or gravel hill, better and come up with anything. But time passes, you have come fresh ideas, there are interesting varieties, and your flower garden not think you have the same ideal as before. You have a desire to add something to it, to reconstruct, to correct any mistakes and strokes. Spring - it's time to think and plan well for the next season of the necessary changes. Creating flower beds in the area - it is long and complex.
Design: start with the rules
It is necessary to take into account many factors in order to make it harmonious. This is not always obtained immediately. One of the basic rules when creating a flower arrangement is a selection of plants in height. The ridges or mixborders low species should be planted closer to the lawn, or track, and in the flower beds along the edge. Sredneroslye located in the middle, the highest rank in the background, and in beds - in the center.
The flowerbed most plants are planted, following a geometric pattern. At the same mixborders to flower looked natural, plants need to assemble the desired height is not "on line", and moving some of them a little bit. Either shift toward lower or higher whole groups of plants.
There are other important factors in the formation of the flower bed, for example, the color of leaves or flowers. It has meaning only your taste, desire or mood. But in addition, there are certain laws of harmony that dictate which colors are combined with each other and which are not. You can create a song in one color - it will be interesting to watch: white, pink, blue, flower beds and even an entire garden. Superbly will look like composition in which used different shades of the same color, two-color or three polychrome, colorful.
Equally important is the flowering of various plants, and its duration. For flowerbeds, borders, rabatok necessary to select any long blooming or Decorative leef plants or, as they are called florists, consistently fine. In mixborders rights of others: here the plants are chosen so that they, one after another, bloom at different times, and that from early spring to late autumn in the composition were constantly flowering plants. Such a harmonious flower to create not so easy. Therefore, achieving the desired result, the plant has to be changed more than once.
Annuals: add brightness
Add color, brightness, and every year to change the look of your flower garden, you can use annual plants, or annuals. Most often they are used for decoration of flower beds, curbs, flower beds and carpets rabatok. The rockeries and mixborders for them to leave a special "pockets" or use seats that are released after digging flower bulbs and some biennials.
Annuals are presented in a very wide range - from miniature lobelia and lobulyarii to such "large-sized" as kohii, castor, Cleomenes and perilla. There are so many kinds that you can pick them up for any style and type of flower beds, whether it mixborders in natural, natural style or ground bed. And the endless variety of plants color, external structure, the shape of flowers and inflorescences and the leaves will give you the opportunity every year to change the look of your flower garden, adding a new paint.
Annuals planted in a flower garden in the summer or spring, but the place for them is possible and necessary to prepare since autumn. In October, clean flower beds of decorative lost or dead annuals. In the soil, add compost or humus, a little potash and phosphate fertilizers, and if the soil is acidic, the lime and dolomite flour. Earth need to dig up the entire bayonet spade, turning down the fertilizer. Break and cultivate lumps do not - the land in the winter must leave the lumpy bumpy surface.
In the spring when the soil dries and warms up enough, it is necessary to dig up again, making complex and nitrogen fertilizer. Now it is necessary to cultivate the land, and when it's needed the time favorable for planting of a plant start to be planted annuals.
Curbs: five reasons to create them
Around the borders of flower beds needed. There are several reasons:
- It prevents the penetration of border in the flower garden of grass and weeds from the lawn to the site;
- thanks to the curb with flower beds will not "run away" decorative fast-growing plants that grow into the bush or in the lawn;
- when loosening the earth and watering the flower bed edging prevents soil on the track;
- using the border can effectively change the shape of the terrain and the flower garden;
- And most importantly: neatly edged edging flower beds look much more attractive and neat.
So, if you were not around flower beds, borders, it is not too late to fix it. And autumn or spring - the best time for it. When you create a border, you can use a variety of materials - paving tiles, bricks, asbestos strip. But garden centers sell special plastic strip, which for these purposes it is most convenient. They can be of different sizes, thickness, colors, smooth or corrugated, in general, any taste and necessity.
These bands have to dig in along the perimeter vertical landings. The top edge should be a little bit, a couple of centimeters above the surface of the soil. With the help of these strips can be divided and flower bed itself into sectors, which are thrown in different plant species. In addition, the borders will help to effectively change and relief of a flower bed, lifting the various sectors relative to the other.
You can also create a natural border. For this purpose, there are special types of plants. Most suitable for this stable ornamental plants, low- and medium growth to grow slightly. Border plant should be planted because of their lighting requirements. Are suitable for these purposes, both annual and perennial crops. It looks good curb, which is composed of a compact low-growing species. A well-chosen border flower garden is able to give a finished look. Flower frame will decorate even far from ideal composition.
Limit the spread of invasive plants
When you create a flower garden you need to know how much time can exist together different types of plants. Aggressive, fast growing annuals for mixborders not recommended: they sacrificed other cultures, often not for the better by changing the flower garden.
There are plants that are sprawling in all directions long roots, so just cut the shoots did not have enough. Very quickly they grow back again. "Fled" shoots dig also not so easy. Often they grow into other plants, and divide them is very difficult.
And so when planting in the flower garden of cypress spurge, loosestrife point, milfoil, reed canary grass, Anemone sylvestris, miscanthus saharotsvetkovogo, Manica large and similar plants, it is necessary to restrict the area of growth. This can be done, dug into the ground around the perimeter of a metal or plastic strip to a depth of not less than thirty centimeters. Even easier to put the plant in a big container with large holes in it or no bottom, dug in his flower garden in the correct location so above the soil surface protrudes slightly upper edge.
Bulbs: Change of Scenery
Creating a bulbous flower garden begins in mid-August and planting melkolukovichnye bulbous plants from now until mid-October. Such of them as daffodils, muscari, grouse, Proleski can grow without transplanting and digging many years. Within four or five years have not dug and varieties of tulips groups Greig, botanical and Kaufman. Such species are planted in rows or groups among the perennials.
Varieties of tulips, which require annual digging, can be planted in special cassettes, which are large in the bottom of the hole. This simplifies the process of digging up the plants. Such dug up the tape with onion yellowing foliage dropwise in the garden, get quality bulbs can bloom the following year.
Different sides of the flower bed
When you create a flower garden you need to focus on plants that are decorative throughout the season: flowering from summer to autumn annuals, grasses and conifers, giving the flower garden structure. You can add a small architectural forms - vases or statues, which will create the character of the composition or a certain mood. This flower can be a link, which will bring together the different parts of the garden.
Consider some of the techniques of floral design to create flower beds of various compositions.
In such a composition is performed in a spectacular flower garden white. In the spring you will appreciate the "foaming" blooming border of Ajuga reptans and saxifrage, and a little later, "arrives" blooming all summer Viola cornuta. This is a rare variety, so it can be replaced, depending on the desire to others. Later reveal its white blossoms Astilbe prostolistnaya. Then pick up a wave of blooming white petunia. After that, the white hats inflorescences will spread magnificent hydrangea.
Such a composition is constructed like this and says the name on the nuances of golden yellow tones. It from June until frost will please long-blooming perennial coreopsis. Bright yellow flowers tagetes echoed him. Add spectacular color barberry - strokes on or light spots on green leaves. It is good that endures adverse conditions. To obtain a composition bush should be cut, giving it a rounded shape. But the main focus of the composition, which is incredibly decorated it become Juniper average (Old Gold).
And you can liberally used to design the composition along with perennials annuals that gives wide scope to update the flower garden every year. This includes coleus, and hang-downing form of garden petunias and kochia. All these plants are unpretentious except that coleus hybrid solar space required for the brightness of its color, so this part of the flower bed under a take away open space.
Planning and replanning flower garden requires a careful approach. It is important to take into account a variety of factors, both aesthetic and botanical, correct mistakes made and not make new ones.
- Make a list of all the bugs that you would like to change in the flower garden, and analyze the reasons why he was not sufficiently decorative.
- Check the list of dead plants and indicate the possible causes of their deaths.
- Write a list of plants that you want to see in your flower garden, given the characteristics of the ecology of your site.
- Analyze how fit the new plant to the existing flower bed, based on the size, duration and type of flowering foliage.