Remember the cartoon about Mowgli and Tarzan? What there was the jungle, flexible braided vines, climbing the trunks of trees and a snake on the ground? This is the same properties - scrambling braid, climb up and crawl to the side - and have vines perennial garden. A sort of kind greetings from the jungle. Of course, ennobled and cultivated vines in our gardens is not much resemble the wild inhabitants of the rainforest, but still.
Still, they are similar in that they also need something to lean on something and build something to cling to. And it is this indispensable property of vines in the landscape design. With their help it is possible to make the garden is especially beautiful, decorating unpresentable walls and fences, as well as any vertical, overhead and near-Earth space. What then are the vines for the garden, and what to choose for your paradise? Let's face it.
Botanical especially vines
Liana - it's plants that have whip-like trunks and branches. They can not grow up on their own and need support (that's a "parasitic" way of existence!). Supports for vines are other plants (trees and shrubs), cliffs and rocks, the walls of houses, fences. A garden design for climbers use special miniature bearings: trellis, pergolas, arches.
In order to keep a support lianas use different (sometimes very tricky) devices. Some of them, especially not philosophising, simply wrap around support, others lay down on her long flexible branches. There are those who, such as wisteria, entwine support just the tip. Other vines cling to something special shoots, tendrils (grapes), others are used for these purposes, the roots-sucker (Campsis, ivy).
But regardless of the "method of attachment" all perennial vines can be divided into two main botanical species: woody and herbaceous. First grow like trees, each season renewing and keeping up growth has regrown stems and branches. Herbaceous vines for the winter retain only the root, and their aerial part dies every autumn. In the spring, these vines (as many flowers, perennials) produce new shoots from the root with decorative leaves and beautiful flowers. Incidentally, depending on what it is (flowers or leaves) the attractive or other plant vines can be divided further into two large groups.
Of course, almost all (or almost all) of the plants are blooming! Only some flowers large, bright, bright, and others - are small and inconspicuous. But the "other" as a rule, have a gorgeous foliage, and for which valued in garden design. Notable dekorativnolistvennye vines stands out parthenocissus.
Many gardeners do not particularly read this unpretentious vine, but in vain. First, the plant is extremely frost resistance. Second, the growing parthenocissus very, very quickly. Thirdly, it is absolutely painless transfers pruning, making it easy to monitor its growth and progress in the art of topiary. In addition, parthenocissus - densely leafy vine and allows you to create practically "impenetrable" wall of green and well protected from the sun. In the fall, this vine is so ornate and colorful, which successfully replace any fall color.
Ivy growing "slowly but surely". His curly greens is an excellent cover for the shady corners of the garden. It can be used to decorate the tree trunks, compress on the Alpine hills and in the rose garden. In addition, the Ivy is perfect for vertical landscaping walls, given that it preserves the green color in winter. And in addition, this does not destroy or brick or concrete, or wood
Conditionally dekorativnolistvennye vines (after all, they bloom!) Include hops, Actinidia, Chinese magnolia, honeysuckle-Perfoliate. Honeysuckle flowers short-lived, but it has unusual shaped leaves and bright (but inedible) fruit. Lemongrass and actinides, in contrast, is often grown as a horticultural crops. But hop, of course, beautiful and pyshen. But once set him in his garden, get rid of it you can hardly. Creeping hop roots entangle the entire area, releasing more and more new shoots in all corners of the garden.
So be careful when choosing such plants. They can be very aggressive, and like weeds, will bring you a lot of hassle or even intractable problems. Be sure to check for any surprises or "dirty tricks" are capable of vines that you are going to decorate your garden, using them as green walls or roofs.
Liana with beautiful flowers
Flowering vines in the garden - it's just a godsend for any landscape designer. They can be completely transform any garden, turning it into a work of art. Covered with flowers arches and pergolas and become so-called "twist" or perfectly complement the already established architecture of the garden. They can be used as a groundcover, and for decorating buildings, and make certain elements of the bright terrain.
"The most-most" of them - is climbing roses and clematis. They rightly top the list of flowering vines for the garden. No other plant (from a number of these) are not able to compete with them on the beauty and splendor of flowers bloom. Therefore, it is for them - a little bit more.
Climbing roses. Most types of blooms only once a season, usually at the end of May and June. But they bloom! The plant is just full of flowers - is umopomrachayusche beautiful! And flowers on pletistyh roses can be white, and red, and yellow, and all shades of pink. Let the short term, but your garden (or part thereof) is shrouded in a chic pink foam. The effect is simply stunning! No one can pass by without stopping and admire your climbing rose.
But if such short-term and abundant flowering you feel inadequate, select the type of climbing rose that can bloom all summer. Yes, there are. For example, Rose New Dawn. This vigorous (up to three meters in height) plant with pale pink, almost white colors, which emit a pleasant aroma with hints of apple. The foliage in her dark green, thick and fine, with a glossy sheen. It blooms continuously, and live long. The British parks have roses in this class, which is already more than a hundred years!
Clematis - another prince of your garden. It is believed that the plant is a capricious and whimsical. This is partly true, but, tell me, who is not capricious aristocrats? Given the extraordinary beauty of clematis, some of his whim quite forgivable. The varieties of vines a great multitude, and they are divided into groups: Zhakmana, Lanuginoza Florida Vititsella. On each of these groups, you can talk a lot and forever. Therefore we note only that this classification allows grouping clematis color and shape, and flowers, as well as farming.
Other Flowering perennial vines yield and roses and clematis, but they are no less decorative, and therefore no less popular with gardeners. Campsis - woody vine with openwork foliage and red or orange-gramophones. Wisteria blooms chic pink or lilac brush, but is only suitable for the southern regions. Hydrangea winding will give you blooms in July and August. Its inflorescence in the form of umbrellas reach twenty centimeters in diameter.
In earlier periods (June, July) blooms kalistegiya - herbaceous climber up to four meters in height. It blooms profusely in small (but very attractive) terry white and pink flowers. Azarina - not very high vine, blooming in the second half of the summer until the first frost. Many species of Passiflora (room creeper known) well live in the open ground and are suitable for the garden. The flowers in her large and fragrant, like the representatives of alien flora.
Describe the diversity of perennial vines simply unrealistic. Among them are unpretentious specimens, there are those that will have to tinker. But you should be able to choose what is right for you, and it will be a real decoration of your garden. Because the vines in the garden - it's not only beautiful, but often also useful! So be sure to settle on his site a sort of "greetings from the jungle", and you will certainly be happy with the result.