Handbrake and its functions in cars with automatic transmission
Why does not like the automatic transmission
The global automotive market is equally well represented vehicles equipped with both mechanical (manual transmission) and automatic (automatic transmission) gearbox. And you can not say that one of these options has a transmissions some special advantages over others. It's just that each of them has certain advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, the final choice option of driving, undeniably belongs to you, as a future or actual owner of the vehicle. After all, despite all the advice and tips, you define the amount with which the ready to leave for the purchase of cars, know your driving style, and represent excellent conditions in which the machine will travel.
If you compile the views of experts and experienced drivers, the automatic transmission is more suitable for beginners who just have to get right, and for people who prefer a calm manner of driving in the modern metropolis. But lovers of thrills and drive with great experience of driving is better to opt for a car with a manual transmission.
We can say that the benefits of automatic transmission include:
ease of driving;
rapid learning beginners the basics of driving;
the ability to pay full attention to the road;
absence of accelerations of the vehicle engine.
And the major disadvantages include a large, compared to the manual, the value of the car, and the complexity of the service rather expensive repairs. Also, according to the drivers themselves, cars with automatic transmission do not recognize the extreme driving conditions.
Therefore, if you have not chosen your car, think about how it will operate and how many resources to spend on its maintenance. But how is the right to drive a car that has an automatic transmission (transmission) to less to repair, describe further.
Appearance and modes Automatic
Where a car with manual transmission, you are accustomed to seeing a lever with which the driver switches the speed in the car with an automatic transmission with a small lever with a button - the so-called selector modes. This does not mean that the concept of a gear change is not at all - no, just this feature is entirely owned by the electronic control system, ie your computer.
In the visible part of the block automatic transmission with Latin letters denote modes of its work, such as:
"P" represents a parking mode, it can be compared to the lengthy mechanics handbrake. It blocks the wheels of car and turned on when you start and kill the engine. No way while driving mode can not include "P" - it will damage the box.
«R» represents the reverse mode, the so-called reverse. It is also to be included only when the car is completely stopped.
«N» refers to the same treatment, in which the car responds to mechanical neutral. When towing your vehicle in that position should be the automatic transmission lever when the motor is independent of the free rotation of the wheels allows you to move the car itself.
«D» represents a driving mode (from the English word "drive"). Needless to say that this position of the lever allow the car to move forward, and the process will shift automatically depending on driving conditions. If the vehicle is standing downhill, this mode will not allow him to roll back (of course, if not a steep hill).
Apart from the basic provisions of arm automatic transmission, there is also additional. In particular, we will focus on winter mode. Depending on the brand of the car, it can be labeled in several different ways, for example: «*», «HOLD», «W», «SNOW». This special program for driving in winter conditions when the road surface is often slippery, designed to eliminate wheelspin when the car starts to drive off, and switching gears. In winter mode, your vehicle starts its movement once in second gear and their further switching is performed at lower engine speeds, thereby reducing the likelihood of both light and uncontrolled drifts. Using winter mode during the summer is not allowed, because it has a greater load on the automatic transmission, it overheats, and it increases wear.
When and how should include modes Automatic
Before you move the gear lever in a certain position, you should start the engine of a vehicle, squeeze the brake and push the lever located on the (side, front, or top). You need gear is engaged by one or two seconds after the mode has been selected. At the same time, if you notice, the engine sounds more muffled.
Remember that for the two pedal responds only right leg, the left is not involved in the process. Of course, in some cases, the mode will change and without having to squeeze the brake or press the button. This occurs when the vehicle is already traveling.
To the car began to move, release the brake pedal. If the gear box is set to "D", the machine will go forward if you selected the "R" - ago. "Neutral" allows cars just to stand still or roll downhill - do not forget about it and do not let brake unnecessarily. It turns out that regardless of whether you press the gas pedal or not, in the modes of movement and reversing the engine is still as it pushes the car.
Characteristics and quality of the drive, which has a box-automatic, depends on how you will put pressure on the gas pedal. Smooth clicking provide acceleration without jerks and leisurely gearshift. If you need to speed up, do not be afraid to add gas, pushing the pedal fully down. Thus, you give commands like automatic transmission - harder, faster, more powerful. Know that in this case, the engine will initially kick-down mode, simply put, the automatic transmission will switch to a lower gear, and only after that the car will accelerate. This second delay between pressing the gas and the actual set of turns at a leisurely ride is insignificant, but when overtaking, when the account are of a second, can lead to disastrous results. That's why fans of extreme driving often choose a vehicle with manual transmission.
Learning how to stop
There is nothing easier than to stop the implementation of a vehicle having an automatic transmission. To do this, simply press the brake. But this raises the question of whether to translate mode «D» in the other position the gear lever. So what should be done:
switch when stopping long (more than half a minute);
not switch if it is short-term, for example at traffic lights.
What gives? In the first case, the fuel economy because the engine does not have to push the car located on the brake. The lever can be set to "N", while still keep the brake pedal or turn on the "P", giving the foot rest. The second option will extend the life of mechanisms, not cheap box.
If you are moving slowly in traffic, it is constantly moving from the spot, then stopping, move the gear lever to position "N", it is with him and vice versa, in the mode of "D", the vehicle will move automatically, without any additional clicks.
Handbrake and its functions in cars with automatic transmission
According to the owners of cars with automatic transmission, manual (parking) brakes are virtually no use. While the rules of operation there is a clause that calls drivers still do not fully trust the parking mode and apply the handbrake. Is there a grain of truth, and is it really necessary to the frequent use of the parking brake, it is difficult to answer, because the owners of cars with automatic transmission is not a habit to check its position before you start driving. And if the handbrake was still involved and forgotten, the driver is often at a loss, without paying attention to the signal time dashboard.
But is still a separate note cases where the handbrake is a must, for example:
stop the car with the engine running, especially when it is necessary to leave the driver's cabin;
reliable fixation of the car (when replacing wheels and so on.);
stop on a steep hill before entering the parking mode (otherwise the lever from the "P" will translate to greater force).
In any case, try not to forget to check the position of the parking brake - it saves you from the hassle of additional car.
Why does not like the automatic transmission
Load and serious speed - Automatic Cold enemies. In the winter time, preheat the engine, at the same time you are preparing to ride and transmission. In the summer it does not, so do not rush to accelerate on the first few kilometers - allow time to ensure that the oil has reached the required temperature. In winter you can, so to speak, to disperse the oil in the box by moving the lever in different positions and a little lingering in each of them.
For vehicles equipped with an automatic transmission, it is important to avoid driving off-road, as this type box does not make a wheel spin. If the machine is still stuck, try to get back on his own track back. The main thing - do not try to go in the mode of "D": for this there are low speed mode, which is marked «L» or "1" and is analogous to the first transmission in a car with manual transmission.
With towing heavy trailers or other vehicle with the help of your well better not to experiment, because the automatic transmission under a heavy load tends to overheat, and this, in turn, leads to premature wear of its mechanisms.
Certain difficulties for a vehicle with an automatic transmission and presents his own towing. This is allowed only if absolutely necessary and in strict accordance to the rules of the operation is automatic transmission that is equipped with your car. It is important to avoid overheating, so the towing distance should not exceed 50 km. Keep in mind that some vehicles have the automatic transmission, which generally prohibits the movement with the help of towing cable.
So that is how many nuances fraught with automatic transmission. However, the fact is that in a metropolis with its constant traffic jams and traffic lights young drivers, of course, it will be easier to learn to drive a car with automatic transmission is. Yes, and many experienced motorists recently transplanted to the pleasure craft with such views gearbox, as it allows you to ride in urban environments more comfortable.
Generally, to as little as possible to get all sorts of customer service centers and to look only for the purpose of routine diagnostic or what should pay special attention to the style of driving, it is equipped with an automatic transmission. Smooth acceleration and deceleration is much more preferable than the sharp pressing on the gas pedal and brakes. This leads to more economical fuel consumption not only in the drive outside the city, but also its limits. To save the lives and health of themselves and others, do not forget about the notorious two or three second delay between pressing the gas and gearshift lever, so overtaking maneuver should be done thoughtfully, without recklessness.
On the issue of operation and must be approached intelligently, because the cost of a new automatic transmission repair broken or very high. However, the right style of driving in conditions that are acceptable to ensure the serviceability of this important comfortable ride equipment.
We strongly recommend to read: How to drive a car with manual transmission