So, driving school is over, all the exams successfully commissioned, nestled right in your pocket and the car is waiting at the window. Let's go? The first independent travel by car - it is always an explosion of a variety of emotions. What is there not only are mixed! And the pride and joy of what is now you yourself go wherever you want and no one will no longer decree and excitement (and everything will turn out as expected?), And, of course, fear (what if something goes wrong) ...
The main thing - do not give the alarm completely overwhelm yourself - it is a bad assistant. Indeed, and that, in fact, so worry? There is nothing new in this world and even some famous Schumacher here as well, with timidity and emotion, he came to his very first car. And to make the adaptation process was as light as possible, simple tips will help novice drivers. Calm down a little? Then you can start.
Prepare for travel
Before getting into the car, take it a rule to inspect it. Check whether the wheel is not lowered if there are any scratches or dents on the body. It is especially important to do if your car was parked in the street. Make sure that the covers and the registration numbers on the spot. Gently wipe the mirrors, windows and lights. All right? Then sit down. A little trick - not to tempt thieves barsetochnikov, get yourself a useful habit to lock the door first, and only then let her purse out of hand.
Make sure that the seat and mirrors are set "just right", ie adjusted for you. Fasten your seat belt. Well, you can go! For the first independent travel is better to choose some familiar route. It is desirable that the movement on it was not too busy. The most prudent usually "go" on foot, paying particular attention to road signs and other "surprises." I think that is the right approach. For the first time, you will be very difficult to keep track of everything at once - and the car and the road, and signs.
If you are afraid of independent travel, you can ask that the first few times you "ride" a more experienced driver. Just not my husband! He just torment you "valuable guidance", advice, criticism and nagging. It is better to take a reliable friend with a good driving experience. The main thing that it was not a talker, and that will only distract. And you now it is absolutely not necessary. For this reason, at first it is not necessary to include in the cabin radio or music. A mobile phone at the time of the first trips better to completely turn off. You will need all your attention.
"It is time on their way ..."
One of the most common mistakes beginners is the desire to "snuggle" more tightly to the side. This is understandable. Newcomer feels behind the wheel of insecure and afraid of other cars and drivers, afraid to have an accident. Therefore, it is striving to become as inconspicuous as possible on the road. However, moving right up to the side of the road, it is very easy to "run into" on any piece of broken glass or nails. But this is unlikely to cheer you up, right?
Take a number and move calmly, keeping distance and spacing. Try to readjust as little as possible. When the maneuvers do not forget to include the turn signals. If a turn is made of several rows at a time, try to endure the required radius and not "jump" to another number. How fast moving? In theory, everything is absolutely clear - you must comply with the flow rate. In practice throws newcomers "to extremes." Typically, in a stream of the novice driver is noticeable to the naked eye - it moves much slower than the other. Quite often this manner of driving leads to traffic jams and congestion. It certainly can not please other road users. Knocking out the flow rate you become a nuisance and discomfort to the driver.
There is another extreme. On the free sites, when in sight there are no other cars are new, as a rule, can not resist the temptation of a little "polihachit." Indeed, so eager to feel the speed and realize that you can actually control this "beast." Therefore, feeling relatively safe, few who continue to use caution. And it is very dangerous - because you have not really learned how to operate the machine at high speeds. And then anything can happen - you can "make" the opposite lane or any obstacle, bring etc. Quite often end with such entertainment is very sad.
Overtaking - is one of the most dangerous maneuvers. Especially for an inexperienced driver. Of course, you're good to learn the traffic rules - otherwise how could you pass the exam? - And you know the rules of overtaking. Theoretically. In practice, however, things are not so simple. The most important advice - before you start the maneuver, think, is it really necessary? The first independent overtaking recommended only on an empty highway or street, with good visibility and only if the moving vehicles in front of you just "creeps." If the speed of movement corresponds to the rules established in this part of the road from overtaking should be avoided.
You still decided to overtake? Make sure that "oncoming" no cars and you are viewing a large enough section of the road. Then certainly because of the angle of you pops oncoming truck. Only then calmly and confidently perform the maneuver. If you overtake, you should not increase the speed. After all, the other driver allows for this option. If your speed is changed, it may not be able to complete the overtaking, and it will all end in tears.
We're going to the gas station
The fact that your car is "hungry" can be judged by fuel gauge located on the dashboard. On most vehicles, about the scale of the device there is a special light. It lights up when the fuel level drops to a certain value. However, this "tip" is not available on all machines, so you need to look for the arrow. The fact that the fuel runs out, can be found on other symptoms. In sharp turns, acceleration or on the climbs begin dips traction. This means that it is time to go to the gas station.
Better advance porassprosit neighbors, friends and colleagues of some gas stations, located on your main routes, sell high-quality gasoline. Try to always fill up only on them. Gently move the car to a column. Naturally, the side on which the gas tank hatch. Arriving immediately stop the engine, and certainly not in any case do not smoke - gas stations are afraid of fire. However, this is understandable.
When you approach the gas station employee, tell him some gasoline, "eats" your machine is - you know that, right? After this you should go to the cashier. You can fill the car up to a full tank, buy a certain number of liters of fuel or pour a certain amount - as you prefer. Be sure to pick up the check, and in any case do not waste it. At least until the next refueling. Firstly, it helps to avoid incomplete filling of gasoline, and it sometimes happens. Second, if your car will happen any trouble because of poor quality fuel, it will serve as proof that you just refueled at this filling station.
And what to do if no one is in no hurry to come to you for help and "feed" your darling? Well, then you have to take things into their own hands. Take the fuel nozzle and gently insert it into the neck of the fuel tank. Push the lever under the butt of a pistol. Look at the scoreboard, located in front of you - you can see, there are "run" numbers? They indicate the amount of fuel in the tank is already filled in, and its price. When the vehicle tank is full, the lock should automatically otschelknutsya. If the lock is not - closely monitor the process. Once you see that gasoline began foaming at the mouth, immediately release the lever. Do not try to fill the petrol up to the cap. After all, if you miscalculate, the obolet himself and the car.
What to do if you "missed" the time and gasoline in the car is almost over? If the engine stalls, do not try to start it again and again - it is harmful to the fuel pump. In such a situation it is better to pull over and turn off the ignition. What to do next? Strictly speaking, there are only two options - either you bring gasoline to the car or the car drove to the "trough."
The most simple - ask for help anyone from friends. You can certainly use the help of a passing driver, ready to share with you my fuel. But it is dangerous enough - poor-quality gasoline, a fusion from another tank could cause serious damage. And, most likely, this event is recognized not insurance.
The first failure
Well, sooner or later it happens to everyone. The main thing - do not panic. As soon as you feel "wrong" - include "emergency gang" and try to pull over. If this is not possible, then immediately expose the warning triangle - it could save your life. Especially if you get up for some hill or a sharp turn. You now have two options - to try to find someone who you take out a rope tow or cause.
Decide, of course, you. Cable - cheaper and faster. But such a "journey" requires certain skills. Are you sure you have them? If, no matter what, you dare to it, remember the "golden rule" 50x50. What does it mean? This means that the majority of vehicles with automatic transmission can be towed by a distance not greater than 50 kilometers at a speed not exceeding 50 km / h. Summary your task - to monitor the tension of the cable. There should be no jerks, otherwise you will just fly into the rear bumper of your "savior."
Another bad thing - if your car has power brakes and steering, you will be surprised to find that the pressure on the brake pedal has been very difficult, and the steering wheel suddenly became incredibly heavy. Well, that would have to "work hard" - safely press on the pedal hard. You can even two feet. But to keep the brake pedal depressed all the time is not recommended - because she can deny all. Too complicated? Then call a tow truck! You have in fact written the phone, right? Of course, it is not cheap. But - it is a guarantee that you and your car will reach the place safely. And what could be more important than that?
Well, it's happened to you - you are stopped by traffic police inspector. The main thing - not to worry! Most likely, this is just a formality. What should I know? You have every right not to leave the car and to communicate through the window without unlocking the door. Try to appear relaxed and friendly - it always makes a good impression.
If you do something broke, do not try to prove his innocence. Typically, traffic police officers are well aware of exactly which crimes are most often committed on a particular stretch of road. If you have not done anything "criminal", then on the spot you will get a special decision-receipt. Pay for it will be possible in any branch of the Savings Bank. More severe cases are treated in a special "group analysis," and the measure of your responsibility will be installed in the court. In some situations, your hands you will get only the report, but the time and place of the hearing you will be notified by registered letter.
If you are sure that the traffic police is not right, and you do not violate, you can try to defend its position. Here you will a good knowledge of traffic rules and the table of existing penalties. Try to explain the logic of their actions inspector, referring to the documents. But in any case, do not shout, do not wave your arms, and certainly not to offend anyone. First - it's just ugly. Second, the traffic police will likely know all the rules much better than you and, if desired, can be very "spoil" your life.
If the inspector has decided to draw up a report, and you, still, believe in no blame - boldly stated its position. Write in the minutes: "do not agree". Describe your version. Try to get witnesses ready to confirm your words. If you solicit a bribe, unreasonably or threaten to take away documents - call traffic police trust. Here, perhaps, and all the basic tips for novice drivers. Follow them is not so difficult, right? A skill - it will definitely come with practice. The main thing is to believe in yourself and do not be afraid. Bon Voyage!