Chronic adnexitis. This diagnosis is put every day a huge number of women, regardless of their age. And often it is women who are to blame for this disease. Adnexitis - is an inflammatory process of genitals. Adnexitis can occur both in acute and chronic forms. Just how pronounced is the disease in women, depending on how large an area occupied inflammatory process than it was triggered by the occurrence of inflammation, the general state of health, in particular on the immune system.
Typically, an experienced physician - gynecologist diagnosis of this disease there is no difficulty. There are a number of symptoms and complaints of women on the basis of which it is possible to suspect the presence adneksita. In addition, sick women complain of symptoms such as:
In this disease may increase in body temperature, often to very large figures. And the worse the inflammatory process - the higher the temperature of the body. In chronic adnexitis fever may not be at all.
- Malaise, similar to the common cold
Women may complain of fever, headache, a feeling of great weakness, nausea, occurring with considerable intoxication.
Women may complain of pain of varying intensity. The pain is localized in the lower abdomen and can give to the lumbar, or even the hip.
Besides pain, adnexitis in women usually appear specific vaginal discharge. This discharge may be serous, mucous, or purulent, causes irritation and itching in the genital area.
The chronic form adneksita
Often sharp Andechs without proper treatment flows into the chronic form. Periodically, acute adnexitis, and well-being of women is much worse - there is a weakness, increasing the intensity of pain and the amount of discharge.
Approximately half of all women with chronic adnexitis, there are complications such as disruption of the reproductive system, lack of sexual desire. Moreover, very often in these patients found a violation of the normal functioning of the digestive system, in particular, goiter. And with the urinary system may be complications such as cystitis, pyelonephritis, bacteriuria.
Pain in chronic adnexitis are dull systematic. During physical exertion, sexual intercourse, menstruation, after hypothermia or stress intensity of pain can be greatly enhanced. In addition, chronic adnexitis in virtually all cases leads to significant disorders of the menstrual cycle - menstrual period are either too abundant or scarce, but protracted.
Also chronic adnexitis can lead to adhesions in the fallopian tubes, resulting in obstruction of the tubes is developed and, consequently, there is a secondary infertility.
The causes of the disease
The most common causative agents of chronic adnexitis are gonococci, streptococci, staphylococci and E. coli. Typically, these activators are activated if women reduced immunity. That is, these agents may be a long time in a woman's body, not in any way manifesting itself. But the immune system is broken, how to develop chronic adnexitis.
In addition, there are a number of unique "trigger": sex during menstruation, hypothermia, severe fatigue or stress, gastro - intestinal tract endometriosis. In addition, the disease can trigger childbirth, abortion and any other manipulation of the uterus: diagnostic curettage, research uterus and fallopian tubes.
To get to the fallopian tubes may be the causative agent in several ways:
- Ascending path. Pathogen enters first in a woman's vagina, then into the cervical canal. And from there into the cavity of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
- The downward path. Pathogen falls from the intestine of the peritoneum.
- Lymphogenous way. The pathogen enters the uterus and tubes with the flow of lymph.
- Hematogenic way. Penetration of the pathogen occurs with blood.
Diagnosis of the disease
To diagnose chronic Andechs, a woman doctor to ask in detail about the features of the disease, and will hold a series of necessary research. These studies include: a two-handed gynecological examination, gynecological smear on flora, ultrasound and microbiological examination and study the contents of the fallopian tubes.
In order to identify the sources of purulent formations and explore the fallopian tubes, it is necessary to carry out a laparoscopy. It is necessary not only for the diagnosis but also for the subsequent treatment of both acute and chronic adnexitis. Also, to determine the patency of the fallopian tubes and the severity of inflammation doctor may prescribe conduct X-ray examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes. Laboratory examination of the blood test to determine white blood cell count, indicating the presence of a woman's body inflammation. Based on comprehensive data doctor diagnoses the disease and assign the necessary treatment.
In the event that woman felt a sharp pain in the lower abdomen, you must immediately seek medical help. No way to take the medical examination which is unacceptable whatever pain medication, as this may hinder the subsequent diagnosis of the disease.
In the case Andechs is an acute form of the current, the woman should be admitted to the gynecology department. It shows a complete rest - both physical and psychological. The doctor will examine the woman and prescribe the necessary treatment: pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.
Once will be removed symptoms of acute adnexitis, the woman will have to pass physical therapy: electrophoresis with zinc, magnesium, potassium, on the abdomen, as well as vibration massage and ultrasound. These measures help to reduce pain, relieve swelling of the tissues. Moreover, they greatly contribute to the resorption of adhesions in the fallopian tubes. This same treatment is necessary in case adnexitis chronic.
Remember that your health should be treated very seriously. After all, sometimes the slightest discomfort can result in serious problems, which will need to eliminate a significant amount of effort, time, and sometimes money, because if you have a chronic adnexitis, treatment will be long and painful.