As a person grows older his body a little "worn out", many organs and whole systems begin to work intermittently. Tragically, in varying degrees, it concerns everyone. Time and relentlessly by its impact has not escaped no one in the world.
Primarily human deterioration begins functioning heart - vascular system. Brain disorders are the most common problems of cardio - vascular system. In this article we will talk about transient ischemic attack, since they are the most common.
The causes of cerebral circulatory disorders
Most often passing cerebrovascular accidents take place in the event that a person is suffering from atherosclerosis or hypertension. And the more pronounced these diseases, the heavier the flow of cerebral circulation. That is why in any case not allowed to leave these diseases without proper attention, and even more so without treatment.
In addition, it is important to remember that cerebrovascular accident can develop on the background of chronic fatigue syndrome. In this case, a person should as soon as possible to see a doctor for the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome. This condition could cause a breakdown of such systems of the body, as the endocrine, digestive, and, of course, cardio - vascular.
And the constant stress, which gets people also do not give him good health. In addition to cerebrovascular accidents and hypertension stress can lead to nervous breakdowns, central nervous system dysfunction. Yes, and circulatory disorders of the brain during stress and is sufficiently serious.
As mentioned above, it is very likely to develop cerebral blood flow in those people who suffer from atherosclerosis. A atherosclerosis - a blockage of blood vessels of plaque. Therefore, it is important to constantly monitor the level of cholesterol in the blood. It is also very important to devote sufficient attention to the issue of food - a diet sick person has to be agreed with the doctor - dietician, and in its absence - to the doctor - the therapist.
Cerebral circulatory disorders can occur as a result of head injuries very different degrees of severity. And most often the case, if there has been trauma, cerebrovascular accident occurs because of intracranial hemorrhage. The extensive hemorrhage - the more disruptive to the circulation in the blood vessels of the brain.
- Excessive physical strain
Sometimes the cerebral circulation can cause excessive physical stress. And not always in question on the amount of exercise. Often banal sitting behind a computer in an uncomfortable position leads to excessive strain back muscles and neck and, as a result, the cerebral circulation.
- Cerebrovascular accident due to cervical spine
Scoliosis, low back pain ... These words are often heard at all, but very few people know about, what are the consequences of these diseases. In fact they can be quite serious - because the spine in the body plays an important role. And any spinal surgery entail pathological changes in the body, disruption of the functioning of various organs, depending on what part of the spine affected. For example, at disease of the cervical spine often becomes the cause of cerebral circulation.
Symptoms of cerebral circulation
Of course, in the early stages of the disease disruption of cerebral circulation at first may be asymptomatic, does not giving itself felt. However, like any other disease, cerebrovascular disease, in the absence of proper treatment, progresses rapidly, and the sick person begins to feel unwell. Symptoms of circulatory disorders of the brain:
Headache, usually, is the first signal that the blood circulation of the brain is not all right. The most common mistake most people is that people ignore the appearance of headaches, preferring to hike to the doctor receiving conventional painkillers. However, this tactic of behavior is extremely fraught with the most serious consequences - strokes in particular.
That is why, in that case, if a person begins to experience systematic headaches, it must as soon as possible to seek help from a doctor - neurologist. The doctor, on the basis of examination of the patient man and his complaints, the diagnosis and appropriate treatment, which greatly facilitate the patient's condition.
Pain in the eyes, which is enhanced by the movements of the eyeballs, and in most cases, it indicates that a person has in any way violated the cerebral circulation. Especially strong this phenomenon occurs at the end of the day, when your eyes are tired from the stress during the workday. Once a person noticed a similar pain occurs during eye movement, it must as soon as possible, seek medical help. And the sick man could ask for help as a doctor = eye doctor, and the doctor - neurologist.
Frequent feelings of dizziness also requires extremely close attention of the sick person. In case of dizziness occur more than 3 times a month, the person should immediately consult a doctor. In addition to the disruption of cerebral circulation, dizziness can lead to a number of other disorders, such as iron deficiency anemia, or disruption of the normal functioning of the central nervous system. And then, and other diseases are no less dangerous than, and cerebrovascular accident.
The appearance of nausea and vomiting, as a rule, most often seen with some or other violations of the functioning of the gastro - intestinal tract. However, if nausea and vomiting followed by headache, eye pain when moving or dizziness, the sick person shows immediate consultation with a doctor neuropathologist. Typically, approximately the same effects inherent in various types of cerebral circulatory disorders, including stroke.
- Nasal snakes, noise and ringing in the ears
It is also in violation of cerebral circulation sick people often complain of intermittent tinnitus or a feeling of congestion, as if his ears exposed to water. And the more pronounced circulatory disorders of the brain, the more often and longer these phenomena.
- Changes in the consciousness of the sick person
Also particularly severe violations of cerebral circulation may be accompanied by a temporary change of consciousness and perception: a person can be too excited or, conversely, feel stunned or altogether periodically to lose consciousness. All these conditions are extremely dangerous to human health, and are an important cause for immediate treatment for medical assistance. In the same case, if a person is unconscious, the best option for him would be a challenge brigade "first aid".
Much less, but still sometimes cerebral blood flow can cause convulsive effects of various types.
It is also often suffer from cerebrovascular people complain of numbness of hands, feet or other body parts. And there is no numbness as usual, unless the person was a long time in uncomfortable positions, and just. This is a direct result of impaired blood flow in the vessels of the brain.
In addition to the above symptoms, there are some brain symptoms that occur during cerebral crises. First, a human patient are observed vegetative disorders such as feeling of fever or chills. After that, as a rule, significantly raised blood pressure.
Also, often in patients with stroke patients during exacerbation of the disease appear meningeal phenomena and significant tension of all the muscles of the head and especially the neck. A patient person hurts not only the head - it feels great weakness and discomfort throughout the body.
However, the strong attacks of acute cerebral circulatory disorders can occur in the background is not hypertonic, but on the contrary, hypotonic crisis. In this case, the blood pressure decreases significantly. The man is also experiencing severe malaise - a weakness throughout the body, dizziness, fainting happens frequently. Human skin become pale coloration, can act as a cold sweat, heart rate is significantly reduced.
Sometimes neurological symptoms help doctors determine which side of the brain is disrupted circulation. For example, if the circulation is impaired in the cerebral hemispheres of the brain, often occur paresis - broken sensitive parts of the body, the patient complains of numbness, tingling of the extremities, face, or certain parts of the skin. In severe cases, the infected person may experience decreased sensitivity - from mild to total loss.
In the same case, if broken blood circulation in the brain stem, often appear dizziness, impaired coordination of normal movements, twitching of eyelids and eyeballs, especially when viewed from the side, a significant loss of sensitivity of language, great weakness in the limbs. It is also often significantly impaired swallowing.
Features headache cerebrovascular disorders
As you know, a headache may be due to a wide variety of reasons: stress, fatigue, stress, and various diseases. And every headache is different. Was no exception, and poor circulation of the brain - the pain of it is also very specific.
In the initial stage of circulatory disorders cerebral vascular headache is fairly dull character. It makes itself felt not periodically, but only during a physical or mental stress, or general tiredness. As a rule, the fatigue sick people at first appearance and withdraws the headache.
However, the progression appears ringing and ringing in the ears, dizziness, and similar symptoms. Also, there are the first signs that the blood supply to the brain is not enough intensity. Examples of these features include:
As the progression of circulatory disorders of the brain the person has a significant reduction in memory. And the memory is reduced only to current events - the person does not remember you of things, forget where I put one or the other thing. This man remembers what happened in the past. In no event it is impossible to ignore the loss of memory, as it is in any case indicates the presence of human health problems.
- The advent of distraction
It is also often poor circulation of the brain leads to the fact that before an attentive and collected person becomes extremely diffuse. Strictly speaking, the distraction is almost always the companion low memory.
Reduced performance is also quite common in people with impaired circulation of the brain. It's very difficult to focus on anything - either for a long time. Man gets tired very quickly - usually by noon, the person creating the impression that he has worked full-time.
It goes without saying that the fatigue and constantly feeling unwell can not affect the emotional state of the person. Increased irritability, emotional instability, groundless aggression, tearfulness - all these phenomena are not so rare in violation of cerebral circulation.
Very often, many people complain of insomnia, often for the first time wanton. However, hypersomnia, a person can not sleep and wants to sleep all the time, or, conversely, insomnia, as it often indicates that a person has violated the cerebral circulation. In any case, insomnia should be alert and be cause for seeking medical help, no matter what it is called.
During the acute attack of cerebral circulation headache it is quite different. The pain appears suddenly, but very quickly, often accompanied by severe ringing or noise in the head, dizziness, upset the normal coordination of movements.
After that, you may receive a feeling of nausea, a single or prolonged vomiting, before the eyes appear black spots or flashing point. A person can fall into a stupor or, conversely, to feel an inexplicable excitement.
In severe cases, the person may appear clearly expressed seizures, paresis, convulsions. A person can lose consciousness and came to himself, fall asleep and sleep for a long time. After such an attack a person feels overwhelmed for several days. The first time these repeated attacks are extremely rare. However, as the disease progresses bouts are repeated more and more often. And if the disease is left untreated, then sooner or later one of these attacks can result in stroke. This is one of the reasons for that as soon as possible to see a doctor when the disease is only beginning to be felt.
First aid for seizures disruption of cerebral circulation
At that moment, when a person is experiencing a bout of illness, it is important to give him timely and proper medical care. This will not only help prevent stroke, but also alleviate the condition of the sick person.
The first thing to do during an attack is to measure blood pressure and heart rate to determine. In the event that the activity weakened heart or blood pressure excessively increased or, conversely, lowered, it is necessary as soon as possible to bring a sick person to a medical facility or, if this is not possible, call the brigade "first aid". Independently give the patient any person whatsoever medications unless they have been designated by the attending physician. Exceed the dosage and in any case it is not necessary - it can lead to even worse results.
Prevention of cerebral circulation
The treatment itself takes a long-term treatment, and is quite difficult. To treatment of cerebral circulation was successful, it must be complex. For the treatment of this disease using a very wide range of medicines. Medicines have a fairly strong effect, so in any case can not take them without a doctor's prescription. All products are selected strictly individually, taking into account factors such as:
- Age of the patient man.
- The weight of the sick person.
- Causes of cerebral circulation.
- The duration of the disease.
- Results of the survey of the sick person.
- Peculiarities of the disease.
Treatment can last for a long time and take a lot of effort. And, unfortunately, not always this treatment is as effective as desired, despite the best efforts of doctors. So much more efficiently and effectively prevent the development of cerebral circulation. Or, at least, to start treatment as early as possible, preventing the disease from progressing.
Particularly attentive to their health should be the people suffering from specific groups of diseases. They fall into the so-called "at risk". Examples of these diseases include:
- Hypotension - low blood pressure.
- Hypertensive heart disease - high blood pressure.
- Atherosclerosis - blockage of the vascular lumen of plaque.
- All the cardio - vascular system.
- Having last strokes and heart attacks.