Currently, the most popular method of rejuvenation, bypassing the surgeon, is a chemical peel. Many look to chemical treatments with caution. However, experts believe this type of peelings the most effective and gentle. What still is a chemical peel, what is the principle of its effects on the skin, and why it has won such widespread popularity?
Types of chemical peels
Chemical peel skin affects actives on the epidermis. Composition of funds for chemical peels include: clay minerals, and alpha-hydroxy acids. Thus, various chemical agents affect the middle and surface layers of the skin.
There are various types of chemical peel facial. In small areas of the skin, including wrinkles around the eyes and mouth and the cheeks at discoloration, peeling acid can be used. Although this same kind of peeling successfully used over the entire surface of the face and neck, arms and décolletage. This procedure has no age restrictions.
For chemical peeling the surface, it is generally used acids such as phytic acid, pyruvic acid, lactic acid, gluconic acid or glycolic acid. For the median chemical peels and deep chemical peeling using TCA body.
Superficial and middle layers of skin cells during chemical peeling of the skin of the face and body several layers evenly exfoliate dead skin cells. This leads to the activation of the synthesis of collagen and elastin, the growth of new cells and overall skin rejuvenation.
So, we have already identified the types of chemical peels: deep, middle and shallow. Deep chemical peels damage the basal membrane delimiting the dermis and epidermis; middle - working on the level of the epidermis; surface - only at the level of the stratum corneum.
Superficial chemical peels
Recall that for this type of peeling used retinol, glycolic acid or gluconic.
Fruit form implies the presence of a chemical peel in the composition for treating the skin one of the following acids: malic, tartaric, lactic, glycolic, etc. The most accurate superficial chemical peels it defines chemical peel fruit, which is a gentle technique, without distracting from the working rhythm. This procedure can be used to adolescence and up to the ripe old age for the prevention of skin aging.
Experts recommend the use of a chemical peel fruit for problematic skin with signs of sebaceous secretions and blackheads. Dermakosmetolog or dermatologist calculates the number of necessary procedures, methods of peeling, and the acid concentration. The results of the procedure depends on the duration of the acid. Typically, an expert assigns 5-10 sessions, between which there is a break in 7-10 days. In order to prevent negative skin reaction to a chemical peel, the patient is forbidden to sunbathe during the cosmetic procedures and within a month after a course of peeling.
Chemical peeling fruit acids is considered the milder form of exfoliation
. Expert opinion unanimously cosmetologists - is the best option of all types of chemical facial peels. Zone requires face gently with a soft impact, because even minor damage is manifested as redness and flaking, especially after improper chemical peel around the eyes. Nevertheless peeling procedure should ensure the removal of dead cells and removing irregularities. According to the terms of optimally meets glycolic chemical peels.
The concentration of glycolic acid during peeling ranges from 25% in the first stage and 70% in the final stage. Peeling glycolic acid affects only the superficial layers of the skin.
Surface chemical facial peels do not require anesthesia and does not pose any danger. Glycolic facial chemical peel is excellent reviews: tired skin gets a fresh look, and the regular use giving unparalleled results. Nor are there any kind of complications after chemical peeling fruit acids. The skin is only a slight pinkish hue, which disappears within an hour. Today glycolic chemical peel has gained incredible love among the fair sex.
Peeling, which is produced by using gluconic acid, is safe at any time of the year and gives effective results for all skin types, even sensitive skin. In addition to running the processes of skin regeneration gluconic acid has a number of specific properties: enhances the barrier properties of the skin and prevents the process of destruction of elastin under the influence of ultraviolet rays.
Experts recommend chorus gluconic chemical face peeling - peeling the consequences of such a truly inspiring: a marked improvement in the quality of the skin; expressed lifting and anti-aging effect; launching the process of cell regeneration; smoothing of wrinkles on the surface; restoring skin hydration and improving its barrier properties; prevention of acne; activation of the synthesis of the dermal matrix components; Treatment of hyperkeratosis and hyperpigmentation; strengthening the support frame of the skin; prevention of photoaging; the use of this type of surface chemical peeling person as care of the day.
Gluconic acid perfectly restores the optimal level of hydration of the skin, moisturizing all its layers, improving the transmission of signals between cells, stimulating the development of growth factors and processes of rejuvenation. In addition to the main component - gluconic acid - the chemical peeling include citric and lactic acid in a small volume. Gluconic acid together with these acids and gluconolactone has moisturizing and emollient properties. Lactic acid moisturizes the horny layer accumulates therein and increases its hydration. It is likely the occurrence of complications after a chemical peel in the form of inflammation of the skin. To block the inflammatory reactions included in the peeling panthenol, Vitamin C and green tea polyphenol.
"Yellow" retinoic peels belong to the species of surface-median peeling
. It is produced on the basis of extracts from exotic plants urukum
. Retinoic chemical peels considered very carefully, so it can be carried out on young skin
. The main reasons for retinoic peelings are: photo-aging, post-acne, hyperpigmentation and wrinkles and fine lines
. In retinol facial chemical peel and pronounced consequences are positive, expressed in keratinization epidermotsitov, normalization of differentiation, stimulate the synthesis of epidermal lipids
. Experts give retinoic chemical peel facial responses following lines: The procedure stimulates angiogenesis, activates the synthesis of elastin and collagen, the recovery of populations of so-called Langerhans cells, thus improving the re-epithelialization of tissues, as well as providing komedonoliticheskoe and sebostaticheskoe action
The essence of the median peeling (peeling otherwise TCA) lies in the use of trichloroacetic acid. Such chemical peeling face and body improves skin tone, smoothes wrinkles, post-acne and eliminates unsightly age spots. Chemical median peeling gives a magnificent rejuvenation. Within three days, the skin retained a reddish hue, and then peel off dead cells. The most widely used chemical peels with trichloroacetic acid at a concentration of 15-35%, this procedure lasts 10-15 minutes time.
This chemical peeling for dry skin can be harmful. In place of the application of the doctor is likely to recommend that you use cold or apply an anesthetic.
Median chemical peels with salicylic acid used in the acne first and second degrees of severity, seborrhea, skin aging, actinic hyperkeratosis, senile lentigines, as well as hyperpigmentation. Exfoliating salicylic chemical peel is ideal for oily skin. This is due to the fact that salicylic acid is a beta-gidrokislotu having keratolytic properties, and strong antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. For this reason, salicylic peels - is the chemical peel for acne.
Salicylic chemical peel - Contraindications: Hypersensitivity, violations integrity of the skin, active inflammation of the skin, herpes in the active phase, prolonged exposure to the sun.
Deep chemical peels
Phenol peels are nothing more than a deep chemical peeling face and body, which affects the deeper layers of the skin in order to correct scars and wrinkles, and pigmentation and hyperkeratosis. Deep chemical peels produce in the hospital, because it is a very serious and painful procedure, appointed and conducted a high-profile expert. He will watch over you during the recovery period after a deep chemical peel facial.
Caution is especially
A number of procedures can cause burns after a chemical peel. For this reason, many types of chemical peels contraindications are taking place. For example, holding a phenol peel has a number of risks of complications - scarring and pigmentation disorders of the skin. Besides phenol kardiotoksichen and nephrotoxic, and it means that the chemical peeling on the basis of the substance can cause disorders of the heart and kidneys.
Despite the presence of contraindications, chemical peels ratings is positive in most cases. Women observe a significant improvement in skin condition.
Chemical peels at home
Use chemical peels at home should be extremely cautious. Selection of a suitable acid better than you do, together with a beautician. How to do a chemical peel? First you need to accurately calculate the acid concentration and frequency of application.
For a chemical peel at home, it is desirable to use a superficial peeling. To the results of other types of chemical peels to please you, it is best to seek professional help. Using a chemical peel at home involves compliance with important rules:
- Do not use chemical peels in the summer, or a high probability of occurrence of burns after a chemical peel. The ideal time for the procedures - is very or spring.
- Producing chemical peels at home, apply the solution evenly with a thin layer all over the face. Do not apply a lot of acid in the wrinkles and scars in order to avoid burns.
- Pre clean and degrease the skin lotion or gel.
- Closely monitor the reaction of the skin to the procedure, particularly in the chemical peeling around the eyes. Feeling a burning sensation, immediately rinse with an acidic solution of warm water.
Invalid chemical peels in autoimmune diseases, exacerbation of acne, as well as chemical peels during pregnancy and lactation chemical peels. Remember that chemical peels during pregnancy can cause permanent damage to the fetus and cause serious disturbances in its development.
But in the subsequent postpartum chemical peel stretch marks will be extremely useful. Despite his pain, such a procedure will help to significantly reduce the number and size.
Face after a chemical peel looks much younger, cleaned and narrow pores, scars and pigment spots that bring you discomfort simply disappear. We want to demonstrate to you a chemical face peeling - photos clearly confirms the unrivaled results on cleansing and skin rejuvenation.
Remember that for any chemical peel critical care and regularity. How often do chemical peels? Observe the frequency of procedures, repeating them not more than 1 time in 7-10 days. Do not forget to get advice cosmetologist.
Chemical peeling - a complicated procedure, but the results are worth the effort!