- The causes of cystitis during pregnancy
- Diagnosis of the disease
- Treatment of cystitis during pregnancy
Pregnancy - is the most joyful, but at the same time and the most exciting period in the life of any woman. Well, why he was joyful - not hard to guess. And that's why he is the most exciting? Because the reasons for excitement expectant moms abound. It is no coincidence - not only that the expectant mother must protect the crumbs from all negative influences from the outside, and even your own body is able to rebel. Sad but true - many pregnant women are faced with a variety of diseases.
And this is understandable. In order that the body did not attempt to rejection, decreased immune system function. This process is completely natural and necessary for the normal course of pregnancy. However, this medal, like any other, has two sides. And the second - is not so positive, as the first. Due to the decline of the immune system pregnant woman is often faced with a variety of diseases. For example, cystitis during pregnancy - a very common phenomenon. Moreover, it is cystitis - the main feature of low immunity.
According to gynecologists, cystitis and pregnancy - long "sworn" friends. Since the disease is facing more than half of the expectant mother. And those women who are pregnant and to have experienced what cystitis, at risk of cystitis in this crucial period of his life is much stronger than all the others. Strictly speaking, the chances of getting cystitis have any expectant mother, so it is very important to get all possible information regarding cystitis.
The causes of cystitis during pregnancy
Let us first know what the causes of cystitis during pregnancy. After all, he can not, in fact, appear out of nowhere. Of course, the list and provide all the triggers is simply impossible. But the most common of them still need to know:
- Chronic cystitis, which takes place before the woman's pregnancy
As mentioned above, women who suffered from cystitis - especially in the chronic form - much more vulnerable to the likelihood of exacerbation while waiting for the baby. For the first time cystitis it will make itself felt in the earliest stages of pregnancy. While despair still not worth it - the risk of disease is no guarantee that the disease is mandatory it will overtake you. Prevention of cystitis in most cases to avoid personal acquaintance with the disease. And to begin to carry out the prevention is necessary, of course, in the very early stages of pregnancy.
During pregnancy, hormonal changes radically women, and as a consequence - it disturbed vaginal flora. This occurs most often in early pregnancy. Add to this also lowered immunity - form a very fertile ground for the development of acute cystitis.
By the way, pay special attention to small but important nuance. As is known, the cleanliness - the guarantee of health. But if cleanliness is too much, and undergo specific health threat. In this case we are talking about the purity of the genitals. Of course, hygiene is very important, but all too often caving, so even with the inappropriate use of funds, as in almost all cases - sooner or later - leads to the very imbalance of microflora.
During pregnancy increases the amount of secretions produced by the female genitals. And women are beginning to wash more frequently, thereby disrupting the microflora and provoking the development of cystitis. Of course, no one says that the hygiene - it is bad. However, do not overdo it with soap, gels and other means - tempted to simply water, or use a damp cloth.
Diagnosis of the disease
To appoint treatment of cystitis in pregnancy, which will save the future mother of the problem, you need to properly and timely diagnose the disease. For modern medicine that does not present any difficulties. Firstly, the physician based on complaints of the pregnant woman. In addition, women will be assigned a number of specific studies:
- Analysis of urine - both general and Nechiporenko
- Bacteriological urine culture, which is required to identify pathogens.
- PCR - diagnosis that will help to eliminate the majority of known infections.
In the case in urine analysis found a large number of white blood cells, and even more so if they find pathogens (gonococci, staphylococci, streptococci, etc.), the doctor can confidently assume the presence of a woman of cystitis.
In addition, the doctor probably will appoint a study that indicates whether a woman is a problem as dysbiosis vagina. After all, it was he who, as mentioned above, often becomes the main culprit for the subsequent development of cystitis. If goiter is diagnosed, the doctor will prescribe the necessary treatment, enabling correct this problem.
Also, do not do in this case, and without ultrasound, without exception, all of the pelvic organs. This measure is necessary in order to find out, is not just a concomitant cystitis disease any more serious pathology. Many moms are afraid of such a study, but in vain - for the child, it is absolutely safe.
If necessary, if, based on all of the above methods reliably diagnose the disease is still not possible, the doctor may prescribe such studies as cystourethrography or cystoscopy. They can detect pathologic changes in the structure of the bladder - tumor strains, the presence of sand and stones, the extent of the inflammatory process. These studies are the most reliable and help to diagnose the disease.
In no case do not give you a survey of the proposed. Otherwise, the disease can go unnoticed. It would be wrong and irresponsible to rely solely on the symptoms of cystitis. Firstly, during pregnancy, cystitis can occur completely asymptomatic - she will not even notice the problem. Incidentally, this is one of the reasons that doctors require that the expectant mother was taking urinalysis so often.
It is generally believed that it is done solely for one purpose - to determine the presence of protein in the urine. But in fact, in addition to protein, laboratory and looking for another white blood cells and pathogens. After all, the sooner cystitis is detected, the easier it is to treat.
Furthermore, in some cases there may be a variety of other diseases which have symptoms similar to the symptoms of cystitis. For example, frequent and painful urination is also characteristic of kidney disease - for example, for pyelonephritis. Only a detailed survey will help establish disease. Furthermore, frequent urination often associated only with increasing belly, which puts pressure on the bladder. And acute cystitis is not being.
By the way, about the symptoms. What are the symptoms of the disease exist? Typically, they are:
When the bladder gets pathogenic microflora and begins to develop a pathological inflammation, the body is struggling to help themselves - clean up the infection from the body. As a result, urination begin to appear more and more often. This is the very first sign. But do not forget that a pregnant woman anyway urination much more - so the sign is only indirect. Especially the first and the last 10 weeks of pregnancy. In the early stages, in the first 10 weeks of urination occurs due to abrupt hormonal changes. And in the last 10 weeks - due to pressure on the bladder uterus.
During cystitis disease people often have a false urge to urinate. The woman feels that she wants to use the toilet, but urination does not occur. And while these false desires cystitis can occur so often that almost deprived the mother-rest. This feature for cystitis is the most typical.
- Pain and a burning sensation during urination
Another feature - the process of urination. During cystitis presents certain difficulties. The sick person feels a strong stinging, pain and burning sensation, especially at the end of urination. For the expectant mother every trip to the toilet is a real torment. The sad prospect, so seeing similar symptoms, you must immediately seek medical attention.
Treatment of cystitis during pregnancy
In no event it is impossible to ignore the symptoms of cystitis. Although, in fairness, it should be noted that cystitis during pregnancy brings so much discomfort that it is almost impossible to tolerate. However, treatment should be literate and timely - to get rid of the disease, and not simply to eliminate one or the other sign. Otherwise cystitis in pregnant women take a chronic form of the flow.
A anesthetic for the mother - not the best friend and companion. Cystitis can cause a number of complications - including premature and difficult delivery. For baby do not worry, because in any case he will not suffer. But my mother will have hard times - often, in the absence of timely and proper treatment, the bacteria of the ureters move upward, thus causing kidney disease. And they can proceed very, very serious - without hospitalization in this case is unlikely to be enough. So acute cystitis in pregnant women - not such a little thing as it seems.
Thus, the fact that the treatment of cystitis necessary - is obvious. How to treat acute cystitis during pregnancy? Exclusively under strict medical supervision. However, unfortunately, even the doctors very often when prescribing make mistakes. Most often, doctors prescribe the standard habit for the treatment of cystitis medication. And they are often contraindicated during pregnancy. And they continue to treat acute cystitis ... More precisely, trying to cure.
So, as they say, God helps, but also those who help themselves - before the application of a drug required to carefully read the insert. And if in the list of contraindications you find pregnancy, do not hesitate - immediately tell your doctor. For cystitis during pregnancy can be cured without these medicines.
Strictly speaking, during pregnancy generally should not take any medicines. Even the safest drug received a future mother, enters the body of the child. It is difficult to predict how pipsqueak react to a particular drug. Fortunately, many women are well aware of this and try to avoid taking the drugs. But there is one more - not less common - mistake. Mom-medication prescribed by the doctor, do not take. Naturally, cystitis continues to bother her. And she hopes to cure cystitis using a variety of traditional medicines - in particular herbs.
However, this method of treatment is a very serious hazard. Many herbs, healing even the most during pregnancy, women are categorically counter - their effects on the body is very negative. This is due to the fact that many herbs contain substances that can interfere with the normal course of pregnancy - cause miscarriage or premature birth. It is unlikely that anyone will dare to risk the life of her baby, right?
And using herbs to treat acute cases useless - they are only effective if the human chronic cystitis. A chronic cystitis - forecast unpleasant. Therefore it is necessary to begin to treat the disease early in the disease. Because in that case, if treated in the early anesthetic risk of developing chronic form of disease is minimal.
So what to do? First, calm down. Desperate situations, as we know, does not happen. Today there is a great circuit - the treatment of cystitis in pregnant women by bladder instillation. The essence of this treatment is administered directly into the bladder sick woman of drugs designed to eliminate pathogens and eliminate inflammation.
Of course, this procedure may cause some discomforts. But first, they last for a very short time. And secondly, the use of so obvious that it should bear. After all, drugs penetrate directly into the bladder, which means that the body of the child does not get it. And any effects excluded, since the influence of drugs is minimal. And the result will be noticeable on the second day after the beginning of treatment - all unpleasant symptoms instantly disappear. Several following procedures eliminate inflammation, strengthen the walls of the bladder mucosa restore.