Cystitis - this is a very common disease. Especially women. As the dry medical statistics, with this disease at least once in his life faced by every second person. Therefore it is very important to know all about Cystitis: symptoms, causes of treatment. Possessing this information will help to notice the problem at the very beginning of its development. And that means, and to take all necessary measures for the treatment of this disease.
For a start, you need to find out exactly what is cystitis. The bladder - a hollow, pear-shaped muscular organ, designed for the collection and subsequent removal of urine from the body. Urine in the bladder flows from the kidneys, the two ureters. Outside the urine output of the urethra. In that case, if the bladder mucosa inflamed, developing the notorious cystitis.
The symptoms of cystitis
Onset of the disease is almost always takes place in a very pronounced way. Do not even notice for chronic forms of cystitis is almost impossible - the symptoms are very much concerned about the sick person. The symptoms of such diseases as cystitis, quite monotonous and found in almost all cases. Typical symptoms of cystitis include:
When cystitis urinary frequency can be up to 30-40 times a day. Moreover - to this urination in women and adds false desires. As a result, the sick person spends a significant portion of the day toilet. None of what a normal life during this period and can not speak.
Not sick person cystitis frequent urination - so it is also very painful. And at the end of urination, a strong stinging. In addition, women are typical pain in the bladder and lower back. And the pain can be very different - like pulling and blunt and sharp, spastic.
Change the color and smell of urine
Acute attacks of cystitis often there are significant changes in the urine - it becomes more turbid, sediment appears. Changes and smell - it becomes very pronounced and very unpleasant. At the height of the disease the urine may appear admixture of blood and pus - in severe cases.
Often, in addition to all of the above symptoms in patients cystitis human body temperature rises. And she may rise to very substantial numbers - up to 39-40 degrees. And knock it is very difficult - the usual antipyretics have practically no positive effect.
Please note - all of these symptoms are usually pronounced in adults. In children, the elderly, and they can be very blurred, and sometimes absent altogether. And the only indicator of the presence of the disease becomes a weakness, fever and frequent urination.
In order to reliably diagnose the disease, you should consult your doctor - even if all symptoms are apparent. It is necessary not only to establish the diagnosis, but also to identify the cause of development. And one only symptoms of the disease do not allow this. Otherwise it is very difficult to choose the right course of treatment that will help to eliminate not only the symptoms of cystitis, but the disease itself.
To diagnose the disease sick person must first pass urinalysis and a urine test for bacterial research. These tests will help determine the type of the causative agent and the extent of the inflammatory process. But in order to get the true picture, you must correctly pass a urine test this very well.
This is done as follows. The penis or the vagina and labia should be thoroughly rinsed with running water, carefully with soap and water. And remember - women should always wash toward the anus - otherwise it can be brought into the vagina E. coli. In extreme cases, use a special disinfectant wipes moist.
Jar for the analysis must be thoroughly washed and scalded with boiling water. In no case do not touch the inside of the container - it should be very clear. Going exclusively midstream urine - the first and last portions are not suitable for analysis. The required volume of urine for analysis - at least 5 tablespoons.
In addition to the analysis of urine most often are assigned additional study helps to clarify the diagnosis. For example, examination of the bladder, allowing to determine the degree of inflammation, the presence of pathological changes of the bladder wall, stones and sand. In almost all cases, an ultrasound examination of the bladder and kidneys.
The causes of cystitis
So, that is cystitis, how it manifests itself and is diagnosed we understand. Let's learn about the causes of cystitis, which provoke the development of disease. There are several reasons for the success of treatment it is very important to determine exactly what kind of factor served as a precipitating factor.
Most often the main cause of cystitis are bacteria, penetrated into the bladder of the urethra. About half of all cases of this same pathogen is the most banal E. coli, which lives in the rectum absolutely anyone.
However, under adverse conditions - for example, by weakened immunity - this most sticks ingress into the bladder may result in the development of cystitis. Unfortunately, this often suffers is the female half of the population. However, in addition to E. coli, there are many bacteria that provoke the development of cystitis. Therefore, bacterial urine still need to spend.
Please note - most of this kind of cystitis occurs in girls and women. This phenomenon is explained by the anatomical feature of the structure of the female urogenital system - itself the urethra is much shorter than that of men. Yes, and it is located in close proximity to the anus. So, the pathogenic microflora is much easier to get inside of the bladder.
Inflammation of the urethra
The second most common cause of cystitis is an inflammation of the urethra. Most often this occurs shortly after sexual intercourse, which results in friction external opening of the urethra. Usually, the symptoms of cystitis in such cases appear approximately 12 hours after sexual intercourse.
However, irritation of the urethral opening can be triggered not only sexual intercourse. There are a number of people who have a similar reaction could trigger anything - gel for intimate hygiene, soap, toilet paper, even color. Carefully watch the reaction of your body - surely you can quickly identify the culprit of irritation.
In some instances, it may be caused by cystitis anatomical pathology structure genitourinary system - if the urine from the bladder flows back into the ureters. This pathology is very quickly recognized during the most ordinary ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder. Such people should be under constant strict medical supervision urologist.
Stagnation of urine
In some cases, the cause of cystitis becomes banal stagnation of urine - or rather, its poor drainage. This phenomenon is most often observed in the elderly and bedridden patients, who do not move on their own. Furthermore, this can happen in those cases where the cavity is a bladder tumor. And constantly restrained urination can lead to the same tragic consequences.
Of course, this is not all the causes of cystitis, but most of them. In each case the provoking factor can reveal only doctor by reading the analysis and appearances.
Prevention of cystitis
In that case, if you find yourself at risk, you need to take care of the strict observance of preventive measures. It will help at times to reduce the risk of developing the disease. We'll tell you only about the general rules, and more specific information tailored exactly to your body's features, you will give your doctor.
The timely emptying of the bladder
Try to empty the bladder as often as required by your body. In the case when it comes to bed-ridden patients and relatives should learn how to use urinary catheters. Remember, we have said that it is delayed emptying of the bladder is able to trigger the development of cystitis.
For the normal functioning of the bladder adult needs to drink at least one and a half liters a day. And this volume is specified without soups, fruits and vegetables. Drink most preferably pure water without gas, compote of dried fruits and fruit drinks.
Be sure to strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene. Take a shower at least once a day and preferably after each wash the toilet. Do not forget to promptly change underwear. At that time, when the treatment is carried out, the laundry must be replaced more often - 10 times per day.
Do not forget about the sexual act
Immediately after podmoyte not easy, and certainly empty your bladder. This ensures that all bacteria that may have gotten into the cavity of the urethra, washed out. All these measures will help to prevent ingress of bacteria into the urethra and, therefore, to the bladder.
Proper selection of clothes
Try to entirely abandon any synthetic underwear. It does not pass the air and creates a very favorable for the reproduction of pathogenic microflora environment. Believe me - cotton underwear looks no worse, and even health is clearly useful. And in the summer, is to abandon the narrow trousers - for the same reasons, to avoid an unfavorable environment. This is especially true for women.
Treatment of cystitis
Self-treatment of cystitis in women can lead to very dire consequences. Therefore, as soon as possible, seek medical attention - a doctor you appoint exactly the treatment that would be really effective. But before the arrival of the doctor can try to alleviate the condition of the sick person. To do this, follow a few simple rules to help avoid various complications:
Drink plenty of fluids
When the first symptoms of cystitis in women should begin to drink as much as possible - preferably clean drinking water. Either cranberry or cranberry juice. A large number of liquid helps flush out the infection from the bladder. And treatment is much more effective.
During treatment to completely eliminate from the diet of the sick person any foods containing calcium - milk, dairy products, cheese and curd. Calcium worsens the disease, complicating treatment and increases the risk of various complications.
If cystitis in women is accompanied by pain, you can try to alleviate the condition of the sick person the most common warming. Attach to the place that hurts the most - in the back or lower abdomen - a plastic bottle filled with warm water. Warm can be as long as is necessary - no harm to health is not. However, the warming can not replace the treatment - this is only a temporary measure.
To remove the strong burning sensation when urinating in women, doctors recommend in the first hours after the onset of the disease every hour to drink half a cup of warm water in which the dissolved half a teaspoon of baking soda. The effect is achieved by reducing the acidity of urine. However, remember that this treatment may have a negative impact on the state of the stomach.
Ambulance complications of cystitis
Cystitis in women is extremely dangerous risk of the most serious complications. Therefore, immediately call an ambulance in case if you have any symptoms such as:
Severe headache or dizziness
Temperatures above 40 degrees
The appearance of blood in the urine or genital organs
Signs appeared cystitis in pregnant women
It is not necessary to treat cystitis lightly, as banal colds. The consequences for the body can be very negative. Therefore, a timely start treatment!