This has already happened that lovers of indoor flower vases chosen for its many varieties of plants, native to subtropical forests of South America. However, this fact is very few people care as pets have taken the place of honor in our homes and become familiar to most gardeners and "family." However, the origin of the flower, the characteristics of its growth in vivo depends proper care of plants. Is no exception dieffenbachia - home care for this plant has its own specific character cultivation.
Houseplant dieffenbachia belongs to the family Araceae and is in fact a dwarf shrubs to lodge stems. Its official name of the plant is named after a gardener Dieffenbach, who worked as a caretaker of the nineteenth century in Vienna's Botanical Gardens, and over the years the service has made an enormous contribution to the cultivation of tropical flower. He also described all the nuances of significant moments in the life of dieffenbachia - care for her and reproduction of plants.
Stem dieffenbachia have very thick and juicy, it is more like a tree trunk, which is located on the top cap of the large variegated leaves. At the top of the escape is a point of growth, but some types of bushes. At the base of the shoot kustyascheysya dieffenbachia awaken previously slept kidney, there are cases where the kidneys are located above. Size adult dieffenbachia can reach a height of two meters or more, but with the growth of the lower part of the trunk is gradually laid bare, and the plant begins to lose its former appeal.
As it is not sad, but in room conditions dieffenbachia rarely blooms, but there are growers who manage to create favorable conditions for the plants and watch it bloom more than once. Dieffenbachia inflorescences collected in the ear of wishy-washy, that surrounds the greenish veil, which is a characteristic feature of all representatives of the family Araceae. As a result, flowering fruit appears in the form of berries of red-orange color.
Perhaps the only low-maintenance varieties resistant to the specifics of care in the indoor environment, is very popular among gardeners grade Diffenbachia amoena (Dieffenbachia lovely). This plant is different and painted - its leaves are colored uniformly. Decorative this plant is fully consistent with its name.
For many gardeners still remains an open question regarding this mysterious flower. How to care for plants indoors, given the characteristics of its origin? Let's try to understand.
The first step is to determine the correct location for the flower. In winter and spring the plant put into place, well lit by the sun or an artificial light source, and in summer - on the contrary put in the shade. In principle, Dieffenbachia can grow in the shade, but in this case it leaves will lose their extraordinary diversity. The main thing that the flower does not experienced the effect of direct sunlight, otherwise the leaves begin to turn yellow and burn.
Dieffenbachia Camilla found in a strictly defined temperature range. In spring and summer the plant feels comfortable at 20-22 ° C. Of course, Dieffenbachia can tolerate higher temperature and up to 30 ° C (and even higher), but only at one important proviso - at high humidity. In winter, the plant is better to provide cooler conditions with ambient temperature within 15-18 ° C. If the temperature is below 15 ° C, the plant will lose their lower leaves. Drafts and extreme temperatures are injurious to health and the state of dieffenbachia. If you decide to ventilate the room, the flower is a move to another room, or to provide him with protection from air currents.
Care dieffenbachia mix requires abundant watering plants during its active growth. Experts recommend once a month earth com settled for 15 minutes in soft water, followed by the water to drain. Winter flower needs moderate watering. If dieffenbachia pour excess water, the edges of the leaves begin to grow brown.
Flower dieffenbachia likes moist air, so you should spray the leaves of the plant on a daily basis defended soft water. If the leaf wetness use lime water, then they will be covered with white spots. Once a week, you can wash plant under a shower that leaves could be cleansed of dust. If the air temperature exceeds 20 ° C, it is desirable to set the dieffenbachia on damp peat or wet gravel.
Tropical flower very fast time to spend nutrients, so the period of active growth dieffenbachia should be fed 1 time in 10 days with a liquid fertilizer designed for houseplants. The rest period is to reduce the amount of fertilizer, and during the winter and did cut off the supply of fertilizers.
The fast-growing dieffenbachia require annual transplantation. How to transplant the dieffenbachia? Experts advise to handle from a small flower pot in a deep, without destroying the integrity of earthen coma. At the bottom of the pot is placed drainage from shards of broken or small pebbles. Too big pots it is better not to use for planting, as surplus land leads to acidification of the soil and destruction of the flower. The aeration of the roots is to raise a regular basis - for this ground is constantly podryhlyayut.
Propagated dieffenbachia in most cases stem terminal cuttings, much less - with the help of air layering. From apical dieffenbachia cuttings propagated in the spring and summer. Wet sand - ideal soil for rooting. For a 100% successful results, use a mini-teplichku.
Air cuttings for propagation are dieffenbachia in the period from May to September. To do this, take the old plant, the stem of which had to bare bottom, and make it the size of the incision from the bottom up to 5 mm in the trunk below the sheet. Then take a wet match, and dipped it in a dry hormonal powder, intended for propagation. Match with fresh powder is inserted into the incision so that he could not close. Place cuttings wrapped in damp moss, raffia tie, and top coated with a film. Several months later, the roots begin to break right through the moss. When new roots grow stronger, the stalk is cut just below the roots and transplanted to a pot size 10-12 cm.
After separation of air layering remainder of the stem is cut into equal parts. Each part must be at least one thickened place where once stood the list (a place called the eye). It is in the little eyes hidden dormant buds. Stem cuttings are sprinkled with powdered charcoal and left to dry for a day. The prepared cuttings planted in substrate soyuldaya with the growth direction of stems. You can put the cuttings horizontally on the substrate, deepening half. After watering stem cuttings cover with a plastic bag or jar. For cuttings requires daily ventilation 2 times a day. Rooting takes place at a temperature of 22-25 ° C. If the temperature is lower, it is better to use a mini-greenhouse with bottom heating.
Diseases and pests that threaten dieffenbachia
Disfavor, or violation of the watering leads to the loss of the flower of its decorative features. Moreover, the plant starts to hurt. If the leaves turn yellow and dry dieffenbachia, then either the air for it is too cold or it was dry soil or flower I experienced the drafts. Direct sunlight or strong bright light makes the color change and leaf stains. To dieffenbachia not sick, it is necessary to put in a moderately lit a warm place, where there is no draft.
Poisonous juice dieffenbachia, unfortunately, does not save it from defeat by various pests - scale insects and spider mites. Occasionally observed infection of plants by aphids.
While infecting scale insects must be saved dieffenbachia. For this special soap-diluted solution of tobacco, which occasionally add a little denatured alcohol or kerosene and use it to spray the plant. Since the adult pests such a solution does not take them to collect wet swab, the same insecticide remove scale insects larvae.
Spider mites destroy washing the leaves with water or spraying with a weak infusion of tobacco, green soap or a dusting of powdered sulfur, paying special attention to the underside of the leaves. Occasionally plants are treated with insecticide ready. If the treatment is applied to the green soap tincture, then after 2-3 hours after the procedure should dieffenbachia wash under warm water.
A favorite place of aphids is the underside of leaves. Aphid feeds on plant sap, causing drying and folding of infected leaves. Insects multiply rapidly, so it is best to destroy their finished products. It is possible to prepare an aqueous solution of nicotine self-sulphate soap (1 g nicotine sulfate taken 1L soapy water).
After treatment, any solution must be a day to thoroughly wash the leaves, soil protection polyethylene. If you need - spend reprocessing plants against insects. Knowing how to care for Dieffenbach, you will surely achieve success in his cultivation. Good luck!