There are many myths about breastfeeding. Special diet for nursing mothers - the most common myth. Yes, and the recommendations of pediatricians in hospitals and children's clinics are based on statistics: as the number of allergic children is growing rapidly, and the recommendations include more and more dietary restrictions mothers-mothers.
As a result, since the early days of breastfeeding breastfeeding mom is so limited, as if she and the baby has a food allergy are inherited. However, in practice, most food allergy (the most popular form - diathesis) in children who are bottle-fed, not babies-babies.
Proper nutrition for nursing mothers - the most important component of breastfeeding. Experts on breastfeeding, usually recommend the menu nursing mothers avoid such allergens all the red and orange fruits and vegetables such as carrots, red apple, mandarin, orange, etc. But the food is the main source of vitamins, minerals and nutrients needed for growth and development. It is proved that with limited and poor nutrition nursing mother is suffering not only her body had not yet recovered after the birth, but also the body grudnichka.
The strongest allergens are chocolate, strawberry, crabs, shrimps and peanuts. Therefore, the nursing mother should avoid the use of these products in the preparation of their food menu.
Now it is proved that the gradual introduction of allergens through breast milk - the most effective method for the baby to develop resistance to the emergence of allergies in the future. Breast milk helps the child get acquainted with the products, he will eat when older. Therefore, a child susceptible to allergies is not recommended to wean until he met with all the products through the breast milk of the mother.
The principle of the progressive introduction of new products in the diet of lactating mothers should be observed women with babies under 4 months.
Also, a nursing mother to remember that breast milk not only allows you to adapt to the newborn baby to allergens, but it depends on the health of the child.
The basic principles aimed at proper nutrition for nursing mothers:
After giving birth, breast-feeding is responsible both for their own health and the health of the newborn child. The amount of breast milk and the content of nutrients in it depends on the power feeding mothers. It is proved that the average calorie diet of the mother during breastfeeding should be 500-800 calories above normal. By the way, it is not recommended diet for weight loss while breastfeeding.
Organization of diet nursing mothers
Mom breast-fed baby, you need to eat small, frequent meals, preferably - the bulk of the food consumed after feeding, and even some part to eat immediately before feeding - it is believed that this milk will increase. Should eat in moderation, do not overeat. By the way, it is best to organize a main meal while sleeping baby - it will allow my mother to take a comfortable position, easy to eat and not be distracted by concerns about the child. Especially such a diet recommended nursing mothers with babies aged from birth to six months.
A varied diet nursing mothers
Power lactating mothers should be as varied as possible, otherwise the lack of any useful product and is able to bring her child to vitamin deficiency. Not recommended diet, especially odnoproduktnye, for example, apple, cheese, rice, etc. - It is fraught with a sharp decline in the body of my mother in the breast milk of the amount of proteins, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins. In consequence, both mono-diet - and mom and grudnichok - get the strongest stress. Moreover, the baby may refuse the breast, and the transition to artificial feeding provoke the emergence of problems of the gastrointestinal tract of the baby.
The rate of fluid intake during the day
The liquid nutritional feeding mothers plays a major role. Losing a lot of fluid from the body during childbirth, nursing mothers need to make up for it, otherwise it can lead to dehydration. The amount of milk produced depends on the amount of fluid intake. Minimum required liquid person per day - 1-1, 5 liters. You can also calculate your rate on a simple formula: for 1 kg of body weight is necessary to consume 30 ml of liquid. For example, if the weight is 60 kg mothers required amount of liquid will be 1, 8 liters. Note that this is the norm just to maintain the body lactating mothers. To produce a sufficient amount of breast milk, the liquid should be consumed in 2 times more. By the way, it is proved that the arrival of milk promotes the use of a glass of drinking water for 15-20 minutes before feeding.
Carbonated beverages, including mineral water, - a nursing mother smoking drink as gases contained in the water excite fermentation processes in the gut, leading to abdominal colic grudnichka. Furthermore, preservatives and dyes can easily penetrate into breast milk. Allowed to drink only non-carbonated mineral water.
Natural juices are certainly useful, but must pay attention, do not recommend juice squeezed red apples, grapes, tomato juice and citrus juices.
You can drink weak coffee and tea. Otherwise, it will negatively affect the nervous system of the child. By the way, green tea contains caffeine, even more than weak coffee. A tea with milk - a popular recipe grandmother - does not lead to increased lactation, but also harmful.
Ideally, the main drink lactating women must be purified filtered drinking water or spring water.
Alcoholic beverages should be excluded explicitly because, penetrating into the breast milk, alcohol can lead to inhibition of both physical and mental abilities, or, even worse - cause alcohol poisoning in children.
Above all, do no harm to her newborn baby, a nursing mother should make your own menu, taking into account all potentially dangerous products.
Great attention should be given mandatory dishes on the menu nursing mothers.
Directly milk composition does not depend on the fact that the mother eats. Milk - a very complex composition of the liquid, which is synthesized from the components of blood and lymph, and depends on the internal mechanism of lactation.
The potential danger to the child are salting, smoking, fatty meals. It is desirable to completely eliminate from the diet of breastfeeding mothers. Undesirable canned pickles. Harmful and plenty of spices, do not abuse the onion and garlic.
The meat should be present in the diet daily. Preference should be given to rabbit meat, white meat poultry, veal or pork. Meat is rich in protein, essential for all life processes of any organism. The protein consists of 22 amino acids which upon cleavage absorbed into the bloodstream. With a lack of protein the body loses muscle mass, weakening the immune system, disrupted the rhythm of the heart and respiratory system. The preferred way of cooking - cooking. Frying is not recommended.
Fish is also necessary for the body nursing mother. Of the variety of fish is best to choose low-fat kind of like - hake, pollock, pike perch, cod, etc. Fish is rich in protein and vitamin D. The liver of fish, particularly cod, is rich in many vitamins and microelements. The preferred way of cooking - cooking.
Dairy products are important for nursing mothers menu as meat and fish. Milk and milk products are rich in protein and calcium. Calcium is essential for bone system, a good functioning of the cardiovascular and other systems of the body. That lack of calcium causes the development of rickets in young children.
Dairy products improve digestion. It is proved in nursing mothers regularly consumed dairy products, baby less likely to suffer from constipation.
The recommended dose in use milk and dairy products, especially liquids such as milk or yogurt, - no more than 500-800 g per day. Exceeding this norm may cause allergic reactions in children.
Vegetables and fruits are no less important in the diet of lactating mothers because of the high fiber content - it promotes good functioning of the digestive tract and intestinal system. In addition, fruits and vegetables contain a variety of vitamins and minerals.
Cereals are rich in dietary fiber, especially buckwheat, millet and oat.
In general, the diet nursing mothers must be such as during pregnancy. Special diet or any diet restriction may be prescribed by a doctor, in special cases, such as when the mother is a carrier of food allergies, to animal dander, pollen, and so on, or the family is on malnutrition.
If the mother or father is suffering from any type of allergy, the child can inherit it at the genetic level. Therefore, the nursing mother should be more carefully monitor their diet, as in this case may suffer grudnichok diathesis, especially in the first two months of life.
However, the nursing mother with allergies should know that, first of all, diathesis in children may cause products such as:
- Citrus (orange, mandarin, lemon, grapefruit);
- strawberries, raspberries, sea buckthorn;
- protein of beef and poultry;
- fish and fish products;
- soy, legumes and beyond.
Allergy the baby and may cause various additives used in the food industry, for example, colorants, preservatives, flavoring agents, even in the formula.
If a kid is prone to allergies, the nursing mother need some dietary restrictions. In the first week or two of life with allergies, usually from the diet of breastfeeding mothers excluded cow's milk, eggs, meat, chicken, fish, nuts, chocolate, coffee, cocoa, citrus fruits, and much more. Dietary restrictions set by the doctor.
After a certain time, dangerous products are introduced one by one into a nursing mother's diet. If in infants manifests an allergic reaction in the form of redness of the cheeks, dryness and peeling of the skin on the legs, elbows, appear flatulence, bloating and so on. E., That the product must be for 1 month removed from power, and then try again to introduce it in the diet.
In short, breastfeeding, child-allergy certainly require strict mother dietary restrictions. But, in practice, if all the recommendations of the expert, in most cases, the child develops his allergies with minimal impact.
By the way, the child is on artificial feeding required more restrictive diet than for infants, and families still have to give up part of products or dishes to tempt the child is not sweet or something tasty, but highly allergenic for him. It should be noted that very often grudnichok may not respond to a specific product, but to a specific recipe, for example, stewed cabbage with meat or potatoes, stewed with mushrooms. Therefore, even if the mother is not breastfeeding, her diet will have to comply with and, most likely, more than one year.
Therefore, nursing mothers diet plays a very important role in the health of the newborn baby. Make is not difficult, but if you have problems, a consultant on breastfeeding and a pediatrician will help to solve all difficulties.
Health to you and your baby!