With the birth of the child's parents have more worries. First, we should choose the right clothes for the baby, which many parents are becoming more before his birth. In this case, you can take your time and choose the easy things in children's stores or ordered online.
Often parents choose baby clothes to help families who are trying for a future granddaughter or grandson to buy the most beautiful things. However, they must be not only beautiful, but also comfortable and practical. Choose baby clothes is not easy, so even if you want to buy pants for babies, should approach this with full responsibility.
Normally, sew a modern children's clothing using natural materials. The most popular of these is cotton. It is preferable to choose clothes for the children, having no rough seams, as well as the presence of buttons instead of buttons that are long and uncomfortable to unbutton. In addition, buttons are often detached, and to prevent them from falling into the airways of the child better to abandon the purchase of such items or buttons to sew tight. The presence of lightning and applications in clothing for infants is also undesirable. Such variants are more suitable for older children. It should be noted that baby clothing should be loose and warm and comfortable. In this case, the action will not be limited to the baby, and he will be able to actively move his arms and legs.
Currently, children's clothing is produced in a wide range, so it is important to select. Not to be mistaken with a choice, you can use the recommendation of friends who have year-olds. They are prompt, have better things to buy for a newborn. In this case, you can avoid unnecessary costs. For these purposes, you can use and the Internet, where there is enough information about the clothes, but also that from vendors undershirts for babies can be purchased. Such purchases preferable to make in large chain stores that offer quality clothing in a large range.
When buying you should pay attention on the fabric, which should be natural, as well as soft and pleasant to the touch. Preference should be given things, made of 100% cotton or breathable fabrics that can not cause any inconvenience very delicate and sensitive baby skin. It should be borne in mind that children's clothes have to constantly wash and iron. Therefore, it is better to buy a warm and thin undershirts (5-6 pcs.), Warm jackets, sliders on the button, as well as hats, caps and socks.
The physical development of the child
The value of the game
In the first year, a small miracle happened many surprising and unusual, not only for the crumbs, but also for his mom and dad. Of course, the parents carefully monitor the development of its crumbs - it is so desirable, that the kid was the best! Or, at least, did not lag behind in the development of their peers. It is for these troubled parents we have gathered all the necessary information - about child development, employment with him.
But remember the most important thing - it is not necessary to consider the slightest deviation from the accepted norm as the universal catastrophe! All the kids are very individual, and it would be foolish to paddle them all with the same brush. In an extreme case, if you are worried, talk about their fears attending pediatrician. Oh, he is exactly determines whether everything is OK with your baby.
The physical development of the child
Your pipsqueak is growing by leaps and bounds. It is not the same crumb, which lay in bed and stared at the ceiling - it is already quite a full-fledged personality. Personality of the individual, bright and unique. The time has come for new research, discoveries, knowledge and experience. At this time, the most important person in the world knows how to perfectly move in space and travel.
He learned to crawl and try to climb on their own sofa or chair, stands up without the help of adults. Despite the numerous falls, the kid himself, without any support, is taking its first steps. He was so hard - he had not yet learned to bend the legs when walking, but still stubbornly continues to go on, like a little penguin, swaying and legs wide apart. Touching picture, is not it?
Although in fairness it should be noted that it is often to 12 months in some kids already know how to walk well enough. And in half a year you can play with them in the catch and hide and seek - it is a very fun and provocatively. Try it at least once - will not regret! Mass of positive emotions guaranteed for you and your crumbs.
In short, all the kids develop differently, but in any case about a year begin to walk all the kids. There are rare exceptions, and the baby is doing his steps after a year - usually when he has too much weight. But in any case, on this issue should consult your doctor - in very rare cases, the lack of independent walking may indicate health problems.
Fine motor skills.
Scarce in a year is fluent in grasping movements. He is not hard to assemble a pyramid, build towers and houses made of bricks, catch and throw a ball, roll the machine on the floor. The kid learns the world in a practical way. At this age, he likes things apart and in a way to collect, so adults should make sure that the baby surrounded by toys polysyllabic. For example, on the principle of dolls and pyramids that contain multiple items in a single whole.
But remember that the habit of trying all by heart in a year has not yet disappeared. And therefore pays close attention to the toys - they must be of the highest quality. You do not want the baby teeth have remained paint? Or worse - from toys have small parts breaking off - scary to think how this will end. So do not skimp on the safety of their baby and buy only certified toys and special books for young children.
By the way, very often mothers and fathers complain that their kids are tearing books. Parents do not get upset and worry about torn pages, and painted in the books, and to prohibit the crumbs do it. So he learns the physical structure of things, their functionality and use. If you prohibit such actions, in later life, such as adolescence, your offspring will be more than kalyakat in textbooks and on the desks, not seeing anything strange and bad. Believe me, sooner or later, he will take his own - that he was not given in early childhood.
The child - a child. And in its very nature to break the cars, ripping books and twist off the doll's head. Your task - to reduce damage to a minimum. That is why all toys intended for children one year of age, collapsible. Sobral - to understand - and the sheep are safe and wolves are fed. The toy is intact, and the child's need is satisfied.
Exercising is not only very useful to children, but also brings a lot of positives. Kids really like to ride and jump on the "ball" - fitball. Usually takes starts with two weeks of age, but also year-old kids are experiencing a lot of fun when they are rolled on the ball. In addition, these classes at the age years and more useful for the good functioning of the intestines and muscle tone. In addition, the child learns to cluster, which is also very important - he will fall very, very much.
With my mother's and my father's mostly the arms and shoulders, the child develops the first gymnastic exercises - flips, somersaults, jumps up exercises to develop coordination. Kid fun when he tossed up and circling hands, roll the shoulders. A cheerful mood - is one of the necessary conditions for the proper development of the small bully.
But not too zealous - Be careful. Firstly, the child may be very scared, even if a second ago, he laughed infectiously. Secondly, the vestibular apparatus of the child is still underdeveloped and the baby can become banal bad. Third, the baby bones and ligaments are very fragile - you can not calculate the forces and harm the baby. Therefore, all should be in moderation - do not throw crumbs to the ceiling and catch his legs - so extreme, leave the circus acrobats.
It is very useful to do baby massage. And it does not require special skills and tools. It is enough to make a gentle massage, while telling a funny story or jest, such a well-known as the "rails, rails, sleepers, sleepers, rode the train late ...". Simple movements - stroking circular - can work wonders. Watch out for your hands - if you do not want to massage the baby caused displeasure, they have to be dry and warm. A nail - short and podpilennymi. Be sure to use the most common baby oil - it will increase the effect of the procedure.
Of course, this is true only for healthy infants. If a child suffers from a disease before you start to massage, be sure to talk with your pediatrician. And it is in any case impossible to try to massage yourself is if your child has appointed his doctor. Your strokes, of course, will delight your child. But any sense from them will not.
One year old kid shows his curiosity absolutely everything that he sees, hears, touches and feels. He was well versed in the area of home or apartment. He knows the location of the furniture, looks into the favorite and affordable cabinets, opening it and pulling various items that can be not only children's toys. Of particular interest to young researchers produce kitchenware and utensils - spoons, colorful plates and bowls, lids for jars, especially colored and with different designs, all kinds of molds, and many other "mother's toys" such as perfumes, creams, necklaces, earrings.
"Daddy's Toy" is also causing a keen interest in children - especially flashlights, wire mouse from the computer. Much attention is given to "Mom's" and "daddy" clothes and shoes, followed by the fitting itself. Cell phones! Sometimes their parents are looking for a long time, then looking under the bed, in a box with toys, and found in the most unexpected places - in boots or shoes in the washing machine in the kitchen cupboard.
But to select and to prohibit child playing with a mobile phone - it's a mistake. After using the phone in the game, the child learns to say "Hello! ", " How are you? "" ... I will come to visit, "and other phrases heard from adults while talking on the phone. Kids are very observant and they like to imitate their parents and learn from them. Therefore, if the phone is so dear, come up with a joint game to your favorite device was always in sight, and then try to draw a new occupation of the baby.
Kids love to look in the mirror and smile at her reflection, sometimes fun grimacing. Sometimes even useful to bring the child to the mirror when he is naughty, to appease the cries and tears. The kid loves himself in the joy - the crying, he would kick and unlocks. Tragically, many parents believe the old sign, which declares that a child can not look in the mirror. Thus depriving the baby a lot of pleasant experiences.
The value of the game
The development of a child of 1 year implies the improvement of motor function, motor skills, hearing and speech. The best and most enjoyable way to help the child build and improve basic and necessary skills - a game in all its manifestations. Young children love to play, and the gameplay - it is their activities. Parents can play with the baby with blocks, ball, toy cars, dolls, and much more. Who better than you to know what will interest your child?
In the half year toddler can get carried away drawing. It is best suited for baby soft pencils and paints - gouache. Finger paint still inferior in color saturation and a drawing. After creating the first masterpieces of the little artist will together with their parents, which surely interesting to show their joy that can come up and done with paints, brushes, pencils and paper. By the way, gouache properly clean and well washed off.
Although, of course, about the finger paints should not be forgotten - they are very well develop fine motor skills of the child. And in the end, the children simply adore them. So why deny the crumbs of pleasure? Just prepare yourself properly, so you do not upset over soiled couch and stained clothes. First, put on a child old clothes you do not mind. Second, prepare a sheet of drawing paper - conventional leaf landscape for the imagination-year-old crumbs will obviously not enough. Finally, everything Cover the plastic wrap. And by the way, do not be amiss to prepare the bath - believe me, at the end of the creative process, it will need not only to your crumbs, and you.
What to do with the kid?
It often happens that mom and dad are busy household chores, and the baby needs attention. When parents are ready, you can give a child something safe kitchen items - beautiful bowls, plates, cups of shatter-proof material, napkins and other things that attract his attention and will be of interest. It's best if mom or dad will show what you can do with these items and how they can be used in the game.
Often the baby is able to think of myself a game with the new devices. For it would be helpful if the adults will accompany their household chores children's songs and poems, Counting, playback of which the child was soon surprised by family and close friends. But very carefully make sure that what the child is playing - he is still very small and can get hurt.
Great simulator is constantly watching his family, and repeats the various actions and movements - he learns to brush teeth, eat with a spoon and fork, drinking from a mug, put on and take off shoes, etc. The main thing that is required of the closest people who are close to him - to be constantly responsive and accessible to the attention of the baby, listening to his questions, speeches, trying to explain and demonstrate the new miracle for him. The indifference and anger significantly inhibit the development of year-old child.
You may be surprised, but the year-old baby is not only remembers the words, but the melody and the rhythm picks up and begins to move to the music. Musical instruments play an important role in the development of the child in a year. Many babies like rhythmic tapping and hitting the drum, monitoring of playing the piano, guitar and other musical instruments. The child have a desire to try to play them. But most of all he likes to move in time with the music, catching her rhythm.
Since then, the small musician masters the basic skills in harmony and forth motions and adds new skills their individual creativity. Do not ridicule the child and did not stop him - who knows, maybe you will grow future musician or singer! Child psychologists strongly recommend parents to put their babies to different songs. Of course, Zemfira and "Okean Elzy" - not the best choice for this age. But any classical music will be very helpful.
When sweet creation marks a year, he had not only can pronounce different sounds, but a few simple words - "ma-ma", "pa-pa", "give" and other sound combinations. The kid plays with happy voices of some animals - cats, dogs, birds. In short, the little bird Govorun. By the way, it is also distinguished by a rare intelligence and wit and quickly grasp new things.
The more parents interact with the child, the faster he learns to speak. It contributes to the development of speech reading nursery rhymes, fairy tales, pronunciation of schitalochek, nursery rhymes and jokes, listening to music from a children's song, good view and good cartoons, particularly music.
They repeat heard from adult small poems, and even fairy tales, funny phrases and jokes. Some of the words uttered by a mother, father, grandparents and other relatives can cause uncontrolled laughter of a child. Later, he tired to laugh at one and the same, but it is a word or phrase to remember and may be used in the future in his speech.
Even if you do not have time to read the book crumbs, still communicate with him! Tell me about what the weather is outside, what are your plans for the day, after all, describe the actions that you make at the moment. Perhaps the first time the child just will not understand, but his vocabulary will be quickly replenished. And very soon your monologue turns into a full-fledged dialogue.
Observations on the development of the baby in the year showed that the "bad" words a child learns quickly, so it is desirable to follow the adults his speech and protect it from the evil interference. If the playground or in the park heard someone's swearing or cursing, you had better go to another place. Of course, if you are brave and strong, it would be the best to rebuke the one who swears.
Some crumbs in the year and a half may well associate the word into small phrases, expressing so requests, feeling his warm attitude to the family and friends, the world around them. Others barely babble - all this is a variation of normal. But if no pipsqueak utters no sound - it is a serious cause for alarm. As soon as possible, seek help from a doctor to rule out possible hearing problems.
It should always be remembered that the kid favorite - is a permanent observer of the actions and the actions of the people around them, especially their parents. And much depends on the parents. It was at this early age, when laid the basic directions in the development of the child's personality, which will determine his actions, character and actions in the future and self-conscious life of a mature man.
Helping to create the world your baby, mom and dad are improving their supplementing it with new, original and often unusual ideas and solutions, developing their own individual creativity. When the dearest person in the world celebrated its first birthday, the parents are able to again believe in miracles!
And value is a magical time - it will never happen again. It will take a few years and you'll still remember with nostalgia the time when your toddler has just started to comprehend the world. But time flies so fast!