Fibroadenoma breast cancer - one of the most prevalent pathologies in women today.
It is a benign disease, but in some cases it can have very dangerous consequences.
That is why it is important to find time in their disease progression and to give it due consideration.
Breast fibroadenoma if it is not time to notice and run, treated conservatively, ie bezoperabelno. If it is running, it is removed by surgery, which helps prevent serious consequences and forget about the problem once and for all.
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What is a fibroadenoma
Fibroadenoma - a benign tumor that develops in the breast and is one of the varieties of a nodal mastopathy. It is a tight knot painless rounded, not related to the skin and is agile. The diameter it may be very different from 0, 2 mm to 7 cm. The disease affects women aged 20-30 years. Typically, they are found in the breast is education when carried out BSE.
If you notice chest any seal or there were some other uncharacteristic symptoms: chest pain, swelling, mammary gland increases in size, there are discharge from the nipples, and so on. D. - Always consult a doctor because these symptoms may indicative of breast pathology. This may appear as a symptom, and more. The sooner you see your doctor and find out the disease, the easier and without the effects of it will be possible to get rid of.
Fibroadenoma, or a gynecologist can diagnose mammolog during routine inspection. Also, your doctor may refer you for an ultrasound or needle biopsy to definitively confirm the diagnosis. In addition, a biopsy is needed to determine the nature of the tumor: benign or malignant it.
Many patients who are diagnosed with breast cancer, wondering what could be the cause of the disease. The reasons for the development of fibroadenomas may be several. The most common ones:
increased estrogen levels (under the influence of the tumor increases in size);
nervous tension and stress;
cysts in the ovaries.
Therefore, treatment of fibroadenomas carried out in parallel with the elimination of the causes that resulted in the development of tumors. Several species of fibroadenomas:
Such education is different homogeneous structure and clear boundaries. It does not cause the risk of developing breast cancer. It is this variety is the most common.
These tumors are much less common and can trigger the development of breast cancer. As a simple type of education, these tumors also have a clear path, but they have a non-uniform structure. Fibroadenomas complex type contain a plurality of seals and cysts, papillomas, hyperplasia of various kinds.
the leaf (filloidnaya) fibroadenoma. The most dangerous of all, because it is characterized by a very rapid increase in size and 10% of cases - go to the cancer. This formation is somewhere between benign and malignant tumors.
Depending on the variety of education, the doctor may prescribe a variety of mechanisms of treatment. In any case, delay treatment by no means impossible - do not underestimate the seriousness of the disease.
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Treatment for breast fibroadenoma
Depending on what form of education you have been diagnosed, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment. Immediately I want to warn you that in no way do not need to self-medicate. No need to believe the miraculous Badam, tinctures, tablets, etc. - All these methods do not work against the fibroadenoma. So, what treatments can offer you the doctor.
If you have found a host of small size (up to 1 cm), the doctor may suggest that you monitor the tumor over time. Monitoring the development of tumors includes regular inspections of mammalogy and breast ultrasound. This method helps to keep under constant review the growth of fibroadenomas.
Although no one drug is not capable sucked tumor, there are cases where it is absorbed by yourself. If the node continues to rise, it will not go unnoticed, in which case the doctor will suggest breast fibroadenoma removal by surgery.
Additionally, surgery causes indications are also as follows:
suspicion of oncology;
large tumor size, which look like a cosmetic defect;
the rapid growth of the tumor.
Surgery can be performed in several ways:
husking, or tumor enucleation. If the doctor is not suspicious for cancer, he will offer this option. The operation consists in the fact that the patient make the local anesthetic. In breast incision is made several centimeters in length and extirpate the tumor. Cosmetic defects after the intervention or not there or it is insignificant;
sectoral resection is assigned to those patients in whom there is suspicion of cancer. In this case, the tumor is removed together with the tissue that surrounds it at a distance of 1-3 cm from the formation. Cosmetic defects after the intervention is usually noticeable.
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Bezoperabelnoe treatment of breast fibroadenoma
If the tumor is at an early stage, you can do without surgery. That is why it is important to conduct regular self-examination of breasts, that in the event of a disease in time to see a specialist, and do "a little blood." So, there are several methods that have worked well in the fight against fibroadenoma. These include laser ablation, kriodistruktsiya, treble, mammotomnaya biopsy. Consider each of the methods in more detail.
Laser ablation - a method bezoperabelnogo remove fibroadenomas. With this method, the formation is removed using a laser device, which monitors the work of the ultrasound, which destroys the tumor. Cosmetic damage is limited to only a very thin scar: no seams, no changes in breast shape does not occur. Plus, this method is also the fact that it does not require anesthesia and observation of the patient in the hospital.
Kriodistruktsiya - another effective and very quick way of getting rid of the tumor. However, it just freezes and then it replaces healthy tissue. The procedure is simple, takes less than an hour, a cosmetic defect remains in the form of a thin scar.
High frequencies are used for non-surgical removal of fibroadenomas of the breast at least other methods. This method consists in the fact that over the tumor incision of 6-8 mm. Then, through the surgical incision is introduced wand. During this time, the fabric is heated stream of high frequencies, and then are cut with a scalpel. This makes it possible to do without unnecessary blood loss. Once the rod reaches its goal - tumor - device captures and removes it from the breast.
Mammotomnuyu biopsy can be used as a non-invasive method of removing education. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia and takes less than an hour. It consists in that the incision is made over the tumor to 6 mm. Then, using an ultrasonic fibroadenoma administered mammotomny probe that sucks and those portions of tissue that are affected by the tumor. Cosmetic damage is limited to a small scar, and the procedure ensures a quick recovery.
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The psychological aspect
Almost all women are afraid of the tumor in the breast. And when a woman learns the diagnosis, whether it is a fibroadenoma, or something terrible, for it sounds equally scary and hopeless. If you have been diagnosed with this, do not panic and otchaniyaniyu. Trust your doctor, and do all that he tells you.
If you are diagnosed with fibroadenoma indication for surgery, you must remember that attitude plays a very important role in this process. Do not be afraid and do not tighten with the operation, because the sooner you do it (of course, prescribed by a doctor), the better the outcome will be, and the sooner you forget about the disease and continue a peaceful, happy and healthy life. Remember, breast fibroadenoma - not a sentence and can be cured.
In addition to the fear and desperation, many patients are worried about the process of intervention and on what will be the appearance of the breast after it. As the medical practice, even if the operation surgery is so minimal that the patient then they themselves admit, they were afraid and worried much more than worth it really. The main thing - to remove education as soon as possible after it is detected. Then everything will be much easier and better.