Kalanchoe, many associated with the boring tatty flower on the windowsill, which is grown exclusively for medicinal purposes. Of course, Kalanchoe has healing properties. However, not everyone knows that there are varieties very decorative, and often richly flowering kalanchoe. Flowering Kalanchoe - is surprisingly colorful and pleasing the eye period. Fans who bought or received as a gift a bouquet, often do not know what to do with it after flowering and plant some care is needed. After all, to get blooming kalanchoe're not so easy!
However, there are secrets of farming, as well as the rules of care for plants that allow Kalanchoe bloom again and again, every season, delighting the owners of new bouquets. When and under what conditions kalanchoe blooms how to care for it and how to get it to bloom again, and we'll try to find out.
Types and varieties of flowering kalanchoe
Not all kinds of different decorative Kalanchoe. However, flowering varieties have a very attractive feature for growers - they bloom in the cold season. Note that the types of Kalanchoe - a natural result of "breeding". That is, all types of Kalanchoe can be found in the wild. But different varieties of ornamental plants that were withdrawn people. So different kinds of kalanchoe in indoor horticulture presents numerous varieties. And if you decide to have a copy of flowering succulent this drug, you should pay attention to the following grades.
Type, which grows in shady forests of Madagascar. The plant is of medium height with a strongly branching crown oblong green leaves with a red border. On sale you can find such varieties of Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana differing flower color:
Goldstrike, Alexandra, Ingrid, Karen Foundation - varieties with yellow flowers;
Amor, Kavi, Fuego, Kerr, Mary, Cassandra - varieties with red flowers;
Bardot, Arina, Nadia 2000 Carmen Naomi - variety with orange flowers;
Mia, Elsa, Pluto, Simone 2000 Cora White - varieties with white flowers;
Avalon, Delia, Gwen, Dion, The bark, Katerina, Melanie - varieties with pink flowers.
The species of Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana, wherein a compact size, large flowers with double petals. Type the maximum adapted to grow at home. Common varieties of Kalanchoe Calandiva:
Calandiva Cher, Calandiva La Douce, Calandiva Dion - varieties with pink flowers;
Calandiva Hayworth, Rosalina Don Juan, Calandiva Taylor, Calandiva Kerr - varieties with red flowers;
Calandiva Bardot, Rosalina Don Domingo, Rosalina Don Frederico, Calandiva Fonda - orange and yellow flowers;
Calandiva Monroe, Rosalina Don Leon - white varieties.
A large plant, reaching a height of two meters. Different decorative even in the absence of flowers - a large wedge-shaped leaves with serrated edge and a waxy coating of grayish color, thin-haired brown hairs. It flowers profusely and continuously gathered in panicles of yellowish flowers with purple longitudinal stripes. Flower stalks reach a height of about thirty centimeters.
Kalanchoe Kalanchoe alochashechnoe and Tessa
Species differ hanging flowers. In Tessa Kalanchoe flowers peach or pink and have the shape of a bell hanging on slender stems. Kalanchoe alochashechnoe will give you hanging flowers orange or red color and oblong. Both types are suitable for the content in bright rooms and kalanchoe Tessa and grown hydroponically (without pochvosmesi).
Caring for flowering kalanchoe
The flowering period - the time of maximum activity of the plant. Therefore, at this time he needs maximum care and attention. How to care for kalanchoe during flowering?
Kalanchoe is a light-loving houseplants and well tolerated even the scorching sun. The flowering period occurs in this plant in the autumn and winter, so you have to try to ensure flowering kalanchoe well-lit location. The best place for a flowering kalanchoe become southern windowsill. With a lack of light leaves turn pale plants, the stems are drawn, and the flowers fall off. However, too high a temperature of Kalanchoe moves with difficulty. Therefore, during the hottest time of day it is push away from windows warmed by the sun.
By the humidity in the room is undemanding Kalanchoe - this is a succulent. Therefore, frequent spraying the plant does not need. Suffice it to occasionally wipe the leaves with a damp cloth, removing dust. And if you spray the plant during flowering, try not to moisten the flower itself, and only the air around him.
It is best to grow and bloom in the green pets at a moderate temperature. And for him the most suitable temperature - between eighteen and twenty-eight degrees. If the room is too hot, the plant will begin to dump the flowers and the leaves he will turn yellow, wither and fall off. For the same reason the flower must be protected from the flows of dry and hot air, and not to put a pot of Kalanchoe near radiators and heaters.
But most importantly - the right to water kalanchoe. This should be done as drying earthen coma, and in any case avoid any excessive moisture or drying out of the soil in the pot. Watering Kalanchoe needs only a soft well-settled water and dry it thoroughly after watering bottom of the pot and pan.
During flowering kalanchoe feed not more than once a month, using complex fertilizers or drugs intended for flowering houseplants. After flowering, the plant a period of dormancy. It is proper care of them during this time will help to re-bloom kalanchoe.
The period of rest and preparation for flowering
How to make Kalanchoe blossom in the new season? As we have already said, there are little secrets that help to achieve re-flowering. But in addition to these secrets you need to know how to be caring for the flower in a rest period.
After flowering you should immediately cut off the plant on a stump. That is, to remove from it all stems and flower stalks, leaving the ground no more than three centimeters shoots. A pot with a flower in a shady place clean and leave almost no watering for a month and a half. It is important that at this time the flower was in a cool room where the temperature does not rise above the fifteen degrees. This plant is not in any way be hidden in the refrigerator!
After almost six weeks of complete rest Kalanchoe begins to wake up and get ready to bloom. At this time, it is necessary to move to a well-lit room warm and resume traditional care. From late spring until mid-summer of Kalanchoe need to fertilize, feeding a couple of times a month. For dressings can be used complex fertilizer for flowering plants or fertilizer intended for cacti and succulents.
When the flowers start to grow again, all the new shoots pinch out and regrown on the cut stems with leaves, too, pinch at the height of the third pair of leaves. This will form a thick crown of the bush, and will not stretch out stems. Last Kalanchoe pinch around November, and after that just comes a time when proper care of the plant will make it bloom.
The fact that Kalanchoe refers to plants that bloom only during short photoperiod. If you provide kalanchoe light day of no more than eight hours, you can get a plant to bloom in due time. So care flower in this period remains the same - watering, maintaining a comfortable temperature, rub the leaves of dust, periodic humidification around the plant. But the daylight hours should be reduced.
For this purpose, it is necessary to keep the light of not more than eight hours a day. After that, the flower should be removed in a dark place or cover opaque cap (eg, cardboard), which should cover, and the plant itself, and a flower pot. On the morning of the cap is removed and provide access of light to flower for eight hours.
After a month of such manipulations on the Kalanchoe will flower buds. After that, it is already possible to not cover the hood - I think that to get the plant to bloom you did it!
So, proper care and well sustained period of rest - that's a guarantee that the flowering Kalanchoe resumed with the onset of the new season. Well, how to care for them, you know. It remains that? It only remains to put their knowledge into practice, providing flower competent care. Be of good cheer! And all you get!