- Causes of heartburn and its symptoms
- Compliance with medical diet
- Other measures prevention of heartburn
- Health care
During pregnancy, the future mother waiting for a large number of a wide variety of surprises. Moreover, both pleasant and not. And one of these surprises is heartburn. And there is a very widespread opinion that heartburn appears in the second half of pregnancy. However, this is nothing more than a myth. Thousands of women will tell you that faced with the phenomenon of heartburn during early pregnancy.
Heartburn And while waiting for the child can occur even in women who previously had no idea of such a problem. But during pregnancy, they get a great chance to familiarize themselves with all the "charms" of heartburn. Of course, this little one gets pleasure from this phenomenon. That is why today we try to understand why there is this heartburn and how to fight it.
Causes of heartburn and its symptoms
First, let's find out what is heartburn. In fact, it throw the contents of the stomach - in particular, hydrochloric acid - into the esophagus. This phenomenon is called reflux. Under the influence of gastric irritation occurs the walls of the esophagus and subsequent inflammation.
At high pregnancy heartburn is easy to explain the appearance of increasing in size of the uterus, which is a great burden on the stomach. And why heartburn occurs in early pregnancy? Even the old popular belief does not explain it. You know about the popular belief? Previously, it was believed that heartburn occurs at a time when the crumbs grow hairs? Although, of course, is nothing more than prejudices, do not have no scientific foundation.
The modern science explains the appearance of heartburn in early pregnancy trivial change in hormonal expectant mother. In particular - a strong increase in the level of progesterone. This hormone is necessary for normal pregnancy and fetal development. For example, it is responsible for relaxation of smooth muscles of the uterus, to eliminate the possibility of tone and, as a result of miscarriage in early pregnancy.
However, the effect of progesterone is not limited to the muscles of the uterus, but also of all other organs. Hence, the tone of the sphincter, which is located between the stomach and esophagus, are also reduced. As a result, reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus and consequently, there is heartburn. And the higher the level of progesterone, the more annoying the expectant mother heartburn.
Expectant mothers describe heartburn as a burning sensation in the chest and / or throat, often very painful. Moreover - sometimes heartburn it is a kind of trigger, provoking the emergence of severe nausea and vomiting. How to express a future mom - feel as if you are fire-breathing dragon from a fairy tale. Do you also know this feeling? You should not stand him - because heartburn is quite possible to keep under strict control. Of course, if you know how to do it correctly. That is what we will now and tell.
Compliance with medical diet
Perhaps no one needs to explain how important it is for future moms proper nutrition. However, very often women neglect diet, finding a variety of unconvincing excuses and justifications. But poor nutrition can not only harm the baby and lead to the development of beriberi my mother, but also trigger the development of a strong and painful heartburn. And the woman would have perforce to reconsider your diet. So whether or not to bring this up?
To start tidy your diet:
If you are used before pregnancy, fasting all day, intercepting ran muffin or a cup of coffee, and in the evening from the heart load, during pregnancy, you will have a hard time. After all, a similar diet in any case unacceptable - food must be fractional. Portions small place, but eat often - then the burden on the stomach is very low, and hunger will not annoy you. Eat slowly, chewing food thoroughly.
Doctors give a universal advice to help prevent not only heartburn, but also toxicity. In the evening, prepare and lay beside the bed something light - for example, cookies or nuts. In the morning, not getting out of bed, eat them - quite a small amount, not more than 20 grams. Then lie down for 10 more minutes.
And do not eat later than two hours before bedtime. If hunger is very strong, you can drink a glass of kefir or eat 100 grams of fat-free yogurt. Incidentally, cottage cheese during pregnancy generally indispensable product - he heartburn, nausea and assists, and from a lack of calcium future mom and her baby's fear.
- The list of banned products
Always ensure that you eat. If you do not want to become a victim of not only heartburn, but gastritis, exclude from its menu of certain products. Firstly, face of all products containing artificial preservatives and colorants. Second, do not eat sharp, pickled and smoked foods, fatty meals.
In addition, the need to give up sweets - chocolates, cakes and sweets are strictly prohibited. Of course, for many future moms is not so easy - because they like to pamper yourself than something sweet! However, you can always find an alternative - for example, during pregnancy can be a reasonable amount to eat candy, jellies, marshmallows, dried fruits.
Fruits and vegetables are also critical to the future mother - they contain huge amounts of vitamins, minerals, micro and macro. However, not all fruits and vegetables are so useful - many are quite capable to trigger the development of severe heartburn. Make sure that they are not too acidic or, conversely, sweet, because due to this increased level of acidity of gastric juice.
Watch and what you drink. Expectant mother should not drink any carbonated beverages - either mineral water or soft drinks. Coffee, sweet and sour juices are also strictly prohibited. Doctors recommend expectant mothers stewed fruit, fruit drinks, clean drinking water. In no case do not drink water during the meal - it is at times increases the likelihood of severe heartburn.
But do not sit as a future mother hungry? Of course not. There are a variety of delicious foods that are also extremely useful for the health of mother and baby. For example, all kinds of dairy products - of course, except for those containing artificial colors and preservatives yogurt and cheese desserts.
All varieties of fish, poultry and meat that eats expectant mother should be low-fat. And all of the products should either boil or bake in the oven or cook for a couple - fried strictly contraindicated. Try to reduce the use of animal fats to the minimum possible - they are highly undesirable.
How, by the way, and all kinds of sauces - mayonnaise, ketchup, mustard, and others. Completely eliminate whatever there was no seasoning and spices - you can leave the salt, and then only in very limited quantities. Salt not only can trigger heartburn, but also the development of edema. Agree, the prospect is not pleasant. Try to lie down after a meal at least 15 minutes - is to halve the risk of heartburn.
Other measures prevention of heartburn
So, the food sorted out. What other measures can prevent the occurrence of heartburn in the first half of pregnancy? They are not so much, but all of these measures are very effective and have been tested by many women:
Try not to sleep on your back - in this position cast of the stomach contents into the esophagus occurs more often. In that case, if you are used to sleeping on your back, the first time it will be very difficult. Experienced mothers are advised to sew the back of pajamas tennis ball - on the back to sleep you will not be able to. Of course, a couple of nights of torment, but then get used to it and do not roll over on his back.
By the way, it is very useful to you later, when the tummy grows. It was during this period of sleep begins to pose difficulty - on the belly expectant mother can not sleep, Anna back to bed she simply can not. In the supine position to the increasing size of the uterus puts pressure on the large vein that is directly under the uterus. This can lead to unpleasant consequences.
During sleep, it is necessary to raise the shoulders and head - you can use a pillow, because it is unlikely that you have to lift the bed headboard. This posture reduces the chance of casting the stomach contents into the esophagus. And that means that the risk of heartburn is much less. And during the day of rest - while reading or watching TV - try to take a similar stance.
Pay attention to the clothes you wear. Usually, comfortable and airy dresses and suits only appear closer to the second half of pregnancy. And in the first, while the belly is not yet visible, the expectant mother manages his usual clothes. But as a rule, it becomes more closely just a month - half. A compression of the abdomen and thorax inevitably leads to reflux of gastric juice into the esophagus.
Therefore, take care that all the clothes that you wear, was spacious, never pressed and feel free of your movements. You may have to buy something more spacious, or borrow at the time of his sister or girlfriend if no extra money. But do not tolerate discomfort.
After the contraction of the abdomen may lead to more dire consequences than the occurrence of heartburn. For example, a possible increase in the tone of the uterus. So, there is a risk of spontaneous abortion. Although, of course, this happens very rarely.
Absolutely all of these measures, which we told you, safe and, in fact, beneficial to the future mother and her baby. As a rule, in most cases, they help to cope with bouts of heartburn. But in rare cases, the problem still persists. Of course, you can put up with heartburn, consoling himself with the thought that during pregnancy it is many. They say the baby is born, and you can forget about heartburn like a bad dream about.
But is it worth to suffer? Of course not! Expectant mother needed only positive emotions from heartburn get unlikely. It is much more correct and wise to seek medical help. Your doctor will help you to choose the drugs that effectively suppress heartburn.
Typically, this is used antacids. They are safe for the health of the expectant mother and the baby and bring relief almost instantly. This is due to the fact that drugs act locally - directly into the stomach, the blood is not absorbed, to the baby does not fall. The principle of action of these drugs is simple - they neutralize the hydrochloric acid gastric juice. So, cropped heartburn.
The most commonly for the treatment of heartburn in pregnant women using drugs such as Maalox, Gaviscon, Almagelum. But preparations containing in its composition of sodium and magnesium, expectant mothers are strictly contraindicated. That is why the pharmacological drugs should appoint a doctor - can self-harm.
In very rare cases, even strong antacid medications are completely powerless - heartburn persists. Typically, in such cases, heartburn is extremely strong and painful, deprives women of sleep and rest. In this case, doctors have resorted to radical methods of treatment - prescribe special medicines.
In any case, without a visit to the doctor you are unlikely to do. Positive your pregnancy and the birth of light!