Why would a man need potovydelitelnaya system? It is not just scattered all over the body about 3 million sweat glands ... Sweating performs several important functions in the body:
Removal of excess fluid.
Removal of harmful substances from the body.
Cooling the body at too high ambient temperature.
The decrease in body temperature in diseases.
There are other features, such as the allocation of sweat pheromones - substances that are attracted by the smell of the opposite sex. In addition, heavy sweating occurs when nerve strain. In such cases, the nervous system is activated, which is responsible for the internal organs (sympathetic).
The main reasons for sweating
There are many situations in which a completely healthy person is perspiring. This heat on the street, and hard physical labor. It so happens that the strong emotions make a man sweat (who among us is not to sweat when the nose of the car zipped?) ... Fear, excitement, too, contribute to strong perspiration.
But apart from healthy response to external and internal factors found in humans disease where enhanced perspiration in response to small stimuli. This pot can literally flowing creek, sometimes the reasons for such a strong sweat glands can not be established. In such cases we are talking about the disease, which is called hyperhidrosis.
Doctors divide hyperhidrosis into two groups: generalized (general), when the entire surface of the skin covered with sweat and local, sweating when one or more areas (eg, palms and armpits). Many people suffer for years without knowing that this is the real disease, which in most cases can be successfully treated.
Causes of hyperhidrosis of the whole body
The reasons for excessive sweating of the entire body is very diverse. We will list only the main ones:
acute infectious diseases;
chronic infections (tuberculosis, AIDS);
endocrine diseases (high function "thyroid", menopause, diabetes mellitus);
some hereditary diseases.
In most cases, treatment of heavy sweating that accompanies severe disease is not carried out separately. The underlying disease is treated, and gradually normalizes perspiration.
Where does the local hyperhidrosis
But the causes heavy sweating on the palms or soles of the feet, as a rule, can not figure out. Local hyperhidrosis is often a particular disease being treated and dermatologists (skin diseases specialists), and cosmetologists, and even surgery.
There are some diseases in which the enhanced sweating separate zones, but they are few, and they have long been known to doctors. One example is diabetes, in which there is excessive moisture palms and armpits, but his legs are suffering from dryness.
Local hyperhidrosis can affect one area (palms, feet, armpits) or more zones (palmar-plantar form, palms and underarms, face and armpits). Depending on the location chosen method of treatment.
Therapies local giperpotlivosti
When hyperhidrosis individual zones are different treatments - from simple acceptance of soothing herbal infusions before surgery. But let's take first things first.
Drug treatment of hyperhidrosis
In the treatment of excessive sweating it is very important to stabilize the nervous system of the patient. To do this, apply soothing pharmacy fees, which are brewed according to the instructions and drink several times a day (or only at night, looking as prescribed by a doctor).
But there are cases when the human nervous system is shaken to the limit. Most often this occurs in severe stages of hyperhidrosis. When palm shaped man just trying to retire, move away from society because they can not perform simple job - on documents from his hands are wet footprints, small objects fall from slippery hands.
For a long stay in this condition may bring to nervous exhaustion and depression. In such patients, even have suicidal thoughts. So they prescribed stronger sedatives - tranquilizers and antidepressants. They are sold only by special recipes.
Treatment giperpotlivosti using botulinum toxin
Yes, do not be surprised! Botox and Dysport today not only smooth wrinkles on the face, but also to successfully compete with increased sweating. Hands, feet, armpits and groin, even Botox cut away by a special technique.
First, define the boundaries of excessive sweating using the iodine-starch test. For this purpose, for example, armpit iodine solution is applied first, and then sprinkled on the place starch. It turns out clearly defined area, which is then entered into the drugs.
This treatment method is good because it immediately stops sweating (sweat glands are destroyed due to nerves, sweat stops producing). The disadvantage of the method is its high cost. In addition, after 6-8 months, the procedure has to be repeated, because the drug is gradually absorbed, sweating back.
Physiotherapy with sweating palms and soles
Scientists at the beginning of the last century noticed that the water through which passes a weak electric current, has healing properties. But the first devices for the treatment of ionized water were too cumbersome, only used in hospitals.
Today let iontophoresis portable devices that treat hyperhidrosis in the clinic and at home. Usually it happens so: the doctor prescribes the patient with palmar-plantar hyperhidrosis iontophoresis form. Then in a medical institution selected treatment time and current, provides recommendations for self-use device.
Application of the technique does not cause any difficulties and has no side effects. Included with the unit are 2 foot bath and 2 - hand. Brushes and hands placed in a tray filled with plain water. Then turn on the device for iontophoresis, and the current ionizes the water during the whole procedure. Less of this method is that it is necessary to be treated continuously, the procedure is performed approximately 1 time per week. But the effect is very good, sweating palms and feet is greatly reduced.
Surgical treatment giperpotlivosti
Doctors have developed a number of operations on sympathetic nerve trunk (it passes near the spine and regulates the function of internal organs, including sweating). Surgeons around the world prefer to do endoscopic surgery, when there is a large incision and into the small hole in the neck is introduced flexible endoscope.
At the end of an endoscope attached instruments and a small camera whose image is on the monitor. Thus, the surgeon can see what he does, right on the screen.
The meaning of the operation is that the surgeon places a special clip on the site of the nerve trunk, which is responsible for sweating of the palms. Earlier this site just cut, but this operation is irreversible, and if the patient is not satisfied with the result, then return all "as it was before" impossible.
Patients are usually really like the effect of endoscopic surgery, palms, which were always wet and cold, are immediately dry and warm. Moreover, this effect is not temporary, but permanent, persists throughout life. There are, however, undesirable side effects - increased sweating in other places, sometimes unexpected (on the back or abdomen). If it delivers a very strong discomfort, conduct a second operation, the clip is removed from the nerve, and everything returns to its original state. It must be said that the operation to remove the clamp do extremely rare (about 2% of cases). People prefer to palms were dry and the moisture on the back or abdomen is much easier to handle.
Treatment of hyperhidrosis antiperspirants
When sweating under the armpits or on the feet can be treated antiperspirants. It is to be treated, because the correct and consistent use of these tools greatly reduces perspiration.
What do you mean, the correct application? After all, as we often do that? Before going to work or to a party applied to the skin antiperspirant. It turns out that it is absolutely wrong! Therapeutic effect can be achieved by putting on a clean and dry skin thoroughly, and before bedtime, at the time when the activity of the sweat glands is minimal. And in any case, you can not use antiperspirants in the heat or before training!
The active substance in the majority of these agents - aluminum chloride, it causes a narrowing of the sweat glands tubules, which lead to sweat skin surface. Therefore, when you smear to vigorous physical activity, it turns out, this situation: the sweat continues intensively produced, and the pores are narrowed. This leads to tissue edema, and later may develop inflammation of sweat glands - hydradenitis.
And another tip - always look on the concentration of aluminum chloride on the package. Starting always have a very small concentrations - 12%.
In addition to these methods, there are a variety of recipes using folk remedies. Someone they help someone - not really. In any case, before you start the treatment of excessive sweating, you should consult your doctor.