- Conditions of decorative roses
- Warning - Risk
- Be fruitful and multiply
Admire the beauty of flowers are constantly or occasionally loves everyone. All colors, without exception, have their own unique charm, we touched the strings of the soul. But the queen of flowers deservedly recognized and rightly called beautiful-rose.
Experienced gardeners and beginners only it is equally strong admiration for its exquisite beauty. But if you lit up the idea to settle this flower royals in your home, be sure to read our article. In it, we explain how to care for decorative rose well to grow healthy, full of strength and beauty of the flower was quite capable of anyone who enforces such a purpose.
Conditions of decorative roses
There are many nuances, which require compliance with caring for roses, but the results obtained from the effort invested is guaranteed to delight you stronger. Of course, the rose quite demanding on the conditions of his detention. But is such beauties is not permissible? But in gratitude for your constant care for the correct application of the knowledge about how to care for roses to be, these flowers with their presence in your home will create a very special aura.
A place under the sun
To rose delighted us with its regal beauty, take care to provide them with sunny, bright and well-ventilated area. But I do not think Rose will be granted if it appears on the south window. In winter, it is quite satisfied. But in the summer there for her too uncomfortable, because the plant will be very hot. Being in such unfavorable conditions for themselves, rose quickly reveal buds, and then just as quickly osyplet petals. Therefore, the most suitable for the flower will stay window with access to the south-east or south-west.
From the first days of October and March rose preferably kept in rooms with low temperatures. From about 12 to 14 ° C. If you have the possibility to provide the content of roses at a low temperature, then initially select yourself variety, which can be in winter to keep warm. Such, for example, is Rose Bengal. She has no rest period. If the short winter days you give it additional lighting with lamps from about sixteen to eighteen hours, it will give you a rose blooming until the New Year.
When the probability of frost will drop to a minimum, which is usually closer to the middle of May, the rose can be taken on the outdoor terrace, balcony or garden. He will bring the colors of the undeniable benefit. If the plants all the time just to keep in the room, they will die, no matter how you try to take care of them. However, accustom rose to fresh air flow should be gradual, starting with a regular airing the room, avoiding cold drafts.
Water treatments and humidity
Care rose particularly laborious in terms of irrigation measures. You will land on a daily basis to control the humidity in the pot. During active growth of the flower, which begins in April and lasts until the end of September, you should regularly quench their thirst rose warm water in which no lime. The land must be kept moist, but not wet. If your beauty will spend the winter in the warmth, the mode of irrigation does not change even if the occurrence of the autumn-winter period. If it is moved to a cool place, it is possible to limit watering, but without the risk of a complete drying of the soil.
The dry air in the room rose hurts: the leaves begin to dry, it loses buds. Therefore, strive to give it a high level of humidity: put a pot with a rose on the tray with water to pour gravel or other drainage. Spray rose, but avoid contact with water droplets directly on the flowers, otherwise they fall off before this mottled. When wintering in cold moisture near the rose should be reduced.
Providing competent care for roses, remember they have a lot of power. Without regular feeding roses bloom deteriorate. Beginning in March and August is the menu at the plant once every fourteen days should be present fertilizer. By the fall of the intensity of the foods you can begin to reduce and stop the winter. Excellent effect on the state of the soil rose irrigation such organic fertilize, as solutions bird or cow dung.
Measure twice, cut once, and then - plant
Those who have just joined the cultivation of roses, and only taking its first steps, from the care of plants, somehow spared to cut branches. From ornamental shrubs such measures are unevenly thick. But this is not the saddest thing. Too stretched due to excessive thickening of the branches no longer form buds. Therefore, always remember that the crop - a measure that stimulates the flowering of the plant. The procedure must be carried out before the start of the period of active growth in the spring season. They do it every two years.
Young rose to be transplanted in spring every year. Older individuals do not need it. They have enough to change the top layer of the earth, and can be directly transplanted every two to three years. For transplantation should use loose soil. As for the soil, in the stores without any problems, you can find a special ground for our capricious beauties.
But it is possible to prepare yourself and, if need be. The optimal mix for the plant consists of a clay-turf ground (two parts), sand (one part) and ground sheet (one piece). Follow acidity: pH 5, 5-6, 5 is most suitable for roses. Growers experienced been noted that the decorative rose blooms best if planted in pots no more than seven or ten centimeters in diameter.
There is another subtlety that they know all the professional growers. Svezheposazhennuyu rose for a few days should be placed in a plastic bag to maintain moisture, and there is a certain microflora. Soak flower in these conditions for a while, and then you can start and gradually increase its airing. So Rose is better to tolerate a transplant and better acclimatization.
Warning - danger!
Of all the dangers threatening the flower can cause the greatest harm to the insects such as aphids. They attack the plant, live in the shoots, including leaves, penetrate into the buds and flowers of the plant. Then begin to feed cell sap rose, taking its strength and beauty. As a result of these activities, the deformation of leaves and stems.
Rose weakens and wastes away before our eyes. Stops its growth, buds are no longer disclosed. On leaves precipitates sticky dew - a selection of disgusting insects. Following this, there may declare sooty mushrooms. As measures for the release of roses from pests begin processing it with soapy water, at least two or three times.
If the extent of the infection more global, the solution should be used aktellik. It is diluted in a liter of water approximately 15-20 kapel.Esche one effective method of combating the disease by aphids or mites considered the following solution: we must insist Yarrow, then the infusion add three or four grams of green soap, and then begin processing the bushes. The treatment should be carried out that as long as you do not make sure that the trace of the pests remained.
Be fruitful and multiply
The most adapted for the care and growth at home only kornesposobnye rose. What can be said about their vaccinated counterparts, which are usually killed for the second year. The best way to get kornesposobnyh plant is rooting.
For this purpose, green cuttings, which are taken from the flowers growing in the home. About a month before to take stalk, flower begin to feed ash and phosphate fertilizers. In addition, its start copper oxychloride spray solution by diluting it is not more than 5 g in one liter of water.
For propagation choose shoots with buds developed that either blossom or blossom end. Pruning should be escaped with a sharp knife, dividing it by cuttings, which is two or three buds. Before planting, place the stalks for six hours at one end in a solution of IAA. Dilute it so follows: 100 -150 mg mix with one liter of water.
Planting the cuttings should be inclined not more than two centimeters. Keep containers rassazhennymi cuttings should be under the film, keeping in high humidity and a temperature of at least 22 ° C. Immediately after landing should be abundantly watered land and pritenit cuttings out of direct sunlight. Rooting occurs within two to three weeks. At this time, it is necessary to ventilate the seedlings daily and several times a day to spray the cuttings.
Subject to all the subtleties and nuances of which we spoke in this article, your care noble roses will be so successful that in your home they will always grow in large numbers. Of course, such a development one can only envy.
But white envy. Even better would be to follow the example and begin to grow flowers that are so beautiful and delicious. Especially since, sooner or later departure would not seem so time-consuming - especially when you see its stunning results.