With intestinal infection probably came across anyone. Of course, not a pleasant feeling, but not deadly, is not it? But for children intestinal infection, the symptoms of which they are expressed much more difficult, are answered by a serious threat to health. And sometimes, unfortunately, and the baby's life. Sad Medical statistics show that 30% of all deaths in children aged up to three years falls on cases of intestinal infection.
Why is this happening? After all, the level of modern medicine is quite high, and children are still dying. Most often this is due to the fact that parents sounded the alarm too late. Therefore, in order to avoid this the horrible outcome, which may cause intestinal infections in children, symptoms of the disease should be aware of all the parents, without exception.
The causative agents of intestinal infection
There are many different pathogenic organisms - viruses and bacteria - are becoming agents of intestinal infection. All of these pathogens are very hardy and viable - they survive in the environment for a very long time. They often can be found on toys, clothes, dishes, dirty vegetables and fruit. Simply put, to anticipate where the trouble comes, it is difficult. Incidentally, that is why doctors and experienced parents are so fiercely advocated for purity. And there are a number of pathogens that are great live and breed in some foods, even at extremely low temperatures.
Physicians identify several major types of intestinal infection, depending on what caused the disease pathogens:
- Dysentery (pathogen - Shigella). It is found today in children most frequently
- Kolienterit (pathogen - Enteroinvasive E. coli). The second most popular intestinal infection among children
- Proteus infection
- Staphylococcal intestinal damage. The most frequently observed in very small crumbs of the first few months of life
- Viral diarrhea. One of the most easily occurring forms of intestinal infection
In order to find the correct and effective treatment, it is important as soon as possible to determine exactly what caused the disease agent. To do this, the doctor is required to take swabs and fecal crumbs. Biological materials are placed in a special culture medium and observe them carefully. About three days later, the pathogen will ocheviden.V three days doctors will provodituniversalnuyu therapy, suitable in all the species of intestinal infection.
Most cases of intestinal infections occur during the warm season, especially in summer. Explained by the seasonality of such diseases is very simple - in this period, the most favorable conditions for the development and existence of pathogens of intestinal infections. Therefore, at this time, parents need to be more vigilant.
As mentioned above, most of the infection is transmitted through the toys, household items, food, contaminated drinking water. Much less, but still pathogens intestinal infections can be transmitted to air - drop and dust putem.V risk group most likely to be children living in unsanitary conditions, whose parents did not really bother to compliance with hygiene measures, do not follow the rules of storage of food products, as well as temperature control meat processing.
Although, in fairness, it should be noted that the disease intestinal infection is not insured No child - even the most responsible and caring parents. Unfortunately, fully insure against the possibility of infection is impossible. Even if you provide the child with the ideal sterile living conditions, you can not guarantee that he will not take the toy in her mouth dirty in the garden, or in the end, his own finger. So do not rush to blame yourself if the crumb is still ill, and do everything in your power to help your child.
Of course, even if the body of the child got intestinal pathogen infection, not the fact that the disease is required to develop. It all depends on what exactly the amount of pathogens got into the human body, the condition of the intestinal microflora and immunity of the child. For example, a child with immunocompromised chances of getting much higher. Oh and in case pipsqueak suffering from dysbiosis, the chances of getting at all rapidly approaching the mark of 100%.
Thus, the causative agent of intestinal infection got into the body of the baby. What happens next? In the best case, the body fight the infection, imperceptibly for kids and adults. Well, at worst - will begin development of the disease. The incubation period is not expired, and intestinal infections - it lasts from a few hours to a week.
Onset of the disease occurs in all cases very sharply. The child pronounced signs of intoxication - diarrhea and vomiting, as well as many other manifestations. And you must keep in mind that all the symptoms mainly depend not so much on the form of the causative agent, but on what is gastrointestinal system is affected the most.
- Acute gastritis - develops when the stomach is the most affected.
Typically, gastritis seldom proceeds without any symptoms. Deterioration begins suddenly and sharply enough expressed. The child's body temperature rises to 38 - 39 degrees, there is a feeling of nausea and vomiting. In addition, the child almost always complains of severe pain in the stomach area. Most often, there is a similar food poisoning.
- Acute enteritis - it arises in the case of destruction of the small intestine.
In that case, if the child is faced with enteritis, the most important symptom of the disease will become very abundant and frequent liquid stools. In all cases, the disease is accompanied by intensity of pain - older children may complain of pain, crumbs Suchat the legs and desperately crying. The act of defecation in the child can be up to 20 times a day. At the beginning of the disease in the feces of the child found the remains of undigested food, and after a while it becomes vodyanistym.Kak usually have a bowel movement fetid odor and very irritating to the skin of the baby.
Color isprazhneniymozhet be very different - it all depends on exactly how the agent caused the disease. In the event that the culprit gets salmonellosis, cal child would very much like swamp mud - a cross between brown and green tint. If lemon-colored stool, can be suspected staphylococcus, and if the chair is practically transparent, it is a rotavirus infection.
- Acute colitis - develops in lesions of the large intestine.
If the child colitis, his stool becomes extremely poor, but, nevertheless, very often. Fecal as such no - mucus brownish tint, with a mixture of pus, and in severe cases, and pus. The child is very common urge to defecate, but not always rezultativnye.Kak rule, a child is experiencing severe pain in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting. Typically, colitis typical diseases such as dysentery, salmonellosis.
All the above phenomena negatively affect the overall condition of the child. Firstly, the very high risk of severe dehydration. Dehydration is a very serious threat to the child's body - that it is the cause of deaths. Fortunately, to date, doctors are very successfully cope with dehydration if the child gets to him in time. Therefore, the sole task of the parents is a timely appeal for medical help.
Before the arrival of the brigade "first aid" should begin to water the child at the first symptoms of the disease. Doctors recommend for this purpose use a regular pure non-carbonated drinking water. And pay special attention to - the water give the child must be very small portions, one teaspoon. But very often - every 5 - 10 minutes.
In addition, no less dangerous intestinal infection is intoxication. Where does it come - not hard to guess. Pathogenic microflora in the baby's blood allocates huge number of different toxins - the results of their livelihoods, which accumulate in the body. As a result, a variety of systems are inhibited and organs. Most often suffer from kidney child, which account for the brunt of toxins. But in this case, doctors very quickly to cope with the problem, if a child came to him in a timely manner.
First aid kid
Let's talk about how parents can help their child to the doctor's arrival. After all, the correct you will render first aid to the child, the more effective will be all the remaining treatment and the less will be the risk of development of certain complications. To cope with this problem by virtue of all the parents, without exception, most importantly, to know some rules:
As soon as you notice the first signs of which can be suspected intestinal infection, immediately stop feeding the child. Do not give him anything from the food, even if the child had asked. The only exceptions are those children who are breastfed. But only if the nursing mother is completely healthy and has no symptoms of intestinal infection.
Sick child should immediately begin to water. How to do it right - has already been described above. And vodichku not give even the youngest baby. In the event that the child will begin to tear, reduce the amount of water that you are giving at a time. But the time between doses must also be reduced.
In the event that contracted pipsqueak over half a year, it is necessary at the first sign of the disease to give him any absorbent means. You can use enteros gel, and you can get a conventional activated carbon. It is calculated as follows: the dosage of medication - for every 10 kg of weight one teaspoon, or one tablet.
As you can see, an intestinal infection, the symptoms of which you are now known, is not so terrible as it may seem at first glance. The main thing - to seek timely medical attention. And, of course, in any case, do not forget about the prevention of the disease to prevent repeat zabolevaniya.Konechno, this is absolutely truism, but the fact remains - the disease is easier to prevent than to treat. Be healthy!