One of the most common expressions - "the nerve cells do not regenerate." And it came out of nowhere - the nervous system plays a major, if not the leading role in the functioning of the body. This nervous system is responsible for the operation of all organs and systems, ranging from heartbeat and ending with the growth of hair and nails. Of course, the role of all other internal organs can not be underestimated. But do not forget that own no body will not function. This nervous system is a kind of connecting link and transmits impulses to the brain.
But, unfortunately, and the nervous system under the influence of any adverse factors may fail to work. Doctors often face a challenge as nervous disorders. From the foregoing it is easy to guess that the diseases of the nervous system will inevitably entail a malfunction all other internal organs. Moreover, these diseases can be very different.
Nowadays, life is not tired of surprises - both pleasant and not very often. In short, the "bored" of the nervous system do not have to - the constant emotional stress, different stress, chronic fatigue syndrome. A lot of people complain about the "shattered nerves."
And as a logical extension - complaints causeless anxiety, irritability, decreased performance, pain of unknown nature, neurosis, and sometimes even nervous breakdowns. This is what will be discussed in today's conversation. We'll find out which nerve disorders are the most common. And, of course, how to fight them. Ready?
Neuroses. Myth or reality?
According to statistics, neurologists, leading position among all the disorders of the nervous system take various neuroses. Doctors define neurosis as a neuropsychiatric disorder, which is a direct consequence of the disorder of the nervous system. There are several varieties of this disorder. Despite the fact that the general features are similar, they are shown in different ways. Therefore, doctors are three main types:
Neurasthenia - a general depression of the nervous system. The reason for such a violation may prolonged stress or trauma. The disorder manifests itself in most cases, increased nervous irritability - irritability, and sometimes even increased aggressiveness, severe fatigue, insomnia, tachycardia, loss or weight gain.
This condition is often left without proper attention. After all, if you sue, such signs can be found in a good half of the population. In some cases, the violation takes place on their own, without outside interference. However, hope is not necessary - and possible progression of the disease. And complications can be very unpredictable.
Another type of widespread neurosis - is obsessive-compulsive disorder. This form of neurasthenia in all cases preceded by a long depression. Sick man constantly pursues any disturbing thought or fear. But in any case unacceptable confused with delirium - with obsessions, unlike delirium, a man is well aware that all the fears and concerns are groundless and absurd. And the constant tension only exacerbates the situation deteriorating condition of the sick person.
By the way, the well-known public phobia are not more than a compulsive disorder. So the big question to whom should hurry if you have one or another phobia - a psychologist or a neurologist is. And to obsessive-compulsive disorder and are such bad habits as a nibble nails, for example. Of course, some elements of mild obsessive-compulsive disorder can also occur in a healthy person, but pay attention to them still stands.
This kind of neurosis is very specific. The behavior of a sick man on impulse - it is self-centered, very suggestible. When monitoring such patients, doctors quickly notice that the main purpose of man - a game for the public. Pretending to faint or throw a tantrum - a favorite thing. Previously such behavior was considered a sign of bad parenting, but doctors have proved that it is reliable evidence of serious problems with the nervous system.
This condition may be accompanied by events such as loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, abnormal weight change, disruption of the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system. And even unreasonable at first glance fever, though slightly - 37 3 - 37, 5 degrees.
Speaking about the problems with the nervous system, not to mention on such common diseases as vascular dystonia. Such a diagnosis is present in approximately half of all people. Why only half? Yes, because the second half is not examined by a doctor. Humor, of course, black. But doctors say that this joke is not far from the truth.
Vegetovascular Distanov - is not nothing but a disorder of the nervous system. Such a violation is characterized by a variety of symptoms, which will be discussed below. From the proper operation of the autonomic nervous system depends on the constancy of the internal environment. It was she who controls such factors as:
- Body temperature
- Heart rate
- Arterial pressure
And so because of that vegetative Distanov manifested symptoms inherent in a number of various diseases - cardiac, neurological, and psychological. Very often, in order to diagnose the disease, doctors have to spend a lot of time to complete the survey. So, it's time to talk about the most important symptoms of vascular dystonia:
- Violation of the cardiovascular system
The person may complain of systematic variations in blood pressure in a large, and in the smaller strontium. Often suffering heart rhythm - tachycardia, bradycardia, marked pain in the heart.
Also, a person can celebrate asthma, squeezing the chest, shortness of breath, or the opposite - heavy breathing. All these symptoms can be expressed strongly enough especially when exercising. But if you exercise, these symptoms may be exacerbated.
- Failures in the digestive tract
Disorders of the digestive tract may include nausea, vomiting, a complete lack of appetite. In addition, there is often a flatulence, belching, heartburn.
Sometimes a person says wanton feeling chills or, conversely, increased sweating. The slightest stress such people could lead to a significant increase in body temperature. And of course this often cold due to vasospasm.
One of the most common complaints is a frequent complaint of dizziness and, in severe cases even fainting.
Often doctors have complaints and the state of emotional sphere. A person can be a variety of phobias, anxiety, loss of sleep, irritability, tearfulness.
For the skin in people suffering from vascular dystonia, pathological changes are also possible. The skin becomes pale hue, and at the slightest emotional stress appear the red spots.
Causes of disorders of the nervous system
We found that the main culprits are the different kinds of neuroses stress. However, in cases causes serious problems and, of course, more powerful. As a rule, severe damage to the nervous system cause the various factors affecting the structure and function of nerve cells.
One of the most common causes of such violations functioning of nerve cells - is hypoxia. You know that brain cells consume up to 20% of the oxygen entering the body? Numerous studies have shown that after only 6 seconds after the brain ceases to flow oxygen, a person loses consciousness. And just 15 seconds fixed malfunction of brain activity.
But not only affects brain cells, but all the other cells of the nervous system. And note - the damage does not only acute hypoxia, but chronic. So do not forget about the need to regularly ventilate the room and walk on the street. And it is these people, and often neglected. Just fifteen-minute walk is able to greatly improve the well-being. Normalizes sleep, appetite, nervousness disappears.
- Changes in body temperature
Change in body temperature also affects the nervous system is not the best way. For example, if the person is stored for a long time, the temperature above 39 degrees at times raises the metabolic rate. Nerve cells are very excited, and then begin braked, depletion of energy resources.
In that case, if there is a general hypothermia, the reaction rate drops dramatically in neurons. Consequently, all of the nervous system is largely retarded. The degree of damage, of course, depends on the degree of change in the temperature of the body and, more importantly, by the time the effects of temperature on the body.
Another very common factor is the negative impact on the body of certain toxic substances. Doctors even allocate a separate group of poisons that are highly selective, affecting the cells of the nervous system is. These poisons are called neurotropic.
Sometimes the negative effect on the nervous system have physical factors such as electrical current, systematic vibration, the electromagnetic field.
- Metabolic disorders in the body
It is dangerous to the nervous system and various metabolic disorders. And most often affected is the central department. For example, hypoglycemia is very dangerous for the brain. Did you know that nearly all of the oxygen consumed by the brain, it is necessary for the oxidation of glucose? Surely everyone knows that just eaten chocolate improves performance. And thanks to high content of glucose.
And what will happen if blood glucose levels fall sharply? That's right, begin a sharp disruption of brain cells, until he lost consciousness. But in that case the deficiency of glucose is observed on a long extension time, irreversible damage can cortex.
And if human blood is disturbed normal balance of hydrogen ions and electrolytes may damage cells of the peripheral nervous system. The same thing happens with a shortage in the body of B vitamins the way, it is necessary to pay special attention to the beautiful half of humanity. After all, women are very often abuse the strictest diets, bringing themselves to exhaustion.
And few people realize what it all might mean for the body. Of course, the consequences can let them know about yourself is not momentary. But the long-term effects are unlikely to please a sick woman. Be sure to remember that the diet should be gentle, and ideally - matched with the help of dietitian. Otherwise, the price for beauty can be prohibitive vysokoy.a
Often, a malfunction of the nervous system can cause a variety of diseases, one way or another related to the endocrine glands. Therefore, most often examined by a neurologist goes hand in hand with examination by a doctor - an endocrinologist. A striking example of such cases are people suffering from diabetes. As the medical statistics, about 80% of these patients have some form of disease of the nervous system.
In some cases, certain disorders of the nervous system may result from a genetic predisposition. There may be cases underdevelopment of any parts of the nervous system, or violation of the metabolic processes in the cells of the nervous system. The most striking example of this phenomenon is phenylketonuria. A patient man has exchanged phenylalanine. As a result of this disease in the human body accumulates a huge amount of toxins, whereby cells of the nervous system are affected.
The presence in the body of various tumors, both malignant and benign, can also provoke a disturbance of the normal functioning of the nervous system. This occurs for a number of specific reasons. Firstly, the tumor may put pressure on a particular nerve center, thereby disrupting its operation. Secondly, the tumor can lead to atrophy of the cells of the nervous system, causing them off from work. And finally, thirdly, to the extent that the tumor will grow in size, will be a decrease of the normal blood supply to the brain. As a consequence - the risk of ischemia. And in the end a simple breakdown can result in stroke.
- Inflammatory processes of the nervous system
From the inflammation is immune and nervous system of a person. And the type of disorder of the nervous system depends on where it is localized inflammation. If the inflammatory process involved meninges, disrupted normal production of cerebrospinal fluid and its subsequent withdrawal. As an inevitable consequence - disturbed cerebral blood flow, increased intracranial pressure.
We will not tell you how to treat a particular breakdown - this is an extremely complex process. Therefore, a sick man when the first suspicions of any problems with the nervous system should be as soon as possible to seek help from a neurologist. In no case do not let the process take its course. Any, even the most mild breakdown deserves attention. Otherwise, the consequences can be very unpredictable for the whole organism.