New Year is unthinkable without their own special Christmas characters that each country is different, but the goal is the same - both adults and children to bestow gifts. Today, the image of Christmas characters fully formed, although a couple of centuries ago, Santa Claus and Santa just starting to take its shape. In the Netherlands in the 19th century, it was assumed that the gifts left during the slender chimney cleaning chimney sweep with a pipe in his mouth.
Father Christmas became an international hero and in many countries, New Year can not imagine how, without the Christian customs, and no Santa Claus. Yes, and what a festive Christmas tree without Santa Claus. For children, the appearance of magic grandfather always a happy event, as it marks the beginning of a wonderful transformation and gifts.
At the end of the 19th century in Russia there were trees that were bought mainly for children's amusements, this tradition has come from Germany. At first, the parents themselves play the role of Santa Claus, and only later began to hire actors to do for the holidays and invite not only the family, but also friends and acquaintances. So, gradually, Santa Claus comes down from postcards to the delight of kids and turns of the New Year in a secular family holiday.
At first it was just Christmas decorations, then increased the size of toys, and grandfather with a beard began to decorate shop windows, and only in the early 20th century, the character really came to life. Someone wearing a red coat, he took his staff and bag with gifts and we had a real fairy tale character. Rather, the idea occurred to parents who want to dispel all doubts about the kids who believe that the magic of his grandfather does not exist or the idea of one of the actors who decided to earn extra money on the eve of holidays. But the joy of the children was not the limit, they wondered whether the real grandfather beard and why it does not melt in a warm room, where he lives the whole year.
Even in Soviet Russia are beginning to celebrate the New Year in grand style - all facilities for employees and their children spend trees and blue lights. Although the year of celebrations, the scenario remained practically unchanged, as was to be necessarily approved by the Ministry of Culture, Soviet citizens were happy as elkam and Santa Claus.
Granddaughter of Grandfather Frost, a real Russian beauty with oblique to the waist in a beautiful coat and a pink blush on the cheeks. That it helps to distribute gifts and entertain children on children's New Year's holidays. But why only we have the Maiden, which among other things is a symbol of purity, youth and love.
Snow Maiden and bullfinches in Russia named as the birds with pink breasts that are not afraid of the cold, stayed with us for the whole winter, and snow figures. Idol snowman began to sculpt in late January, and many tales emphasized that sometimes these idols came to life in the form of a beautiful girl, so, too, childless old people tried to blind himself snowy granddaughter in hopes of a miracle. This girl was the daughter of the snow Spring and Frost, but always leave their old, turning into a babbling brook, and her smile and blush gives wild flowers.
In the legends of other nations say they can give birth to a girl, Snow Maiden, swallowing the snow or just looking at him. But now the Snow Maiden is the companion of Santa Claus, which every New Year pleases us with the advent of the holiday. Many girls choose this suit in a New Year's outfit, allowing them to be in the center of the New Year celebration.
With Santa a little easier, because it is known that the name of this character is associated with St. Nicholas (a corruption of the Dutch Sinterklaas). This character is widespread in the US states and appears in the New Year's Eve in a sleigh pulled by reindeer. His costume is similar to the costume of our New Year's grandfather, a coat and a beard a little shorter. But it took not from folk tales and superstitions, but from Clarke Moore's poems and pictures of Thomas Knight, which, incidentally, makes the character less fabulous.
And the other characters
Slightly less common gnomes and itinerant actors who whistling Christmas songs, traveling from town to town, giving residents bringing gifts and New Year. For example, in Sweden to children comes a kind grandfather Yulotmtennen with dwarf Yulnissarom. And in Finland, brings gifts Iolupukki man in the green jacket and a red cap, which accompany the dwarves and the donkey and the donkey was giving presents to each child.
And in Italy for Christmas gifts meets the fairy godmother Befana, which on this occasion uses a broom to catch the New Year night for each child. However, all the characters are always good, wanted and loved, so it does not matter who will present the bundle in a brilliant paper, the main thing that no child is left in a New Year's Eve without a gift.
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Office - a great place to celebrate the New Year in the workplace. However, for the celebration of its corporate Christmas party will have several "remake", as they say, give a festive look. Seriously get down to business, then after a few hours of good old office will not learn.
Summoning all his imagination and fantasy, draped fabrics, decorated with balloons and adding a bit of room illumination, can suddenly turn it into a stylish English pub or the elegant French restaurant. The room for the New Year's done!
Now you can think about treats. In our time, no one wants to bother preparing festive meals on New Years Eve. Therefore, it is advisable to use the services of catering service.
Celebrating New Year's out of the office
According to psychologists, a corporate party in the office most of the staff associated with the continuation of the same meetings and negotiations. They are advised to rest on the principle of a sharp change of activity. The best option of the event - to organize a party out of office. In short, wherever you want, but not in the workplace. You can even arrange a meeting extreme New Year's Eve skiing or dog sledding. Diversify a corporate party can be a Christmas fishing. This will shake all employees only benefit, turning them into a friendly close-knit team.
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How to decorate a Christmas tree
Christmas toys with their own hands
The tradition of decorating the Christmas tree comes from Germany. And the nobles, and the poor burghers decorated Christmas tree Christmas handmade toys - candy, sweets and figures out of colored paper. Christmas balls is the most famous decoration, which appeared in the 18th century, first in the form of colored potatoes, and then in the form of a gold-plated glass toys. Until now, many store at home as a relic of old Christmas toys, which got it from their grandparents.
How to decorate a Christmas tree
There are some rules, observing that, decorating a Christmas tree is not only fun, but also easy!
The size of the Christmas tree should be combined with the size of the room, and the place where it will stand to be away from the radiator and heating devices - if not osypletsya tree ahead of time and did not become a fire hazard decoration of the room. Candles and sparklers are not the best choice for decorating the Christmas tree - leave them for outdoor activities.
By installing a Christmas tree, hang the garland on it that you first need to check on the condition and safety. Tinsel and beads can be any color, depending on the general idea of decorating the Christmas tree. They need to be placed around the trunk, and not to hang vertically.
Next, evenly place the large Christmas tree toys is better to use 2 or 3 basic colors, then the tree will look spectacular. Very good combination toy green, red and white colors. It is not necessary to overload her toys, then because of the scenery will not be seen fluffy branches. Toys hung next to the lights garlands, most notably because of the colorful lighting - and consider it when choosing the main Christmas balls.
Now it's time small toys that are more convenient to hang on long filaments. It can be used as a mounting paper clips, straightening them as irregular eight, which is a little hook attachment for toys, and is attached to a large branch. Especially look ornate tree where toys hanging on satin ribbon, but then you should reduce the number of toys, another tree will look cluttered ornaments. Toys distributed evenly and make sure that the tree has not changed its visual form.
And the last thing on the top of the Christmas tree is fixed star or other decoration - bow or spire.
This general rule Christmas tree ornaments. In addition, you yourself can make your fir tree from all the excellent design of the Christmas tree can be anything. Perhaps it will be non-standard colors. Now at the peak of the Christmas fashion exclusive toys and Christmas tree, decorated with shades of precious metals, with silver and gold mix is not recommended. And with the usual spray paint can be set off as a toy, and the tips of the branches on the tree.
Christmas toys with their own hands
If your family has children, the Christmas preparations begin long before you can buy a Christmas tree, devoting a few evenings discussion and selection of toys. You can make Christmas toys with their own hands. Such toys New Year's eve in the hectic give you and your children peace and comfort and create an atmosphere of magic.
You can paint with walnuts spray or tinkering Christmas toys of beads and paper, binding them to the satin ribbons, and can be made from a special salt dough snowmen, decorated with beads, confetti and tinsel. Older children may be out of the ordinary foam divided into grains, make snow strands that attach to the ceiling - it foam nuggets strung on a thread. So you can with your children to make Christmas knitted toys. For example, Christmas trees can be decorated with symbols of the coming year, these cute toys can crochet or spokes, instead of eyes to make beads or buttons.
Fantastic atmosphere in your home will help to create frost and snow on tree branches. To create frost Christmas tree branches and cones dipped in a hot strong solution of salt for a few hours. Then we pull out and give time to dry the branches. Now decorate with twigs and cones with snow. For this Grate foam branches and cones smeared with glue and sprinkle with foam.
You can make Christmas decorations out of the ordinary eggs. To do this, pierce the egg with two sides of the needle, release the entire contents of the egg must remain empty. Now use your imagination! For example, if you have colored feathers, one can make a beautiful bird. Draw a manhole on the egg, beak, feathers, and feathers glue glue instead of a tail. In the same way you can do and cats, and mice that your heart desires!