It seems that the question of preventing an unwanted pregnancy to worry and always will excite women. That is why people are looking for and are still looking for a variety of methods, techniques and drugs used for contraception. Earlier methods that prevent pregnancy, were sufficiently harmful to women's health, and even though it's really true, it is with them, and began to develop the industry in medicine, specializing in search of contraceptives.
To date, contraceptive choice is really great. Every woman has the opportunity to choose from a variety of contraception: pills, intrauterine devices, condoms and oral contraceptives.
Opening oral contraceptives
The first real contraceptive drugs were invented in 1923. This was done due to the fact that female hormones were investigated, which are responsible for sexual activity. The study of hormones and allowed to create oral contraceptives. Only here in 1923, one tablet containing a dose of hormones, which can now be equated to the entire package of these drugs.
What now are oral contraceptives, which to choose and how much harm or benefits they can bring a woman? It is said that contraceptive pills - is absolute protection from unwanted pregnancy, which also is convenient for the modern woman.
Features of oral contraceptives
Virtually every pharmacy you can find a lot of types of oral contraceptives, so you can not use them on their own, it is best to consult on this issue with your doctor. However, a qualified professional you can discuss the "pros" and "cons" of a drug, to choose the best option for you.
Only the doctor-gynecologist may prescribe an adequate method of contraception, given the characteristics of the body of his patient. Oral contraceptive drugs may contribute to the normalization of the menstrual cycle, improve the color and texture of the skin and to please a number of other pleasant moments. In addition, women taking contraceptives, significantly reduce the risk of diseases such as cancer, inflammation female genitalia future occurrence of ectopic pregnancy.
The peculiarity of this method of contraception is the regular intake of tablets, that is to miss or forget about taking oral contraceptives should not be, because in this way their performance is significantly reduced. But do not worry about it. If you put the package in a prominent place, you always know that it's time to take the pills.
If you follow all the instructions on the packaging, it is almost impossible to conceive. Scientists are engaged in similar studies have shown that of the 10 000 women who took oral contraceptives, only one became pregnant. And even if an incident happens - a woman, for whatever reasons, do not take the pill, the chance of getting pregnant 1 in 100. But remember to take a pill can be no more than 3 times in a row, or the entire course loses its accuracy!
Oral contraceptives are as follows: artificial hormones act on the female body in a way that inhibit ovulation. Thereafter the egg is not capable of fully mature and, therefore, are not pregnant.
Types of oral contraceptives
Modern oral contraceptives can be divided into three groups:
The first group - postcoital preparations.
They are taken immediately after intercourse, so they protect against unwanted pregnancy. In order to operate such tablets in their composition including a huge amount of hormones, and thus their adoption may appear side effects. Most often, they are manifested in vomiting, nausea, dizziness and other similar symptoms. It is best to use the data for a minimum of contraceptives, or combine them, depending on how much time has passed after sex. Remember that you can take them no later than 72 hours after sex!
These pills are considered to be not very effective because of the combination. But if you compare all the possible oral contraceptives, it is worth noting that they have a sufficiently large number of advantages. These contraceptives are called mini-pill. They can be used when a woman is breastfeeding, in any way, they will not affect the quality and quantity of lactation. They are not pressure increases, which is not uncommon, if a woman is just starting to take birth control pills. Progestational drugs can be used, as the young girls and women aged. That's just the pills, there is one, though not significant, but still failing. Take them should not just every day, but also at the same time, otherwise no effect will.
Combined oral contraceptives.
These pills contain multiple hormones and are considered the most effective. Such tablets believe multiphase, so most women it takes the form of tablets.
Contraindications to receiving oral contraceptives
Take the decision to use oral contraceptives should not be alone, personal consultation with gynecologist is required. At oral contraceptives have a number of contraindications, which are ignored in any case impossible. These include:
Vascular lesions of the brain;
Malignant tumors (especially reproductive system and breast cancers);
Abnormal liver function;
Cirrhosis of the liver;
Sickle cell anemia;
Rheumatic heart disease;
Severe kidney disease;
Bleeding from the genital tract;
Obesity (grade 3-4).
If a woman is something sick, she is sure to tell your doctor, after which he decides to use contraceptive pills can or can not. And if so, which ones.
Do not choose the pill alone. Doctors say that even askorbinku can not be taken at the request, this is also necessary to consult a physician. And if the tablets include hormonal substance, not to be trifled with it, so as not to harm the body.
Like all medicines, oral contraceptives are not only contraindications and possible side effects and possible complications that may occur after administration. Unpleasant effects can occur due to violations esrogen-progestin balance, excess or deficiency of hormones in a woman's body. Depending on the origin of the functional side effects are divided into two groups:
For estrogen complications include: nausea, increased sensitivity of mammary glands and their possible increase, weight gain, which may be due to fluid retention, enhanced vaginal mucus, ectopic columnar epithelium of the cervix, headache, dizziness, leg cramps, irritability, bloating, hypertension, and thrombophlebitis.
By gestagenzavisimym side effects include: breast pain, a slight increase in the chest, weight gain due to increased appetite, depression, decreased libido, fatigue, acne, greasiness of the skin, dermatitis, rashes, itching, headache, flushing, reduction of menstrual flow , the occurrence of vaginal candidiasis and cholestatic jaundice.
However, having familiarized with the above adverse reactions to oral contraceptives, you should not assume that they will arise from you. In fact all the possible complications are purely individual character. And it also says that they may not appear at all if the selected contraceptive preparation is ideal for your body.
Protect yourself from unwanted pregnancy can be no harm. Modern medicine and pharmacy creates all conditions for this. In addition, the work is aimed at professionals that women experience as little discomfort. If we take into account all of the above reasons, it is safe to use this method. Especially as oral contraceptives, reviews about which you can hear a wide variety, are different, and are designed for different categories of women. The main thing - do not forget the competent and reasonable approach, monitor their health carefully and treat him and, of course, take into account the opinion of their doctor-gynecologist.
We recommend that read: puberty
Many women worry when they start from the nipple discharge. And, indeed, it may be a warning sign, but still, you should not worry in advance. It should be understood that the occurrence of discharge from the nipple to the breast are characteristic - they are so arranged by nature. The reasons for which the liquid can be released from the nipple, there are many.
This is a disease, like cancer, is only in the last place, although the majority of women who experience this phenomenon, panic. If a woman is not pregnant or nursing, may be reasons for discharge and diseases such as breast, papilloma elementary or cold chest.
Reasons for discharge from the nipple
Selections can arise only from one breast or just two. Tested these secretions on the same ducts as breast milk, so allocated on the same system. Color discharge from the nipple may be different. Women who have reached reproductive age, are often faced with the secretions of green or brown. Green discharge from the nipple often indicate mastitis.
Also, discharge may be clear or colored to resemble colostrum, they occur in moments of pregnancy women, while feeding, as well as after its completion. There is nothing wrong, it is a natural process that testifies to the sensitive nipples. Seek medical advice is necessary only in the event that after the end of lactation, it took more than five months.
Mammolog conduct the necessary tests to help identify the causes of the alleged disease. These symptoms occur when galaktoree - disease, which occurs for various reasons:
The increase in the thyroid gland (which often happens after childbirth);
Tumors that arise due to hormonal changes;
Receiving heavy drugs;
Nipple stimulation (irritation of the child or a breast pump);
Various kidney disease.
If a woman is not pregnant and not pregnant, the reasons for which there are discharge from the nipples, can be mass. Sometimes this process is normal and occurs periodically. If so, it is necessary to minimize irritation of the nipples. It is not necessary to squeeze them once again, to rub them or wearing uncomfortable clothes.
Black discharge from the nipple may be a indication of pathology. If so, then the possible causes of discharge from the nipple may be established:
Mammary cancer. Yes, indeed, the occurrence of discharge from the nipple may indicate the disease, although this happens rarely. This can be intraduct cancer or cancer Paget. Cancer Paget - a tumor that is located so that the nipple is in the affected area. In addition to discharge from the nipples, the signs of this disease include: changing the shape of the nipple dark halos region, and severe itching begins chest. Selections can be bloody. Do not worry, even if the doctor will confirm the diagnosis, because the disease is treatable;
Mastopatia. This disease is breast, wherein in the mammary glands occurs imbalance and cystic components are formed (solidified portions of the breast). This often happens because of the hormonal changes;
Mastitis - in breast tissue is formed pus that can pass through the milk ducts;
Injury. Elementary chest trauma can lead to the fact that the nipple will discharge;
Intraductal papilloma. This is a small benign tumor that may occur in the milk ducts, and contribute to the emergence of discharge from the nipple. Most often this disease occurs in women between 35 and 55 years old. Reasons for such a tumor is formed, it is not yet known, but it is easily treated, often without surgery;
Ectasia. It is an inflammation of the milk ducts. There is a disease most often in women over 40 years and is treated with antibiotics and compresses. Surgery is necessary in rare cases when the affected duct is simply removed;
Abscess. Abscess - a collection of pus in the breast. This occurs most often when a woman breastfeeds. Nipples often covered with cracks, and through the cracks in the chest can penetrate a variety of bacteria that can cause infection. If the infection has penetrated from the nipples start leaking purulent discharge from the nipples, breasts may increase blush. There is often a fever and chest pain. Abscess treated surgically, and then taken antibiotics.
At home, you can spend palpation of the chest, which will help to identify different kinds of seals. Also it is necessary to consider carefully their breasts and nipples, in order to observe its deformation, redness or changes in the nipples.
Going to the doctor
Whatever the disease was not a sign of how the occurrence of discharge from the nipple, should consult a doctor, in order to establish an accurate diagnosis. Appointment with the doctor, you can prepare answers to the following questions:
Selections what color emanate from the nipple?
How often does that happen?
Is an allocation of one breast or two?
Derive from only one orifice on a nipple or more?
Leaving them on their own or after you click on the nipple?
Are there any other diseases that bother you? This can be high fever, malaise, headache, blurred vision, etc.
Was there chest injury?
Have you been treated by some drugs?
Once you have answered all the questions, the doctor will examine your breasts carefully and examine the nature and characteristics of discharge from the nipple. Perhaps he will send you to a breast ultrasound to identify or confirm the diagnosis or ask to come again after some time.
You may also need a mammogram and a variety of analyzes, the main of which is a blood test. Also conducted research and analysis to determine the level of hormones in the blood, after which the prescribed hormonal drugs. Sometimes it is necessary to study other doctors, for one disease may occur due to diseases of other organs.
Once the diagnosis is confirmed, it will be issued a course of treatment. It may consist of antibiotics, hormones, folk remedies or surgery.
Leave a discharge from the nipples unattended in any case impossible. The best and most sound approach is to consult your doctor and make sure that nothing serious, then quietly go home. Or quickly identify and diagnose the disease and then find effective ways to deal with it.
We advise to check: pain in the chest when feeding