No one will dispute the fact that it is the most beautiful orchid plants in the world. And until recently it was thought that they are too whimsical and capricious, therefore not suitable for cultivation in the home. But today, thanks to the emergence of new varieties of this flower got pretty wide popularity among gardeners - each of them is trying to get it to his collection.
The holidays orchid successfully replaces a bouquet of roses. And get this miracle as a gift, many of us are lost because they do not have a clue what to do with it in the future? How to keep this beauty? The plant seems so gentle and vulnerable, that we are afraid to touch it, to say nothing of the constant care or transplant. However, not all so terribly appears. There are orchids that can live together on the windowsill ordinary apartment. On them, we discuss in this article.
Orchids are suitable for indoor content, divided into two groups: Sympodial and monopodial. The latter have a straight stem, leaves that grow continuously from one kidney, continuing throughout life stem. Among them we can meet both large and bushy plants (e.g., Wanda) and squat, having a rosette form and grow into a length of not more than 10 centimeters (Phalaenopsis). Monopodially kinds throw flowers from buds formed in the leaf axils.
In sympodial kinds of shoots are regularly updated. Once the plant bud, bud dies, and in its place appears a few young shoots. Besides the variety of orchids releases and lateral inflorescences developing from buds at the base of the shoot. Staley from such plants thickened with stem tubers - pseudobulbs. They are necessary to preserve the plant substances. By sympodial species include: Cattleya, Cymbidium, Dendrobium.
So different, but equally beautiful
This type includes about 70 subspecies. Phalaenopsis is originally from Australia and Indonesia. Their usual habitat - the tropics. It got its name because of the similarity with butterfly blossoms. The people they are often called - butterfly orchid. It is also common name - Malay flower. This type is especially popular with gardeners because of relatively easy care and stunning beauty of inflorescence.
Phalaenopsis - monopodial plant having short shoots and broad glossy leaves are collected in rosette grows. Some varieties of leaves decorated with unusual marble pattern. Phalaenopsis flower stalks are arc-shaped and emit about 15 large showy blossoms. After all faded buds, stems should be cut just above the lowest node (about 2-3 cm). This is in order to "push" the flower buds to a new release.
Color Phalaenopsis flowers can be different: white, pale pink, bright pink, orange, yellow. Slightly less common items with green and purple flowers. With proper care the plant can bloom 2-3 times a year, regardless of weather conditions outside.
In the hot season this type of plants must be shielded from direct sunlight. It is best to place them on the windows facing east or west. In winter you need to make sure that the room temperature does not drop below 12 degrees, but did not rise above 25. Avoid frequent watering: Before you begin to water procedures, check the soil - it should dry completely. It is important that after irrigation the substrate was well saturated with water. This can be completely immersed in the water flower half an hour, then remove and allow to drain excess fluid. For irrigation use only warm to defend the water, and even better - rain or melted.
Phalaenopsis are not particularly fond of the transplant, so make it is only in extreme cases, no more frequently than once every 2-3 years. Be sure to feed the plant. For this purpose, complex fertilizer, which are bred strictly according to instructions. Feeding period - March to September.
Sympodial plant native to the tropical forests of South America. The genus has about 50 species. Cattleya divided into two morphological types. The first exhibit extended and fleshy Bulba emitted only one leaf. Flower spike grows from the apical part of the pseudobulbs. Cattleya buds have excellent flavor, in the colors dominated by white and purple.
The second type - orchid with cylindrical pseudobulbs emitted more leathery leaves. The colors varied than that of the first type, and the flower has a firmer texture and crimped edge. Buds smell is excellent, able to bloom are from 2 to 4 weeks, but in the form of cut can maintain its original appearance about 20-25 days.
Both types of Cattleya orchid buds throw from April and ending with September, and from October to March, they are at rest. During this period, the room temperature should not exceed 18 degrees. Night - not more than 10 degrees. Cattleya like sunlight, so the best place for them is the south side. However, at midday, it is desirable to cover the plant from direct sunlight. In the winter necessarily need a backlight fluorescent lamps.
Abundant watering is only required during the period of growth and flowering. Falling to sleep, not too Cattleya needs water, so the frequency of watering, you can leave the same, but the amount of water must be reduced. Feeding the plant is needed only in the flowering period. For it used complex fertilizer. Grafting is done every two years, if the orchid large - it is divided into several parts, each of which should be left for 3-4 bulbs.
This genus is the largest - it has about 2,000 species. Bulbofillumy grow in almost all tropical areas. At home, these flowers are best grown in a basket rack. Soil for planting consists of sand, bark and peat moss.
The inflorescence is a brush with two rows of small, sharp-smelling flowers. Bulbofilluma fleshy leaves coriaceous, depending on the species may have different shapes. Flower loves sunshine and abundant watering. Flowering time also depends on the plant species. For example, "Ambrosia" and "jellyfish" throw flowers in autumn and winter. And here at the "lobby" the flowering period lasts from May to July.
Any kind Bulbofilluma need fertilizer during the growing season. Feeding is carried out 2-3 times a month. As described above orchid Bulbofillumy not favor too frequent transplant, without the need to relocate so they do not need. Multiply these plants or Bulba, or by dividing the bush.
This beauty comes from Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea. It grows on rocks or in the trees. This type is a fairly large plant that produces shoots up to one and a half meters. At home, the largest instance reached 80 centimeters.
Leaves of plants are arranged in two rows, the stem has a dense structure. Flower stalks emerge from the axils of the leaves, often a spike throws several inflorescences. The inflorescence is represented by a brush consisting of many large, sharp-smelling flat buds. Color flowers are usually solid, but very busy. Most often you can find Wanda blue, white, purple and pink buds.
Duration of flowering orchids 2-3 weeks, cut in the form it is kept for about 10 days. Flowering time accounts for the warmer months. In the dimly lit rooms Wanda may not bloom. Also on the release of buds affects low humidity. Orchids of this type is very heat-loving. Even in winter, the temperature should not fall below 15 degrees. The plant has no apparent standstill, so the soil moisture should be maintained constantly. Aerial roots require spraying.
Rare and very beautiful orchids. The family consists of 100-120 species. The usual habitat - Mexico, Ecuador, Colombia. Grows in the bottom of a tree trunk above 3 meters typically is lying. The name of this flower was due to the similarity with the mouth of the dragon. Besides pollinate it can not only insects, but also bats. Determine Dracula is very simple - it throws out buds, having not only an unusual appearance, but also an exclusive orchid color - it can be any shade of black.
In contrast to the above-described black orchid species prefer to live in shaded areas with moderate temperature conditions. For the successful cultivation is necessary to maintain a high humidity: 70-90 percent. During warmer months, the plant is recommended to move to fresh air.
The genus has about 1,600 species. In the wild Dendrobium lives in Polynesia, in the forests of South Asia and Australia. It grows mainly in the trees, and therefore got its name: in translation - "who lives in a tree." Depending on the appearance of Dendrobium can be divided into several groups:
Plants with long drooping and bulbs;
Short fleshy bulbs;
Long vertical bulbs.
It refers to sympodial plants. The shape of the stem and leaves are different, however, as the size of the plant. It gives racemose inflorescence, which emit up to 15 buds. The predominant colors of yellows, but you can find white, red and green buds. Some of the specimens have a pleasant aroma.
Dendrobium species bloom in late winter or early summer. During the period of growth and flowering plant needs high humidity and spraying the leaves and stems. Transplanting is carried out very rarely - only to change the old soil.
All these kinds of orchids quite quickly take root at home. The main thing is to provide them with proper care and pay enough attention to. Believe me, you'll love to live in the neighborhood with these exotic beauties. And they will respond to your concern with copious amounts of beautiful flowers.