Sometimes a person finds a numerous pimples around the mouth or rashes, completely unlike the herpes virus. Most likely, the person faced with a disease such as perioral dermatitis. It is quite a common dermatological disease. Doctors noticed that most often this disease affects young women who have not attained the age of thirty.
Sometimes people confuse rashes and pimples that appear in the perioral dermatitis, with the usual acne - but to do this can not be, because otherwise the sick person would attempt to get rid of the problems with the help of anti acne cosmetic formulations, and the disease will continue to progress.
Perioral dermatitis got its name not by chance - "perioral" means "around the mouth," and all are called dermatitis skin disease in which skin are involved in one or another inflammatory process. In order to detect the problem, you must know exactly how to look these rashes.
Symptoms of the disease
The first and most important signs that a person has begun perioral dermatitis are pink or red slightly convex points or spots of small dimensions. These rashes first appear around the mouth and then apply to the area of the cheeks, chin and under the nose. As mentioned above, most of the appearance of these lesions resemble acne, but some differences still there. Because of the large number of seals and skin bumps on the site of the lesion to the touch has a very rough texture. Often at the site of the later eruptions are pronounced spots, get rid of them quite difficult.
Unlike herpes, approximately half a centimeter of the skin from the edge of the lips is not affected by these precipitations or struck in an absolutely negligible extent, unlike the rest of the skin surface. Doctors call this phenomenon "a pale ring" around the mouth. By the way, as the development of perioral dermatitis, in the absence of timely treatment of normal facial skin lesion progresses, the lesions appear around the eyes, and even in the temples.
The severity of lesions in the perioral dermatitis can be very different - from imperceptible swelling pale pink to a pronounced rash of bright red hue. The most common rash that provoked perioral dermatitis, hardly scratched or hurt. In rare cases, people can celebrate a sense of light burning in the affected area of the skin.
Strictly speaking, this dermatological disease does not pose absolutely no threat to the overall health of a sick person. However, sick people are experiencing relatively strong discomfort, and primarily because of the psychological constraint due to skin rash. And if left untreated, the condition of the skin will rapidly deteriorate, and the treatment will be much more difficult than in the initial stages. Therefore, sick people should try as soon as possible to consult a dermatologist, who will appoint necessary treatment.
As mentioned above, perioral dermatitis most often occurs in girls and young women, while men and children, the disease develops much less, only in rare cases. Often sick people ask doctors - dermatologists, which becomes the cause of these diseases. However, these factors significantly to date have not been established. And, nevertheless, it is possible to identify a number of factors which influence a person greatly increases the risk of perioral dermatitis. These factors include:
Very often the disease begins its development due to the fact that the sick person actively uses various ointments and creams, which contain steroids such as hydrocortisone or prednisone. This phenomenon is called the steroid perioral dermatitis.
Doctors have long been able to establish the most direct connection between the development of the disease and the application of ointments containing hormones. These steroid creams are often used to treat various skin diseases such as eczema, localized on the skin of the face. However, remember, and that sometimes perioral dermatitis may occur in the event that the skin of other parts of the body amazed or other disease, and the treatment is performed using a hormonal medication.
When applying it to other parts of the body, it should be borne in mind that a certain amount of the drug can remain on the hands. And the drug can be transferred to accidental contact person, where he will provoke the onset of the disease. Therefore, in the case of treatment after applying the medication necessary to properly wash their hands with soap and water and wipe them dry. This will help to reduce the risk to zero.
And pay attention to one feature. Directly in the treatment of skin diseases steroid ointments development of perioral dermatitis occurs. Moreover, even the existing lesions may disappear. By the way, precisely because of this many people try to treat perioral dermatitis using these drugs in the mistaken belief that they or eczema, or allergic reaction banal.
However, this is not so. It should be a sick person to stop using drugs, which contain hormones like lesions appear again, often in a much more pronounced way than to attempt treatment with hormonal therapy. This is another argument in favor of the need to visit the doctor at the first eruptions. Do not engage in self-treatment, thereby causing deterioration.
Sometimes the development of perioral dermatitis is initiated by exposure of the skin of various cosmetic means - means for removing makeup, creams and lotions. And more often rash triggered by the use of foundation, which is very clog the pores of the skin, often thereby causing skin irritation.
Sometimes doctors note that such natural phenomena as intense ultraviolet radiation and wind can also trigger the development of disease. And multiply the already existing.
It is necessary to mention the toothpaste with fluoride. Of course, by itself it does not provoke the emergence of the primary disease. However, the fact that it significantly worsens the already existing perioral dermatitis - a rash around the mouth becomes much more pronounced.
In a number of cases, the cause of some of perioral dermatitis becomes the use of female hormonal contraceptives. So if a woman taking birth control, face a similar disease, she should stop taking the drug and consult not only the dermatologist, but also to the gynecologist.
Treatment of perioral dermatitis
Perioral dermatitis, as well as any other disease should be treated. In the event that a sick person will ignore the disease, the rash can persist for a very long time - weeks, months and even years. However, in that case, if the treatment will begin immediately to get rid of the scourge will not be too difficult - just two - three weeks you get rid of skin rashes.
The first thing that should make people sick - it is absolutely refuse to use any beauty products. To cleanse the skin, you can use only warm water, in extreme cases - with children's soap. In that case, if a person uses the patient paste containing fluorine until complete recovery it must be replaced by any other.
In the same case, if a sick person used ointments and creams, which includes certain hormones, their use should be discontinued as soon as possible. However, it should be borne in mind and be prepared for the fact that in the first few days of skin rash can become much more intense. But we should not be afraid of - just a few days the skin condition improved. After the rash completely disappears, the sick person at least the next two months should refrain from the use of any funds were cosmetic.
Medications for the treatment of perioral dermatitis
For the treatment of this disease the doctor - a dermatologist may prescribe antibiotics belonging to the tetracycline number. In that case, if the disease is expressed slightly, you can use antibiotics, which are issued in the form of creams or suppositories that are applied to the affected skin. Such treatment takes about 5 - 10 weeks, depending on the severity of the disease.
And sick people should know that we should not expect noticeable results within the first few weeks of treatment. Typically, the results are noticeable only after 3 - 4 weeks, not before. However, after the treatment is completed, the rash will disappear for a long time and sometimes forever.
However, remember that pick their own treatment in any case not allowed to diagnose the disease, and even more unacceptable to assign yourself a human patient treatment. The sick person should as soon as possible to seek help from a doctor - a dermatologist who has extensive experience in treating these diseases. The doctor not only examines you and will select the optimal treatment, but also help prevent repeated relapse.