This dazzling success the world has never seen: phalaenopsis orchid (phalaenopsis) just a few years has soared rapidly in the hit parade of the most favorite houseplants. Orchid room was the potted flower welcome in any home, because a variety of fantastic colors, long blooming, simplicity of content raise the rating among the exotics plants to unattainable heights.
Breeders do not cease to amaze us with new varieties with unique color and shape of flowers. Palette orchid room is vast: from snow-white color, it gradually turns into a lemon-yellow, orange and amber, passing through the terracotta and pink, changes its color to purple all shades. But the surprise is not so much the color of the plant, as the mesh pattern on the petals. Filigree strips create the effect of thin veins and spotted flowers or with unusual dark colorings seem mysterious and surprisingly effective.
Phalaenopsis knowingly received the name of butterfly orchids. His outline of various shapes, sizes and colors they look like tropical butterflies. For room decor are great and miniature varieties. Occupying not much room, mini orchid in no way inferior to the duration of flowering and ease of maintenance species are medium in size.
At home, have a "butterfly orchid" is a snap. This tropical guest is not so whimsical, and room temperature of 20 degrees it is well suited. The only thing that it is vitally important - it's a good soil and good lighting. Vases with orchids potted in a well-lit place, protected from direct sunlight.
With proper care and watering regime phalaenopsis will delight you with its beauty for many years. It is best to carry out watering these plants thoroughly moisten the soil with water at room temperature once a week. In practice, this can be accomplished by immersing into water to the plant pot. At the roots of potted orchids are very sensitive, they rot easily, so the soil can not be pereuvlazhnyat. Before you put the pot with the plant in its place, it is necessary to drain excess water.
For these colors fertilizer use root fertilization, wetting the soil solution of the drugs. Fertilizers are added to the water for humidification of the substrate at every second or third watering. For the dressing can be used and complex fertilizers, and designed specifically for orchids and epiphytes. When indoor air is dry, it will be good for your pitomitsy arrange a morning shower - sprinkle a little plant of the sprayer.
After room orchid bud, it needs trimming. However, not all flower stalks should be cut at the very root. They need to be shortened on the second or third dormant buds. This is a small bulge on the stem. Often such kidneys then develop new flowers. Until the day when the buds open and phalaenopsis bloom again, it may take up to three months. In case, if the stems dry out and Brown, it should be removed.
The soil for indoor orchids should be breathable and hygroscopic. Usually pochvosmes made up of pieces of bark, expanded clay, charcoal and sphagnum moss mixed with the ground. By the way, laid out on the ground moss first, it slows drying plants and also very decorative look.
Orchid - houseplant, but in the summer it can be kept on the shady balcony. For her, it is very important the correct choice of the pot, because the Phalaenopsis orchid-green roots, which are involved in the process of photosynthesis. To ensure this process, the flower planted in a pot transparent - glass or plastic. This has a positive effect on the plant itself, but also give the opportunity to monitor the condition of the root system. The pots should have drainage holes larger.
Phalaenopsis belongs to the epiphytic plants that do not require soil. Therefore, their growth can be used as epiphyte baskets - assembled from wooden or plastic rods, bars or bamboo pots, where the ground is missing. In these baskets roots are developing, criss-crossing the beautiful walls of the basket inside and outside. In addition, phalaenopsis can be planted into blocks filled with substrate, "upside down."
Naturally, phalaenopsis appreciated for a long and spectacular bloom. The flowers of these orchids dense delight you with their blooms may within a month or even two. Peduncles also live much longer. Phalaenopsis with large flowers can be seen blooming in different time of the year because of their flower stalks develop gradually. They branch out and blossom again and again repeated on the same stalk. Adult plant, well-groomed and strong, can produce annually up to three stems. After each new worksheet appears may develop the next spike.
But do not think that is so unpretentious home orchids that bloom all year round. Large-phalaenopsis give new flower stalks seasonally. But their flowering may be controlled change in ambient temperature. To flower buds started to grow, daytime temperature for one to three weeks, should not exceed 18 ° C and 12 ° C overnight. This is easily explained by the origin of tropical plants, where monsoon climate creates such conditions. In our climate at home and large-phalaenopsis hybrids begin to form flower stalks from the fall and continue this process throughout the winter, delighting us almost to the flowering of the summer.
The plant is older and stronger, the more it gives the stems. These new flower stalks them longer, and accordingly, they are more flowers. Views from the warm and moist tropical forests - "summer" phalaenopsis - behave a little differently. They constantly need warmer temperatures. Great feel such plants at night not below 18 ° C and above 26 ° C during the day. If conditions Phalaenopsis meet all the requirements, they will develop their flower stalks, regardless of the time of year.
There are species and varieties with increasing spike. Moreover, the plant is mature, it produces the more colors simultaneously. If you do not have to cut off the flower stalks are Phalaenopsis, after flowering, they will again grow and then bloom again and again. Often they are formed air "kids."
At home, the butterfly orchid-propagated vegetatively. This can be done in various ways.
Air babies. On stalks are periodically generated aerial kids. We must wait until the process has launched its own roots, and then it can be deposited in the soil.
Outlet. The plant, which is formed by multiple outlets with their roots, you can sit down. Thus each individual outlet put in the new pot, which is poured first temporary ground. Got stronger and grown plants are transplanted into a new suitable substrate.
Dividing stem. The upper part of the plant is cut and pereukorenyayut. This stalks planted in the ground and cover it with a transparent container, providing microclimate. The remaining "stub" in due course also develops and begins on the shoots of bushes. Typically this method is used to rejuvenate the plants.
Phalaenopsis is very important for temperature control. It affects the formation of not only flowers, but also the air kids. If you raise the temperature and humidity, providing a shady conditions, it will help to ensure that stalks will not develop flowers, plants and subsidiaries. This fact is a characteristic feature of all Phalaenopsis, but is particularly pronounced in some species, such as Schiller Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis Shilleriana). If these plants are not otsazhivayut children, some of them over time grow very showy specimens with cascades of flowering branches.
Species and hybrids
Immediately it should be said about the mythical hybrid "mix". Many inexperienced growers are taking a special hybrid of commercial markings "mix" in lots of flower online stores. In fact, plants, which are specified in the names of "mix" does not imply the possibility of their selection for a variety or color. Of course, the sellers promise that they would try to accommodate your requests, but that does not mean that the order you receive is the same as that seen in the picture. So phalaenopsis mix - this is not the sort of, not a hybrid, and not even a mixed set of orchids, but only trade mark.
Phalaenopsis Varieties may be hybrid or species. At home, the collections are the most common species such as Phalaenopsis nice (Phalaenopsis amabilis), Stuart Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis Stuartiana) and falenopisis Schiller (Phalaenopsis Schilleriana). This kind of medium size. But there are species of orchids from the category of "mini", for example, a pink Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis rosea), and very large - phalaenopsis giant (Phalenopsis gigantean). In addition there are Phalaenopsis species hybrid varieties obtained through interspecific and intergeneric breeding. Among them are primarily standard hybrids.
Earlier longer valued phalaenopsis high strong peduncles and large pure white or pink flowers. To create such hybrids used natural species with large flowers. Here and there was the traditional stereotype that the Phalaenopsis - this flower porcelain-white, pale pink or light purple color with broad petals correct rounded shape. Over time it was derived varieties with very large flowers, reaching fourteen centimeters in diameter. Though they made a great impression, but lost this orchid inherent grace and charm.
Gradually, in the hybridization were involved brightly colored and variegated natural species. With this hybrid Phalaenopsis have gained more and more variety of colors, ranging from bright crimson-red and magenta to sophisticated shades of beige, peach, gold and yellow-green.
At one time, it has become popular phalaenopsis with striped and spotted pattern on the petals. In the seventies of the last year the French have experimented with styuartianum Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis Stuartianum) and got a new flower color, which then became known as "the French specks." The bright white and pink flowers such hybrids are dotted with small spots of darker color, which gives them a very elegant look. In some phalaenopsis pattern of veins resembles membrane wings of dragonflies or butterflies. Especially beautiful are the flowers on which veins are a contrasting color.
Long stalks of these varieties tie to a stick to make them look more elegant. Then they bend as whiplash or remind their bend circuit halves heart. If you tie up a couple of stems symmetrically, the image of a beautiful blossom heart.
Some time later in the breeding of hybrids, new trends. Phalaenopsis are becoming more and more popular as potted plants, and their general appearance are starting to attach great importance. They are compact, neat, beautiful hardwood sockets, stems, flower color variety paid much attention. There are mini and micro phalaenopsis multiflora hybrids. Among the particularly charming hybrids should be noted Phalaenopsis Mini Mark "Maria Theresa» (Phalaenopsis Mini Mark «Maria Teresa»). And here is a small list of the most popular varieties of indoor plant:
Today trendsetter among Phalaenopsis become Taiwan, where the plants are grown on a commercial scale. Taiwanese varieties with raised spotted or pure petals revolutionized the breeding Phalaenopsis. Among hybrids Taiwan stand-Novelty Phalaenopsis - hybridoma clones were selected for a number of signs.
Thanks to the enthusiasm breeders number of species of indoor plants is growing, and how many of them will be in the near future, we can only speculate. And today we are presented with unlimited possibilities for decorating your own home with the help of gorgeous orchids. You can choose from standard types of medium-sized and mini orchid, and large-instances. It Orchid - is not only a houseplant elite class. It is now a living miracle!
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