As everyone is probably aware, one of the mandatory measures in the care of plants - that is their regular inspection. Then you will be able to timely detect disease of indoor plants or pests. And this is very important because the timely removal of sick and noticed the plant did not have time to infect neighbors. Running the cases require chemical control methods.
Many houseplants quite unpretentious. But if you will not pay attention to them, even the hardiest of them will cease to grow. If you follow certain rules, the care of the plants will not require you a lot of time and effort. But your pets, in response to your concern, will delight you with abundant flowering and dense crown.
Your plants look stunted, they look sick? Leaves of potted plants covered by spots or yellow? Find out what causes diseases can become a cause of indoor plants, causing wilting and drying of leaves, and then eliminate these causes.
Yellowed leaves appear in a routine update, and if they are few, it is no cause for concern. But if a lot of yellow leaves, it indicates an error in the care - a lack of oxygen in the soil, saturated soil, too high or low temperature, low light or sharp change it.
Council. It is necessary to find the cause of the yellowing leaves and fix it. Creating favorable conditions the plant will contribute to its reconstruction.
If you see spots clearly limited, it is the result of sunburn. Do not confuse these spots with the defeat of thrips plants when the leaves appear silvery sheen. Some shade tolerance with active exposure to sunlight can cause burns and leaves can grow brown or blush.
Council. These plants should be removed in the shade and protected from direct sunlight.
In plants with soft leaves when too dry air, or over-dried substrate edges begin to curl. Leaves curl and wetting of the substrate, when the plant can not fully absorb moisture.
Council. It moisturize the substrate and the air in the desired degree and in a timely manner, then the leaves will curl. If due to waterlogged began to rot the roots, and in this case the pot with the plant is the smell of rotting, urgently needs to repot the plant in a new land. Prior to this, it is necessary to cut all the rotten roots, and place slices sprinkled with powdered charcoal is better.
It happens that on the leaf plate placed randomly appear glassy spots. Plants react to rapid changes in temperature, as well as overly warm or cold water for irrigation. Similar spots appear on the plant, if it is sprayed in the sun. Then, the water droplets are like magnifying lenses through which the sun burns just the leaf tissue.
Council. Learn the basic rules for the care and strictly follow them. No need to remove the affected leaves so. They are viable and continue to provide plant nutrients.
When excessive fertilizing, or irregular watering the leaves turn yellow at the edges first, and then turn brown. Make sure the soil does not form any white crust on it.
Council. Remove affected leaves. In order to determine the moisture level of the substrate, there are special moisture indicators that checking of the indicator to change color. If the problem in the soil, it is necessary to urgently change the supersaturated salts on another substrate.
Primarily, it is a sign of dry air. But dry ends and may indicate a prolonged substrate foodstuff dries out too.
Council. It should be carefully cut with scissors tips dried up, leaving a thin dry slips into the cut. The hot heated rooms or in hot weather, the plant should be watered two to three times a week. Well in this case, use pots with double bottom, where the moisture is stored for future use.
If the leaves are pale or yellowed, but veins remain green, it means that the plant is suffering from hard water irrigation. This leads to iron deficiency and overabundance of calcium.
Council. Change the water. If this is not possible, boil the water for irrigation, and then defend it. In this case, you should also use a dressing containing iron. For these purposes may be in the water for irrigation to dissolve the iron chelate - one gram per liter of water, and then assert it for days.
More people call such diseases houseplants "bug". They appear most often on plants with fleshy leaves that store up moisture. At constant peresushke, and then wetting the substrate or sudden changes in temperature in the tissues of the leaves begin to appear cracks, which are then converted into scars.
Council. Severely affected leaves is better to remove, and care necessary to address the shortcomings.
Plants can also feel bad also because of the fact that they are, as they say, "out of his element." The fact is that when you buy for your houseplants new ground in the shop, you need to pay attention to what plant it is intended. For example, planting trees is not good land, which is intended for planting orchids, ferns lost in the land of cactus and azaleas will not be able to grow in the land for balcony plants. Do not force your plants suffer from improper soil - they also live.
In addition to previous recommendations of want to add that for the care of green friends, if you like them, it is necessary to schedule a time. To do this, leave a little time each week that you can devote your green pitmtsam. If necessary, pour them, Feed the, carefully inspect. If there is wilted parts - remove them, and the first signs of disease houseplants fight from the start. In addition to diseases caused by improper maintenance or care of the plants, your pets and threatening diseases caused by various fungi. Knowledge of these diseases houseplants help you recognize them on time and successfully deal with them.
The cause of many diseases of plants (in addition to improper care) are fungal infections. Consider the most common ones.
The fungal disease most commonly affects seedlings. At ground level the plant stem is black, thin, and the plant falls. To prevent this disease it is necessary to use the disinfected ground and drown crops, airing them regularly and avoid waterlogged soil. The affected plants immediately removed, and the remaining treated with a fungicide.
Gray mold (Botrytis)
It may develop in cold, wet weather, as well as an excess of nitrogen in the soil. On leaves and sometimes on the stems appear shaggy gray mold. The affected parts of the plant should be removed, and the plant may be treated with a fungicide.
Powdery mildew, true or false
This fungal disease. On leaves appear white powdery coating (powdery mildew) or yellow and discolored patches covered with grayish mold bottom (downy mildew). This disease is often affected begonia in cold, wet weather. Enemy powdery mildews fungi are lactic bacillus, hence measures to combat it: dissolve in water of any milk product - yogurt, yogurt, sour milk - and put on leaves. A week later, repeat the procedure. You can also hammer a gray powder or treat them with fungicide.
Smoothen as a black film on the leaves. The fungus develops on the sugary secretions of aphids and whiteflies, so it is necessary to deal with the root cause. Severely affected leaves is better to remove weakly affected - wash with soap and water.
The disease manifests itself in the form of yellow, orange, brown convex spots. Diseased leaves should be destroyed, and the plant to handle fungicide.
Folk remedies for diseases
Who developed chemical methods for controlling plant diseases. But if you do not want to deal with pesticides, you can try folk remedies.
The infusion of nettle
It is used against aphids. Five hundred grams of fresh nettles gathered before flowering, poured five liters of water and insist twelve hours to days. Treatment is carried out by spraying the plant extract undiluted.
A decoction of horsetail
It is sprayed on the leaves and water the plants against powdery mildew. Five hundred grams of fresh or one hundred and fifty grams of dried herb Horsetail insist in five liters of water and boil for thirty minutes. After that, the broth is cooled, filtered and diluted with water at a ratio of one to five.
A decoction of wormwood
Apply spray against aphids. One tablespoon of Artemisia are boiled in one liter of water for an hour. The solution is then filtered and used without diluting.
Infusion of the bow
Use against aphids. Liter jar onion peel pour the brim with water and insist within days. Then press the husk, the infusion is filtered and sprayed their plants two Tory times, repeating the procedure five days.
Infusion of garlic
Use against aphids, thrips, fungus infections. Twenty to thirty small crushed garlic cloves and squeeze. The resulting juice was dissolved in ten liters of water, and used for spraying.
The solution of wood ash
Use against aphids and thrips. Pour twelve tablespoons of ash liter of water and infused for two days. Then, the solution was emptied and the plants sprayed with them.
Infusion of yarrow
Use against aphids, mites, thrips. Scalded with boiling water fifteen tablespoons chopped dry grass, pour a liter of hot water and insist two days. Infusion of strain and spray the plants.
Use against aphids, thrips. To prepare the concentrate three teaspoons of mustard powder infused one liter of water in a tightly sealed container for two days and then filtered. Before spraying to one part of the concentrate is added water four.
Decoction and infusion of tobacco
Use against aphids, thrips and mites. Eight tablespoons of tobacco take one liter of water. To prepare the tobacco remained in the water for two days and then filtered. To prepare a decoction of tobacco insist night, then boiled for two hours and filtered. Before spraying decoction and infusion of half-diluted with water.
And finally, remember the golden rule. The main preventive measure against plant diseases is competent agricultural machinery. Right transplanted, watered and time podkormlennoe plant has enough strength to resist pests and diseases on their own.