If the child you are crazy about the mosaic, we must understand how this exciting process. By the way, adults do not lose the excitement and the desire to create from disparate pieces unpredictable intricate patterns, ornamental or correct is quite recognizable images of objects. And it is their desire to implement them with the help of no less fascinating craft, called a patchwork sewing, creating with their hands all that can be made with the help of Tacna, thread and needles.
This may be a stylized patchwork and quilted bedspread potholders or kitchen, and clothing for adults and children, and decorative panels. And let patchwork originally had a completely utilitarian tasks. Today, rags sewn into whole cloth is not for reasons of economy, but rather out of a desire to create beauty and to enjoy this truly magical effect.
Sewing patchwork fabrics known to almost everyone. Wherever people work with textiles, it has existed in one form or another. Today, combining the experience of different countries, the fans call themselves patchwork quilter, create clubs, organize festivals. They are known to improve the old technology, coming up with new and create their own hands unusually spectacular patchwork products and products which are sometimes called the language does not turn - simply works of art.
By the way, speaking of the works of art, we do not sin against the truth, because patchwork - patchwork, there is quite a formal definition of "kind of arts and crafts." And so many of the species of this kind! And the techniques themselves with an incredible amount of tissue grafts. Let's get acquainted with at least some of them, but at the same time find out what are the basics of patchwork.
At first glance, nothing complicated in this type of needlework is not: collect scraps, sew them into whole cloth and get finished products. Well, something is true opinion. The technology is not really complicated. That's just to realize such is not so simple. Patchwork technique consists of three main stages.
Selection of fabric scraps. You can collect what is available in the form of all kinds of residues and scraps, to sort all this richness in color and texture, and then proceed to the next step - the establishment of schemes. But you can first conceive a design for your product, and then to purchase for him a suitable tissue from which the templates and cut pattern. Then you have the first and the second phase will be swapped.
Creating a sketch or drawing of the future scheme - the second stage of patchwork. For experienced masters this stage does not represent special complexity. Depending on the selected pattern they use different methods (techniques) crosslinking flaps. Beginners craftswomen best to use existing schemes, which can be found in the literature or on the Internet.
And the third stage - the connection of the individual patches into a whole cloth. By the way, there is a kind of patchwork Patchwork craft like knitting. In this case the flaps are not stapled, and communicate via a contrasting yarns and crochet hook. And the process of connecting patches also consists of several stages: linking (binding) of the individual fragments (it can be triangles, squares, diamonds, angles and other geometric or arbitrary figure), the compound blocks in the fabric, attaching to a cloth backing.
This is in addition to the needlework materials (fabric and thread) requires a specific set of tools
Scissors or a special roller blade;
sewing needles and pins;
chalk or pencil for drawing on fabric;
paper, cardboard or soft plastic templates;
a sewing machine or a crochet hook.
Pretty simple set, which, by the way, you can buy ready-made (except for the sewing machine) in special stores for needlework. Typically, such kits include the circuit patterns. These tools, along with the materials allow you to work in any kind of patchwork and produce simple and complex products made in any of his techniques.
Types of patchwork
Quilting - the concept is quite extensive. This modern crafts represented different types and techniques. Here are some (most popular) types of patchwork.
The Anglo-American needlework, which aims - the creation of a solid web of individual patches, stacked in geometric patterns. In this technique, you can make and a large blanket, pot holders and small kitchen. Usually, stitched blanket or smaller products have a front (patchwork) side and the lining.
Crazy-Patchwork (crazy shred)
Variety patchwork in which respected technology manufacturing patchwork fabrics using the random (irregular) shapes, curves, bands and applications. In addition the seams are taped masked or embroidery, and the product itself (blankets, pillows, pictures, bag, clothes) richly decorated with ribbons, beads, lace and other accessories.
Another variation on the traditional patchwork, which uses a slightly different technology connection flaps. Here, the individual fragments are bound to each other via a contrasting yarn and knitting hook.
Patchwork technology, combining Eastern and Western traditions. It is widely used stitch and silk fabrics are preferred, of which can be manufactured and elegant patchwork blanket, and billboards, and clothing. The patterns are based on the traditional geometric shapes: squares, triangles, diamonds, corners.
It is believed that quilting - is a broader concept than patchwork. However, in literal translation "quilting" - quilting. This technique of creating patterns with the help of stitches, when the two canvases laid out pad padding polyester, or cotton batting, and machine-stitch pattern embroidered. Founded in quilting technique volume blanket or quilt looks more elegant than assembled from scraps. With equally possible to use this technique in the manufacture of kitchen oven gloves, cushions or clothing for the children.
Technology stitching patches on the face is quite simple: Cut yes crosslinking, creating with their hands every conceived product bedspread, tablecloth, pillow, potholders or kitchen odezhku mischievous children. But this is only at first glance. Quilting - Crafts, requiring only the ability to handle a needle and thread, but the artistic taste, diligence, perseverance and precision.
If you look at samples of products, there is only one question. How it manages to create a very different patterns using the same elements: blocks of bands or individual strips, squares, angles and triangles, diamonds? And all the matter in different techniques by which create the most incredible designs. Let's look at some of the most popular techniques (methods) of patchwork.
Technique "Quick squares"
Very convenient technique for beginners. This method produced prefabricated square blocks (fast squares) cut from the crosslinked strips of cloth in advance. This technique can produce a large blanket for a few hours.
Enough popular technique, which is also used squares. Sometimes the squares are sewn in the blocks which make up the web. The main condition for successful products - properly chosen colors.
Technique "strip to the strip"
Quilting with colorful fabric strips. Putting a pattern of bands, their location and the combination can be varied arbitrarily. So easy way to sew naughty mat or a large patchwork blanket as laid parquet boards: ladder, zigzag, diamond-shaped or corners. As a result, patterns of bands receive "parquet", "Arable land", "herringbone" and "Well."
The technique of "log cabin"
Another way the sewing of the strips. In this technique, the strip is collected around the central square, putting them in a spiral. One variant of this technique - shift into a corner of a square. And for the definition of the pattern drawing is collected from the paired bands of the same color.
The technique of "magic triangle"
Triangles - one the most common elements in the patchwork. Not only does this figure attributed magical powers, triangles also very convenient to use. Of them are simple and squares, and complex star. Most often used in quilting angled isosceles triangle. Joining them on the long side, two-color squares obtained, and connecting short sides - patterns of multicolored colorful stripes. The most popular patterns that use triangles: "Mill", "Diamond", "Star".
Technique "Quilting Corners"
Russian invention. Technique is different from all previous ones in that the corners are not cut out the pattern, and are made up of squares or strips of cloth. Then get going in the corners of the strip (braid) from which the sewn fabric. With this technique, patchwork turns wadding.
There are also used squares, rather than the square and squares, which are stacked in a checkerboard pattern. By the way, you can collect the checkerboard of diamonds, simply expanding the squares around the corner. Going pattern of elements of two contrasting colors.
Technique "Russian Square"
National Russian technique is complex assembly of a pattern, which is based on the square, and the upper and lower tiers made up of isosceles triangles. The following tiers are collected from the pattern of bands and triangles. Tiers do either the same size or "rising" from the center to the edges.
The technique of "Honeycomb"
Also known as "Grandmother's Garden". The web is going hexagon pattern and resembles a honeycomb. Sometimes hexagons going to flower, the middle of which stands a button, covered with cloth.
Very kind and mischievous way of patchwork, which is obtained as a result of wadding. In this technique, the raw colored strips of cloth (lyapaki) nastrachivayutsya the substrate. This, incidentally, is also a national Russian invention. The imported version of a similar technique known as "yo-yo."
Talking about the techniques of patchwork is endless - as possible to lay down patterns of different shapes, so many techniques exist in the patchwork. Therefore we dwell on the fact that we have already discussed, and finally talk about the ideas and techniques of Use kinds of patchwork.
The hands by a colorful patchwork manage to create a truly masterpiece things. Ideas for work can draw from virtually air. Look around you: what would you like to change in your home? Traditional or knitted patchwork - a great way to update the interior textiles: quilts and bedspreads, capes and blankets for the sofa and armchairs, tablecloths, rugs, kitchen towels and potholders - all this can make their own hands.
Your clothes and accessories to it - is also an inexhaustible source of inspiration. From rags can produce any items of clothing (except footwear). For example, autumn jacket to work with which is better to use the ideas and techniques of the Japanese quilting or patchwork. From web-Crazy turn out elegant skirts or blouses, colorful vests that dilute the severity of an office suit. And how lovely veshchichek can sew their own hands for the children, as the basis of taking patchwork technique!
And besides clothing there is room for patchwork: bags, cosmetic bags, purses and wallets, cases for phones. In short, everything that can make your hands, you can make out of rags. It would be the desire, skills cloth skill scribbling on a typewriter. And, of course, hard work, perseverance and dedication. After all, only a keen person is able to be almost a magician. Is not it magic? Shred to shreds, stitch by stitch - and now in front of us a miracle. Learn to be a witch!
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