It is believed that Spathiphyllum able to bring happiness to any woman in the house. The people he called - "a woman's happiness." In the flower shops, these plants affect the abundant flowering, but should bring home flowers, the leaves fall, the tips begin to dry and no longer Spathiphyllum blooms. Why is this happening? How to care for the plant to make it bloom again? On what we will cover in this article.
First of all you have to accept the fact that the brightness and beauty of the plant stores give different stimulants. That is why the first time, do not expect an abundance of flowers. After all, hothouse conditions to ensure you will not be
When the plant will move away from excessive fertilizing, it is sure to please you with flowers
In the meantime, you can push it a bit further development transplanted into the new pot with fresh soil.
Spathiphyllum: types and features
There are about 45 species of this plant. There are very tiny species, and there are real giants. There are also specially bred hybrids, which are used for breeding at home. Most often, in our stores you can find the following: tends to spoon, kannolistny, floriferous and adorable.
In general, this plant does not differ too complicated care. It is enough to create a certain humidity. Besides regular watering flower needs constant spraying. However, the stagnation of water in the pot should not be allowed.
If you choose to plant too spacious pot buds waiting for release in the near future does not make sense. Why not Flower Spathiphyllum blooms in this case? This question is difficult to answer. Apparently for flowering plants need to root system fills the pot completely.
Once this happens, it makes Spathiphyllum bloom will be much easier. It should be noted that this plant emits buds once or twice a year, in spring and autumn. Spathiphyllum is growing fairly quickly, the main thing to protect it from direct sunlight. In general, it is best to pick a flower for a permanent seat, shaded and well ventilated.
Reasons for delaying flowering
So why not plant flowers? The reasons can be several. Let's look at the most common ones:
The root system has not yet filled the pot;
Flower is either too bright sunlight, or undergoes a distinct lack of light;
The temperature of the contents of the plant exceeds 23-25 degrees. This is especially true autumn-winter period;
The plant is in the draft;
Not Spathiphyllum blooms and excessive soil moisture. A sign of the overflow are drying tips of the leaves, or the appearance of these yellow-brown spots;
Perhaps the plant have not transplanted. When transplanting it will not prevent additional portion of the nitrogen-fertilizer fosofrnyh;
The lack of water and too dry indoor air. There will spray the leaves with an atomizer;
The plant requires a division of rhizomes and transplant in a few pots.
Diseases and pests that prevent flowering
If you are sure that the care of plants is correct, but still wondering - why Spathiphyllum ceased to bloom, be sure to check for diseases and pests. The most dangerous are considered for the flower spider mite, aphids and Jose scale.
He lives on the underside of leaves and looks like little red spider. Pest gradually envelops the light leaves and cobwebs covering them sticky secret. At home, to combat spider mites using a soapy solution with tobacco. You can also use any ready-made insecticides only when their use is necessary to close the ground polyethylene. After processing, wait a few hours and rinse with running water leaves.
It may be black, gray or green. The house gets new plants or bunches of flowers. Most often he likes to hit the underside of the leaves, where they feed on plant sap. The presence of aphids indicate dry and twisted leaves. The colonies of the pest grow rapidly and affect all neighboring plants. As a solution used to combat nicotine sulfate with soap and water or special preparations, which are sold in flower shops.
Shielding Jose scale or aphids
It looks like a small wax stains. It multiplies very quickly and literally covered the entire plant their shields. Adults firmly attached to the flower and remain motionless, but the larvae are prone to migration. Fight scale insects can also soap solution, rubbing the leaves and stem sponge.
How to care for Spathiphyllum?
The plant loves the heat and moisture;
The optimum temperature of the contents - 20-23 degrees Celsius;
Watering should be done as drying topsoil;
Especially must be treated carefully to water procedures the cold season;
When indoor air is dry, do not forget to spray further flower;
With the onset of spring plant needs fertilizer. Ideally suited nitricphosphoric concentrates;
Keep flower best on the north window sill;
It should not be allowed in the room drafts.
All of the above recommendations are sure to help you in taking care of Spathiphyllum. And the question - when the plant will bloom, will disappear by itself. Love Flower, pay enough attention to it, and very soon he will give you abundant flowering.
Once rare expensive plant - orchid - now no longer a rarity; more often it can be found on windowsills lovers of exotic flowers. And, apparently, so what: he bought a flowering specimen brought home - and admire. Not a bit of it! Suddenly you discover that the long-awaited beautiful flowers wither and fall off.
Why is this happening and what to do to prevent this? By studying this question in different sources, we have tried to collect all of the most common causes of such behavior of orchids.
Possible causes wilting flower orchid
In order to understand the true reasons, because of which wither and fall off the flowers, consider, whether all the conditions necessary for a favorable content of orchids. To help you find out, we will focus on the most common errors in the care of plants, and also look at ways to address them. So, what can prevent orchid to bloom?
Stress or shock
Usually, bringing flowers home from the store, we try to create the best conditions to it, but instead, without even noticing, on the contrary, worsens the situation.
The most common reason why suddenly the flowers start to fade - this sudden change, "residence", and hence the change in conditions in which there is an orchid. Even we, moving from one climate to another, sometimes feel uncomfortable, to say nothing about such a delicate flower! Changing conditions in the worse adversely affect not only the flowers; also uncomfortable leaves and roots of orchids.
Methods of treatment: to optimize the conditions of the "residence" in accordance with the rules of the recommended care and maintenance of the plant.
Natural aging colors
"Nothing is eternal under the Moon! ". Unfortunately, we can not affect the inherent to a particular type of orchid flowering duration. Of course, some varieties can stand more than three months, but for someone and ten days - a holiday. Complicating the situation is that buying an orchid blossom already in the store, you do not know how long she stood in this form. It is possible that a week, and it may be that the flowering period ends already. Therefore, if only wilted flowers, and the whole plant feels well, then there is no reason to panic.
Methods of treatment: fortunately it is not a disease. Treatment is not required to carry out further actions for the subsequent flowering.
Orchid - flower heliophilous, lack of light and very traumatic, not only flowers, but also the entire plant as a whole. Often it is newly acquired blooming specimens are sensitive to sudden change of light intensity. Agree, in greenhouses, where they are grown, the intensity of light is much higher than in the flats. A novice amateur, inspired by a blossoming flower, do not attach particular importance to this issue, naively believing that all the conditions for orchids successfully created.
With the arrival of autumn-winter, when daylight is reduced, we had zashtorivaem window and orchid can respond to this withering even bud, or to reduce their natural flowering period. Enduring Winter is a difficult time in the general content of orchids, as well as in respect of its flowering. Spike "shoots", usually in the middle of the summer sun, and the buds begin to bloom in the sun to lean October. In this case, stop the further growth of the flower stalk, and, after standing in that state last month, the buds begin to wither and fall off. This process is explained by the fact that the amount of absorbed light directly affects the chemical reactions needed for flowering. Therefore, do not get enough light, the flowers begin to fade.
Methods of Treatment: rearrange the orchid in a sunny place, install additional lighting (fitolampy). For less demanding Phalaenopsis enough fluorescent bulbs.
Similar effects can cause an excess of saturated bright sun. Fortunately (or unfortunately), our latitude is characterized by a mean light in winter and scorching summer sun. And the intensity of sunlight in the summer above normal in a few times. Orchids - epiphytes (ie used to support the growth of the other), and in the wild they can easily hide from the scorching rays under the trees. The apartment is facing the windows orchids often overheated, and their flowers wither. Furthermore, overheating adversely affects the condition of the entire plant. The roots weaken, dries up, and in a short time comes dehydration flower. As a consequence, the leaves turn yellow, wither and fall off the flowers buds.
Methods of treatment: to shade plants from direct sunlight. A blooming orchid to put away from windows.
Enemy number one - the dry, hot air coming from the radiators. This attack is familiar to almost every florist. Sears and wilt not only the flowers, but not blooming buds ovaries.
Methods of treatment: If you keep the orchid on the window sill, locate it away from the flow of hot air. In the worst case the battery cover with a wet towel.
Low humidity in the apartment is not suitable even for people living in it, and the delicate fabric flowers and unopened buds from this instantly dried up and wither. It is necessary to constantly monitor the humidity near a flower.
Methods of treatment: Use a humidifier directly next to a flower. A good option - to build or buy ready-made tray with damp moss, expanded clay, sand. While the flow of hot air (ie above the battery), the water evaporates, creating the necessary humidity. Do not forget to moisturize the concrete block just in time.
This is possible during transport orchid winter or when room temperature is below the allowable level. Even with careful packaging and cellophane paper flower can freeze, and as a consequence the flowers wither and the plant may die.
Methods of treatment: under strong supercooling of the plant will not be able to save.
Arrange ventilation in the room - a beneficial effect for humans, and for flowers. Thus, we provide air circulation. But cold draft leads to disastrous consequences, orchid slowly supercooled, slowly withers and dies.
Methods of treatment: do not put a pot plant in the path of cool air.
The close presence of fruits and vegetables
Certain foods (nuts, tomatoes, apples) emit ethylene gas, which accelerates the ripening process of flowers including unopened. Which leads to rapid aging of inflorescences.
Methods of Treatment: Treatment is not subject. Just try not to have next to the orchid named products.
The reason that fades orchid is like the lack of moisture, and its overabundance. The main thing in this matter - the literate balance. The soil should always be slightly moist, and this should be watered often, but not enough. The result is damage to the wrong watering the root system: it rotting or desiccation. When the plants will not have enough water consumed from the roots, it will start to redistribute some of the minerals from the other. And the first to suffer flowers and buds, then the spike, and then begin to fade, all orchid.
Methods of treatment: the treatment of the root system and does not deal troublesome fast, and save the flowers is unlikely to succeed, but the orchid itself still needs to be treated. At the initial stage of root damage is difficult to determine the degree of desiccation. To do this, move the plant in the pot: sit tight - so all is not lost. Place the flower in a bowl with water at room temperature for about an hour.
Then arrange the shower, avoiding water on the flower stalks. After the water is drained, remove the accumulated moisture from the axils of the leaves and the core and put on a bright place at a temperature no higher than 25 ° C. If, within two or three days the plant has not gone on the amendment, then the degree of damage to the roots proved to be stronger than expected.
If the orchid is not held tightly in a pot, it can pull out and inspect the roots. Determine how much live roots left. Live roots are always tight and bright, rotten - brown and hollow. Dry and rotten roots, remove, disinfect cuts activated carbon. And then it all depends on the availability of the remaining roots. Repot the orchid in a new substrate, put in a warm light place and watering traditional right way. It may be that your favorite again will delight you with blooms.
And it happens! The culprits could be bees, wasps, flies and other flying insects.
Methods of Treatment: In case of successful pollination in place will be fading flower boll otherwise - the flower will wither and disappear.
A possible reason could be withering small pests. Mealybugs loves to suck sap from the buds and flowers. Outwardly, it resembles wool and leaves behind a sticky coating.
Methods of Treatment: Daily inspection for pests. First things first isolate orchids from other plants. Then you need a thorough removal of mealybug, one after the other. The next step - the use of insecticides. And once again emphasize - daily inspection !!!
In this article, we frequent causes withering of flowers and buds. Do not forget that often discolor entails the death of the plant. And to avoid such a situation, ensure that her favorite competent care and proper maintenance.